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distress, than several volunteers turned understood it. In this day's march, out to carry our trunks to the next

about 24 miles, we numbered 18 village, and in this manner they tran- churches, 7 of which were under the sported our luggage with the great. jurisdiction of our friend, which he est good nature and cheerfulness. visited occasionally, generally stayAbout half past six A.M. on the ing one week with each at a time. 18th we left Colachie.- a our ap- The paddry was so obliging as proach to every village we past, we send the key of his own dwellingwere met by the principal man, house on with us next day, as he knew tended by a fresh set of relief coolies, the church to be in bad repair, which, who positively refused any reward for in case of rain, we should have found their trouble ; altho' we repeatedly very inconvenient *. offered them money, they would not Marched about six this morning accept of a single shilling, said it was (2cth.) This part of India resemthe orders of their Rajah, and they bles Europe more than any other I have could receive no reward.

This was

yet seen: all along the coast there are a singular novelty to be found a high grounds, entirely covered with mongst Indians. So different is it wood, not of thorns, and briars, as in the Carnatic, that you are often

on the coast of Coromandel, but of obliged to compel them by force, trees, and shrubs, of different species; before you can have assistance, or beautiful, and extensive valleys, intersupplies of any kind. But in justice sected with large spacious rivers, and to his highness the Nabob, it must

inclosures in the highest cultivation. be confessed, his orders are, that The inbabitants seemn perfectly hapevery thing wanted by an officer pas py, and plentifully supplied with every sing through his country, shall be necessary to make life comfortable. found him at the accustomed price. The morning of the 22d arrived In this day's march we crossed in

at Anjengo about one o'clock ; boats at the foot of two large rivers finding it possible to be accommo(Cullyturic and Neyatungarie,) the dated with a vessel from this direct banks of which, rising with a gentle to Bombay, we determined to leave ascent for some hundred yards, were it immediately.-Anjengo is a small beautifully covered with a variety of square fort, without a ditch, and of trees.-Halted this morning at a little strengoh, where there are two. church to breakfast, where we found

or three invalid serjeants, with a few a Portuguese paddry ; we invited the

sepoys, from the establishment of Rev. father to drink coffee with us,

Bombay, there is likewise sent from which he did with seeming satisface that presidency, a chief, and countion. He complained of the small- cil, for the management of the pepness of his living, which he said was

per trade ; which has decreased for only 75 rupees per ann. paid by the

some years past, and now hardly pays bishop of Goa; and regretted he had the

expence of the establishment.-it not in his power to show us that

On the 2 3d left Anjengo, and arrived civility he wished. His parishioners, at Coilong (a Dutch factory) about on account of his small sallary, made four p. m. after a pleasant march of annual contribution for him,

twenty miles. The country we marwhich he said, sparingly afforded ched through this day exceeds any him the common necessaries of life.

thing The Malabar language differed so much on this coast, from thạc

* At every church there is a small spoken on the coast of Coromandel, house, for the reception of the paddry that our

servants with difficulty when he chooses to be there. May 1806.


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thing I have yet seen in India, for Vikirivandi beauty and variety of prospect ; full Viliparam ; of woods, bills, dales, intersected Trivanalore

15 with large rivers, and pumberless in- Ullundoorpettah

15 closures in the highest state of culti. Coidoor

IS vation.


16 Coilong is situated at a rocky Uttaloor

18 point, projecting into the sea; is of Swagemveram

15 an irregular form, has a very shallow Banks of the Coleroon

8 ditch towards the land, is of very Trichinopoly little strength, and seems to be at Verimallie

22 present much neglected by the Dutch; Touramcouchie

16 has little or no trade, which has been Meleore

39 transferred to Cochin. There is an Madura

15 officer and a few sepoys in the place, Trimungalum

IZ and only one gentleman for the ma- Vendipittah

22 nagement of the company's business, Chittoor

26 (Mr Rosier.)


15 After a run of two days, we ar. Mitylumpettah

15 rived, the 26th, at Cochin, the princi- Palamcottah

30 pal Dutch settlement on the coast of Naganachara

23 Malabar. In this garrison we got Travancore

27 very conveniently accommodated, and Polum

17 at a reasonable rate, in an inn, which Colachie

15 we discovered to be under the patron Pillymully

24. nage of the governor, to whom the Villidorny

. 23 landlord paid a very high rent ; we Anjengo

14 soon learnt, that the governor prohi. Coilong

20 bited every person but the inn-keeper from disposing of merchandise, Total miles from Madras across or any article, within the walls or

the peninsula to Coilong,

582 environs of the fort, and that all

(To be continued.) persons were to supply themselves from him ; however, we thought proper to break through these rules,

DEFENCE of DOUBTS on CÆSAR. and provided ourselves with our sea Btock at a much cheaper rate than

SIR, we could possibly have done at the


Was glad to find, in your number Dutch governor's retail shop.

for December, that my doubts, Names of the different halting places, in regard to the authenticity of a paswith the distance (miles English)

sage of Cæsar's relation of his own from Madras, across the peninsula, ble reply of your correspondent Z.

exploits, had drawn forth the sensito Coilong.

His general grounds, upon which From Madras to St. Thomas's he establishes the veracity of Cæsar, mount

9 are well stated ; and none but the Inn

9 most credulous sceptic would be Walajabad

22 inclined to dispute that the narration Conjeveram

8 of Cæsar is, in general, founded upon Trivalore

IS fact. But, without pretending to Wandiwash

15 impeach his general veracity, one may Velimoor

still be allowed, without much im


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putation of credulity or incredulity, this statement of Cæsar's (which, as (as you chuse to interpret it) to sus 2. justly observes, would be to admit pect a small degree of falsification in little short of a palpable absurdity,) if regard to the circumstances or embel- there is any such thing as truth in lishments of the story, were it no history, I should be disposed to atmore than in rendering a particular tach to such a statement the most feature more prominent than in its steady faith; and that, simply upon just and exact proportion.

the admission of Cæsar, or of any o. From the general modesty of Cæsar's ther Roman. My reasons are so narrative, he appears incapable of the glaringly obvious, that it would be ridiculous, vain-glorious fanfaronade insulting your readers to dwell upon of some of our modern Cæsars : nor them. But, though I am not fool do I conceive he could have been ca. enough to question facts, in thempable of drowning 20,000 of his ene- selves credible, of which the admismies, in a lake created expressly for sion has been extorted, in despite of the purpose. And yet, do not we

the dictates of national vanity; yet. find such narrations hazarded, even I am not at all disposed to pay such in defiance of the check of the gene- implicit deference to the authority of ral diffusion of the printing press - names, which we have been taught neither do I suppose that such a nar- to venerate as school boys, as to ration runs the least risk of being swallow facts in themselves improba. called in question by any collateral ble, where national vanity gave an journals sent to their private friends interest in falsification. by the inferior officers of the army ; I do not dispute the general nor do I conceive it a very improba- truth of Cæsar's successful campaign ble conclusion, that, supposing a against the Swiss ; though, as to Pompey, not merely to dispute the the minutiæ of numbers, and such lessupreme authority with this Cæsar, ser circumstances, it would be perbut even to wrest it from him, na- haps an indulgence, to grant to Cætional vanity might still maintain a sar's commentaries an equal degree of propensity to swallow, with a greedy credit as to a British gazette, sifted, faith, this and similar wonders; and as the latter must be, by the prying that, notwithstanding of the recla- zeal of a parliamentary opposition: mation of surrounding and enlighten- neither am I disposed to dispute the ed independent nations ; a check which outlines of the particular fact (about Roman vanity experienced not from whose circumstances I hesitate,) namethe days of Cæsar.

ly, that, after three fourths of the I have to observe, that your cor- Swiss had crossed the Arar (or respondent Z. has widely mistaken Saone,) to the side where Cæsar was, the object of my doubts. In his. Cæsar, crossing this river, in a right last paragraph he supposes me to march, with three legions, surprised, call in question the truth of the dis- and attacked, and defeared, the other grace of a Roman army, in being fourth,whocould get no assistance from made to pass under the yoke by the the other three fourths of their counSwiss Tigurine canton (the canton trymen. The only questionable part of Zurich,) after the loss of their of the relation is, the very fortunate general, the consul Lucius Cassius, circumstance, that this defeated part and of Lucius Piso his lieutenant, of the Swiss army should entire great grandfather of Cæsar's wife, ly consist of this identical canton who were both killed in the engage- of Zuric, giving Cæsar the opportu

nity of becoming the happy instrument Now, Sir, so far from disputing of thus avenging, at one and the sam,

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time, both the public injuries of the a circle round the trunk, near the Roman nami, and the privait ones of ground, On asking for what rea. bis own family. It is inúcej true, son this was done, was answered, that Switzerland was divided into " It makes trees bear well, which only.four cantons ; and, as it seems

would otherwise have no fruit.". piisable that this kind of division Now, Sir, I would thank you to night regulate the order of march, give this paper a place in any odd so that each canton kept in a separ- corner of your magazine, and would ate body, the chances against any be obliged to any one of your phiparticular canton being last in cros. losophic readers, who will be so good sing the Saone was only three to as to account for the above, and who one : yet so it fortunately happened, will, in so doing, confer an obligasive casu, siue consilio Deorum immor- tion on

A Lover of Physics. talium, says Cæsar; by which we see that the interest taken in clapping a judgement upon the back. is not entire- by Falkirk, March 1806. ly of modern origin.

Your correspondent Z., in his penult paragraph, does indeed bespeak Manners of the Higher and Lower a sort of quarter for this happy coin. Orders in SCOTLAND, in the year cidence, in telling us, it is not in itself

1749. so remarkable as many others then familiar to the Romans. I indeed cor. (From a Tour, just published.). dially agree with him, that the Ro

'HE Scotch are in general very mans must of necessity have been fa

polite, and of free and easy ad. miliarized with such happy coinci- dress, and it is rare to find a man of dences, in the 'relations of their gent- that nation, of any rank but the

very rals; among whom the character of lowest of all, without some tincture Fortuna!us was much more affected of learning i for the pride and dethan that of Sapiens.

light of every father is to give a libeYours, &c. Foral education to his son. The manP. S. Your correspondent Z. ought to ner of teaching their boys differs litobserve, that I am not the first who' tle or nothing from ours ;

but they has started doubts as to Cæsar's are strictly attentive never to let them colouring of his facts. One of read any book that can give them our poets (tho' I cannot at pre. mean or bad ideas; and an observa. specify who, or where) has long tion I made shows that they retain ago called in question the exact

the taste that they imbibe so early ; authenticity of Cæsar's account of for I took notice that there were not his adventures in Britain; I recol. in any of their booksellers shops sit: lect only the words, whispers C'e. ly novels, romances, or any such sar, he was beat:

trifting bombast authors as ours are mostly furnished with, but such as every man of polite literature would

choose for his own library. The QUERY respecting a Mode of improving same caution is observed towards the


The discipline, which is never sufHad lately an opportunity of be. fered to relax, in their universities,

ing in a garden, where I observed inakes them fulfil the purpose for an old pear tree having part of its which they were instituted; the sturind cut off; which wound describes dents being all ranked into classes,




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whom the professors instruct as ful-'cing, in which they excel: they ne-
ly in all the arts and sciences as any ver dance long together, but with
-school-boys are taught to know their great sprightliness: in large assem-
lessons ; the tutors have the direc- blies they form into sets of nine or
tion of their classical learning, and ten couple each, one succeeding the
take strict care of their morals. All other; in small companies they have
the students are obliged continually but few country dances, and soine of
to do their exercises before the whole them keep constantly dancing horn.
university ; so that ignorance or idle. pipes, reels, &c., whilst the rest are
ness are sure to be punished, at least sitting down.
with the utmost disgrace. No won- Another good circumstance in
der, then, that the Scotch are ac. their society is, that bad men are ac-
counted so wise a people ; for if, a- counted no part of it ; for, afier

mongst us, every man's capacity was person bas committed a notorious
improved to the utmost with care and vile action, let his rank be ever so
judgement, what an immense, decrease great, a visit of ceremony is all the
would there be of our present multi- correspondence that men of reputa.
tude of fools!

tion care to maintain with him ;
After the university, there are few whereas in England, the respect that
of the gentry but what go abroad successful villany meets with is one
and visit most of the Courts in Eu. of the principal inducements to get
Tope, where, their understandings so money by wicked means.
well formed at home, are so still en- Marrying for money is one of the
larged and corrected by their ob- miserable effects of avarice but little
servations on the manners, laws, and felt in Scotland. They have an old
governments of foreign nations, with- proverb, which I think a good one,
out bringing home any admiration of that they commonly follow in the
their vain or bad customs ; and in. choice of their wives ; i. e. 'Tis
deed their society is kept up with better to marry on a midden than a
great politeness and pleasantness of muit : Better a woman of one's own

acquaintance and neighbourhood than
They live in continual rounds a stranger: 80 that she who has the
of company at one another's hou.

best person and character is likely to
ses, I suppose entertaining seldom- have the best match in her own
er or oftener in proportion of their country, however small her fortune.
estates; which would be an into- Lord Eglipton liad fourteen sisters,
lerable way of living, but that the part of whom married into noble,
master of the house minds his Lusi. the others (all but two, that are not
ness, or follows his diversion, the yet disposed of,) into very honoura-
same as if alone, and the visitors, on ble families, though they had but
their part, have an entire freedom in

joool. a piece.
disposing of their time how they I do not believe that the people of
please. They drink rather too any age or nation were ever more re-
much, but not in a brutal, sottishi ligious observers of hospitality than
manner: for the women always stay the Scotch are at this day. The
in company, and join in giving their vast kindness I received during my
toasts, which are generally sentimental illness, in many places where I was
ones; and as most of these raise jo- unknown, is a convincing proof ta
cose ideas, so the glass goes about

me of their humanity to strangers :
with good humour and cheerfulness and after I was kuown I was treat-
enough. Part of the evening, too, ed with a civility and generosity
is commonly spent in country-dan- that I could have no pretence to,


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