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dour rose,


ed his last. His remains were fol. Her son shall live, at friendship's call lowed to the grave by the medical revive, professors, and a concourse of friends, And Glover in remembrance still sur. and fellow students.

Few during their academical course, and so short

But who shall stay the widowed moa life, have been so generally known ther's tears? and lamented. He will live long in That fondly trusting to his ripening the remembrance of all who knew

years, and loved him. In the commerce, Thinks that his sun, which late in splen. or in the repose and retirement of future life, when the companions of Shall gild with genial beam ner eve. bis youth, his pleasures, and his stu.. Looks on her children with a parent's

ning's close, dies, review the persons and scenes

joy, with which they were early familiar, And sees, in fancy sees, her favouritę Glover will recur to the memory,

boy. associated with the pursuits, the Quick as the thunderbolt from sumhappiness and the objects of former

mer skies days.

Affliction falls, and hope with Edmund

dies. If manly grace, if vigorous . beauty's O God! on thee may stedfast faith debloom

pend, Could soothe the ruthless tyrant of the The Father of the fatherless, the widow's

Friend! If kindness ministering to a youth beloved,

Edinburgh University,

7. T. If friendship e'en to its last office proved, April 23d, 1806. If public sympathy, or secret prayer, That love or anguish mingled with des

pair, If auglit of human skill had power to Report of a Committee of the Horticul

save, Thou hadst not died! nor to thy early

tural Society of LONDON, contain

ing a View of Improvements which grave Assembled youth with kindred sorrow

may be made in gardening. Drawn

up at their request, by T. A. To lay the stranger in his last long KNIGHT, Esq.

home. The eye that blest him sees him now no WERE it possible to ascertain

the primeval state of those veFallen is the form that beauty's image getables which now occupy the atten

tion of the gardener and agricultuThe laurel wreath that science lately rist, and immediately, or remotely, gave,

conduce to the support and happi. Thus early faded decorates his grave. Vet, as thro’Academus' shades we stray,

ness of mankind; and could we trace Or tread, of busier life, the public way;

out the various changes which art or Whilst honour, worth, ingenuousness, accident has, in successive generaimpart

tions, produced in each, few enquiA generous love to every feeling heart; ries would be more extensively interWhilst grace and youth th' admiring esting. But we possess no sources

mind enthrall, And sorrow sees them prematurely fal!; direct us in our enquiries can be de

from which sufficient information to Whilst o'er the deep's green bosom Erin smiles,

rived ; and are still ignorant of the Gem of the ocean, Queen of western native country, and existence in a įsles

wild state, of some of the most im



more ;

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portant of our plants. We, however, rors of ignorance, and to expose the
know, that improved Aowers and misrepresentations of fraud; the ad.
"fruits are the necessary produce of vantages which th: public may ulti-
improved culture ; and that the off. mately derive from the establishment,
spring, in a greater or less degree, will probably exceed the most san.
inherits the character of iis parent. guine hopes of its founders.
The austere crab of our woods las Horticulture, in its present state,
thus been converted into the golden may, with propriety, be divided into
pippin; and the numerous varieties two distinct branches, the useful and
of the plumb, can boast no other pa. the ornamental; the first must occu-
rent than our native slue. Yet few py the principal attention of the
experiments have been made, the ob- members of the society, but the se-
ject of which has been new produc- cund will not be neglected ; and it
tions of this sort ; and almost every will be their object, wherever it is
ameliorat-d varieiy of fruit appears practicable, to combine both.
to have been the offspring of acci. Experience and observation ap-
dent, or of culture applied to other pear to have sufficiently proved, that
purposes. We may therefore infer, all plants have a natural tendency to
with little danger of error, that an adapt their babits to every climate in
ample and unexplored field for future which art or accident places them :
discovery and improvement lies be- and thus the pear tree, which ap-
fore us, in which nature does not pears to be a native of the southern
appear to have formed

limits to

parts of Europe, or the adjoining the success of our labours, if proper- parts of Asia, has completely natu. ly applied.

ralized itself in Britain, and has acThe physiology of vegetation has quired, in a great number of instandeservedly engaged the attention of ces, the power to sipen its fruit in the Royal and Linnean Societies; the early part, even of an unfavouraand much information has been de- ble summer; the crab tree has, in rived from the exertions of those the same manner, adapted its babits learned bodies. Societies for the im- to the frozen climate of Siberia, provement of domestic animals, and But when we import either of these of agriculture in all its branches, fruits, in their cultivated state, from have also been established, with suc. happier climates, they are often found cess, in almost every district of the incapable of acquiring a perfect state British empire.

Horticulture alone of maturity, even when trained to a appears to bave been neglected, and south wall. left to the common gardener, who As the pear and crab tree, in the generally pursues the dull routine of preceding cases, have acquired powers his predecessors; and, if he deviates of ripening their fruits in climates from it, rarely possesses à sufficient much colder than those in which share of science and information, to they were placed by nature, we have enable him to deviate with success. some grounds of hope, that the vine

The establishment of a national and peach tree may be måde to adapt Society for the improvement of hor. their varieties to our climate, and to ticulture has therefore long been ripen their fruits without the aid of wanted ; and if such an institution artificial heat, or the reflection of a meet with a degree of support pro- wall: and though we are at present portionate to the importance of its little acquainted with the mode of object : if it proceed with cautious culture best calculated to produce circumspection to publish well-asper. the necessary changes in the consti. tained facts only, to detect the er. tution and habit of plants, attentive


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observation and experience will soon are not produced till the trees have discover it; and experiments have al. acquired a considerable age, and ready been made, which prove the therefore, though the latter fruit is facility of raising as fine varieties of highly valued, it is at present very fruit in this country, as any which little cultivated. But experiments have been imported from others. have lately been made, which prove

Almost every plant, the existence that both walnut and mulberry trees of which is not confined to a single may be readily made to produce summer, admits of two modes of fruit at three years old ; and there propagation ; by division of its parts, appears every reason to believe, that and by seed. By the first of these the same 'mode of culture would be methods, we are enabled to multiply equally successful in all similar cases. an individual into many ; each of In training wall trees there is much which, in its leaves, its flowers, and in the modern practice that appears fruit, permanently retains, in every defective and irrational: no attention respect, the character of the parent whatever is paid to the form which stock.

No new life is here generat- the species or variety naturally as. ed; and the graft, the layer, and cut- sumes; and be its growth upright, or ting, appear to possess the youth and pendent, it is constrained to take pre. vigour, or the age and debility of cisely the same form on the wall. the plant, of which they once form- The construction of forcing hou. ed a part. No permanent improve. ses appears also to be generally very ment has therefore ever heen derived, defective, and two are rarely construcor can be expected, from the art of ted alike, tho' intended for the same the grafter, or the choice of stocks purposes : probably not a single of different species or varieties ; for, building of this kind has yet been to use the phrase of Lord Bacon, erected, in which the greatest possiihe graft in all cases overruleth the ble quantity of space has been obtainstock, from which it derives aliment, ed, and of light and heat admitted, but no motion. Seedling plants, on proportionate to the capital expendthe contrary, of every cultivated speed. It may even be questioned, cies, sport in endless variety. By whether a single hot bed has ever been selection from these alone, therefore, made in the most advantageous form; we can hope for cuccess in our pur. and the proper application of glass, suits of new and improved varieties where artificial heat is not employed, of every species of plant or fruit ; is certainly very ill understood. and to promote experiments of this Every gardener is well acquainted kind, the Horticultural Society pro. with methods of applying mature

se to give some honorary premi. with success, to annual plants ; for ums to those who shall produce be. these, as, Evelyn has justly observed, fore them, or such persons as they having but litile time to fullil the inshall appoint, valuable new varieties tentions of nature, readily accept nuof fruit, which having been raised triment in almost any form in which from seeds, have come into existence it can be offered them : but trees, since the establishment of the insti- being formed for periods, of longer tution.

duration, are frequently much injured In the culture of many fruits, by the injudicious and excessive use without reference to the introduction of manure. The gardener is often of new varieties, the Society hope to ignorant of this circumstance ; and be able to point out some important not unfrequently forms a compost improvements. Several sorts, the for his wall trees, which for a few walnut and mulberry, for instance, years stimulating them to preternatu.


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ral exertion, becomes the source of hope to receive the support and assisdisease and early decay.

tance of those who are interested in, It is also generally supposed that and capable of promoting, the succes the same ingredients, and in the same of their endeavours. proportioo to each other, which are best calculated to bring one variety of any fruit to perfection, are equal. Critical Observations on HOME, a poem. ly, well adapted to every other va

FVERY one who has remarked riety of that species.

the numerous poems that have rience does not justify this conclusion, lately made their appearance in the and the peach in many soils acquires Scottish metroplis, must congratulate a high degree of perfection where its

his country on the addition which variety, thenectarine, is comparatively these make to the catalogue of British of little value, and the nectarine fre

poetry. The little volume on which I quently possesses its full flavour in a

wish to make a few observations, sent soil whichdoes not well suit the peach, into the world, like many children, The same remark is also applicable anonymously, will not be the less acto the peat and apple; and as defects ceptible to the reader, that the author of opposite kinds occur in the vari- has not wandered for in search of a eties of every species of fruit, these subject. Home, however, poor it may qualities in the soil which are benefi- be, possesses always some attractions; cial in some cases, will be found in.

and there are few who will not jurious in others.

In those districts feel interested in arguments which where the apple and pear are cultiva.

tend to strengthen that attachment. ted for cyder and perry, much of the

I am not of that surly race of cri. success of the planter is found to de.

tics who read a book only to point pend on his skill, or good fortune, in

out its defects. Perfection in hu. adapting his fruits to the soil.

man composition is not to be expectThe preceding remarks are appli- ed ; and when an author sits dowa cable to a part only of the objects and spends his time to please or to which the Horticultural Society have instruct, it were hard not to allow in view ; but that they apply to that him credit for the attempt, whatever part in which the practice of the

the merit of the execution


be. modern gardener is conceived to be most defective, and embrace no in

“ Small is the skill my Lord delights to considerable field of improvement.

praise." In the execution of their plan the The author of the present work is committee feel that the society have certainly entitled to a considerable many difficulties to encounter, and, degree of credit for the choice he has they fear, some prejudices to contend made of his subject. In a short inwith; but they have long been troductory paragraph, he mentions, convinced, as individuals, and their that he has never seen any poems aggregate observations have tended written expressly on the subject of only to encrease their conviction, Home ; but this is not to be wonderthat there scarce exists a single spe- ed at, for the homes of most of our cies of esculent plant or fruit, which British poets of eminence possesseri (relative to the use of man) has yet but few charms for celebration in attained its utmost state of perfec- heroics. A garret and a farthing tion; por any branch of practical taper, “ a cap by night, a stocking horticulture, which is not still sus. all the day," would not be very inceptible of essential improvement ; teresting objects of description or and under these impressions they Panegyric. That, however, which


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former poets have been unable or un. dresses, or invocations, that are made willing to enter upon, has now been to inanimate objects, to any other ; attempted by one, who whatever may for this reason, among many others, be his other merits, has at least the that there is little danger of the poet praise of placing and describing things being interrupted or embarrassed by in a light different from any of his a reply. In this part the author inpredecessors.

forms is, that it is better to be at In offering a few remarks on this home (he mears his fire-side) than word I shall begin with the plan of the among trer.ches, steel-crowned rampoems The author divides it into parts, or even the banks of the Clyde. ihree parts, “because," says he,

says he, in a stormy day; and if there be a “ each part relates to a particular female companion, 66 adorned with period of time." What particular loveliness and youth,” to welcome period of time the author alludes to one, it would be better and better I cannot, after a careful perusal, pre- still. What an inestimable discovery tend to say

Perhaps it may be* is this ! Former writers might hint morning, noon, and night; perhaps at such a thing being the case ; but infancy, manhood, and old age. If it was reserved for the beginning of the former, the author has undoubt. the 19th century, for the author of edly displayed, a great deal of deep " Home,” to demonstrate it by unthinking, acute observation, and answerable arguments. knowledge of the world; for break- In the second part, the author fast, dinner, and supper, are not the transports his readers to the island of least attractions to home at these Juan Fernandes, and versifies a chapperiods. Many people, in remark- ter of Lord Anson's voyage, for the ing the obscurity of the periods purpose of telling us, that his fire-side alluded to, might set it down as a is more agreeable to him than fresh blemish ; but I am of a different provisions and vegetables could be opinion, and must regard it as a beau. to the seaman affected with scurvy, ty. If the author had been clear on after a long cruize. He next points this point, it might have gratified out some of those amusements which the ignorant or the indolent reader ; endear the "seat of his joys to him;"* but, by leaving it a little in the dark, among which are the manuring and he affords to the ingenious an oppor- plantiug of fruit trees, the making of funity of attempting to specify them. zigzag roads, and the propagating Perbaps few poems, however, could of bees. After a few reflections on bear to have fewer resting places the false happiness which “ erring than this ; and there is none that men puisue,” he indubitably proves could be divided with less improprie that the greater part of the people ły into numerous divisions. It is in the world have bitherto been misframed with such a masterly hand, led in this point, aod that to be that neither a transposition of its completely happy, we must beparts, nor any manner in which it

come a cottager, with a large family; could be arranged, would hurt either labour hard all day to prevent us the sense or the melody.

from thinking and have sometimes In part first, the author begins the pleasures of going through "pla. with an address to Clydesdale, that shy fields," or " striving with blindistrict of Scotland watered by the ding snows," or, if we are a little river Clyde. In this he has followed betier educated, we may amuse our the best models. Thomson begins' spare hours in more intellectualjoys.' his seasons with an invocation to Wealth,pleasure, and power, be asSpring, and Pope and many other serts, only enlarge our misery ; of poets invoke certain heathen deities consequence the reader will perceive to their aid. But we prefer the ad. that poverty, pain, and dependance,


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