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but in their politeness only. Insertion supported with syllogisms and England, most of them seem to a- scholastic disputations: and it is void expence, and are therefore rec- their extreme misfortune, that preskoned covetous ; but it is their love bytery is their established church, of spending their fortunes generously for it is held in general disesteem aat home that makes them averse to mongst them of superior rank ; and profusion abroad. The women of indeed men of sense and education fashion are in general well favoured cannot well conform to it, for the and genteel, very sprightly, and free presbyterians worship God as if they from conceit and affectation ; their thought him an odious Being, whom only defect is, not having quite so the least decency would offend. inuch reserve and delicacy as is be. Like the Indians that pray to the coming to their sex. I guess what devil, their disregard of the religion you

have said before now, that I love of their country makes them think to praise these people because they are the less of religion in general ; so Jacobites : but indeed you are mis. they are apt to form their principles taken; for those that I chiefly con- upon systems of natural philosophy versed with, and the inhabitants of and the writings of the moralists, the western country, (where I was,) who represent virtue as independent are almost to a man attached to the of religion, of which Lord Shaftesa present Government. It is remark- bury is in the greatest esteem. Naable, that in Whig countries, where tural philosophy may certainly teach no particular influence prevails, they a man to perform his part in society choose such representatives as will with decency, but surely religion is oppose the measures of the Ministry the only foundation upon which virthat are pernicious to the interest of tue can stand secure. the people, and consequently weaken The common people are such, in the establishment of this royal fami- outward appearance, as you would ly; whereas the members chosen not at first take to be of the human for the Jacobite counties are all de. species, and in their lives they differ veted to the Court.

but little from brutes, except in their That you may believe their virtues, love to spiritous liqors. They are ex. I must' tell you what I thought tremely indigent, but had rather sustheir blemishes, or appeared rather tain poverty than labour. They as foils to their good qualities; they have an implacable spirit of revenge ; take a native pride and pleasure in of which several instances happened their pedigrees, which, I believe, are during my stay there ; but I know of great antiquity, as they are al- not whether that should be mentionways careful to preserve their re- ed to their dishonour, since men; cords, which they embrace every op- have naturally as strong an portunity to boast of and illustrate. cess of hatred at receiving an injury But it has this good effect, that few as their abhorrence is to do one : for. of them care to stain their own, by givenness being the most refined docmarrying into low or base families, trine of christianity, which none can and abroad they are better received embrace but such as are capable of on that account. They are very o... perceiving its excellency and blessed pinionated, and cannot bear to let ness. They are vastly superstitious, their judgements be overruled, even and bigotted to their kirk with a in matters of the smallest concern ; most furious zeal, which at their in. so that it is not uncommon, in ordi- stigation was suffered to prevail over nary discourse, to hear a trilling as the episcopal church at the time of



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the Revolution, with a political view their faces, and covers great part of of gaining the affections of the peo. their bodies. They use no shoes ple; and for a pretence of extirpating and stockings but on Sundays, and the Bishops, whom the Stuarts had then they carry them in their hands placed there, and who might well be to the entrance of che church.yard, suspected of retaining their fidelity where they put them on, and pull and attachment to that family. As them off again as soon as service is othe rabble established the kirk, they vera The petticoats of the women. think they have the sole right to go.

seldom reach so low as their knees : yern it; so that whenever a Minister they marry young, and are very prois appointed that has not their ap- lific; so that in England what probation, they all rise and bring would be thought an immense, is firebrands to the church and parson's there reckoned but a moderate fadwelling house, threatening to des. mily. But their rudeness is begintroy both if he persists in his nomina- ning to go off, and they are already tion ; and during the ferment, should pretty well civilized and industrious the minister attempt to officiate, they in the trading towns, where knowing would rear him to pieces. In this the use of money has made them eastate of war, the whole parish conti- ger enough to acquire it. Their nues till the minister is changed or progress in husbandry I mentioned confirmed in his living, and the peo. before ; and Dumfries, I told you, is ple awed into peace and acquiescence. in a fair way of trade, a little town Mr M‘Dowald's parish was in this called Paisley receiving about two situation when I was there ; and sc. hundred thousand pounds year

for veral more places were in the same lineo, which a few

years ago

had litconfusion on this account.

tle or no manufacture; and at KilHaving always heard that these marnock they have set up manufac. peasants were entirely subservient to tures with surprising success, of cartheir lairds, Į wondered at their ex. peting, rugs, and broad cloth, which cessive insolence; but I believe till lately they had been obliged to where liberty is, mobs will be there furnish themselves with out of other also, its constant and only disagreea. countries; and Glasgow has launble companions. Their nastiness is ched out into every branch of trade, really greater than can be reported: and extended its commerce all over under the same roof, and often but the world,

Europ. Mag. with one door to all, are the stable, cow-house, and dwelling place, with. out window or chimney; if they have the latter, it is generally cover- Some Particulars respecting the late ed, to keep in the smoke, the

JAMES CANDLISH, M. A. & F. P. S. warmth of which is very pleasant to of the UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH, them; and I could not but imagine that their way of living has a real ef- MR CANDLISH, whose profound fect

upon their countenances ; for the knowledge of medicine and the children, I observed, have good com- learned languages is well known in plexions and regular features, but the the University of Edinburgh, was faces of the men and women are co- born in 176c, in the parish of Dal. loured like smoke, their mouths rymple and county of Ayr. His pawide, and their eyes sunk, exactly as rents were the respectable and indusone pulls one's face when in the midst trious possessors of a small farm, of a cloud of smoke. They wear their called Porclewan, the property of hair so long, that it 'almosë hides the Earl of Cassilis, With a lauda:


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ble ambition, not unfrequently found dy for this purpose is at once tediainong that class of people in Scois ous and expensive; a circumstance land, They sent their son James to which induced him to apply himself the grammar school of Ayr. There to private tuition as the means of his Mr Candlish sooo distinguished hiin- support. By this expedient, young self, by a modest deportment, and un- men of narrow fortune are often enremitting assiduity in his studies. abled to acquire a compleat and reMir Tennant, the rector, a man of gular education ; while, in the mean singular benevolence and worih, em. time, their labours are highly benefiployed him, after he had made some cial in perfecting their own know. proficiency, in forwarding the labours ledge, and instructing gentlemen of of the younger part of his scholars ; greater wealth, who, in future life, and in this situation, aided by the sometimes patronise their quondam skill of one of the most successful tutors. teachers in Scotland, Mr Candlish This, however, never happened to became so thoroughly grounded in Mr Candlish: he received no ad. the elementary branches of classical vancement from the aid of any pa. learning, that he displayed a manifest tron, but in every step of his prosuperiority over the greater part of gress thro' lise, was the sole artificer his contemporaries, both in the Uni- of his own fortune. Conscious of versities of Glasgow and Edinburgh. merit, he cherished a certain pride

The grammar school of Ayr, to of independence, which could brook which Mr Candlish owed so much, no solicitations for the interest of has long been a valuable seminary. men of superior rank, He obliged It now forms a branch of a larger many, but would consent to lie unacademy, containing not fewer than der obligations to very few. four hundred students ! it still re- This temper, so unpropitious to tains its former respectability, and is his views in the church, was accomtaught by the same able master. panied with a certain bias both in Whea we assert that Mr Candlish his religious and political opinions, made a distinguished appearance in which gradually weakened bis prosthis seminary; the assertion is nei- pects of advancement in that line ; ther lightly hazarded, nor meant to and at last put an end to all desire in convey a small share of praise. A. hiniself of embracing the clerical promong his cotemporaries in this school fession. were some of the most respectable Having thus laid aside his views classical scholars in the kingdom, towards the church, Mr Candlish, Dr Smith, Dr Patterson, Mr Cath. about the year 1788, left Glasgow cart, Mr Fergusson, and many other and entered this University. His gentlemen still surviving, were nearly plan seems now to have been directed of the same standing, and under the to improvement in some branches of same master; and the least that can medical knowledge, which he had be said of them, is, that there are hitherto but imperfectly studied; few persons better qualified, either and to place himself more nearly to by learning or talents, to adorn the the road of medical practice in whatuseful professions which they have ever field might open for his recepchosen.

tion. Mr Candlish entered the college of Here he supported himself in the Glasgow about the age of 19, and way he had done in Glasgow, by priseems then to have had a view of vate tuition. The medical students, qualifying himself for the profession who are here so numerous, , were of the Church. The course of tsu. the first to appretiate Mr Candlisk's


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classical learning and they found in vantage. From the incidents of Mr him a faithful and able assistant in Candlish’s life, few and unimportant forwarding their preparation for a de- as they may seem, we may learn the gree. Tho' there were several com- useful but disagreeable truth, that petitors with him in this line, he we live in an age where merit alone uniformly met with the greatest en. will seldom lead to fortune: It would couragement ; and soon after his-ar- seem that men of the greatest worth rival, he was admitted a member of and learning cannot safely neglect the Royal Physical Society, where any honest art of securing the pahe took a respectable share in the des tronage of the great and powerful, bates. To this intense and unremit.

since our

manners are daily giving ting labour did. Mr Candlish confine truth and currency to the adage of himself for a period of upwards of the selfish and luxurious Romans, thirty years: the concluding scene of “ Virtus laudatur et alget." his life happened on the 28th of April last, when he was seized with an

Mr Candlish's sudden death is the apoplectic fit, while engaged in the more to be regretted, as it is underbusiness of the Society.

stood that he had undertaken an The severe drudgery of his lot, edition of Celsus, the celebrated Lahad been gradually encroaching on

tin physician; a work much wanted his health; it had already much in- in the medical world, and for which paired that cheerfulness and vivacity, his habits of study peculiarly qualiwhich in his earlier years had render.fied him. ed his society so acceptable to his companions. The labours of Mr Candlish, though uniformly appro- A Short Account of the Behaviour of ved of among

his fellow students, the REBEL ARMY at HAMILTON were lit:le known beyond that sphere,

in 1745, in a letter to a Friend: and were but scantily' rewarded. None of the many essays which

he WE have at last got a risit from read in the society, nor of the nume. your formerly troublesome rous volumes of theses which he has neighbours, which we neither expecleft behind him, were ever submitted ied, desired, nor wanted. to the view of the public. It is to their stay was but short, but at the be regretted, that of the multiplied same time very troublesome. Upon labours of so distinguished a man, Tuesday the 24th December, there almost no fruit can be reaped by a came is here, 1900 horse and foot, wife and four children, whom, it is tho they gave themselves ont for to be feared, he left in narrow cir- 2500. They were commanded, if I cumstances. Those stern notions of may call it so, by the Lords George independence, which we have already Murray, Nairn, Eicho, Ogilvy, and noticed as characterizing him, pre. Glenbucker and others.

Upoa thie vented both his friends and himseit, Wednesday morning, part of them almost

upon every occasion, from went off for Glasgow, their Prince, making solicitations for his prefer: The Duke of Perth, theit French

We recollect only a simple ambassadors, Lochieland others, with instance in which his acquaintances part of the clans, came in both these were permitted to mention his claims nights; the people of the town, tho' to the patrons of the University ; greatly thronged, were in greater on that occasion it was done ati a peace than on the 'Thursday's night, season too late, and in a manner too when the Camerons, Macphersons, feeble to be attended with any ad. and Macdonalds of Clan Ronald's May 1806.

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party came up, (after having burnt ton's, at Smiddy croft and Wood, some houses in Lismahague, and side. rified one of the minister's houses ;

The Prince went a hunting, upon and had it not been for two of Loch. Thursday in the Duke's park; he moidart's brothers, they would have shot two pheasants, two wood-cocks, laid the whole town in ashes, and two hares, and a young buck, all plundered the country about :) and which were carried in triumph. He then indeed we felt the effects of an dined at Chatleroy, where I undisciplined, ungoverned army of him, but could not find out this an. Highland robbers, who took no gel-like Prince among the whole rabmore notice of their nominal prince ble till he was pointed out to me. or commander, than a pack of ill. While here, they stript the people of bred hounds. The provisions, ale, their shoes upon the street, and took Cand spirits, beginning to run short what they thought proper for them, in the town, they threatened the refusing to be hindered by any of people with death, or the burning of their officers. their houses, unless such victuals and There was not any of this rabble, drink were got as they called for, but what were possessed of plenty of which victuals were not of the coarse gold, even the smallest boys. We sort; herrings, onions, and a butter, were freed from these troublesome and a cheese, which we looked upon neighbours upon Friday morning the as their best food, such as they 27th ; who left us nothing but an would not taste. The people of innumerable multitude of vermin, and England have taught them such a their excrements, which they left bad custom, that they would scarce not only in our bed. chambers, but in taste good salt beef and greens, the our very beds. The civilest kind meanest of them calling for roast or held their d-ps over the stock of fried fresh victuals ; if such were the beds, like crows sh-

-g over not got, they treated the people very the nest. Our town smells of them ill. My lodgers were so luxurious yet; but the people's spirits are get: that they would not taste boiled ting up, for while they were here, pork, a little pickled, unless we they looked like dead corps.

They would cause dress it in a frying pan stopt us from a merry Christmas ; with fresh butter. Amonget this but God be thanked, we were blesset of ruffians there were some civil sed with a merry New-year’s:day. I people, some of whom, my aunt and wish you a happy New year, and her two neighbours had the good peace, which we now begin to learn fortune to get for lodgers. I had no to value. All friends, being here as. less than 33 of them the last night, sembled, join in good wishes and serbesides horses and naked wb

I am, &c. Our subscribers, volunteers, and Hamilton, 6th Jannary, 1746. militia, were obliged to leave the place ; amongst whom were your N. B. That the facts contained in good brother and myself ; 60 I had the above letter is atrested to be not the least trouble of them; tho? true by some other persons, of untheir three nights lodging, with what doubted credit, who live in Hamil. they stole from me, cost me about ton ; and, that besides burning a 61. sterling. They have rifted seve- house in Lismahague, which cone ral houses in this neighbourhood, tained five families, they dragged and broke and destroyed what they a woman up and down the fields, could not carry off, particularly, who had lately brought forth a Captain Crawfurd's, Thomas Hui. child, until she fainted, and then



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