« ZurückWeiter »
rows, they have under them? What foundations, and their founders ? command of the militia? What spe. Their revenue, and dependencies? cial privilege, dignity, and heritable Their houses, churches, and chapels, command they have? The rise of edifices, and monuments? Their li. their family, continuance, sad their braries, curious instruments? The acbranches ? What forests, woods, count of the famous men bred there, parks, loughs, rivers, mines, and or masters there? What are the ob. quarries they have? What fishing, servations of the masters or 'students &c. ? What harbours they have? that may be for the embellishment of What their titles are? What memo. this work? rable actions raised or aggrandised their family.
The answers to these preceding To the Clergy.
queries are to be registrated and in
serted in their proper places. What their privileges and digni. The answers to the queries is earties are? Their erection? The bounds nestly desired, that no person may of their diocese?. Their chapter? complain if what concerns them be The number of their parishes in their not insert ; for the author is resol. diocese? Their jurisdiction, their ved to insert all that he is assured of foundations for public and pious the truth and certainty of, as inforuses, their revenues ? What lands hold
med. of them? Their houses, &c. ?
Imprimatur, Jo. EDINBURGEN, To the Gentry.
Edinburgh: Printed by JOHN REID, What the rise of their family, at his Printing-house in Bell's Wynd, their privilege and dignity? What Anno 168 2. baronies, and burrows under them? What harbours ? What forests, woods, parks? Their houses, the de- View of the Situation, Trade, &c. of scription and names of them? The
DUNDEE. chief of the name and the branches ? The memorable exploits done by THIS opulent and thriving towa them, and the eminent men of the is situated upon the Tay, about name? Their heritable command and three miles from its junction with the jurisdiction
German ocean. To that river, and To the Royal Burgbs.
to the fine country through which it
runs, Dundee is chiefly indebted for Of what standing ? The constitu. her present prosperity. The town tion of their government? Their pri- itself, it must be owned, is not much vileges, jurisdiction, and its extent ? calculated to inspire the stranger Their public houses, churches, forts, with ideas of elegance. The houses monuments, universities, colleges, are of an immoderate height, and schools, hospitals, manufactures, har.. built too close to each other; no rebours ? What their latitude and loo- gular plan is observed, nor are there gitude is &c. ?
any gardens or open places for exer
cise and amusement. These defects, To the Universities and Colleges.
however, are common to Dundee, What standing they are of? Their with all cities of great antiquity, in privileges, jurisdictions, and its ex the construction of which, the obtent? Their constitution ? The num ject seems rather to have been to ber of their Professors, their names ? crowd the greatest possible number phat they teach? Their salaries, into a given space, than to make any
provision for their health, or com. med, and enlarged, by a number of fort. The buildings lately added, how. succeeding monarchs. It was third ever, are in a more modern and ele- in rank of the four boroughs, which, gant style ; and the barracks erected from their importance, were accusat the west end of the town are par- tomed io give security for the obserticularly handsome.
vance of national treaties; these were The situation of Dundee is fine. Edinburgh, Perth, Dundee, and A. Immediately to the south berdeen. the Tay, which is here two or As a fortified place, too, it was three miles broad, with a shore, bold, anciently regarded as of high imporrocky, and in some places perpendi tance. Edward I. having taken it, cular. A little behind the town ex- placed a strong garrison there, with tends a ridge of hills, not of the view of keeping in awe the common height, but whose forms are neighbouring country. It was wresvery elegant and pleasing. The Law ted from him, however, by Sir Wilof Dundee is 525 feet high. The liam Wallace ; but after the death of slope which descends from these that hero, fell again into the hands of heights towards the sea, is particu- the English. Robert Bruce having, larly beautiful, watered by several under the weaker reign of Edward II. streams, and affording a fine situa. found means to reassert the indepention for the villas of Blackness, Bal. dence of his native country, recover. gay, Dudhope, and several others.
ed this city along with the rest of Dundee has a very fine appearance the kingdom, and demolished the from the opposite side of the water; castle, that it might never again be a with its singular and lofty spire; its means of holding Scotland in subjecstreets scattered irregularly on the tion. Dundee, however, continued winding shores of the Tay; and co« still a place of strength, and was nical hills rising behind.
successively taken in the reigas Dundee appears to be a city of of Richard II, and Edward VI.; great antiquity, as there are no re. and in 1645 by the marquis of Moncords or traditions relative to its first trose. On all these occasions, it foundation. The following account seems to have had a full share of the is given of the manner in which it calamities which, in those barbarous received its name. David, Earl of times, were uniformly reserved for Huntingdon, returning about the cities taken by storm. But the most middle of the twelfth century from destructive siege, by far, which it e. the holy wars, encountered a dread. ver sustained, was that in 1651, ful storm, from which he with diffi. from the army under general Monk. culty escaped. To express his gra. The pillage and slaughter continued titude for this deliverance, he built for three successive days, during the present parish church, and gave which, a sixth part of the inhabito the place the name of Deidonum, tants are supposed to have perished. or the gift of God; which, expressed So great was the booty, that every in English, by Dondei, ar Dondé, common soldier was calculated, on an was gradually changed into Dundee. average, to have received 6ol. for his Its privileges as a royal burgh are share. Sixty ships' which were lyvery ancient. A charter has been ing in the harbour, (an evidence of found which it received from Robert the then flourishing commercial state Bruce, who recognizes its being pos- of Dundee,) were seized by the vicsessed of the same in the time of his tors, but were all lost in crossing the predecessor William, who began his bar of the river, which was, no doubt, reign in 1165; and they were confirm regarded by the inhabitants as a just
1800 or 1900.
Punishment of their cruelty and ra- and made it the principal one in pacity.
Dundee. Sack-cloth, bagging, and The first well-authenticated ac. other coarse fabrics, to a considerable count which we have of the popula. amount. Coloured thread is also tion of Dundee, is immediately pre- manufactured to the extent of above vious to the last - mentioned siege, 30,000l. ; but the spinners live at a when it appears to have contained distance, in the cheaper parts of the somewhat more than eight thousand country. Tanded leather, soap, and inhabitants. Notwithstanding the glass, are also considerable articles. loss it then suffered, the numerous The total vumber of looms in Dune garrison placed in it by Monk, kept dee, employed in all different branup for some time the population to ches, is calculated by Dr Small at that number. On its removal, a great decrease became immediately
It is now
a considerable time, visible, and continued during the since the brilliant example of Glasreign of Charles II. Under his suc- gow, Paisley, and other towns on the cessor it amounted to 1420. Nor west coast, led to an attempt at had the union apparently any effect establishing the cotton manufacture in reviving it. For a certain period, at Dundee. Dr Small, in 1792, indeed, this event seems to have been speaks of it as in a promising state. rather injurious to the Scottish com. In 1793-4 there were seven spinning mercial towns, which depended great mills, the carding machinery of which ly on their intercourse with France. was driven by horses, and the hand
Even in 1746, the population does jennies were wrought by men or wonot appear to have exceeded 5302. men. The yarn produced was valu. At that time, the town was built al. ed at about 20,000l. But this branch most wholly of wood : the highest of business, which had brought such shop rent was 3l. : and two churches, wealth to the western counties of and a small independent meeting Renfrew and Lanark, was found were found more than sufficient. Å here to be not only unprofitable, but most rapid increase seems to have ruinous. All those, who had no onow taken place; for in 1755, the ther dependence, became bankrupt ; number returned to Dr Webster was while the rest, after losing part of 12,477 ; this, however, includes the ibeir money, were happy to save the parish, which might contain about a rest by dropping all concern in the thousand. In 1766, 12,426 ; in 1781, business.
communication 15,700; in 1788, 19,329 ; and in with the West Indies, which fur1792, 22,000. Since that time it nishes both the materials, and the has risen to above 26,000, the a- best market for this manufacture, mount in 1801.
seems to be the circumstance which Linen, the old staple of Scotland, gives Glasgow so striking a superiohas been always the chief manufac-, rity. ture of Dundee. That of Osna. Dundee, however, has found am. burghs, and other coarse linens, in ple compensation for the loss of her 1792 amounted to 3,181,990 yards, cotton manufacture, in the great ex. valued at 80,00ol. Sail-cloth was tension of that of linen, particularly naturally encouraged by its maritime Osnaburghs, cotton bagging, and situation, and at the above mention.
Instead of cotton, lint spined periods was rated at 704,000 ning mills are every where rearing yards, value 32,000l ; but the de. their heads, not only in Dundee, but mand occasioned by the war has throughout all Angushire; and iin greatly increased this manufacture, erecting these, a much greater capi.
Lal has been sunk than in the fruit. have heard of an honest citizen of less attempt to establish cotton spin. Dundee, who, before introducing his ning. Three flax spinning mills are son to the class of moral philosoalready in motion within the town of phy, insisted upon being informed Dundee, and the foundation of ano. “ what good it would do him in his ther has been laid, on a much larger business.” This town, however, now scale, and of the newest construc. experiences the good effects of that tion, which will cost 22,000l. The general diffusion of knowledge by quantity of coarse linen manufactur- which the present age is honourably ed in 1805, was 3,900,000 yards. distinguished. Its value begins to
The inhabitants of Dundee still be felt ; liberality of sentiment gains retain, in a great degree, the old grouod among the opulent and midmercantile character--sober, indus- dling classes; and several institutions trious, and frugal-social without for education have been lately formprofuseness, and hospitable without ed, which it is boped may be attendostentation. In 1792, Dundee con- ed with the best effects. tained only nine male servants, and Dundee has produced a considerof these none belonged to persons en
able number of eminent men, gaged in trade. Their attachment mong whom are, Alexander Scrymto religion is zealous, though per- seour, a companion of Sir William haps, as in most manufacturing Wallace, and two of his descentowns, somewhat tinctured with a dants, who distinguished themselves gloomy and sectarian spirit. Sece- in the civil wars; Hector Bocce the ! ders, Antiburghers, and Indepen- historian, and Mar, an intimate friend dents, amount altogether to about of the great Napier ; George Yea3000. However, as the flaming zeal man, member of Parliament at the of their ancestors in ancient times is time of the Union, to whom Scot. now quite extinguished, this disposi- land is indebted for many beneficial tion may
be rather eful to the low. regulations. The families of Fleter orders, by giving them an aver- cher of Salton, the celebrated pa. sion even to those innocent amuse. triot, and of the late Lord Loughments, which might lead them into borough, were both natives of Dunexpence, and to the aeglect of their dee. Lord Duncan, though not a occupations.
native, received there the first rudi. The ingenious author of the sta. ments of his education. Two of the tistical account of Dundee com. firet Mathematicians of our time have plains that, in' 1792, there did not been clergymen of Dundee. exist, with the exception of the grammar school, a single institution for public instruction in the simplest and most necessary branches of human Journal of the Eruption of VESUVIUS. knowledge. This is a defect com.
By Duke Della Torre.
(Concluded from p. 332.)
N the 1st September, the Duke purely commercial does not in gene
della Torre went up on Vesu. ral afford a soil very favourable for vius to observe the changes that had the growth of the arts and sciences. happened in its crater. 6. I found Profit is there naturally the leading it, says he, very different from what object; and every article, which can- it was on the night of the 14th Au. not be converted into hard cash, is gust. Its area was almost entirely in danger of being little valued. We filled, both with lavas, for the mort
part still inflamed and smoking, and On the 4th, a violent storm came with stones and sand. A number of from the east, aod lasted more than billocks had risen at some distance two hours. The fire encreased this from each other; the highest bad night and the day following ; the taken the place of the gulf that I throwing out of stones was more had seen for the first time ; they frequeni, new and copious streams of were covered with scorias sprinkled lava were seen descending from the with a very fine dust of sal-ammoniac and sulphur ; there issued from it On the 6th notwithstanding this infumes of a suffocating smell.
crease of matter, the currents did not Behind these hillocks, towards the advance. A more considerable noise walls of Attajano, I counted five new was heard in the mountain, and the jets of fire and stones, which darted smoke redoubled. upwards with noise and impetuosity, On the 7th the currents resumed fell back sometimes into their own their course. The duke Della Torre gulfs, and were presently repelled mounted upon the borders of the cra. with whirlwinds of smoke and ashes. ter, and did not find any great chan. Notwithstanding the quantity of ca. ges, the hillocks were a little raised; loric which must be developed in so two mouths threw out fire, two 0great a confiagration, the tempera. thers ashes, and the fifth, the largest ture of the atinosphere did not ap- and that which formerly vomited pear to me to be sensibly altered, al- most flames, gave only a black smoke. though I was at the distance of only He observed, upon blocks of cooled 1000 palms from the sources of the lava, a saline crust, composed of amlava ; the thermometer, which ac moniac and of muriat of Soda. He my departure from Naples ma:ked found large pieces of this last salt in 24o, descended here to 19o. The a lava decomposed by grains of earth. electrometer indicated a great degree His opinion is, that this lava exists of electricity, much more sensible not in a fossile state in the heart of when I placed it on the earth than the mountain, but that it is furnished when I suspended it in the air. by the waters of the sea. This time
I advanced to the very banks of in performing a circuit round the the fluid lava which flowed from the borders, he was able to advance to the crater ; it resembled crystal in a state very scource of the luid lava. of fusion ; it had the same colour, issued from a grotto formed of the lustre, and consistence. I threw over 'same substance hardened, and was a large stone, which made only a slight collected in a little bason, whence it impression and was carried to the 'flowed by a canal along the cone. surface. I threw a second, to mea- The author threw into the lava of tbe sure its motion, and with the watch bason a stone which sunk altogethin my hand I saw that it run over at er : he was able without great efforts least two palms in a second. The to push in the end of a staff more thermometer, placed at the distance than a palm; after having been drawn of six palins, rose in two minutes to back, the part immersed threw at 'the degree of boiling water. To my first a bright flame, and then remaingreat regret I could not ascertain ed like coal, the intensity of the caloric of this On the Sth a new storm came on. lava, for want of a pyrometer proper The author observes, that every time for such an experiment.
rain fell, the streams of lava were The ad and 3d there was nothing more abundant, and he thence draws remarkable. The currents continu. a new proof of the effect produced by ed their march.