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some of them had as much huma. keeped their sheets clean in the nity as to cast water on her face, manner mentioned in the above. and so let her lye till she recovered. letter, carried them off amongst These polite Highlanders, who

their spoils.


Criticism on LEYDEN's Scenes of Infancy; with etymological Remarks.

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I reading over Dr Leyden's Scenes of Infancy, which, in my estimation,

is a delightful poem, I was particularly pleased with the following passa

ges, viz.

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1. The adieu to Aurelia, page 37, beginning with

"Ah!'dear Aurelia, when this arm shall guide
Thy twilight steps no more by Teviot side.”
" Those eyes, that still with dimming tears o'erflow,
Will haunt me, when thou canst not see my woe.”
“ But, sad, as he that dies in early spring,
When Aowers begin to blow, and larks to sing ;
When nature's joy a moment warms his heart,
And makes it doubly hard with life to part ;
I hear the whisper of the dancing gale,

And, fearful, listen for the flapping sail, &c."
The name Aurelia is happily chosen for the designation of a rural sweet-
heart, as being synonimous with Chrysalis, or Nymph.
2. The Address to the Daisy. Page 43.

“ Sweet daisy, flower of love! when birds are paired,
?Tis sweet to see thee with thy bosom bared ;
Smiling, in virgin innocence, serene,

Thy pearly crown above thy vest of green.”
The description is perhaps too luscious, as the epithet sweet occurs thrice
in the first sentence ; but the lark is loveliness itself.

“ The Lark, with sparkling eye, and rustling wing,
Rejoins his widowed mate, in early spring ;
And, as he prunes his plumes, of russet hue,

Swears, on thy maiden blossom, to be true.
3. The Story of Bessie Bell and Mary Gray. Page 55.

A veil of leaves the Redbreast o'er them threw,
Ere thrice their locks were wet with evening dew;
There the bluering-dove coos, with rufiling wing,
And sweeter there the throstle loves to sing ;
The woodlark breathes, in softer strain, the vow,

And loves soft burden floats from bough to bough.
4. The Farewell to Walter Scott. Page 76.

“ When half deceased, with half the world between,
My name shall be unmentioned on the green,
When years combine, with distance, let me be,
By all forgot, remembered still by thee."

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5. The apostrophe to his native land.

Page 93
“ Land of my fathers ! though no Mangrove here,
O’er thy blue streams her flexile branches rear.
Nor golden apples glimmer.from the tree,

Laod of dark heaths and mountains!,thou art free,!' 6. The description of the hooded Erne.

Page 99 “ Majestic bird! by ancient shepherds stild

The lonely herinit of the russet wild.” &c. I am also well pleased with the thunder etorm, the spectre ship, the bison, the serpent, Yarrow's flower, and Eugenia. But, upon the whole, I think the first part is the most poetical.

There are also a number of single lines uncommonly fine. " When river breezes wave their dewy wings.”

Page 5

5. “ The war-horse wades, with champing hoofs in gore ;"

7: “ That, like a living pea-flower, skimmed the ground.” The sun-beams swim through April's silver showers."

97. • Floats the black standard of the evil power.

7 “ Studs with faint gleam the raven vest of oight.”

71. " Rides tbe dim rock that sweeps the darkened sky."

99. I have two remarks to make on what I reckon misapplications of words. Speaking to the nightingale, Dr Leyden says,

Sweet bird ! how long shall Teviot's maids deplore
Thy song unheard along her woodland shore?

Page 58. Does not deplore mean, to grieve and the heath blossom. For the for the loss of a good, and not for same reason the “ Crow bells,” page the want of what we never possessed ? 28, and Primrose bell,” page 85, A dethroned Sovereign may deplore may be tolerated, as possessing corol. the loss of his crown, but a sub- las, in a certain degree, bell-shaped. ject can hardly be said to deplore the But" foam bells,” page 10.

“ Sud. want of a diadem.

bells," or Furzepods, page 12, and Still doom'd to prosper. P. 25.

Dewbell,” page 30, are more beauti

fulin sound than descriptive of nature. To doom is to destine ; but is it I come now to the grand object ever used, by good authority, as in. of this communication, which is, to timating future happiness? Seldom, rectify what I consider a mistake of if ever.

Dr Leyden's. He says,

rs the wabrez I cannot help thinking that Dr leaf, that by the pathway grew,” (p. Leyden manifests too great a partia. 9.) and subjoins in a note, “ Wabret lity for bells. (There are indeed or Wabroil, a word of Saxon origin, many belles to whom a poet would is the common name for the plantane hardly disavow attachment.) We leaf in Teviot dale," Now, Sir, as meet with Blue bell,” page 9.- the broad-leaved plantane is general“ Powdery bell," page 27. Of these ly found in hard soils, such as footI admit the propriety, as the petals paths or road sides, I conceive the are campanulate. The wild hyacinth names to be merely corruptions of


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Waybred, and Wayborn, i. c. produ. attacked or plundered by any party
ced in the path, or by the wayside. belonging to their tribe.
In the Encyclopædia Britannica it is Whenever tribes, or parties be-
spelled, for what reason I cannot di- longing to tribes, meet with others
vine, “ Weybread." It reminds who are not classed amongst their
me of the country gardener, who ac, friends, hostilities commence ; and
counted for the pansy violet, having when merchandise is under the pro-
obtained the name of “ hearts ease, teciion of either, it depends upon
from its resembling the e'e (eye) of the superiority of numbers, or suc-
a hart. If any of your correspon- cess in the fight, with whom it máy
dents can give a more satisfactory remain. It frequently happens, how-
etymology of Wabred, Wabron, ever, that rather than hazard a bat.
Weybread, &c. I shall resign my tle, a compromise takes place, and a
pretensions to the discovery ; if not, tribute is paid for the goods ; which
I hope to see my improvement adop- are then permitted to pass over the
ted, in the new edition of the Encyterritory of the tribe who pretend to
clopædia Britannica, and in the next the sovereignty.
impression of the Scenes of Infancy. To participate more securely in
I could point out a few seeming imi- the profits which commercial adven-
tations of the Pléasures of Hope in tures across the Desart present to
the course of the poem. But all true the Arabs, many, perhaps the great-
describers of nature must employ si. er part of the tribes, station at Alep-
milar images, otherwise some of their po, as well as at other cities from
descriptions will be less excellent, whence caravans usually take their
I am, Sir,

departure, some of their own people, Your very humble servant, expressly to act as Rufeeks. These

P. Raffeeks carry with them the distin

guishing flag of their tribe, and un

der favour of its safety is ensured. It Adventures of a TRAVELLER in the is therefore customary for the prin. DESLRTS OF ARABIA. cipal Schaik of a caravan to hire as

many Raffeeks belonging to those (From Griffith's Travels.)

tribes inimical to his own (provided

they are to be found,) as he judges it OUR party consisted of Mr H. probable he may meet with on liis

, an route ; and he cautiously avoids the Armenian servant named Joannes. territory or wells where he presumes

The first division of the caravan those unfriendly parties may be stawas formed of about cighty camels, tioned from whose tribe he has, no and between thirty or forty guards. Raffeek. Other camels, amongst which many

It is difficult to understand any o. re destined for Bagdad, joining us ther law by which the people of the before we took our final departure, Desart seem to be regulated than the whole number approached two that of superiority in point of num. bundred,

bers ; for as they have no lixed place Amongst the guards were certain of residence, it is natural to suppose men called Raffeeks, who are Arabs there can be no territorial limits io of various tribes upon the Desart, any particular tribe, so precisely with whom the head Schaik of a ca- marked as to admit of a tax for posa ravan enters into an agreement that sessing them ; and it appears,

there. they may accompany, him on the fore, that the mere chance of falling journey, and protect him from being in with an inferior force constitutes


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the right of exacting tribute, or, in had placed great reliance : and our
the true spirit of plunderers, a right general fare was confined to rice.
of seizure. Whatever may be the Now and then a hare was brought in:
standard by which they establish occasionally a Desart rat: and once
their privileges, the result is the our Schaik gave a liberal treat to all
same; and a caravan cad only be pre- the caravan by killing a young ca.
served by the power of arms, or the mel.
protection of a Raffeck.

The thermometer varied during
Our usual mode of proceeding was the day, that is, from six o'clock in
to set out about two o'clock in the the morning to six in the evening,
morning, and continue travelling seven or eight degrees, from 96 to
until nine, ten, or eleven, when an 104 : but the nights were frequently
encampment was formed for the day: cooled by northerly winds, and the
but it several times occurred that we mercury, at three o'clock in the
were obliged to go on until five or morning, fell sometimes to 70.
six o'clock in the evening ; and the We procured at Mesched Ali a
fatigue of those days is not easy to supply of mutton and a small quanti-
be described.

ty of Arabs' butter : wbich, though The tent, arms, horse, baggage, rancid, and always full of hairs, was and all the travellers, were placed in at this time truly acceptable. Our the centre of the encampment, form. water was replenished, and in the ed when we halted, surrounded by night we advanced towards the south the bales of merchandise, and these east. Soon after day-break scouts again encircled by the camels ; which, were ordered off in all directions ; to prevent their straying, have one of and upon the return of one of them their fore-legs tied up. Whenever we changed our course, and travel. there is pasture for them, and this led due southward. The heat was frequently occurs, they are allowed for many hours oppressive beyond to graze until sun-set; at which time measure; the thermometer frequently, the keepers collect them together by during the four last days, had risen a particular call, not unlike that of to 108, and seldom fell lower than our herdsmen, and secure them in the go. In the evenings, however, a manner above-mentioned.

light breeze from the west and northOur sufferings and inconvenience west refreshed our jaded spirits, and seemed gradually to increase the far- cooled our infamed faces. We cauther we entered the Desart; the tiously covered the dear Marianne rays of the sun became daily more with thick cotton handkerchiefs, and powerful, and the Simooleh or S. E. preserved her from the parching atwind manifested itself frequently. mosphere as much as it was possible. 'The face of Mr H. was extremely To our great astonishment she supblistered , mine, which had been still ported both the heat and fatigue of more exposed (because I could not the Mohaffa much better than either submit to guard it by thick cotton of us ; and when the servant or A. bandkerchiefs as Mr H. had done,) rabs complained, rallied them with was sore; but the dear child, who great cheerfulness. Her little mouth had not been permitted to leave the was notwithstanding much blistered, Mohaffah, still continued tolerably and I often bathed it with camels' well, and complained less than either milk and water.

Our stock of provisions was Penetrating still farther to the much reduced ; what remained was south, on account of some inimical too dry to be nutritive, particularly tribes who were known to be in the some salted tongues, upon which we vicinity, we found ourselves, on the

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third morning after leaving Mesched that we had travelled far from the Ali, straitened for water. That path which led to those wells where which still remained in the skins was, it was intended we should halt ; and, not only brackish, but dirty ; and the in spite of all the uneasiness we exconstant evaporation rendered it perienced, we were told that it was hourly less potable.

absolutely necessary to continue tra. An alarm of the approach of ene- velling until we should reach them, mies was suddenly spread through Hour after hour passed in fruitless our straggling party about noon. expectation of coming to the longThe guards and Raffeeks drew up wished for ground; the sun darted in a line, and, after consultation, de his fiery beams with unusual ardor : termined to proceed in front ; which the Simooleh stifled us with uncom. they did, shouting and dancing. Cu- mon heat ; and the dregs of our warious to observe what might occur,

ter were ineffectual to quench our I took from the servant a musket, violent thirst. and advanced with the guards. A At length the caravan halted; large party of men on foot, and and, to our inexpressible mortificaothers on camels, with lances and tion, not in the vicinity of any wells. Aags, were coming directly in front The same distress was therefore to of our caravar ; and, as they proceed be supported until the next day, ed, those on foot quickened their when we were positively assured we step, to reconnoitre us more nearly. should arrive at fresh water. A number of shots were fired in the Mr H. and his daughter had for air on each side, and soon afterwards many days past travelled together in flags were displayed, which produced the Mohaffah, whilst i generally a parley. Al length our Schaik ad- went on foot until the heat was too vanced alone on horseback, armed powerful, when I mounted the horse. with his lance and pistols, to meet During the three last days the poor the Schaik of the opposite tribe, animal suffered so violently, and was who was on a camel; when, both so lame for several hours together, dismounting, they saluted each other that I relieved him occasionally, notwith much ceremony; and a general withstanding the extreme heat, and halt convinced us that no danger was anxiously, though unsuccessfully, ento be apprehended from our new ac

deavoured to discover the cause of quaintances, who proved to be a par- the lameness I observed. At length, ty of the powerful Schaik Tivinii, on again taking up his foot, I acci- . with whom a certain duty upon the dentally touched the shoe, and the goods was soon regulated in an ami- pain I felt instantly explained the cable manner.

cause of the poor horse's sufferings.No spot upon earth more com- The heat of the sand had rendered pletely deserves the name of Desart the iron too hot for the animal to ihan that where we remained during support it; and what was truly dis. the whole day. Mr H. was extreme- tressing, we had no instruments with ly ill ; and the hot wind affected us which we could remove it. When all severely. The water we had was the ground was in some degree cool. so contaminated that we could not ed by the breezes which restored our without reluctance taste it ; and eve- exhausted spirits in the evening and ry thing conspired to render our si- through the night, the horse recover. tuation dreadfully distressing. ed, but on each succeeding day of the

The Arabs continued occupied journey he was doomed to similar great part of the night, and we set distress. put later than usual. It appeared The manner of passing the time


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