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HOUSE OF LORDS.

British navigation; and he will look

with anxious expectation to that muMonday, April 21.

ment, when a more dignified and enRUPTURE WITH PRUSSIA.

lightened policy, on the part of Prussia,

shall remove every impediment to the Lord Grenville presented the follow

renewal of peace and friendship with a ing message from his Majesty :

Power with whom his Majesty has no “ GR.

other cause of difference than that now “His Majesty thinks it proper to ac- created by these hostile acts. quaint this House, that he has found

G. R." himself under the necessity of withdraw

OFFICIAL PAPERS. ing his Minister from the Court of Ber- The following official documents on lin, and of adopting piovisionally mea- the subject were at the same time laid sures of just retaliation againsţ the com- before Parliament: merce and navigation of Prussia. His No. I.-A short note from Mr JackMajesty deeply regrets this extension son, the British Minister at Berlin, inand aggravation of calamnities, already so closing a notification from Baron Hare severely felt by the nations of the Con- denberg to Mr Jackson, dated the 26th tinent, whose independence and prospe- of January, stating that the Court of rity he has never ceased to consider as Berlin had concluded an arrangement intimately connected with those of his with France to save the North of GerOwl' people. But measures of direct many from the horrors of war, by which hostility, deliberately adopted against Prussia was to occupy Hanover till the him, have left him no alternative, conclusion of a peace between England and

“ In a moment of confidential inter. France.-No. II. is the proclamation of course, without even the pretence of his Prussian Majesty, on taking tempoany cause of complaint, forcible posses- rary possession of Hanover, dated at sion has been taken by Prussia of his Berlin, 27th January, (See Mag. for Majesty's Electoral dominions. Deeply March, p. 223). as inis event affected the interests of No. III.-Note from Mr Secretary Fox, to this kingdom, his Majesty chose, bever- Baron Jacobi Kloest, 17th March, 1806. theless, to forbear, on this painful occa- “The undersigned is coamanded by sion, all recourse to the tried and affec- his Majesty to state to Baron Jacobi tionate attachment of his British sub. Kloest, for the information of his Court, jects. He remonstrated by amicable the great anxiety felt by his Majesty at negociation, against the injury he had the manner in which possession has sustained, and rested his claim for repa. been taken of the Electorate of Hanu. ration on the moderation of his conduct, ver. If his Prussian Majesty judged it on the justice of his representations, and expedient, in order to prevent Fiench on the common interest which Prussia troops from approaching so near that herself must ultimately feel, to resist a part of his frontier, to take to himself system destệuctive of the security of all the military occupation of the Electolegitimate possession. But, when, in- rate, it does not appear to his Majesty, stead of receiving assuranceş confor, that it was by any means necessary that mable to this just expectation, his Ma- the civil government of that unhappy jesty was informed that the determina- country should be subverted, or that an tion had been taken of excluding, by army more numerous, and consequently force, the vessels and the commodities more injurious to the inhabitants, thail of this kingdom from ports and coun- necessity required, should be maittaintries under the lawful dominion or for- ed there. His Majesty relies with the cible controul of Prussia, his Majesty greatest confidence on his Prussian Ma.. could no longer delay to act, without jesty's declaration, that the present ocneglecting the first daty which he owes cupation is merely temporary; but his to his people; the dignity of his crown, Majesty cannot but express a wish, thar and the interests of his subjects, equally the declaration on this point were more forbid his acquiescing in this open and solemnly made in the face of Europe. unprovoked aggression.

He has no The honour of the Court of Berlin, as doubt of the full support of his Parlia- well as the consideration mutually due ment, in vindicating the honour of the to each other from two Princes so nearBritish flag, and ihe freedom of the ly connected in blood and alliance, seem

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to call for a clear explanation on this war. But the choice of the means has important subject.

no longer been in his power, France “ His Majesty on his part desires to has considered Hanover as her conquest, be equally as explicit, and to put an end and her troops were on the point of ento all hopes, (if such indeed have been tering it for the purpose of disposing of entertained by the Court of Berlin) that it deřnitively, according to the pleasure any convenience of political arrange- of the French Emperor, without the pos. ment, much less any offer of equivalent sibility of his Britannic Majesty's preor indemnity, will ever induce his Ma. venting it. The occupation of that jesty so far to forget what is due to his country by his Prussian Majesty, and legitimate rights, as well as to the ex- the shutting of the ports in the German emplary fidelity and attachment of his seas, and that of Lubeck, against the Hanoverian subjects, as to consent to British flag (as was the case during the the alienation of the electorate.

possession of Hanover by the French), .“ His Majesty learns with concern, were the indispensible conditions of an that it is in agitation to give up An. arrangement by which the country is spach, and other parts of his Prussian secured against the entry of foreign Majesty's dominions, to Bavaria, in con- troops, and the quiet of the north of sequence of a convention with France : Germany preserved. This has not been but he does not pretend any right to in. obtained without painful sacrifices on terfere, or to give any opinion with re- his Majesty's part. · Those of the House spect to the propriety of the measures, of Hanover are in no degree to be attriwhatever they may be, which his Prus- buted to the King's measures, but are sian Majesty may deem eligible for the the inevitable consequences of a war, interest of his crown and people ; at the which his conciliating policy has in vain same time it is to be observed, that his

endeavoured to prevent.

This war Majesty, whether in his capacity of might have produced still more serious King of Great Britain, or in that of consequences. The treaty between Elector of Hanover, was in no ways a Prussia and France at least protects the party to the convention alluded to, or northern states from farther evils; and responsible for its consequences. The could every power but duly appreciate cessions, therefore, which his Prussian how much they are indebted to the sysMajesty may make to his Majesty's ene- tem he has adopted, the King would mies, can surely never be alledged as a with justice obtain the gratitude of all.” justification of taking to himself his Ma

No V. is the proclamation of Count jesty's lawful inheritance.

Schulenberg, for excluding British com. His Majesty therefore hopes, that merce from the north of Germany, inhis Prussian Majesty will follow the ho. serted in our last Mag. p. 302. nourable dictates of his own heart, and No. VI.-Prussian Patent for finally an. will demonstrate to the world, that nexing Hanover to Prussia. whatever sacrifices the present circum- “ We, Frederick William, King of stances may induce him to make with Prussia, &c. make known and declare - respect to his own territories, he will as follows: not set the dreadful example of indemni. “ The wish to secure our faithful fying himself at the expence of a third subjects and the neighbouring states of party, whose sentiments and conduct the north of Germany during the war, towards his Prussian Majesty and his and to preserve and confirm the durasubjects, have been uniformly friendly tion of peace, was at all times the inten. and pacific."

tion of our indefatigable endeavours. No. IV.Note Verbale.

“ Untill the These wholesome measures were made explosion of the last continental war, known, upon some recent occasion, as Iris Prussian Majesty had no other object the object of our late patent, dated Jan. in view, than to secure the tranquility 27, 1906, according to which, the elecof his Monarchy, and that of the neigh- toral states of Brunswick Lunenberg in houring states. He was then able to Germany were taken possession of by effect this upon terms which met the our troops, when the administration of entire approbation of every Court. He the same passed into our hands. But has been desirous of doing the same in consequence of the exchange of the since the breaking out of the present electorate of Hanover, in consideration

of

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of the cession of three of the provinces the conduct of Prussia. Had there ex of our Monarchy, and for the permanent isted no connexion between that power tranquillity of our subjects and the and Great Britain, if his Prussian Maneighbouring states, we have found it jesty had not been bound by ties of alindispensibly necessary. to enter into liance, of blood, of friendship and of and conclude a convention with his Ma- gratitude, still one might have supposed jesty the Emperor of the French and that his true policy, a sense of his real King of Italy; and as the electoral interest, would have induced him to states of the House of Brunswick, situ- pursue a course different from that ated in Germany, were obtained by the which occassioned the Message which Emperor Napoleon by right of conquest, had been just read. That Court had we hereby declare, that the rightful pos- been engaged in confidential intercourse session of the territory of that House with England previous to the battle of has passed over to us, in consideration Austerlitz; and if any reliance could be of the cession of three of our provinces, placed upon assurances,---if any faith and is now subject to our power only ; could be reposed upon treaties---we had consequently, from the present time, the a right to expect that she had been government and the administration of leagued with France from the beginning. these countries will be administered This was manifested in various instances. simply in our name alone, and under --Her first open act was to occupy

Haour supreme authority.

nover, under pretence of covering the We therefore call upon all persons, retreat of the British and allied army, whatever may have been the functions and of securing her own frontier against assigned them, to execute these func- the danger which might result from the tions only in our name, and under our establishment of a French force in the authority.

Electorate of Hanover. And before "Count Schulenberg Kenhert, and time could be given for the first temthe Commissioners who are attached to perate representations, she took forcible him, expect no less than that all the possession of his Majesty's Electoral doprelates, the burghers, and the inhabi- minions. This was the second step in tants in general, will obediently con- the gradation of the injuries offered to form themselves to the order of things, his Majesty. There was, however, a which a new æra has rendered necessary third step more general and more injufor their tranquillity and well-being; rious in its object and consequences. and in so doing, they will afford his His Prussian Majesty caused it to be noMajesty a proof of their devotion to tified to the British Minister at Berlin, their country.

that in obedience to a requisition from “ So, on our part, nothing shall be France, he must proceed to exclude the neglected to confirm them in the per. shipping of England, not only from suasion of our paternal affection, and Prussia, but from the ports of all the our sincere wish to render them happy. countries within the reach of her con(Signed) “ FREDERIC WILLIAM. troul or influence. He could not per“ SCHULENBERG.

ceive what other measures than those “ HAUGWITZ.

which had been resorted to, could be “ April 1. 1806."

taken against a country, which was

found, either from choice or necessity, Wernesday April 23.

to yield to every requisition of the eneThe order of the day, for taking into my:—The grounds upon which he would consideration his Majesty's message re- move an Address to his Majesty, which pecting Prussia, being read,

he held in his hand, were these : First, Lord Grenville rose and said, he was the necessity of evincing that a conpersuaded that there could be butonesen- nexion did and ought to exist between timent among their Lordships respect- England and Germany, and that we felt ting his Majesty's message; he was con- deeply for her interests. He was also vinced that there could be but one feel, anxious to convince Prussia, that there ing in the country, as to the line of con- was not a Power in Europe, who could duct which it was necessary to adopt; exclude British ships from her ports and he believed there could be but one with impunity; and above all, he wishopinion throughout Europe respecting ed to mark our abhorrence of that aboMay 1806.

minable nover;

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minable principle, of one Power indem. Iember, while he feels this just indigoaa nifying itself at the expence of its weaker tion, will, at the same time, perceive the neighbour. He would acknowledge al- propriety of uniting the most vigorous so he had another powerful motive for measures, with a language temperate proposing it, a motive in which he anti- and moderate, and which does not vio. cipated the perfect concurrence not on- late that respect which has been always ly of every Noble Lord who heard him, considered due to crowned heads, and but of every man in the country. He ought not, in the present times, to be was anxious to convince his Majesty departed from. Indeed, to describe that they felt an insult offered to him as justly the measures which have been an insult offered to themselves, and that adopted the Court of Prussia against there was no part of his dominions in this country, they cannot be called the the possession of which they were not measures of the King of Prussia, for that willing to defend and maintain him. Sovereign is known to be of a mild and His Lordship then read the Address, pacific disposition, nor could they be which was an echo of the Message. called the measures of his Ministers,

Lord Hawkesbury and Lord Mulgrave for no Ministers could freely advise a expressed their approbation, not only of proceeding so violent and injurious to the address, but of ail the measures the interests of that Monarch. The adopted with respect to Prussia by Go. measures must be considered such as his vernment. The address was of course Prussian Majesty had been induced to agreed to nem, diss.

adopt, from the pernicious counsels of

the enemies of this country. HOUSE OF COMMONS.

“ The origin of this proceeding is to Monday, April 21.

be traced to the convention concluded

at Vienna, on the 15th of December, be. RUPTURE with PRUSSIA.

tween Count Haugwitz and the French Mr Secretary Fox presented to the Emperor; but when it is considered, House a message from his Majesty, simi. what was the situation of Prussia at the lar to that presented by Lurd Grenville time that its Sovereign concluded the to the House of Lords.

treaty with France, it must be recollect. Wednesday, April 23.

ed, that its means of negociation were

still greater than what it derived from The order of the day being read for its own resources, or its own armies. taking said message into consideration, The Emperor of Russia, after he had

Mr Secretary Fox rose, and spoke to left Austerlitz, gave the whole direction, the following effect :-“I am sure that of the Russian troops, that remained in it is impossible that the message we Germany, to the command of the King have now heard read, can fail to excite of Prussia. This country too had prothe strongest sensation in every temper mised him a powerful assistance by peand disposition of mind which can exist cuniary supplies, if he should be driven in this House. In the first place, when to a war with France. These were the we hear it stated that his Majesty had means he possessed of giving weight to abstained from appealing to his British his negociations; and how did he apply subjects, on account of the violence and those means? Why, to seize a part of injustice which had been done to him the territories of one of those powers in the seizure of his Electoral dominions, which had been supporting him in that it is impossible not to feel grateful for rank and situation, which enabled him that kindness and mildness which his to conclude his treaty. (Loud Cries of Majesty has always shewn to the sub- Hear, Hear') At first, he did not prejects of this realm. It is with the most tend to take Hanover absolutely, but extreme reluctance, that he could con- with the power of restoring it. France, sent to involve them in war upon any in the mean time, pressed for the cession ground, that was not immediately and of Anspach and Bayreuth. What then directly connected with British interests. did the King of Prussia do ? Certainly The next feeling which must be strongly he could not expect, that the French excited by the message, is a feeling of Government would be able to negociate just indignation at the conduct of the between him and his Britannic Majesty, Court of Prussia. I hope that every that he should be allowed to retain Ha

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giover; and therefore he finally resolved sors, which will not in some degree fall to seize it without the consent of his also on neutral and friendly nations, and Majesty, and under the pretence of an even on ourselves. The House will, equivalent for Anspach, Bayreuth, and however, feel, that there are occasions other provinces which he had ceded to in which a manifestation of our princiFrance.

ples and of our resentment become ne. “ It cannot then be said, that this cessary, although attended with the catreaty, and the proceedings which fol- lamities inseparable from war. If Pruslowed it, were altogether the effect of sia should alledge that she was in that fear; for what was the necessity under state of comparative weakness, that she which his Prussian Majesty was placea ? was obliged to cede Anspach and Bayu Was it merely the necessity of ceding reuth, however his Majesty might laAnspach and Bayreuth? This might ment the necessity or the accession of have been a considerable misfortune, yet strength his enemies derived from the it was one which might be justified by acquisition, still he would not have atnecessity. But, the sort of necessity tempted to oppose it, or make the claimed by the King of Prussia, is diffe- slightest remonstrance on the occasion. rent; he says, “ Because I have lost An- But when that power shall say, 'I am spach and Bayreuth, I therefore feel my. not only obliged to make cessions, but self under the necessity of seizing the I am also obliged to make war with you;' dominions of some third power-not then the question becomes very diffeonly of a third power, but of one that, rent, and his Majesty is under the ne. from all times, and by every circum- cessity of considering it in a very diffe. stance, I was bound to respect.” On the rent light. 26th of January, an official letter was “Alihough I, for one, am not inclined written from Baron Hardenberg to Mr to look very favourably on the present Jackson, expressly stating it to be the situation of this country, nor to feel so intention of his Prussian Majesty to take sanguinely as some other gentlemen, possession of Hanover, only until the cou. yet I think that, upon the present occaclusion of peace between England and sion, we should make a signal example France. In answer to that letter, his of the Court of Prussia; and whatever Majesty expresses his firm reliance on principles theorists may lay down about the declaration of his Prussian Majesty, restoring the balance of Europe, I think but wishes the terms to be more expli- we shall do more to restore the sound cit. The language that Prussia held at and true principles that ought to prevail that time to our Court, was, that it was in Europe, by shewing the world in this rather an object of French than of Prus. instance, that this country will not abangian ambition, that they should be pos- don them herself, nor consent that they sessed of Hanover. At first, they en- shall be departed from by other nations deavoured to represent to the Govern- in their transactions with her. I consiment of this country, that it was more der that the power of the country confor cur interest that Hanover should be

sists in a great measure in the known occupied by Prussian than by French justice of its principles, in its moderatroops, and their argument was this :- tion and forbearance; but if the Court “ If we have it, the ports may be still of Berlin choose to depart from the open to your commerce, or at least your principles of justice, and to act hostilely manufactures may have a passage thro' to this country, it must take the conseour territory.”—This hope was, how. quence. In our conduct upon this ocever, now entirely cut off, and Count casion, we shall have avoided a great Schulenburgh, in his Manifesto, pro- evil, and done some good. We shall fesses to take the country as a present avoid the giving the sanction of this from France, which she had won and country to the spoliations which have held by the right of conquest. The House been committed on the Continent. We must therefore see to what extremity shall avoid the imputation of being inwe are now reduced. It would be idle different to the fate of his Majesty's fo. to say that a war with Prussia would not reign possessions. But, above all, we be a calamity. It is also a painful con- shall avoid the giving our sanction to sideration to think that there is no mode that principle lately adopted, of transe of returning this calamity on the aggres. ferring the subjects of one Prince to

another,

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