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sold at the great fairs held at cer- Prussian and Saxon dominions, with. tain seasons of the year, at Frank- out danger of seizure by the French. fort, Lipsig, Brunswick, and Nu- Soon after the commencement of remberg. The Easier fair at Luip- the present war, Embden became sig is justly celebrated for the im- the depot of British produce and mense quantities of British manufac- manufactures intended for the Ger. tures sold there. Toward the latter man market, which induced the end of March, numberless bales of French commercial Agent Chevaliere printed and other coloured cottons, remove from Hamburgh to the of the finest cambrics, and of the former place, where he practised all most beautiful muslins, are sent from kinds of chicanery, to impede or obGlasgow, Paisley, Rutherglen, and struct the passage of British troops other manufacturing places, to Ham. to the interior of Germany: being burgh. The manufacturers proceed unable to effect this, lie advised his gutheinselves, or send their agents for. vernment to take possession of Mepward to Leipsig, where Macnab, a pen, a neutraltown, which they accord. descendant from the celebrated fami. ingly did, and in consequence produced ly of Highland blacksmiths in Glen. an actual scarcity of English goods orchy, is now the principal agent of at the succeeding fairs of Frankfort all the Scottish muslin manufactu- and Leipsig ; but on the King of rers for transacting their business at Prussia acknowledging Bonaparte in those faits. Besides Macnab, there his new capacity of Emperor, Mepare generally the agents or princi- pen was evacuated by the French pala of from ten to twelve other Scot- troops, and Chevaliere was recalled. tish commercial houses, among whom During the stay of this disinterested Guthries from Glasgow particularly republican at Embden, he contrived distinguish themselves.

to make a handsome sum of money, The Manchester manufacturers al. by granting certificates, stating that so transmit large quantities of their British goods were Prussian proper. cottons, &c to Humphries, their ty, which were seldom obtained under principal agent, besides whom sever- several louis d'ors each. In justice al other merchants go themselves to this citizen it must be observed with the goods to the fair. It is that for money he refused notbing, astonishing to see the loads of lea- and sold even French passports to ther, cloths of every kind, steel and British subjects, with which they iron wares, the thousands of buttons, and their goods passed unmolested buckles, needles, stockings, and a through Hanover, Holland, and even variety of neat patent inventions, on the French side of the Rhine. which are for months before prepared and collected for their Leipsig customers by the speculating and MEDALLIONS of BUONAPARTE. enterprising merchants of England. From London in particular, From Kotzebue's Travels in Italy. large quantities of the produce of the East and West Indies are shipped A N artist of Rome, whose name I


shall take good care not to menthe wholesale dealers of those cities tion, has composed two beautiful, but who visit Leipsig.

at the same time extremely malicious Stettin, in Pomerania, has lately designs. In the centre of one is become a great market for British represented Buonaparte, standing, in goods, which pass there, into the a general's uniform, and with his


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sword drawn. In eight small me. of Eisenach. The metal is volatile, dallions, surrounding the principal and different from Mercury, Bismuth, figure, are depicted his most cele- and the other volatile metals. M. brated achievements; as, for exam- Tromsdorff concludes from his exple, the battle of Marengo, the periments, that the fossil is a combridge of Lodi, &c. Underneath bination of sulphur with a metal this picture is the inscription A- hitherto unknown. chievements of Buonaparte the general. A new air.pump, which exhausts The second drawing is a companion and condenses at pleasure, has been to the former. In the center is Bu- invented' by Mr Elizur WRIGHT onaparte in his imperial regalia. He of Connecticut, America.

As we is again surrounded by eight small

cannot convey an idea of MrWright's medallions, in which are represented improvements without the aid of diathe following subjects: 1. the mur

grams, we must refer the reader to der of the duke d’Enghien ; 2. the Nicholson's Journal, vol. 12. P. 306. conversation with Lord Whitworth ;

It appears from the experiments 3. the building of the flotilla for the of M. GIOBERT, that the magnesian invasion of England; 4. the institution earth of Baudissero contains in 100 of the legion of honour ; 5. the parts ;-magnesia 68, carbonic acid seizure of the English minister at 12, silex 15.6, sulphate of lime 1.6, Hamburgh; 6. reception of the water 3. mayor who, in his harangue, said M. Dopun has discovered that “God created Buonaparte, and rest- factitious puzzolana may be made ed from his labours ;' 7. his parting from ironstone, and superior to the from his brother Lucien ; 8. bis Italian kind. See Nicholson's Jourcoronation. Under the whole is the nal, vol. 12- P: 331. inscription : Achievements of Buona

The malleability and ductility of parte the ruler of France. Who zinc, at a certain temperature, which would imagine that the rudeness and we stated to have been lately discoaudacity of an artist could proceed vered by Messrs Hobson and Silvesto such length: ? Fortunately he ter, appears to have been known long will never meet with an engraver ago to Mr Sheffield of Somers wbo will venture to multiply his ill. Town, who drew considerable quanmannered productions.

tities of zinc into wires, and laminatęd it into plates 1.200 of an inch

thick, long before the annunciation Memoirs of the Progress of Manu- of Messrs Hobson and Silvester's pa

FACTURES, CHEMISTRY, Science, tent. and the Fine Arts.

Dr Joseph Baronio has publish.

ed at Milan, an account of a galvaA New Island was lately discover- nic pile, composed of vegetable sub

ed by Captain Crocker of the stances. The discs are made of horseship Nancy, Boston, New England, radish and beetroot about two inches when on his way from Europe to in diameter, and between each pair Canton. It is situated in latitude of these is interposed an equal disc 59..12' north, and longitude 162o.. of walnut-tree wood, so raised at its 58' east of Greenwich. It is il or edges as to contain a little solution 12 miles long, the land high, and of acidulous tartarite of potash in mountainous in the middle.

vinegar, in which they have been A new metal has been discovered previously boiled, in order to free by M. TROMSDORFF, in a fossil, them from the resinous principle confound in a mass of rock, by M. THON tained in the walnut tree. By means Jan. 1806.


of a pile with 60 pair of these discs, head was from North or South. Cap. Dr B. obtained galvanic effects in a tain Flinders supposes that these pheprepared frog, the spinal marrow of nomena are produced by the attracwhich he made to communicate with tive power of something in the ship, the base of the pile by means of a which seems to reside in the ship’s leaf of cochlearia, while by a double centre where the iron shot are kept*. band of grey paper, well moistened

Murrayfield, in vinegar, he made its muscles com

D. B.

Jan 29. 1806. municate with the top of the pile. Instead of horse radish and beetroot, discs of other vegetables may be sub

SCOTTISH REVIEW. stituted with success.

Ferguson's lectures on select subjects The new Comet, which we men- in Mchanics, Hydrostatics, Hytioned in our last memoir as having draulics, Penumatics Optics, Geobeen discovered by Mr Firmager of the

graphy, Astronomy, and Dialing. Royal Observatory, Greenwich, on

A new edition, corrected and enthe 8th December last, was like 'a

larged. With Notes and an Apstar of the ist magnitude, when co. pendix, adapted to the present state vered by a cloud thro' which it might of the Arts and Sciences. By be faintly seen, or rather like Jupi.

DAVID BREWSTER, A. M. In two ter in similar circumstances : But

volumes, with a quarto volume of when viewed thro' a night glase it Plates, il. is. Bell and Bradfute, seemed to have a bright nucleus, sur- J. Fairbairn, Mundell and Son, rounded by a coma. It passed the

Edinburgh. T. Ostell, London. meridian at 65..24'..7" mean time, with right ascension, u..23°..6. THE author of these lectures has 49", and south declination 230..41'.. been always numbered anrong, 8". On the following evening it those whose labours in the cause of could not be seen, tho'the sky was fa. science have been most valuable vourable. It is therefore very pro. and useful. He made several imporbable that it may be moving towards tant discoveries ; and rendered himself its perihelion, and if this be the case, still more serviceable 'bý divesting we may expect to see it again in its mechanical science of its rugged return from the sun.

and repulsive aspect, and by illusA curious paper has been laid be- trating it in a manner familiar fore the Royal Society by Captain and easily understood. This is párFLINDERS, relative to the differences ticularly the case with his lectures, in the magnetic needle on board his which, as the Editor observes, “ have Majesty's ship Investigator, arising enjoyed an uncommon share of public from an alteration in the direction patronage ; and we hesitate not to of the ship's head. The Captain in- . affirm, without the fear of contrafers, 1. That there was a difference diction, that no book upon

the same in the direction of the needle when subject has been so generally read, the ship’s head was East, and when and so widely circulated, among all it was West. 2. That this difference

ranks was easterly when the ship’s head' was West, and vice versa. 3. That when

* Errata in last Number.–Page 892, the ship’s head was North, or South, 30. 1'.893. col. 1. ļine 19. for at read or.

col. 1. line 4. from bottom, for 88. read the needle was not affected by the line 26. the note should have been in ship. And, 4. That the error in va.

the text. P. 894. col. 1. l. 26. for Fire riation was nearly proportional to the magen read Firmager. P. 895.col. 1.1.7. number of points which the ship's for THUSARD read THENARD.

on his

ranks of the community. We perceive amused himself in the night with it in the workshop of every mecha. viewing the stars, and in the day time nic. We find it transfused into the with making models of mills, spinning different Encyclopædias which this wheels, and other things which he country has produced, and we may bappened to see. A Farmer, whom easily trace it in those popular systems he served next, was so indulgent as of philosophy which have lately ap- often to take the threshing Hail out peared.” Pref. p. x.

of his hands and work himself, in orAt the beginning of the first vol. der to allow him leisure for his inume we find a very interesting ac- genious operations. He then spent count of the author's life written by some time in the family of Mr Grant, himself. He was born near Keith, of Achoynaney, and received a great a little village in Banffshire, of para deal of instruction from Mr Cantley, ents in the lowest rank of life. His his builer, who, like himself, was a father taught his children to read and self-taught genius, and to whom he write, but before beginning to teach was so much attached, that, Jarres his letters, was agreeably sur- leaving the family, young Ferguson prised to find chat he had learned to could not be prevailed upon to stay read, by merely listening to his any longer. brothers. He then gave him farther instructions, and put him three months

The following is an account of his

next atchievement. to the grammar school of Keith ; all the education he ever received.

He had made me a present of Gordon's Geographical Grammar, which at

that time was to me a great treasure. “ My taste for mechanics (says he) 'There is no figure of a globe in it, alarcse from an odd accident. When a though it contains a tolerable descrip-' bout 7 or 8 years of age, part of the tion of the globes, and their use. From roof of the house being decayed, my this description I mare a globe in three father, desirous of mending it, ap- ball thereof out of a piece of wood;

weeks at my father's, having tuined the plied a prop and lever to an upright which ba'l I covered with paper, and despar to raise it to its former situation; lineated a map of the world upon it; and, to my great astonishment, I saw made the meridian ring and horizon of him, without considering the reason, wood; covered them with paper, and lift up the ponderous roof, as if it had graduated them; and was happy to find, been a small weight. I attributed that, by my globe (which was the first this at first to a degree of strength lever saw) I could solve the problems. that excited my terror as well as

But this was not likely to affyrd me

bread,and Icould not think of staying with wonder ; but thinking further of the

my father, who I knew full well could matter, I recollected that he had ap- not maintain me in that way, as it plied bis strength to that end of the would be of no service to him, and he lever which was furthest from the had, without my assistance, hands suffi. prop ; and finding, on enquiry, that cient for all his work. P. xxviii. this was the means whereby the He next spent a year with a milseeming wonder was effected, I began ler, where he hoped to have enjoyed making levers. P. xxi.

a good deal of leisure time; but was In the same way he discovered the kept constantly at work, and got axis in peritrochio, and made drawings nothing to eat but a little oatmeal of tbese machines, which were now, he and water.

as he had reconceived, invented for the first time, covered from the weak state to which but was much surprised to find them this regimen reduced him, he went already knowo. Being then put to to a Dr Young, who promised to the employment of a Shepherd, he teach him surgery, but instead of

As soon


to Mr

that, made him work so hard, that in on it, which I did without hesitation, three months he was almost disabled, seeing I had no reason to be afraid and it required a long stay at his fa- of speaking before a great and good ther's to recruit him.

man who was my friend." During his convalescence he amus- He went soon after to London, ed himself with clock and watch with a recommendation making, and as soon as he was able Poyntz, who had been preceptor to to go abroad, carried his globe,clock, the Duke of Cumberland, and of and some maps, to Sir James Dunbar whom he speaks in the highest terms. of Durn, who he had heard was " a ve. This gentleman had a mathematical ry good natured, friendly, inquisitive school in view for him, and wrote to gentleman." Sir James received him an eminent professor of that science, with great kindness, and made him requesting him to take Mr Ferguson take up his residence in his house. into his house, and give him the neAs he discovered a talent for portrait cessary instructions. But after a fapainting, Lady Dipple, sister to Sir vourable answer had been received, James, carried him to Edinburgh, the author suggested the difficulty of and procured him employment among maintaining his wife during the time her friends. Thus, says he, “a bu- he must be under tuition. șiness was providentially put into my

What, says he, are you a married hands, which I followed for six and man? I told him I had been so, ever twenty years.” He acknowledges, since May in the year 1739. He said however, that he never strove to excel he was sorry for it, because it quite dein it, because his mind was “ always feated his scheme; as the master of the pursuing things more agreeable."

school he had in view for me must be 2 After a fruitless attempt to be. batchelor. P. xlix. come a medical practitioner, he re- He had therefore recourse again to turned to his astronomical studies. drawing pictures. His next advenWhile residing at Inverness, partly ture we shall give in his own words. from recollection, and partly from immediate observation, he contrived that although the moon goes round the

Soon afterward, it appeared to me, his Astronomical Rotula, and shewed earth, and that the sun is far on the outit to the Rev. Mr Macbean, one of side of the moon's ofbit, yet the moon's the Ministers of Inverness. This motion must be in a line that is always gentleman advised him to write to concave toward the sun: and upon Mr Maclaurin, professor of Mathe. making a delineation, representing her matics in the University of Edin- absolute path in the heavens, I found it

to be really so. I then made a simple burgh, who approved of it so highly machine for delineating both her path

to procure a handsome subscrip- and the earth's, on a long paper laid on tion for its publication. The au- the floor. I carried the machine and thor then returned to Edinburgh, delineation to the late Martin Folkes, and was received in a very friendly esquire, president of the Royal Society, manner by Mr Maclaurin. Having on a Thursday afternoon. He expresseen an orrery in the possession of sed great satisfaction at seeing it, as it that celebrated mathematician, Mr

was a new discovery; and took me that

evening with him to the Royal Society, Ferguson, of himself, discovered the

where I shewed the delineation, and the machinery by which it was moved, method of doing it. and made one, which he shewed to Mr Maclaurin, “who commended it

In the year 1747, I published a Dis

sertation on the phenomena of the har. in presence of a great many young

vest moon, with the description of a gentlemen who attended his lectures.

new orrery, in which there are only He desired me to read them a lecture four wheels. But having never had a



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