« ZurückWeiter »
beautiful. The lake with its glassy Patrick are too much attached to surface, with all the islands and sure their native beverage to throw it arounding mountains, reflected in it, way, so, notwithstanding their asthe sides of the mountains illuminat- sertions, I am inclined to think the ed or darkened by every variety of bottle was filled with water, and was light and shade, which the passing only one of many, which had been clouds floating through a fine azure used in the same place, and for the sky variegated with every tint of co. same purpose-but as this was a louring, aided by the natural colour harmless way of obtaining a christenof the purple mountain, spread out ing glass in our reiurn to Killarney, before us, in a bold but regular slope, we winked at the deceit, and permitand finely contrasted by the Alpine ted them to enjoy it. Nothing re. tops of M'Gillycuddy's rocks, bare markable occurred in descending the and barren, with their peaked tops, current of the river into the lower proudly rising above it and eve- loke excrpt in shooting the old ry surrounding object. I thought Weir bridge, in the boat, which was that had Claude Lorrain seen this carried through it with great velocity, scenery, his pencil would have been one man ready to set with an oar on furnished with subject to outdo any each bow, while the rest of the boats thing he has left to the world. crew lay on their oars.
Descending to the temple all our When we returned to the lower aerial feelings were put to fight, by lake our boat's crew would fain have some fine cold roast Kerry mutton persuaded us to steer directly for and boiled ham, provided the night Ross Castle, and to employ another before, by our hostess Mrs Coffy, day in visiting those parts of the lower who took care also that we should lake which we had yet seen only at a have wherewithal to make a liba. distance, but as it was yet only four tion to the genius of the lakes, which o'clock, and the weather remarkably we did in excellent old port, while fine, we rejected this advice, tho' our boat's crew laid in a new stock evidently much against their inclinaof vigour, with the plentiful remains tion, as it would have been their in. of our table, qualified by good Irish terest to have made themselves useful porter and whiskey, which latter, how- to us as long as posible. ever, I took care to proportionto them, We intended to have proceeded lest they should have been render- first to O'Sullivan's cascade, which ed incapable of discovering the out- falls from Tomies on the west side let from the lake, which, however of the lake, but our guide assuring beautiful in the day, would have us, we had reason to believe with afforded but a sombre night's lod. truth, that at this season, in times of ging.
drought, it is very inconsiderable, we We bade adieu to this charming alter'd our course and steered for Inspot, with a discharge of our cannon, nisfallen Island, towards which we and descended the lake, but not be observed a small handsome boat on fore our boatmen insisted on our right with a lady and gentleman. ming a small island, which they At about five o'clock we landed on said was without a name, after my this most beautiful Island, and dicompanion, who happened to be their rected our steps to the few remains greatest favourite. They according of a very large Benedictine Abbey, ly broke a bottle, which, they said, which was founded here in the first was full of whiskey, against the ages of the Irish Christian church in rocks, chearing the name of Fortes- the sixth century by St Finian. Nocue three times. These sons of St thing now remains but about half
the walls of the choir of the church, scarcely have day light sufficient to and the foundations of the rest of the reach Killarney. Committing our building now overrun with brambles, selves therefore once more to the care weeds, and underwood, but which of our good coxswain Darby Minashew themselves sufficiently to im. ghan, we bade adieu to Jonisfallen, press sentiments of its former great and just as the sun was setting landness. Lord Kenmare has repaired ed at the foot of Ross castle. and modernized one of the small de I had ordered our gig to meet pendant buildings, so as to answer us at Ross Castle, at sunset, but the the purpose of a lodge or banqueting hostler not being punctual in sending house. We here met an old man it, gave us the pleasure of a most dewho with his family inhabits a com- lightful walk, which we relished fortable cottage near the ruin, and doubly after so much sitting in our who is allowed that, pasture for one boat. We supped, and chatted over Cow, and ten pounds per annum, by the various beauties of the day until Lord Kenmare, for herding the a late hour, when we retired with the sheep, (of which some are the fi our heads so filled with them, that nest I ever saw,) and acting as ranger my night's sleep was a continued of Innisfallen.
dream of mountains and valleys, woods The old mao accompanied us un and lawns, rivers and lakes, old castles asked in our walk of about a mile and abbeys, inhabited by crowds round the beautiful island, in a path of appropriate phantoms, appearing through a copse which skirts it in its and disapearing without method, to whole circumference, while the mid- a mind really surcharged with too dle, rising gradually from every side great variety of natural beauty. by a gentle slope, is kept as a lawn,
(To be continued.) interspersed with clumps of a variety of forest trees, among which I obser. ved some of the largest Ash and Holly I ever saw before, particularly Address by SIR JAMES MACKINTOSH two Hollys of immense size. This
to the Grand Jury of Bombay, 7th lawn is said to afford the finest
January, 1805. ture in Ireland, and the appearance Gentlemen of the Grand Jury, of the sheep feeding on it justify its character in that respect, while for I mild rural beauty I never saw a spot
for congratulation, nor the same which exceeded it *. After chear reason for addressing you on general fully paying the expected tax for the topics, as I had on former occasions. honor of the ranger's company, we
The offences in the Calendar are nei. quitted this enchanting spot with re- ther so few in number, nor so slight gret, that the lengthened shadows re in guilt, nor quite so simple in their minded us so soon, that we should legal character. The time which we
can now afford will, therefore, be ful.
ly occupied, by giving you such in* Returning to the abbey under which formation as may be useful in the the boat awaited us, we saw the gentle. discharge of your immediate duties. man and lady we had observed in the It is scarcely necessary for me to small boat, they seem'd to be employed promise, that I shall speak only of as we were ; our boatmen inform'd us they were a Mr Russel, who has a hand
the crimes, and not of the persons some house adjoining Lord Kenmare's accused, whom the humanity of the demesne, and a lady from Cork on a vie Law presumes to be innocent, and sit to his family.
whom I shall certainly treat as pos
sessing all the legal privileges of in. of so simple a kind that you will renocent, till a Jury of their country quire no legal information respecting shall decide that they bave lost that it from me. I have only to observe, character and the privileges that be that the magnitude of the crime does long to it.
not depend on the magnitude of the In this Calendar I observe some sum fraudulently obtained. There are persons charged with Stealing in the cases in which the most inconsiderable dwelling house, a most abominable of. sumobrained by fraud will deserve your fence, which invades, and where it is serious consideration ; especially if frequent, almost destroys the most the fraudulent pretences be of a navaluable part of the security of hu. ture to disturb the peace of families, man life.
What a strict execution and to wound the feelings of inno. of Law can do to repress so pernici. cent and deserving persons. You will ous a crime. shall certainly be done not consider the case as unworthy of as long as I preside here. But as your investigation, because the fraud long as the scandalous acquiescence, has not been so profitable as it was I had almost said connivance of the wicked. English Inhabitants lasts, as long as A Bill will be preferred against one our houses are filled with servants person for the offence of receiving pro who have been detected in fraud and sents contrary to the Stat. 33 Geo. theft, so long ought we to consider III. C. 52. Sect. 62. As this is the ourselves as the corruptors of our first proceeding under this statute servants, and, through them, of the which has been instituted in this, and body of natives, and so long I fear I believe, in any other of his Majes. will the efforts of Laws and Magis- ty's Courts in India, I will shortly trates be vain. The cause of this state to you the substance of the criminal toleration is, I admit, often above Section, in the way in which good nature, and never worse than I understand it. So great is the indolence. If a system were unani- temptation and so enormous have been mously adopted and firmly adhered the mischiefs, arising from the practo, for a considerable time, to dismiss tise of British Subjects receiving preservants on the detection of the most sents from the Natives of this counpetry fraud, if we were to receive no try, that, in this statute, which is the servants without the most ample tes present political and commercial code timonials of honesty from their for. of India, the legislature have taken mer Masters ; especially, if this were away so convenient a cover for cor. combined with a small provision for ruption and extortion altogether, by sickness and age, which might be making the mere act of receiving a made the reward of those who perse- gift criminal. Such receiving must vere in well-doing, I am persuaded indeed be by a person“ holding or that, in a course of years, a most se- exercising an office or employment rious improvement might be expeet. under His Majesty, or the Compaed, and that, with some trouble to ny.” The person charged before ourselves in the beginning, we might you is a clerk in an important public leave the domestic comfort of our office in this island ; and though, successors very different from what perhaps, immediately appointed by our own is at present. I shall per- the Chief of the department, whose haps, on a future occasion, lay be confidence he is charged with abufore you a plan of reformation on sing, is yet, in my opinion, without this subject.
the least douht, to be considered " The next case is one of obtaining exercising an employment under the money under false pretences, an offence East India Company," and in that
character subject to prosecution un- place, it is my duty to lay it down der the Act of Parliament, A more as ascertained and decided Law, that important doubt remains. He is a “ if a man has swom that he believes Native of lodia, and it may be ques
“ what you are thoroughly convinced tioned whether the words “ British " he never could or did believe, he is Subject" extend to him. Thai, for "guilty of perjury." And if you will many purposes, he is a British Sub honour me with your attention for a ject, cannot be doubted. If he were very short time, I hope I shall conto commit high treason, he would be vince you of the justice of this prinrightly indicied for acting “ against ciple of Law, as to persons accused, the duty of his allegiance.” If you as well as its necessity to the wellshould be of opinion that it is doubt being of society. Inquiries into the ful whether he be a British Subject, foundation and distinctions of probato satisfy the provisions of this act of bility and certainty, of opinion, beParliament, I should still advise you lief, and conviction, are very well a-, to find the Bill ; because he will have dapted to the schools of philosophy, all the benefit of these doubts in a but they are scarcely fit for this place, future stage of the proceeding ; and or this occasion. Su h refined disbecause it is fit that a question so cussions seldom afford' us any immeimportant should be put into such a diate result, which can guide us in course as to receive legal discussion the rough and gross business of and determination.
human life.-Criminal law must be A Bill will, I understand, be pre- administered on plain principles, on ferred against the same person, found. a level with the ordinary understanded on the same criminal act, for ing of mankind. BRIBERY, which, in those who exer If a man of a sound mind, who cise any public trust, is, and always knew the English language, were to has been, a misdemeanor of the high- swear before you that he believed est nature, by the common Law of three and three to be seven, you would England. -No difficulties will arise no more hesitate in pronouncing that respecting the Law on this last bill. he had sworn falsely, than if had
There only remains one offence, sworn that the sun does not, at this which, of all crimes, 'is perhaps the moment, shine in the heavens. And the most odious in the court of justice, if he were to vindicate himself, by because it most directly tendă to de- pretending that the one was matter feat the administration of justice; an of opinion, and i he other matter of fact, offence, of the frequency of which I i believe you would not be much emformerly spoke from information, but barassed by his distinction; that you can now speak from large and deplo. would feel more indignant at his ef
frontery, than perplexed by his soI mean Perjury. One case of that phistry. detestable crime is, I believe, likely Precarious indeed would bethe ten. to come before
It is attended ure by which every British Subject with a peculiarity which may per- would hold his property and bis life, haps for a moment a little perplex if such a pretext were sufficient to proyour judgement. The perjury is tect the false swearer frum the panish. charged for swearing falsely to hand ment due to his crime. You are writing ; and it may, at first sight, not to learn, that upon
testimony seem that this swearing, which must be as that which is the foundation of the malter of opinion, is not 60 properly charge of Perjuy before you, "pon che subject of criminal proceeding, as evidence of beliet as to hand writing, à swearing about what is called a
your property may be taken away : ba'ter of fact. Now, in the first ibat on such evidence you might be
convicted of Forgery, and consequent- missed as incurable, will soon obtain ly receive the judgement and suffer relief from a permanent Fuod, which the punishment, of death. But it is Female bounty bas lately established a principle, common, I believe, to our for that laudable purpose. Law, with the Codes of all Civilized Among all the Societies, whether Nations, thar no testimony is ad- temporary or permanent, which have missible evidence, for which, if it be been for ned for the purpose of re.. false, the witness is not punishable lieving the wants of the Poor and the for perjury. There may be some dif. Diseased, those are unquestionably ference, therefore, between this and the most useful, whose Committees other perjury, in the facility of proof, or Managers pay weekly visits to the but there can be none in the legal objects of their bounty, and, after responsibility of the offenders. a minute inquiry, give supplies ac
I will not detain you longer from cording to their own personal knowyour important duties. I trust that ledge of the wants, the industry, you and I will one day have the un. and the character of the persons and speakable satisfaction of reflecting, families, who in this respect are comthat we have not only discharged mitted to their care. Every substithose duties which preserve the order tute for this benevolent and self-deof Civil Society, but that, by a firm nied attention, is more liable to imthough moderate execution of just position, and less adapted to promote Laws, we may have contributed, in the real happiness and confort of the some slight degree, within the nar- wretched objects who ought to ea. row sphere of our influence, to revive joy the benefit of such Institutions. those moral sentiments which every Of this description are-the So. where naturally spring up in the ciety for Relief of the Destitute Sick, human heart, but which seem so long and the two Female Societies. Their to have languished in the br east's plan is excellent, and the Funds comof the Inhabitants of India.
mitted to them are judiciously expended, principally because they give no supply without first visiting the
distressed and needy persons, and obPlan of a New CHARITABLE IN- taining every necessary information STITUTION in EDINBURGH. respecting them; and this rule is
followed, not merely when new ap.' CHE numerous and extensive cha- plicants are put upon their lists, but
ritable institutions which already in relation to every stated or occasion. exist in this city, might seem, on al aid that may afterwards be given taking a general and cursory view of them. the subject, to preclude the necessity Still however there is room for do. of any other. There are many Hospi- ing more good, without interfering tals, in which complete provision is with the business of Societies already made for certain descriptions of the established, or taking any measures Young and the Aged, and one that that would have the smallest tendency opens its friendly gates to ALL ORPH to impair the means of their support. ANS, preferring only the most des. On the contrary, it is intended to titute and forloro, Many of the Di. co-operate with them, and to give and seased are taken under the protection receive mutual aid and encouragement. of the Infirmary, an Institution wor, There are many objects of compassion thy of its Founders, and in the high- in this city and its neighbourhood, est degree honourable to the city of who are not provided for by any cha. Edinburgh ; and those who are dis. ritable institution. Incurables dis