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nature or acquires it from habit; if their measures, and publish to the his genius lead him to consecrate his world the unbiassed maxims of spe. life to intellectual pursuits, his passions culative virtue. From abstract rea. uniformly become stronger in propor. sorings on the dignity of their princition as his nobler faculties are im- ples, and the cogency of the arguproved; and, though never too vio. ments on which they insist, they flatlent for the guidance of reason, they ter themselves that they are fortified do not remain stationary or inactive. against the contagion of example, "The greatest geniases,” says an ele- and fited to conteinplate the actions gant author, “have commonly the of others with the coolness of indifstrongest affections ; as, on the other ference. But follow them into the hand, the weaker understandings have world, and they will sometimes be gennerally the weaker pașsions ; and found sacrificing their best disposi. it is fit the fury of the coursers should tions, and most permanent interests not be too great for the strength of to the prejudices or solicitations of the charioteer

those around them. The inspiration When a man of genius possesses of the closet is past. The still voice this delicacy of passion, and keeps it of reason is hushed by the syren ander proper controul, honour and tongue of dissimulation, or is over. dignity adorn bis personal character, powered by the clamours of promis. and reflect irresistible lustre on the cuous multitudes. Conscience is lull. authority of his precepts. Impressed ed into a momentary calm, and its with the important tendency of his suggestions are dismissed without doctrines, and anxious to evince their consideration. The virtues cherished possibility, be points out the way, in solitude, and strengthened by fre. and proposes the reward of faithful quent meditation, give place to the endeavours.

tumults of disordered reason. The But, on the other hand, when the action of the cobler faculties is susintellectual balance is destroyed, the pended, and liberty of thought is ob. passions become wayward and unruly, stracted by passion. They are exfrom being deprived of the support posed to the vitiated habits, and pasand countenance of reason. By im- sions, and example of others : and perceptible degrees, their delicacy are driven about by a variety of imdegenerates into an irritability of pulse, and solicited by motives which temper, and they soon usurp autho- never intruded into their retirements, rity over judgement. They foster, They feel their inability for the con. at last, the same vicious indulgencies test, and, because they have not lei. as in those who acknowledge no sure to examine or deliberate, they ther motives of action than their pre choose what they have repeatedly dominant appetites suggest to them. taught others to reject. Foibles that Philosophy cannot teach men to di- allure the upthinking into excess and vest themselves of humanity. Tho' intemperance in gratification, betray their feelings are refined, still they them also when they are hurried into retain their-vigour, and render them action without being prepared. Their obnoxious to all the sorrows and vex- fortitude forsakes them in the trying ations of life. Calm and deliberate hour of temptation, or of difäculty; reflection strengthens their other fa- and they forget the dignity of virtue, culties, and qualifies them to discern renounce her authority, and trample theproper means of attaining rational on her most sacred law's. comfort and enjoyment. In the clo- Thus, they who have stood high set they form their schemes, conduct in the literary world have shewn * Spectator, No. 408. themselves as vicious and unprinci.



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pled as them whose ignorance they pay that respect which is due to his pitied and despised; and have con- memory, and to record some memovinced mankind of a truth they do rial of his character and his name. not readily admit, that the philoso- The gaiety and amusements of pher reasons common affairs, fashionable life were congenial with where his passions are influenced, in bis youth, and lively disposition. the same spirit and weakness with The uncommon fineness of his face, those who never speculate on more his stature, general prepossessing ap. elevated subjects.

R. M. pearance and address, distinguished (To be coritinued.)

him fioin the crowd, and ensured him that reception, which is always gratifying and frequently dangerous

to a young man just entering upon Some Account of the late Dr GLOVER. life. Yet it did not intoxicate him,

it did not in the least throw a veil SIR,

over the natural and open qualities of

his heart. His company was courtDMUND GLOVER, Esq. M. D. ed, and he was highly caressed; yet

, was born in the neighbourhood no man. had less artifice or affecta. of Mallow, in the county of Cork. tion, and he always retained that ho. In early life he lost his father; was nesty, affability, and frankness which the second son of a numerous family, characterised him. These qualities over which his mother watched with much endeared him to his friends, tenderness, and to whom, and to him rendered him esteemed by a numein particular, she looked for the hap- rous acquaintance, and generally adpiness and support of her widowhood mired in public or in private life.

He was educated under The steadiness with which he prepa. Mr Bulkley, and in the autumn of red for his examinations antecedent 1802 repaired to Edinburgh, to pro- to his degree, the examinations which secute the study of medicine, which he passed, bis repeated selection by he had chosen for his profession. In the clinical professor as his clerk, September 1805, he obtained the the manner in which he executed degree of doctor of medicine. In the that office, and in which he presided spring and winter of that year, he over the Physical Society, gave protwice officiated as clinical clerk to mise of considerable eminence in his Dr Duncan. He was elected one of profession when maturer life and enthe presidents of the Royal Physical larged experience should present mo. Society; but during his presidency, tives for industry, and call for the and soon after he had entered on the sacrifice of pleasure on the altar of office of clinical clerk to Dr Home, duty. jun, a second attack of disease, which Thro' his protracted, painful, and baffled the skill of his medical atten- fatal illness, lie had every attention dants, cut short his existence, in the and assistance which numerous kind 22d year

friends, and the most skilful of the These few dates and particulars medical profession could supply. His comprise the principal incidents of a sufferings were acute, and he at life, thus spent, and thus early termi- length sunk under them. About an nated. Yet he died, not unknown, hour before his death, he was free unwept, nor unhonoured ; and by the from pain, knew and spoke to the event, which has bereft his friends of friend who was attending him, and all but the remembrance of him, a about eleven at night, without a sacred duty devolves upon them to struggle or a groan, serenely breath

and age.

of his age.

ed dour rose,

ed his last. His remains were fol. Her son shall live, at friendship's call lowed to the grave by the medical revive, professors, and a concourse of friends, And Glover in remembrance still sur.

vive. and fellow students.

Few during their academical course, and so short

But who shall stay the widowed moa life, have been so generally known

ther's tears? and lamented. He will live long in That fondly trusting to his ripening the remembrance of all who knew

years, and loved him. In the commerce, Thinks that his sun, which late in splen. or in the repose and retirement of future life, when the companions of Shall gild with genial beam her eve. his youth, his pleasures, and his stu.. Looks on her children with a parent's

ning's close, dies, review the persons and scenes

joy, with which they were early familiar, And sees, in fancy sees, her favourite Glover will recur to the memory,

bov. associated with the pursuits, the-Quick as the thunderbolt from sumhappiness and the objects of former

mer skies days.

Amiction falls, and hope with Edmund

dies. If manly grace, if vigorous · beauty's O God! on thee may stedfast faith debloom

pend, Could soothe the ruthless tyrant of the The Father of the fatherless, the widow's tomb;

If kindness ministering to a youth be-

Edinburgh University, 2
April 23d, 1806.

t%} If friendshipe'en to its last office proved,

7. T. If public sympathy, or secret prayer, That love or anguish mingled with des.

pair, If auglit of human skill had power to Report of a Committee of the Horticul

save, Thou hadst not died! nor to thy early

tural Society of LONDON, contain

ing a Vienu of Improvements which grave Assembled youth with kindred sorrow

may be made in gardening, Drawn

up at their request, by T. A. To lay the stranger in his last long KNIGHT, Esq. home.

that blest him sees him now no WERE it possible to ascertain more ;

the primeval state of those ve. Fallen is the form that beauty's image getables which now occupy the atten.

tion of the gardener and agricultu'The laurei wreath that science lately rist, and immediately, or remotely, gave,

conduce to the support and happi. Thus early faded decorates his grave. Yet, as thro' Academus' shades we stray,

ness of mankind; and could we trace Or tread, of busier life, the public way;

out the various changes which art or Whilst honour, worth, ingenuousness, accident has, in successive genera. impart

tions, produced in each, few enquiA generous love to every feeling heart; ries would be more extensively interWhilst grace and youth th' admiring esting. But we possess no sources mind enthrall,

from which sufficient information to And sorrow sees them prematurely fall; direct us in our enquiries can be deWhilst o'er the deep's green bosom Erin smiles,

rived ; and are still ignorant of the Gem of the ocean, Queen of western native country, and existence in a jsles!

wild state, of some of the most im



The eye


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portant of our plants. We, however, rors of ignorance, and to expose the
know, that improved flowers and misrepresentations of fraud; the ad.
'Iruits are the necessary produce of vantages which th: public may ulti.
improved culture ; and that the off. mately derive from the establishment,
spring, in a greater or less degree, will probably exceed the most san.
inherits the character of iis parent. guine hopes of its founders.
The austere crab of our woods lias Horticulture, in its present state,
thus been converted into the golden may, with propriety, be divided into
pippin; and the numerous varieties two distinct branches, the eful and
of the plumb, can boast 110 other pa. the ornamental; the first must occu-
rent than our native sloe. Yet few py the principal attention of the
experiments have been made, the ob- inembers of the society, but the se-
ject of which has been new produc- cund will not be neglected ; and it
tions of this sort ; and almost every will be their object, wherever it is
ameliorat-d variety of fruit appears practicable, to combine both.
to have been the offspring of acci. Experience and observation ap-
dent, or of culture applied to other pear to have sufficiently proved, that
purposes. We may therefore infer, all plants have a natural tendency to
with little danger of error, that an adapt their babits to every climate in
ample and unexplored field for future which art or accident places them:
discovery and improvement lies be- and thus the pear tree, which ap-
fore us, in which nature does not pears to be a native of the southern
appear to have formed any limits to parts of Europe, or the adjoining
the success of our labours, if proper- parts of Asia, has completely natu.
ly applied.

ralized itself in Britain, and has ac-
The physiology of vegetation has quired, in a great vumber of instan-
deservedly engaged the attention of ces, the power to ripen its fruit in
the Royal and Linnean Societies; the early part, even of an unfavoura-
and much information has been de- ble summer; the crab tree has, in
rived from the exertions of those the same manner, adapted its babits
learned bodies. Societies for the im- to the frozen climate of Siberia,
proveinent of domestic animals, and But when we import either of these
of agriculture in all its branches, fruits, in their cultivated state, from
have also been established, with suc. happier climates, they are often found
cess, in almost every district of the incapable of acquiring a perfect state
British empire. Horticulture alone of maturity, even when trained to a
appears to bave been neglected, and south wall.
left to the common gardener, who As the


and crab tree, in the generally pursues the dull routine of preceding cases, have acquired powers his predecessors ; and, if he deviates of ripening their fruits in climates from it, rarely possesses à sufficient much colder than those in which share of science and information, to they were placed by nature, we have enable him to deviate with success. some grounds of hope, that the vine

The establishment of a national and peach tree may be made to adapt Society for the improvement of hor. their varieties to our climate, and to ticulture has therefore long been ripen their fruits without the aid of wanted ; and if such an institution artificial heat, or the reflection of a meet with a degree of support pro- wall: and though we are at present portionate to the importance of its little acquainted with the mode of object : if it proceed with cautious culture best calculated to produce circumspection to publish well-ascer. the necessary changes in the consti. gained facts only, to detect the er. tution and habit of plants, attentive


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observation and experience will soon are not produced till the trees have discover it; and experiments have al. acquired a considerable age, and ready been made, which prove the therefore, though the latter fruit is facility of raising as fine varieties of highly valued, it is at present very fruit in this country, as any which little cultivated. But experiments have been imported from others. have lately been made, which prove

Almost every plant, the existence that both walnut and mulberry trees of which is not confined to a single may be readily made to produce summer, admits of two modes of fruit at three years old ; and there propagation ; by division of its parts, appears every reason to believe, that and by seed. By the first of these the same 'mode of cu'ture would be methods, we are enabled to multiply equally successful in all similar cases. an, individual into many ; each of In training wall trees there is much which, in its leaves, its flowers, and in the modern practice that appears fruit, permanently retains, in every defective and irrational: no attention respect, the character of the parent whatever is paid to the form which stock. No new life is here generat- the species or variety naturally as. ed; and the graft, the layer, and cut- sumes; and be its growth upright, or ting, appear to possess the youth and pendent, it is constrained to take pre. vigour, or the age and debility of cisely the same form on the wall. the plant, of which they once form- The construction of forcing hou. ed a part. No permanent improve ses appears also to be generally very

. ment has therefore ever been derived, defective, and two are rarely construcor can be expected, from the art of ted alike, tho’intended for the same the grafter, or the choice of stocks purposes : probably not a single of different species or varieties ; for, building of this kind has yet been to use the phrase of Lord Bacon, erected, in which the greatest possithe graft in all cases overruleth the ble quantity of space has been obtainstock, from which it derives aliment, ed, and of light and heat admitted, but no motion. Seedling plants, on proportionate to the capital expend- . the contrary, of every cultivated spe. cd.

ed It may even be questioned, cięs, sport in endless variety. By whether a single hot bed has ever been selection from these alone, therefore, made in the most advantageous form; we can hope for {uccess in our pur. and the proper application of glass, suits of new and improved varieties where artificial beat is not employed, of every species of plant or fruit ; is certainly very ill understood. and to promote experiments of this Every gardener is well acquainted kind, the Horticultural Society pro. with methods of applying manure pose to give some honorary premi- with success, to annual plants ; for ums to those who shall produce be. these, as Evelyn has justly observed, fore them, or such persons as they having but little time to fulfil the inshall appoint, valuable new varieties tentions of nature, readily accept nuof fruit, which having been raised triment in almost any form in which from seeds, have come into existence it can be offered them : but trees, since the establishment of the insti- being formed for periods of longer tution.

duration, are frequently much injured In the culture of many fruits, by the injudicious and excessive use without reference to the introduction of manure. The gardener is often of new varieties, the Society hope to ignorant of this circumstance ; and be able to point out some important not unfrequently forms a compost improvements. Several sorts, the for his wall trees, which for a few walnut and mulberry, for instance, years stimulating them to preternatu




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