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cal proof of their merit. The elector of rin, for the years 1804 and 5, have late-
Baden has given public notice in the ly been published, and contain a great
journals, that he shall not give any an. number of interesting articles.
swer to authors who send him their It has been calculated, that in 1805,
works. A similar norice has been given England produced soo new literary
by the Duke of Saxe-Teschen, the works, France 1150, and Germany not
Prince of Anhalt-Dessau and the Duke less than 4645-although in the Leipsic
of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. The senate catalogue for the Michaelmas fair, 1000
of Hamburgh has likewise requested works less were announced than in
authors neither to address nor to dedi. 1804; among which there are only 63
cate to it any literary performance with novels, and 61 almanacs. The most
out its permission.

numerous class of books were those on
Two volumes of the academy of Scimedicine and education.
ences, Literature, and Fine Arts of Tu.


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The following Ode was composed by the Haudque Sol lucet recreatve pressas
celebrated BUBB DODDINGTON, after.

Nubibus atris.
wards Lord MelcOMBE, and given by Nunc oves terror agit in sueta
him to a young friend then sent into Tuta ; nunc in monte remugit ingens
Scotland under the tuition of the late in- Taurus, armenti, nemorisque custos,
genious and learned Dr CHAPMAN, who,

Et fugit ipse.
at that young Gentleman's request, cor-
rected it. It was afterwards, by his Ipsa per silvas fugitans pavensque,
Lordship, put into the hands of Dr Manet, et nidum repetit volucris
JOHNSON, who corrected it also, and Frustra; nidum diruit, oh! dolendum
translated it into English. It is entitled,

Aspera clades.

Arbores celsæ spoliantur ipse

Frondibus; ventis agitatur ingens

Pinus, et quercus laceratur ; imbris

Victa furore.
Jam Solem ipsum nubibus obscurum,
Vidit et Viator terram inundatam

Nunc feras terret celeris procella,
Crebris procellis.

Cursitant passim per agros timore,

Artibus solis homo se tuitur
Nunc terror oves agit in ovile,

Nec timet imbres.
Nunc in montibus mugiunt protervi

Artibus cutum struit hospitale,
Boves; moxque pavidi recedunt
Nemori Amico.

Quo receptet se geniumque laetus,

Assidens igni, foveat, metus et
Volucris ipsa fugitans per silvas

Frigoris expers.
Timida nidum repetit natalem
Nidum amatum, eheu dolendum

3. Translation by DR JOHNSON.
Diruit clades.
Arbores celsæ statim spoliantur

THE traveller, when a storm draws nigh,

With dread beholds the approaching Undique ululant venti horrifici ;

Quercus, pinus, abies formosa

The sun, proud sovereign of the sky,
Imbribus cedunt.

Resigns his splendour with disdain.
Nunc feras ipsas terrent procellæ,

Fear drives the sheep into the fold,
Passim per agros volitant profugæ,

The bull, bold guardian of the flock,
Omnes timidi appetunt instanter

By terror rouz'd to shun the cold,
Rupem amicum.

Now speeds for shelter to the rock.
Dum artes domum probent hospitalem, The vocal tenant of the wood,
Venti quum ingrati lacerare sperant, By the destructive storm oppressid,
nunquam pavidi timescunt

With courage braves the blast, tho' rude,
Cæli furorem.

To reach its weather-beaten rest. 2. By Dr CHAPMAN.

The lofty and fantastic trees

(Now all their verdant foliage fled,) VIDIT omni ex aethere jam viator No longer murmur to the breeze, Imbribus densis tenebras obortas, Both pine, and oak, and fir, are dead.


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Grim savage beasts avoid the storın, She thought the figure was the very same, And rage terrific o'er the land;

Which the stern fates from her so early But prudent man, secure from harm, By art can all its pith withstand.

The spirit smild, and wav'd its paly hand, By art, he forms a snug retreat,

And softly chid poor Emma's heaving Whither he can with ease retire,

siglis, Whene'er intolerably wet,

As trembling 'gainst the tomb she tried to And cuddle round the kindly fire.


She look'd, it vanish’d, pointing to the EMMA. A TALE.

skies. "TWAS midnight dread the chill wind The frighted owl now scream'd and fitted howl'd aloud,

by, When hapless Emma wander'd from her:

The wind now whistled thro' the old home,

yew's spray, The pensive moon peep'd thro' a fleecy The wretched Enıma heav'd a boding sigh, cloud,

--A sigh that inark'd the sunset of her And spirits on the storm were heard to day.

Once more she heard the sweet, the cheerWith bitter anguish tortur’d was her mind, ing sound, From her mild eyes her streaming sorrows

Once more the faint stars shot a glim. flow'd;

m’ring light: Her loose hair wanton'd in the ruthless Once more she cast a wistful look around, wind,

Then clos'd her languid eyes in dreamless Beneath the blast her faded form meek

night. bow'd.

But e'er the sisters cut the vital thread, A lovely infapt in her arms she bore,

She kiss'd and bless'd her baby o'er and Which late to life the gentle suff'rer gave;

o'er; A father's roof would shelter her no more,

She on her bosom pillow'd its dear head, A lover false refus'd her fame to save. Then gently laid her down-to rise no

A. H. C. She hied her to the dreary church-yard's ground,

TO A LADY's FAVOURITE CAT. She laid her on her long lost mother's tonb :

When, lo! she beard upon the breeze a PRINCE of cats, with skin so sleek,

Which from a meek-ey'd seraph seem'd to And tail, as coral shining-bright,

Sharpen'd mouth, and jetty cheek,

And eyes, that can defy the night; It gently stole upon the night wind's wing, With whiskers, claws, and scenting nose, And cheering whisper'd in her watchful For ever mousing, as it goes :

All these proclaim as mere a cat " The balm of comfort to my child I bring, As ever tuzzled mouse, or rat. “ She soon shall be beyond the reach of

But when I mark, thy mistress nigh, care.”

(And I have look'd with searching eye)

The purring soft, the tender gaze, The silver moon now hurried from its And all thy little-fondling ways, gloom,

The playful tail, the touch so bland, A ray of streaming light now shot around, When stroking Sappho's lovely hand; The stars now twinkld with a radiant And when on Sappho's bosom spread, bloom,

I see thee nestle close thy head; Her tears, like dew drops, glitter'd on the (And this, and more than this I see, ground.

Till, happy Puss, I envy thee;) She clasp'd her baby to her throbbing breast, Oh! then, methinks, time was that thou She screamed, and frantic with her

Wast not what thou appearest now: terror,

No, prince of cats, if right I scan, When, lo! a form in angel's garments drest, The time has been, when thou wast man. Stood weeping o'er the wretched victim's

In the fourth line of the first stanza of Mr

Dyer's Ode on the Morning, in our She wildly call'd upon her mother's name. Magazine for Feb. the reader is deFor sure the form her gentle semblance sired to correct an error, for yon, read bore:




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bettered. They had heard much of Thursday, April 3.

levies en masse, of an armed nation, of

eight hundred thousand men in arms, NEW MILITARY SYSTEM.

trained and disciplined; but such meaR

: sures, however imposing, had not prosure for the improvement of the mi- vided adequately for the object that litary system of the country. This was ought to have been kept in view. They nothing more than the application of those were too fond of thinking, that when general principles which he had on many they had a certain number of men in occasions stated to the House. When arms, they had an army; and in this they looked to the state of Europe, they resembled the child, who, when he they would find that there was no ccun- stuck a twig in the ground, fancied he try in which the military system was planted a tree. Whatever might be. on such a footing as in this. It would the number of men of such a description be his part that day, to propose a reme- in arms, they could not be considered dy for the existing evil, and his plan in the light of an army. An army was would embrace the means whereby the a corps, which, from its moral constituestablishments of the army would be tiun, was as different from any other rendered so far better, that it should class of the community, as any natural provide adequately for the permanent body from another that had distinct security of the country. His object physical qualities. It had been said was not to look at the present danger, that the theory of the military science, and to provide for getting rid of that, and the art of war, might easily be acwithout paying attention to the future, quired by bodies of men otherwise conto exhaust in efforts, to meet an imme- stituted, and that this distinction was diate exigency, the best means of the wholly ideal. But it would betray a country, on which its ultimate safety total ignorance of human nature, to asand permanent interests could alone de.

sert that any body of men of that depend. It might well be supposed, that scription could be capable of the same the first step towards the attainment of spirit, the same feelings, the same dispohis purpose, would be the creation of an sitions and character, as a corps reguarmy, or

to provide such means as larly trained to the profession of arms, would tend to the certain attainment of and systematically formed to subordinasuch a desirable object, an extensive tion and discipline. The object was to and formidable army. By this he meant provide an adequate supply for the regusuch a mass of the population of the lar army, and not as heretofore be con. country, as would be adequate to the tent with measures of substitution. It exigencies of the times, separated by was unnecessary for him to remind the their habits and calling from the rest of House what armies had always been, the community, regulated by their own and what they never had proved to be laws, and governed according to the more notoriously than in the present terms of their service, forming a totally times. They all know that armies dedistinct corps from their fellow subjects, cided revolutions, and governed the deswho should not have either to labour or tinies of nations; that it was by armies, toil, to work or spin, whose trade should by bodies detached from the other classes be war.

The people of this country of the community, that the fate of emwere as brave, as spirited, and as high- pires were determined, not by levies en minded, as the inhabitants of any country masse or an armed population ; when an in Europe ; but for years past the House army falls, all is lost. Look at the two had toiled and laboured thro' measures great battles that had in late times defor the improvement of the army, and cided the respective campaigns and wars yet the state of that army had not been in which they took place, and their efMay 1806.


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fects, and they will afford a striking il. that this was the only country in lustration. Look at the battles of Ma. Europe in which the entistment of a rengo and Austerlitz, and the effects soldier was for life. From the adoption that resulted from them; and though of the opposite mude, he expected an the numbers engaged in each, and the accession of a new description of men, havock, were immense, yet they were whom he would encourage by certain inconsiderable, compared with the vast rewards, without weakening tne system extent of the consequences that had of military discipline; thoug!, by thus been produced by the issue of these con having a better set of men, there would tests.

be less necessity for exercising punishBut the population of a country, how- ment, either for desertion or other offenever disposed, without an efficient army, ces. Desertion, he was persuaded, in a can afford no medium of resistance a great measure, originated in the segainst an invading force. Its efforts duction of offering large bounties, and would produce as little effect in arrest- of the consequent competition between ing the progress of an invading enemy the different recruiting parties. The as the surrounding air. Was this not a effect of this measure, however, he was truth, was it not a firm conviction which ready to admit, must be very distant. every man who heard him felt? This Its operation would nevertheless be cercountry too had its spirit, it felt an at. tain, and permanentig beneficial, It tachment to its laws, its constitution, would produce a favourable change in and its Sovereign ; and it was impressed the notions of the mass of the people, with indignation at the very idea of an and in those who professed a military life. attempt to make it the scene of a fo. In the bill which he shouid offer on this reign conquest. He was sensible that part of his plan, he would propose to it possessed all these virtuous qualifica. fill up the blank as to the period of tions in a very eminent degree ; he was service, in the first instance, with the ready to go as far as any man in doing

words “

seven years.” At the end of justice to the spirit and zeal of his coun. that period the soldier would, if he chose, trymen ; he had his hopes too, and he be entitied to his discharge. '. If hd clung to them as fondly, and cherished chose to renew his services for a similar them as warmly, as any other gentle- period, he should propose that he should man. But when they looked to the fate have a smatl increase of pay, such as 6d. of Switzerland, they could see but little per week, or some such tritling advance, reason to trust to hopes founded upon not more than ari equivaleut to the prosuch grounds. If ever there had been bable diminution in the value of money a country, the inhabitants of which were during the intermediate interval of determined to defend it if ever there time. He would also propose a further had been a country which was capable increase of pay for a third renewal of of being defended, it was Switzerland. enlistment. These regulations would The Swiss were a nation of warriors, vi- apply only to the Infantry. - For the gorous in their constitutions, robust in Cavalry and Artillery he would propose their bodies, all trained to the use of periods of ten, six, and five years, at the arms, and devotedly attached to their expiration of which, they would be incountry. They had conducted them. titled to their. discharge, as in the case selves too in a manner that did not dis- of the infantry. Those who had served credit their national character. "It was twenty-one years would be entitled to not safe, therefore, to trust to these re- the highest rank at Chelsea, which sources, which had proved unavailing to would be raised considerably above that warlike nation.

what it now was, being only one shilling After some further prefatory matter, a day. Nor would any farther call be the Hon. Gentleman proceeded to state made upon them for service, the outlines of the improvements which With regard to those embarked on he was desirous to introduce into the the Colonial service, they would be regular service, and our general system kept for six months after the ratification of defence. The first improvement of a treaty of peace, fed and maintained which occurred to him, was what he had and sent home at the charge of governfrequently mentioned, that of limiting ment, when according to their respecthe period of service. It was singular tive claims, they would be invested with


the immunities already particularized. teach them what they were to do, when These were the principal features of the they met the enemy, without any mialteration which he would suggest in litary decoration or character whatever. tne condition of the soldier. There This mass divided into small associations were others which were also desirable, and corps, swarming over every part of but into these he would not go, as they the country, led and directed by regular were not at present fit for legislative officers, would have formed a much provision. One of them, however, he better protection for the time, instead should mention, and he conceived it of armed associations of men of a highwas not likely to be objected to. It er rank serving at their own expence. was that of making an additional allow. The population would thus have been ance to officers widows. Small additions led on under the guidance of regular ofhad already been made from time to ficers, and would not only harrass and time, and the prosecution of the system wear away the enemy, but from the with the advantages already enumerated, habits they acquired, would furnish re. would tend to the better recruiting of cruits for the regular army. Whether the army, as they would make the ser- this plan, had it been adopted, would vice a bounty in itself.

have succeeded or not, it was not for Having stated this as the outline of him to determine; but it certainly was his plan relative to the regular army, he the cheapest of all expedients. We all should proceed to what he considered know that corps of another description of equal importance; and that was the had been formed, upon false conceptions. political question, what could be done The Government said, “ Our country with the mass of the population not in is in danger; every man must arm.”. the shape of an army. The only in- The volunteers armed ; and then they stance which he recollected in history, said, “let us look and manæuvre like where a population had resisted a regu. soldiers :" and in this the Government lar army, was the case of America. But acquiesced. From this he dated all the attentively viewed, that instance afford difficulties that had since arisen. He ed no valid reason for this country a. differed entirely from those who accepdopting a similar system, when the ted the services of many of these corps. narrow scale on which we acted was They were men who, from their habits compared with the immense continent of life, never intended to be soldiers, and of America. The views he entertained served under officers of the same ideas on the subject of the population were to with themselves; so that they could be found in those records, which were not be supposed that hard substance not generally deemed very authentic, which could be moulded into troops but which had been so in this instance capable of taking the field against the He certainly felt for the errors of the two enemy. It was ridiculous to think late Administrations, as they had thrown them as good as troops of the line, bedifficulties in the way of that project; cause they looked as well; and if they and the present Administration came for- alone were to be employed to drive the ward under very great disadvantages, enemy, then was the fate of the country as the ground on which they had to already sealed and decided. The votread was not cleared. What might lunteers were nevertheless of some serhave been then right, had, since been vice. There was first lhe advantage of found to be wrong; and, in his own numbers of men being enrolled, and opinion, he wished for nothing but the next that of their having been trained, most simple of measures. In 1803 the from which circumstance they might in country was terrified by the dread of time become useful. He professed him. invasion; but to suppose that what self adverse to the practice of calling could løve been done then could be them out on permanent duty, as it was done now, was certainly a very bold of very little avail towards the attainidea. At that time, it would have been ment of the object in view, and was better for the service to have been pure- attended with an enormous expence. ly voluntary. Nothing could have He wished for as many volunteer corps been better than to have given the mass as possible, and for a great part of the of the people an opportunity of coming population lousely trained; but these forward, with proper instructors, to advantages he wished to have at as


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