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tive ; yet even this they do not de. they said, and they still maintain, cline.

that the doctrine which he has adHad the ministers of Edinburgh, vanced, leads necessarily to Atheism. as is alleged, united, as a party,

It is said that Mr Leslie's expresin support of that direful measure sions could only be supposed to refer which they are said to have so much to physical causes. But it seems im. at heart, surely all or most of them possible to discover in them any such would have taken some steps for at. restriction. They praise Mr Hume's taining their object. They had the essay as “ a model of clear and acsatisfaction of living in habits of inti- curate reasoning.” Now, of 20 pages, macy with many individual members to which this essay extends, there is of the Town Council ; and as they little more than one, which relates to reckoned in their number the Princi- physical causes ; the rest is entirely pal and several Professors of the u. metaphysical. Mc Leslie is said to niversity, their title to recommend extend his praise only to Mr Hume's might perhaps be equal to that of premises. But does not the general Mr Stewart and Mr Playfair. Yet approbation of an essay include both the fact is, that only one, or at most premises and conclusion? It has been two, ever solicited an individual for clearly shewn by the opposite party, Mr Macknight.

And as the one that Mr Hume's doctrine, so far as particularly referred to was the col. it relates to physical causes, was by league of Mr Macknight's most res- no means new ; for this part therepectable father, he may well be suip. fore no peculiar applause was due to posed to have been actuated solely him. It is the metaphysical part onby personal inotives. The rest not ly which was new or peculiar to Mr only did not apply, but when Mr Hume ; and it is that part which has Macknight requested from them cer. drawn the attention of his most distificates, on which he understood tinguished adversaries. There seem. great stress had been laid in the case ed reason therefore to suspect, that of other candidates, they absolotely this might be the part which Mr declined complying with his wishes Leslie had peculiarly in view. in this particular, unless they should The subject of the work is indeed be called upon for advice.

physical, and so is the passage to It has been said, that Mr Mack. which the note refers. But it by no night's not resigning his ecclesiastical means follows, that a note must be charge, was in consequence of the on the very same subject with the ministers having openly avowed their passage to which it is appended. On determination to that effect. But, the contrary, a note naturally suppothat after having shewn no disposi- ses some change, some difference of tion to promote the views of Mr subject, otherwise there could be no Macknight, they should yet adopt reason for not incorporating it into and publish a determination by which the body of the work. We have on. bis conduct should be implicitly re- ly to look into any book which congulated, is certainly one of those tains a number of notes, in order to propositions which carry their false- be satisfied, that they relate as often hood in gremio, and accordingly no to different topics as to that of which evidence has been brought to sup- the book itself treats. Or, supposing

the proceeding not to be strictly reThe ministers of Edinburgh are gular, was there no ground to suspect falsely accused of representing Mr an intentional deviation? Lastly, this Leslie as an Atheist. They never interpretation is rendered still more said so. They do not think so. But difficult by the etymological argu.

port it.


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ment, in which it is attempted to be be regularly laid before any church
proved, that all those words by which court.
we denote cause and effect express With regard to not producing Mr
srothing more than mere priority. It Leslie's letter at the council board,
is evident, that this applies equally to this never could have occurred to
every kind of cause ; of which we them as an act of justice to that gen-
either have no idea at all, or at least tleman, since they were, from the
such as no one ever thought of ex- first, unanimous in thinking that let-
pressing in words. Of ihis Mr Les-

ter, in some respects, an aggravation lie's defenders seem sensible, as they of the original offence.

Even had have studiously shunned taking i- they been so disposed, they could sy notice of this part of the discus- never with propriety have presented

Dr Hunter's letter, without his own Mr Leslie's letter is by no means permission, which they have reason satisfactory. He has grossly misre. to believe they would not have obpresented the opinions of Dr Reid, tained. The insinuation, however, whose pbject it was to reply to that Mr Leslie's interest was likely Hume's premises, from which he just- to suffer by the concealment of the ly concluded, that sceptical conclu- letter, are wholly groundless; for the sions flowed unavoidably. Far from letter was one of the subjects of conretracting, far even from making the versation at the council board. As slightest apology, for the very excep. soon as the ministers entered, it was tionable language he had used, he introduced by the Lord Provust. merely engages, in case bis book The Presbytery, it is said, ought should come to a second edition, to to have summoned Mr Leslie as a shew how grossly and injuriously he party ; but by the act of Parliament, has been misrepresented. Is this the the Presbytery could not do su; he language of explanation or apology ? did not lie within their jurisdiction. According to every appearance, we To have summoned him as a Profeshave to expect a virulent attack on sor, which he had become in the face the ministers of Edinburgh, instead of a protest, would have been pre. of a calm and satisfactory explana. judging the case against themselves, tion. As, however, Mr Leslie, in his To the General Assembly it belongletter, complains of want of time, ed, should they see cause, to suinmon the Presbytery, willing to make every Mr Leslie to their bar; and that allowance for this disadvantage, af. this did not take place, was owing to forded him afterwards repeated op- the measures of the opposite party. portunities of coming and making An attempt has been made to re. the most full explanation. Here then

tort upon

the ministers themselves we find a strange inconsistency in the the accusation of Atheism. This is conduct of this gentleman. He first no uncommon maneuvre with those complains of want of time, and after. who are labouring in the defence of wards, when the most ample time is error, and who wish to withdraw the afforded him, he makes no use of it. attention of the reader from the nie. Finally, the letter was not regularly rits of the question. But never was before the presbytery, nor even before it attempted on slenderer grounds the meeting of the ministers. It was than on the present occasion. It is addressed, not to the moderator of founded entirely on the restriction of that meeting, but to an individual their meaning to physical causes ; member of it. However satisfactory whereas in papers previously publishthen the letter might have been, it ed, they had expressly excluded these was not official, nor one which could

causes. They had confined their cen.



was never

sure solely to what was metaphysical cne or two experienced gentleman of in Mr Leslie's doctrine. Mr Stew. the law, and two or three aged minisart therefore has given a long list of ters, members of this house. Nor would authorities to prové, what they could even wish to impose on Mr Leslie never once have thought of denying, fore them, but to give in his explana.

the necessity of appearing in person be. that there is no necessary, connection

tion in writing ; and with a very simple between physical causes. The words explanation, provided it be temperately Necessary Connection” have been expressed, I would wish them to be saemployed by the most standard meta. tished. physical writers, and by Mr Stewart himself, to denote causation ; the on.

It is left to Mr Leslie's considera. ly difference is, that they are accom.

tion, whether he would not have panied here with a language of guard been placed in a more respectable si. and precaution, such as

tuation by a favourable report from . before employed. There is nothing such a committee, than merely by a . in their words which implies, that

vote of Assembly, refusing to consi. they believe necessary connection to

der the question. exist between every cause and effect ;

The ministers belonging to that it is enough to justify them, if it ex

party which has been accustomed to ists in any one case. The expression, support the governm

government of the state, " operating principle” clearly fixes were opposed by the opposite politidown their meaning to efficient cau

cal interest. When the leaders of a ses, to which, in strict propriety of certain party in the state have sufficilanguage, the name of cause should ent influence to determine an assembe exclusively appropriated.

bly vote, men of the Moderate inte.

rest in the church do not account it The proposal made in the Assembly was of the most moderate and dishonourable to be found in the reasonable kind. The following is minority. Nor will the unfavourathe statement given by Dr Hill of ble issue of this measure prevent them, the views with which it was made :

at any future period, when they may

be placed in the same circumstances, Giving the utmost credit to his (Mr from reposing their accustomed conLeslie's) explanation, it must, I think, fidence in the good sense of the coun. be admitted, that he has given just try, and the church.

In the mean cause of offence ; and it seems reasonable, therefore, that he should show his time, they have the satisfaction of willingness to remove it. The Church thinking, that the great end they had has a right to require explanation; and in view, is not defeated. he cannot, with propriety, refuse'it.- which they have taken will probably He ought plainly, and without the addi. have the effect of securing, for some tion of any injurious matter, to give a calm and dispassionate disavowal. I sion of such philosophical questions,

time, greater caution in the discus-, would not propose to remit him to the

as may affect those great truths of presbytery : That might be consider. ed as a harsh measure. It might be religion which it is their duty to de. preferable to commit the prosecution fend. of the business to a small and select committee, to be appointed by the General Assembly. To obviare any objec- Errata in our last. P. 278. col. 1. line tion, and make it as free as possible from 33. for meeting of Presbytery, read any invidious circumstance, this commit- meering of the Ministers of Edin. tee might consist of the Moderator, one - burgh. Ib. col. 2. line 35. for Presbyor two Professors of other universities, tery, read meeting.


The steps

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New Works published in Edinburgh. every work of this description which

possesses any degree of merit. WA

TALLACE; an Historical Trage.

dy. 12mo, 2s, 6d.
The Falls of Clyde, a dramatic pastoral. LITERARY INTELLIGENCE, ENGLISH

Syo, 6s.
Letter to the Rev. Dr Inglis, on his ex-

aimination of Mr Stewart's pamphlet. OPOSALS have been circulated

for printing, by subscription, under land. Svo. 29. 6d.

the patronage of the Council of the Remarks on the Examination of Mr College of Fort-William, and of the A.

Stesvart's pamphlet. By W. L. Brown, siatic Society, the original text, care-
D. D. Principal of Marischal College, fully collated with the most authentic
Aberdeen. 8vo. 25.

manuscripts, of “ the Ramayunu," a Remarks on Lord Selkirk's Treatise on

celebrated Sungskrit poem ; wiih an Emigration. Svo. 6s.

English translation, accompanied with Eighi letiers to Lord Selkirk. 2s. 6d.

elucidatory notes. The work to be Picture of Glasgow. 12m0. 35. 6d. priated in quarto, in nine volumes, cone The Farmer's Magazine. No. 26. 25.6d. taining upon an average, about six hun

dred pages. The price of each volume Scottish Literary Intelligence. to subscribers in Europe five guineas; Mr JAMIESON (late of Macclesfield in the money to be paid on the delivery

Cheshire,) has in the press, a volume of each volume. This poem is far suof ballads, which are expected to be perior in antiquity to any of the Pooravery interesting. Mr J. from his ear- nus ; and the veneration in which it has liest years, hadiaken delight in study- been held, throughout Hindcostan, for ing these memorials of the ancient ge- so inany ages, is scarcely exceeded by nius and manners of Scotland. Toa that entertained for the sacred scriptures numerous collection made by liimself, throughout the Christian world. - The he has made considerable additions by work, besides furnishing a clue to the the aid of several persons of learning ancient history of India, gives a full idea andingenuity, particularly Mrs Brown of the Hindoo mythology, and presents of Falkland, Professors Gerrard and so interesting a picture of the almost Scott of Aberdeen, and Mr Walter unvarying manners and customs of the Scott. As Mr Jamieson is at present country, as must render it highly gratiabroad, the latter gentleman has un. fying to the admirers of Oriental litera. dertaken to superintend the publica- ture. The Brethren of the Mission, tion.

Serampore, will esteem it a favour if
A new edition (being the sixth) of the Gentlemen, desirous of encouraging this

first volume of the Farmer's Maga- wo k, will send their names to Mr W.
zine, a valuable work, which, for some Button, Paternoster-row; or Mr R.
years past, has greatly contributed to Phillips, Bridge-Street, London.
the diffusion of agricultural knowledge, Miss Robinson itends, at length, tu
is now in the press,

give to the world a complete and elegant Mr Chalmers's edition of the Works of edition of the “ Poetical Works of

Sir David Lindsay, ( which we for- her mother, the late Mrs. Mary Robinmerly announced,) is now nearly rea

The edition will include many dy for publication.

pieces. never before published, and all A third volume of Poetical Translations, ihose poems which were so popular in

selected by the learned and judicious the life time of the poetess, and which
Dr Anderson, will speedily appear. have now become so scarce as to be un-
It will contain Francis's Horace, attainable by the public.
Garth's Ovid, Lewis's Starius, Tyt. Mr Carr's “ Stranger in Ireland" is
ler's Callimachus, Merricks's Triphi. proceeding rapidly through the press,
odorus, &c. The three volumes will and will be published before the next
comprise, in a small compass, nearly birth-day. The engravings are by Med-


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land, in the style of those given in the ful subjects. The latter, which was es. “ Northern Summer.”

tablished in 1803, originally called “ The An Edition of Dr Johnson's “ Poets” Mississipi Society for the Acquirement is printing in the cheap and compressed and Dissemination of Useful Knowform of eight or ten volumes, large oc- ledge,” consists of from thirty to forty tavo.

members, and has correspondents in va. A new edition, with numerous revi- rious parts of the United States. The sions, is in the press, of Mr Belsham's American Government has granted it a

History of William and Mary, and charter of incorporation. Queen Anne.”

Among the prizes proposed this year It appears that the late beautiful Mrs by the Imperial Academy of Wilna in Crouch wrote “ Memoirs” of her che- Poland, is one of 100 ducats for an anaquered life, which are in the press, and lysis of political economy, shewing in will soon appear in two volumes small what points the fundamental ideas of octavo.

Adam Smith and Dr Quesnay agree, A new edition of Dr Carr's “ Lucian” and those in which they differ or are to. is in the press.

tally opposite. Kotzebue resides at present at Riga, Since the last secularizations, the and is engaged on a History of the country of Fulda has had for its soveRoyal House of Brandenburgh, from its reign the hereditary Prince of Orange, first Rise into Independence till its De- the son of the Stadtholder. This change gradation, when it became a Vassal of in the government has had a powerful France in the year 1905."

and salutary influence on the state of Mr Bigland is printing a new and public instruction in that country. Be. enlarged edition of his “ Letters on fore that period the Gymnasium, or modern Europe," adapted to the pre- Latin school, and the university of Ful. sent state of the Continent.

da, were in a deplorable situation. The Mr Barrow, author of Travels in A. annual revenues of the former scarcely frica and China, is about to publish a amounted to 4000 forins, and the whole volume of Travels into Cochinchina, fund of the university consisted of a and the neighbouring countries. capital of 12,000 florins. The profes

Dr Wolcot has lately retired from sors' chairs were therefore considered London to Fowey, in Cornwall, where only as necessary employments, and he has taken up his residence with two those who were placed in them, receive surviving sisters. An affection of the ing a salary of one, two, three, or at eyes renders the exercise of his pen un- must four hundred fiorins, could not depleasant to him, but the flights of his vote to the duties of their situation all genius, vigorous and unique as ever, are the time they ought and wished to do. recorded by an amanuensis ; and he con- The new prince has given to the tinues a lively correspondence with a gymnasium and the university few select friends in the metropolis.

organization berter suited the Miss Hamilton, well known in the wants of the young student; and to literary world, by a treatise on educa. enable the professors to devote their tion, and other works of much celebrity, whole attention to the duties of instruchas published a volume of letters, addresa tion he has increased their salaries, and sed to the daughter of a nobleman, on has even invited, upon honourable contopics the most interesting and impor- ditions, several distinguished professors tant.

from other universities of Germany. Since Louisiana has been ceded to The annual revenues of the Gymnasium the United States, two Societies for the and of the Lyceum of Fulda now amount promotion of science and literature have

to 22,000 florins, been established, one at New Orleans Many German princes have for some and the other at Natchez, The for- time been importuned with the indisiner, called the Literary Society, in- creet dedications of a great number of tend to publish a monthly magazine, authors, either from the hope of obtainprincipally for the purpose of spreading ing some remuneration or present, or at a knowledge of the country, and to a. least a letter of thanks, which, however muse and instruct their readers by a insignificant, was frequently adduced by collection of papers on a variety of use. self-complacent writers as an unequivo.




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