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Memoirs of Dr. ALEXANDER PIN In it, few of those enumerated have NECUICK of New HALL. any other surname but that of their

property. Thus, Malcolin de Bough(Continued from p. 908, 1805.) canain (Malcolm of Buchanan), one

of those in the catalogue, was the S with regard to its rude mem root of the Buchanans, and proprie.

bers in this domestic, patriar- tor of the lands and parish of Buchal state, at the commencement of chanan, on the east side of Loch-Losociety; shining characters, on its mond. Of this family was George extension and aggrandizement, being Buchanan, the elegant Latin historian but few in number, are, in general, and poet, who observes, it was "fasufficiently distinguished by one milia magis vetusta quam opulenta." name. The prenomen, and nomen, The last, as well as many preceding are, therefore, usually dropt, as proprietors, to distinguish him from having become superfluous, by the the rest of his clan, like other chief. disappearance, or comparative in- tains, had the nomen Buchanan, alsignificancy of those, who, had they ready acquired from his lands, prefixnot been eclipsed by their splen. ed to, of Buchanan, or of that Ilk. dour, could have been mistaken for He was designed Buchanan of Bu . tbem. Cæsar, and Cicero, are as chanan, Buchanan of that Ilk, the distinctly particularised by these sin- laird of Buchanan, The Buchanan, gle terms, as James and John are, by and often, merely, Buchanan. Such their Christian names, among chil of the branches of the family as were dren in the same cottage, and are as in the same district, and had similar seldom mentioned with any addi. Christian names, were either distin. tions. In the highlands of Scotland, guished from each other by a patrowhere the clans are unerringly dis nymic, or by some natural, or artifi. criminated by their several appella cial mark of difference, of their own. tions, the chief of each is known, Gilbert de Drymmond, another of like the individuals in the infancy of those who swore fealty to the first social union, or in a family under the Edward of England, was, in like mansame roof, by one name only. The ner, the root of the Drymmouds, Chisholm, the MacIntosh, the Mac- who were possessed of the lands and Farlane, for Chisholm of Chisholm, parish of Drymmen, 'near the Forth, or of that Ilk, with the Christian above Stirling, and between it and name prefixed, Macintosh of Mac Buchanan. From him sprang the Intosh, or of that Ilk, marks out the family of Perth, Drummond of Haw. person referred to with all the accu.

thornden, the historian and poet, and racy that can be required. Addi all the other Drummonds in Scotland. tions, from necessity originated, and But, notwithstanding of the politherefore were, as naturally, disused, cy and sagacity of the intention, it whenever they could be dispensed with. does not appear that Malcolm Can

That stago in this progress, by more's “ wise inventions to divide which, to the Christian name, was and break the clans,” by encourag. added that of the lands, is distinctly ing those to whom he parcelled out seen in the list of those in Scotland his lands to take new names from who swore fealty to Edward I. in them, could be altogether successful 1296, as extracted by Pryone (Col. in destroying, or " loosing the liga. lect. v. 3.) from the record in the ment of these patronymick names." tower of London called Ragman Roll. Even still, where the names are differ. April 1806.



rent, the highlanders, overlooking plifies a moral which may be of some that circumstance as of little import- use. The verses show that the scene ance, trace up their descents from of it is laid near the romantic rocks their original chiefs with equally en- of Hawthornden on the North Esk, thusiastic attachment and zeal, and below Pennecuick. rivet themselves by as strong ligaments to their respective clans, as if The GOK and the MAVIS. they were the same.

A FABLE, Whatever, antecedently, may have been his designation, or wharsoever A Mavis high upon a tree, was the clan to which he belonged, With head erect stood singing, the first proprietor of the barony of And stretched his throat so bold, and Pennecuick of the same name, evi.

free, dently took it from the lands, which; When down the glen, direct, there fiew,

He set the woods a-ringing ; in spite of its uninviting sound Straight from the west, of greyish blue, and signification, he was probably A bird that coughed and cried—cuckoo ! induced to do, by the grant of the That perked, and flirted with his property and the encouragement of

tail, the King. According to the Earl Rung at his ear a deafning peal, of Cromarty, this fixes the time

Cuckooed, and coughed, as if by

rete, when the Pennecuicks of that Ilk,

Till he had drowned the Thrush's from whom the subject of these me. moirs was descended, acquired the Sir, says the Mavis, by your look, barony of Pennecuick to the reign. And from the road, to this, you took, of Malcolm III. called Canmore, I see you come from Pernycook. and the eleventh century. The derivation of the word Pennecuick in The Gouk leaned, fluttering, from the

bough, the former quotation, together with

With tail raised high behind him, the following one, plainly shows that And, stammering, mixt a laugh and the proprietor did not give his name

cough, to the lands agreeably to what was But scarcely seemed to mind him ; more commonly practised before that He perked, and hopt, and faunted time. “ In old writings,” says the round, author of the statistical account of From branch to branch, and from the the parish, " the name of the parish Fiom every point there issued sound,

ground, " is Pennecook, now commonly Pen

Yet from his sounds was nothing "nycuick, said to signify in gælic

gained, - Gouk's (or Cuckoo's) hill, probably Though, for reply, the Mavis strain. « from the number of these birds that

ed, “ haunt the surrounding woods in

He still cuckoo'd, and coughed, by s spring." Our physician and poet,


Till he had drowned the Thrush's was fond of a jest, and of rallying his

note. facetious neighbours in the country. Sir, says the Mavis, by your look, Thewitsand wagshavenot beenbehind. And from the road, to this, you took, hand, in profiting by the derivation I see you come from Pennycook. of Pennecuick, the seat of his ances. tors, from Beinn na Cuachaig, tran- But, as the Gouks that we have here, slated Gouk's Hill, in order to obtain

Are always birds of passage, a laugh. The following playful, jo

I beg you'll up the valley steer,

And carry back this message cular

poem, which appeared in print, To all the Gouks about Gouk's-Hill, we shall insert, as it is not commonly That they may keep their music still, to be met with, and likewise exem. And cough, and cukoo, there, at will;



These cuckoo-notes are, here, mis 15,000, paid by William King of placed,

Scotland as

a portiou to bis two They only suit a cuckoo's taste; What, there, may be quite à pr.pos,

daughters, who had been contracted May, here, I warn you, not be

to the two sons of John king of

England. About this time Perth Sir, then, return the road you took ; received a charter, by which all the By your accomplishments, and look, merchant - strangers are prohibit. I seo you como from Ponnycook.

ed from carrying their goods to any

part of the shire except the town; But all the Thrush's hints were lost,

the burgesses received also the exAs well as the advices; He cuckooed, coughed, 'and rudder clusive privilege of manufacturing tost,

dyed or shorn cloth, all the rest of Like one who words despises ; the country being prohibited. When, off the Mavis, sudden, fiew, In 1241, the emissaries of the

popc And left the Gouk, without adieu, drew three thousand pounds of sil. To coigh and sing, alone,-cuckoo !

ver out of the kingdom.
Till, from a cragg, on t'other side,
Across the glen, a holiow wide,

1249. Lewis IX. being engaged He saw him leave his station high, in collecting a fleet for an expedition

And, quivering, up the valley iy. against the Mahometans, employed Sir, loud he callid, with parting look, the Carpenters of Inverness to build Rejoiced that he this method took, a large vessel for him. That city, I wish you well to Pennycook.

situated near the mouths of several

considerable rivers, which ran thro' He now resumed his favourite tree, With head aloft stood singing,

large forests of oak and fir, seems to And stretched his throat so boldly

' free, have applied very early to shipbuild. He set the woods a-ringing.

ing He found our ends we oft effect,

1272. The Queen Dowager of And silence folly by nog lect,

Scotland, being entitled to a third of More easily than by means direcț ; the net royal revenue, bad thence an From teazers if we'd be exempt,

income of above 4000 marks. Thus That we should treat them with

it contempt,

that the net royal revenue

appears At once, when tired, bid Gouks of Scotland was above 12,000 marks good b'ye,

(docol.) The fishery was now carAnd from their noisy nonsense fly. ried on to a considerable extent on Sir, to a Magpie says a Rook,

the coast of Scotland. In some neFor soon the observation took,

gociations carried on between Ed. I see you come from Pennycook.

ward King of England and the (To be continued.)

Countess of Flanders, the Flemings Erratum. 1805. p. 906. c. 1. for front are accused of killing 1200 English

stone, and cross, read font stone, and fishermen. In short, fish seems to cross.

have been a staple article of export

from the east coast of Scotland. Account of the Origin and Progress of Aberdeen was particularly famous,

SCOTTISH COMMERCE. and is said to have learned the art (Continued from p. 96.)

of fishing even before the Flemings.

Fish of Aberdeen is mentioned as THE

"HE burghs seem now to being exported from Yarmouth, it1209. have attained a certain de

self gree of opulence, as they contributed 6000 merks to the sum of

counts it would then have purchased

240,000 bolls of Oats at 4d. the highest * This sum may appear very small; price, or 48,000 bolls of Wheat at 2od, but according to the most probable ac ditto.

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self a capital fishing town. The fice, the quality and quantity of cloth; fish of Aberdeen cost somewhat un- bread, and casks containing liquors; der 3d. each, stock fish id. and the that other officers called troners, had half last of herrings 30.

the inspection of wool ; that the sal. In the years 1283 and 1284 Ro mon fishery was carefully regulated, bert Durham, Mayor of Berwick and fishing during the night, or upon Tweed, together with Simon while the salmon was not in season, Martel, and other good men, enacted was prohibited. the Statutes of the Gild. By these Alexander III. during the long the most absurd privileges are grant course of a peaceable and happy ed to gild brethren. No others reign, paid the utmost attention to were permitted to buy hides, wool, the prosperity of the country, tho' or woolfells, in order to sell them a. he did not always understand the gain ; or to cut cloth. If a burgess best means of promoting it. He happened to be present at a sale of made laws for enforcing agricultural herrings, he was entitled to a share at industry, and restricted the number the original cost. Strict regulations of pleasure horses. The Scots began are made against regrating. Brok- now to build merchant ships ; for ers were elected by the community before this reign we hear only of of the town, and their names regis- one ship belonging to the country. tered. They paid annually a tun of But, as from want of experience they wine for their licence.

were at first unskilful, and several The court of the four burghs in vessels were in consequence lost, AScotland consisted of representatives lexander issued a law, by which the from Berwick, Edinburgh, Roks- merchants of Scotland were prohi. burgh, and Striveliae (or Stirling ;) bited from exporting goods in their whose province it was to judge of all own vessels.

This strange cdict matters concerning commerce and the must, no doubt, have impeded greatconstitutions and customs of the ly the formation of a navy. How. burghs, so that it formed a board of ever, either by means of his regulafrade and police.

tions, or in spite of them, the counThe chamberlain's court in Scoto try is said to have fourished exceedland appears also to have had a ju- ingly. The Lombards, under which risdiction over the burghs, and the name were comprehended the great inspection and regulation of many commercial states in the north of thingsconnected with trade and police. Italy, made proposals to the King for The Chamberlain went through the establishing factories in different parts country at stated periods, carrying of Scotland. One was actually esta. with bim standard weights and mea- blished by the Flemings near Bersures, in order to prove those kept by wick, which received from that port the Magistrates of the towns; and it wool, woolfells, hides, salmon, and was his duty to prevent those who other goods, the produce of the took up goods for the King's use' at neighbouring country. the King's price (which thus appears

Berwick was now by far the greatto have been under the market price) est commercial town in Scotland, and from taking more than was wanted for was even called a second Alexandria. the King, in order to get a profit to Its customs

were assigned by the themselves, and also from defrauding King to a merchant of Gascoigne for the merchants of payment. By the 21971. 86. sterling, which would have regulations of this court it appears, purchased at that time 32,961 bolls of that inspectors were appointed to ex wheat. Of 1500 marks a year, setamincand certify, by their seal of of- tled on the widow of Alexander


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prince of Scotland by her marriage- believe it was with no small pleacontract, there were 1300 payable out sure I observed the various improveof Berwick.

ments which have taken place withBerwick was governed by a May- in the last 30 years: the compleator, with four provosts subordinate to ing of the New Town, the South him. Perth, Striveline, (or Stirling) Bridge, the Voiversity, &c. &c. have Roksburgh and Jedburgh, had each all giveo me the most heartfelt satisat least one Alderman, apparently faction. For some days after my arthe chief magistrate. Hadington rival here, I could do nothing but was governed by a provost. Peebles explore the changes which have been and Munross (now called Montrose) made during my absence, which I had each a bailie. Linlithgow, and

Linlithgow, and did with peculiar satisfaction, in the Inverkeithing, had each two bailies. company of an old and dear friend, Elgin also was governed by bailies ; not one of the least respected inhaand before this time Glasgow had bitants, I am glad to find, which three co-ordinate provosts, and also your city can boast of. In his sobailies.

ciety, charmed with the recollecDuring the reign of Alexander, tion of former days, I endeavoured, wheat sold from is. 4d. to 1s. 8d. per in the noble and elegant streets of boll; barley 1od. oats 4d. An or the west end of the Town, to dinary horse 1). A carcase of mut trace the situation of those fields ton in Berwick, according to the dif- where I had so often spent the sumferent seasons, 8d. to 16. gd. Ale mer evenings of my youthful days. id. to 2d. per gallon.

The recollection, however, was mingOn the death of Alexander, and led with regret : alas ! how few of the of his infant grand daughter Queen companions of those early days now Margaret, Edward I. advanced his survive! But I must not give way to claim to the crown of Scotland, my own feelings, but return to the which he was prepared to enforce by object I had in view in addressing arms. A long period of calamity this letter to you. While my friend ensued, during which the commer- and I were admiring the improve cial interests of Scotland suffered an ments which had taken place during extreme depression. In order to de- my long absence, I was much struck prive the Scots of the means of car with that fine row called Princes rying on the war, he made a requi- Street, which, from the singular view sition that the Flemings should no of the Old Town, and the noble longer supply them with arms and rock on which the castle stands, is provisions : a demand which that superior to any thing of the kind I people, solely intent on the advance. have ever seen. I was naturally led ment of their commerce, wisely and

to express to my friend, my satisfacsteadily refused.

At this Edward tion at the inhabitants of this city was at one time so exasperated as to having so fine a walk, particularly seize all the Flemish vessels in his in winter ; but he soon put an end dominions. (To be continued.)

to my admiration, by informing me

that the magistrates intended to build Strictures on the proposal of building on the South side of Princes Street, E- of the street, and by that means

a range of houses on the south side DINBURGH : with Extracts from a spoil this noble view. At first, I speech of Lord MANSFIELD, on the really thought he had said this to same subject.

temper my praises, of which I had SIR,

been so lavish ; but,'alas, Sir, I found

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from my native city, you may ally intended to build out the noble

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