Abbildungen der Seite

State of the BAROMETER, in inches and deci.

mals, and of Farenheit's THERMOMETER, in the open air, taken in the morning before fun-rise, and at noon; and the quantity of rain-water fallen, in inches and decimals, from April 26. to May 25. 1806, in the vicinity of Edinburgh.

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41 44


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M. 9
Tu. 10
W. 11
fh. 12
Fr. 13
Sa. 14
Su. 15

10 18 IT

10 43 11 35



M. 16

o 32 I 33 2 34



Tu. 17

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W. 18


1806. Barom. Thermom. Rain. Weather. April

M. N. In. Pts. 26 29.9


45 54



Ditto 30 29.35 41


29.41 39


0.06 2 28.92 45 40 1.15

Snow 3 29.5

Clear 35 4 29.6 40


51 5 29.75 35


55 6


Ditto 29.5 7 44


49 8 29.45 44

Clear 91 29,41. 45 55

Cloudy. 10 29.32


II 29.2.


12 29.1
40 46

Ditto 13 | 29. 40

45 0.04

Showers 14

28.9 39 44 0.81 Rain
45 50 0.05

Ditto 16. 29.83 44


Clear 17 29.85 44 65

Ditto 18 29.93 50

Ditto 19 29.9 51 79

Ditto 20 29.84


Ditto 21



23 29.89 50 71

Cloudy 24 29.9 45 70

Ditto 25 29.9 47 59



2 2

3 3 6 4 7 5 5 5 59 6


3 36 4 36 5 32

Th. 19


6 24

Fr. 20
Sa. 21
Su. 22
M. 23
Tu. 24
W. 25

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Th. 26

10 3.0

10 55

Fr. 27

II 21

Sa. 28

II 46 0 1 2 1


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I 54

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Scots Magazine,



FOR MAY 1806.

Account of the Harbour of ARDROSSAN, and Canal from thence to GLASGOW.

THESE two great works, the first tide with perfect certainty as well as

of which is already begun, will safety. At its entrance there is a be attended with most important ad. depth of six fathoms at low water ; vantages to the commercial interests

and within it, a depth of from five to of Scotland. - The counties of La- three fathoms at low water is found nark, Renfrew, and Ayr, appear, by for more than one half of its extent ; the population returns, to contain with good anchorage, wherein the upwards of 300,000 inhabitants, who largest frigates, as well as merchant. are actively employed in various men, may ride in safety. On the line branches of manufacturing industry. of the canal is one of the most reThis district is full of coal, of which markable seams of coal in the whole Ireland is in want : on the other hand, world, being from 70 to go feet in it requires grain, of which Ireland' thickness.' There is also abundance can afford the most abundant supply. of iron stone, and limestone. The The manufacture of this district is working of the former, in particular, cotton; of Ireland, it is linen : of which is yet in its infancy, promises other parts of Great Britain, wool to prove a very important branch of hardware, pottery, &c. The greatest trade. advantage must arise from the inter- The


of the harbour is es. change of these various commodities. timated at 40,000l.; and as the reIn short, Ardrossan stands to Glas. venues of the port of Aberdeen, gow in the same situation that Liver. (which is neither so good as that of pool does to Manchester : the present Ardrossan will be, nor situated in so canal will correspond with the cele- fertite and populous a country) abrated one of the Duke of Bridge- mount to 2700l. Mr Telford conceives water ; and Ardrossan will probably himself entitled to estimate the revebecome the rival of Liverpool. nues of the latter at goool, which,

The bay of Ardrossan, at the deducting rocol. for annual expensouthern extremity of which the har- ces, will still leave io per cent on bour and docks are to be formed, is the original sum of 40,000l. already rendered by nature a com- The canal begins at the suburb of plete harbour for all the purposes of Glasgow called Tradestoun, 38 feet safety. It is free from danger; it above high water mark. It proceeds may be entered at all times of the for 105 miles on the same level, and in this course passes through the o- him from working that part of his pulent manufacturing town of Pais- coal which lies near the line of the ley, and reaches Johnstone, which is canal. These risks may be preventalso a very populous and thriving, ed by going farther to the northin village. At Johnstone, a chain of where, however, a piece of deep cutlocks extends for a mile, which raises ting is to be encountered. This will it 64 feet higher ; in all 102 feet cost 7,252 l. additional. from the river Clyde. This is the The line between Glasgow and summit level, which proceeds 181 Paisley may be carried in two direcmiles, and terminates opposite Salt- tions; one northerly, by Craigton, coats. From this point, another Hillington, and Auchentorley : the chain of locks, extending 1 miles, other farther south, by the Dumbrings it down to connect with breck colliery, and the iron stone an extensive wet dock in the harbour quarry. The latter will cost 565l. of Ardrossan. The fall here is 104 more, but it will have the advantage feet 6 inches.

of passing through the collieries, and The purchase of land will amount of being more convenient for making to' 12,800l. Two only of the pro-, a branch to Hurlet. prietors have started any difficulties. Estimate of Expence. The Earl of Glasgow is afraid, as This, on the highest calculation, the line will pass very near his house, will amount to 125,901 1. But, by that it will injure the appearance of adopting the northern line between his grounds. It is hoped, however, Glasgow and Paisley, and by cutting that his Lordship will not, on this through Mr R. C.'s property, there account, make any serious opposi- would be a saving of 12,902 1. which tion to a measure so conducive to his would reduce it to 112,9991. own interest, as well as that of the A branch might be conveniently country: Besides, as the canal will made to the Hurlet iron works, ex. be on the opposite side of the river to tending only a mile and three

quarhis house at Hawkhead, it may pro.

ters. But as two aqueducts (over bably be so managed as to prove ra. the Cart and Laveron,) and also a ther ornamental ; as is the case with lockage of 37 feet would be requi. the Grand Junction canal, in its pas- site, it would cost 10,605 l. ; so that sage through the old and finely orna- an iron rail-way might perhaps be mented grounds of the Earl of Esa better, and could be executed for sex and Lord Clarendon.

Mr Reid Cunningham states, that, Another branch, 31 miles in length, from the situation of his coal mines, might be carried from Tradestoun there is a risk of the water sinking to the Clyde iron-works. It would into them; also'that it may prevent cost 10,589 1.

Estimate of Revenue-between Johnstone and four miles above Tradestouna

Tons. 20,000 of coals, iron-stone, pig-iron, timber, carried ten miles, on an average at zd. per

mile, 20,000 ditto carried five miles at 2d.

833 6 6 10,000 grain, groceries, &c. carried 10 miles at 3d.

1250 Passage boats,

1500 Between Johnstone and Ardrossan Bay. 40,000 Of coals for exportation carried 10 miles, at 2d.

59540 1.

L.1666 13


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Carry forward, L.8583 į 6 1666 130

Brought forward, L.8583 56
15,000 of coals carried along the canal towards Paisley, and for

burning lime, making iron, and for manufacturing and
domestic purposes, ten miles, at 2d.

20,000 Lime stone, timber, iron-stone, pig-iron, carried ten

miles, at 2d.
20,000 Grain carried from Ireland and Ayrshire, to Renfrew-

shire and Glasgow; groceries, shop goods, for the coun-
try through which the canal passes ; raw materials and
webs, to and from the weavers and manufacturers, along
the line, 12 miles, at 3d.

A loaded boat will go and return once in a week. Sup-
pose four small boats to be constantly employed, each
carrying 20 tons, taking 36 miles as the average dis-
tance, making 60 miles each passage, and the time at 45
weeks, at 3d.

Passage boat between Johnstone and Saltcoats,


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(Concluded from p. 270.) THE estirpation of weeds is a Ayrshire ; and some of the best oats, great desideratum in the agricul potatoes, barley, and sown grass,

I ture of Ayrshire, as a large part of

any where


were upon moss. that county is now most shockingly But the general practice is to crop it infested by them. It is hoped that, until it gets very foul, and then leave by adopting some such plans as it to gather grass of itself. It would have been recommended, the weeds be better to clean the land complete. may be subdued, and the land be- ly, by potatoes, yams, or other drilcome as clean as it is in the best cul- led crop, and then sow it down with tivated districts.

barley and grass seeds. Flax, or lint, has begun to be cul. Draining is much wanted in vativated to a considerable extent in rious parts of Ayrshire, though some Ayrshire ; and as they have contri-spirited gentlemen have lately drained ved to spin and weave it by the pow. their land in a very effectual manner.

of water, I do not see why the li. This would improve the climate as nen should not keep pace with the well as the soil ; for the evaporation cotton manufacture. Flax forms an of moisture generates cold; and the excellent crop for sown grass, and evaporation, when converted into may be substituted in place of barley hoar-frost in the air, sinks down into

the hollows, and communicates blight The cultivation of moss, in Mr to the crops which grow in them. Smith of Swinridgemoor's method, I conceive that draining should be has been carried to a great extent in made a subject of public regulation,


for that purpose:

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as well as the extirpation of weeds. this their harbour ab initio, and I do not see that a man has any bet. would have made a canal, instead of ter right to keep a magazine of eva- deepening the Clyde. But the great porable moisture to hurt his neigh- capitals sunk at Greenock and Portbours, than he has to keep a maga. Glasgow, must continue to attract a zine of weeds, or a kennel of mad considerable share of trade to these dogs. In some very fertile hollows places ; tho’this harbour, from its suin Ayrshire, the crops are frequently perior accommodation, must come in blasted, from this cause.

or a part.

In fact, there is no oċI observed the larix tree very much casion for rivalship in the case ; for, destroyed in many parts of the west by opening new facilities to trade, of Scotland, by a small black insect, the general amount of trade will be which devours the leaves and tender increased, and each port may have twigs. The mischief is not so much as much as it can accommodate, withoccasioned by what the animal feeds out interfering with the others.--on, as by the extravasation of the. The invention of the cotton mill did sap from its numerous punctures, not, as was apprehended, diminish the which, coagulating into turpentine, numbers employed in that manufacappears like hoar-frost on the leaves ture; but, by enlarging the amount and branches. I wish some of your manufactured, increased them an correspondents who have skill inthese hundred fold. matters would take this malady in. Independent of any foreign trade, to consideration ; for, if the rava- it is thought by some that the canal ges of this insect are not soon coun. will prove a lucrative concern, from teracted, it threatens to extirpate the internal trade of the country that beautiful and valuable tree. through which it is to pass.

The Lord Eglintoun is an excellent far- whole tract abounds with manufac, mer, and deserves great praise for turing towns and villages, which must the energy and ability he displayed occasion an ample conveyance of per in laying out and reducing into cul- sons, and of goods. It also abounds tivation the waste lands on his patri- with coal, lime, and iron-stone, and monial estate. He always takes an other minerals, which the canal will active part in every project which render valuable, while they, in their has for its object the improvement and turn, increase the trade upon the caprosperity of the county. He has


nal. These points the gentlemen cured an act of Parliament, and is get- concerned have not yet brought fully ting an excellent harbour constructed into view, so as to impress the public at Ardrossan, which will be of incal. with their importance ; but it is preculable advantage to trade, andcontri- sumed they will do so bute highly to the improvement of may be convenient. the county of Ayr. The hill of Ar. As this canal will infallibly give drossan is not commanded by higher rise to new manufacturing establish. ground. It may be cut perpendicu- ments, to operate on the minerals lar all round, and converted into an of the country, as well as increase impregnable fortress, to defend the the number of those already esta. harbour, and the surrounding coun- blished, it will, evidently, improve try.

agriculture, by affording a more exHis Lordship farther proposes to tensive market for its produce. connect this harbour with Paisley and It will also facilitate the conveyance Glasgow, by a canal. Had the Ma. of manure, and of other articles, from gistrates of Glasgow known what they the towns, and of the produce of were doing, they would have made land in return.


as soon as

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