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Estimate of the Population of the GLOBE.

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(From Wolney's View of America.)
THE United States of North America are known to con-

5,215,000 The Spaniards admit the population of Mexico to amo, nt to 3,000,000 Canada, in 1798, reckoned 197,000 ; say

200,000 Upper and Lower Louisiana cannot be reckoned at more than 40,000 The two Floridas about the same number

40,000 The Creeks, Chaçtaws, and Chicasaws, who have 8000 warriors 24,000 All the savages of the Wabash and Michigan, at most

15,000 The rest of the savages throughout the Continent taken toge

ther, as far as the Frozen ocean and the sea of Nootka sound. 600,000

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Total, 9,134,000
Thus the population of all North America very little exceeds 9 millions,
and we may consider the last article, that of the savages, as too great by per,
haps half.
South America does not appear to have atttained an equal num.

ber. Well informed Spaniards do not estimate the po-
pulation of all their possessions, in this part of the world,
namely Peru, Chili, Paraguay, La Plata, and even Carac-
cas, not including the unsubjected Indians, at

In Brasil are rockoned 500,000 Portuguese and 600,000 ne-


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The Indians not subjugated can scarcely be estimated with pre

cision, but, considering the territory they occupy, they can-
not equal in number half the whites. I reckon them therefore

only at
The colonies in the West India Islands and Isthmus of Darien

.do not exceed
Dutch and French Guiana cannot be more than


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7,975,000 Asia. In the enumeration of China published last year by the

English, the population of the country amounts only to
55,000,000; and, supposing that of the cities to equal'it,
which is allowing a great deal, this would make 110 milli.
ons; and by comparison with Europe this empire cannot

120,000,ocol Persia, according to Olivier, has only

3,000,000 On a particular examination of all Turkey in Asia, I cannot find more than

11,000,000 I do not think therefore all Asia, including these, contains more than

240,000,000 Europe is well known to contain 140 or 142 millions, say 142,000,000



Africa, including Egypt, can scarcely be more populous than America, but let us admit

30,000,000 America,

20,000,000 Lastly, for the South Sea Islands, New Guinea, &c. let us al. low, though it is too much,



Thus we shall have for the whole globe a total of


State of Emigrations from the HIGHLANDS, in the years 1801, 1802, and 1803.

(From Brown's Answer to the Earl of Selkirk.)

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1802. !
70 Isle Martin. Pictou.

3 473 F. William Up. Canada. A. M.Millan. S Same countries as
I 28 Ditto. Pictou. S. Fraser.

in 1801.

North Morven,

M'Donaldand Knoidart, GlenI 550 Knoidart. Canada,


elg, Strathglass,

Kintail, Lochalsh

Lord M.Donald 60c/Braccadale.

and M.Leod's es. IN. Carolina,

tates. Sydney.

300 from Arisaig I

And. M.Don. and Moidart ; 40 340 Moidart. Spanish-town.


from Egg, Rum, Cape Breton.

Uist and

U. Ure. Clapranald, Boys

Niell. Zdale, and Barra. 250 Greenock. Canada.

Wilmington. Ditto,



14 4110


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1 20



I 20



In the Moray Frith,
1803. - Tengaged by D. For- Strathglass. Pictou.

bes, burden 120 tons,
1 By Mr Clark, Ditto. Pictou.

Ditto. Pictou.
1 By a Club of Strath-

Ditto. Pictou,
glass people,
2 Vessels of Major
Melville's at Ulla-Sutherland-

pool, by D. Roy shire.

from America,
2 Vessels of R. Maci.

ver from Stornaway,

I Vessel of J. Mac.

Ditto, Pictou,
kenzie, Lochead,
2 Major Symon Fraser

Fort William, who From differ
has made a trade offent quarters Pictou,
the business since in the High-



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1280 Description of a party of NORTHA. sight. Conceive bodies almost naked, MERICAN Savages.

embrowned by exposure to the sun,

and air, shining with grease and soot, From Volney's View of America. head uncovered; hair coarse,

black, sleek, straight, and smooth; My stay at Fort St Vincents gave a face disguised with black, blue, and

me an opportunity of observing red paint, in round, square and rhomthe Savages; whom I found assem- boidal patches : one nostril bored to bled to sell the produce of their red. admit a large ring of silver or cophunt. There were 'reckoned to be per; ear-rings with three rows of four or five hundred men, women, drops reaching down to the shoulders, and children, of various nations or and passing thro' holes that would adtribes, as the Wecaws, Payouries, mit a finger; a little square apron beSaukies, Pyankishaws, Miamis, &c., fore and another behind, both fastened all living towards the head of the by one string or ribband; the legs Wabash. It was the first time of and thighs sometimes naked, at others my observing at leisure these people, covered with long cloth spatterdash. already become rare on the east of es ; socks of leather dried in the the Alleghanies. Their appearance smoke; on some occasions a shirt was to me a new and whimsical with short, wide sleeves, variegated


or striped with blue and white, and as they can bawl; take hold of their flowing loose down the thighs ; and wives by the head and


the rum over this a blanket, or a square piece down their throats, with coarse caof cloth thrown over one shoulder, resses, and all the ridiculous gestures and tied under the opposite arm, or of our regular ale-house sots. under the chin. On particular oc- Sometimes distressing scenes encasions, when they dress for war or sue, as the loss of all sense and reafor a feast, the hair is braided and son, becoming mad or stupid, or falinterwoven with feathers, plants, ling down dead drunk in the dust or fowers, and even bones: the warriors mud, there to sleep till the next day. wear round their wrists broad rings I could not go out in a morning of copper or silver, resembling our without finding them by dozens in dogs collars, and round the head a the streets or paths about the village, diadem formed of silver buckles and literally wallowing in the dirt with trinkets of glass ; in their hand they the pigs. It was a very fortunate have their pipe, or their knife, or circumstance if a day passed without their tomahawk, and the little look. a quarrel, or a battle with knives or ing-glass, which every savage uses tomahawks, by which ten men, on with more coquetry, to admire so an average, lose their lives yearly. many charms, than the most coquet. On the oth of August, at four o'clock tish belle of Paris. The women, in the afternoon, a savage stabwho are a little more covered about bed his wife in four places with a the hips, differ from the men like- knife within twenty steps of me, wise, in carrying almost continually A fortnight before a similar circum. one or two children on their back in stance took place, and five such the a kind of bag, the ends of which year preceding. For this vengeance are tied on their forehead. Who- is immediately taken, or dissembled, ever has seen gypsies may form a ver till a proper opportunity offers, by ry good idea of this luggage. the relations, which produces fresh

Such is the outline of the picture, causes for waylaying and assassinaand I exhibit it in the most favoura, tion. I at first entertained the deble point of view, For if I were to sign of going to live a few months display the whole, I must add, that among them, to study them as I from early in the morning, both men had done the Bedoween Arabs; but and women roam about the streets, when I had seen these specimens of for no other purpose but to procure their domestic manners; and many themselves rum : and for this they of the inhabitants of the place, who first dispose of the produce of their acted as tavern-keepers to them, and chase, then of their toys, next of their were accustomed to go and trade aclothes, and at last they go begging mong them, assured me that the laws for it, never ceasing to drink, till they of hospitality did not exist among are absolutely senseless. Sometimes them as among the Arabs; that this gives occasion to ridiculous they had neither government nor subscenes ; they will hold the cup to ordination; that the greatest war drink with both hands like apes, chief could not strike or punish a then raise up their heads with bursts warrior even in the field, and that in of laughter, and gargle themselves the village he was not obeyed by a with their beloved but fatal liquor, single child except his own ; that in to enjoy the pleasure of tasting it these villages they dwelt singly, in she longer ; hand the cup from one mistrust, jealousy, secret ambushes, to another with noisy invitations; and implacable vengeances ; in a call to one only three steps off as loud word, that their society was a state


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of anarchy, of a ferocious and brutal deed gone still further, and so comnature, where want constitutes right pletely sacrificed both his feelings and strength laws; and besides, as and his philosophy to the fashion of they make no provision, a stranger the day, that, in investigating the ran the hazard of being starved with subject, he discovers that surprize, aout any resource, I felt the necessity rising from novelty and contrast, is of relinquishing my design.

the genuine principle of beauty; and

consequently the Boromean island, in On the different stiles of LANDSCAPE which all these tricks of art are conGARDENING,

trasted with wild uncultivated moun. From Knight's Essay on the Princi- tains surrounding an extensive lake, ples of Taste.

is the most beautiful spot on the

globe *. Another great writer afterIN N no art has the passion of novelty wards discovered, that surprize, or

had more influence, than in that astonishment, was the genuine prin of landscape gardening, or embels ciple, not of the beautiful, but of the lishing, and improving grounds; of sublime; which, according to him, which it appears hitherto to have is as diametrically opposite to beauty been almost the sole principle.. as pain is to pleasure to When Whenever this art has been practised Montesquieu and Burke thus differ in countries imperfectly cultivated, upon a subject of common sense and as in the ancient Persian and Roman feeling, which cach had made the empires, and in the modern king- particular object of his investigation, doms and states of Europe, till late. who shall hope to escape error in any ly; it has always appeared to delight theoretical enquiry? in a profuse display of labour and By taking a comparative view of expence, and in deviating as much the style of ornamental gardening in as possible from ordinary nature. the remotest parts of Asia, we shall Rivers, springs, groves, lawns, and find a farther illustration of the inforests, were to be seen every where; Auence of the same principle of noand the country was covered with velty in a directly contrary mode of fine trees which exhibited every va. practice.

In the vast and poputo riety of natural form : but canals, lous empire of China, every spot cafountains, quincunxes, and parterres, pable of producing food for either were only to be seen where art and man or beast is cultivated to the ut.. industry had formed them; and most extent of art and industry, trees cut into the shapes of pyra. and there the gardens of luxury, and. mids and colonnades, men and ani. grounds devoted to amusement are mals were new and unusual objects; affectedly diversified with artificial and such as were only to be found in rocks, irregular lakes and ponds, and highly dressed gardens. Novelty, other imitations of the wild varieties contrast, and surprize, are naturally of uncultivated nature :. for there so pleasing, that every person was such objects are rare and novel, and delighted with objects of this kind; consequently the possessing them disand as the word beauty is always ap- plays wealth, taste, and magnifiplied indiscriminately to every visible object, that is in any way plea- With the general extension of culsing, no one hesitated in calling them tivation and enclosing in England, beautiful. A great writer has in- this style, or at least an imperfect

imi* Montesquieu Fragmems sur le gout. to Inquiry into the sublime and beautiful.

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