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ral exertion, becomes the source of hope to receive the support and assisdisease and early decay.
tance of those who are interested in, It is also generally supposed that and capable of promoting, the succes the same ingredients, and in the same of their endeavours. proportion to each other, which are best calculated to bring one variety of any fruit to perfection, are equal.
Critical Observations on HOME, a poem. ly, well adapted to every other va
EVERY one who has remarked riety of that species.
the numerous poems that have rience does not justify this conclusion,
lately made their appearance in the and the peach in many soils acquires Scottish metroplis, must congratulate a high degree of perfection where its his country on the addition which variety, thenectarine, is comparatively these make to the catalogue of British of little value, and the nectarine fre.
poetry. The little volume on which I quently possesses its full flavour in a
wish to make a few observations, sent soil whichdoes not well suit the peach, into the world, like many children, The same remark is also applicable
anonymously, will not be the less acto the peat and apple; and as defects ceptible to the reader, that the author of opposite kinds occur in the vari.
has not wandered for in search of eties of every spécies of fruit, these subject, Home, however poor it may qualities in the soil which are benefi- be, possesses always some attractions; cial in some cases, will be found in.
and there are few who will not jurious in others.
In those districts feel interested in arguments which where the apple and pear are cultiva.
tend to strengthen that attachment. ted for cyder and perry, much of the
I am not of that surly race of cri. success of the planter is found to de. tics who read a book only to point pend on his skill, or good fortune, in
out its defects. Perfection in hu. adapting his fruits to the soil.
man composition is not to be expectThe preceding remarks are appli- ed ; and when an author sits down cable to a part only of the objects and spends his time to please or to which the Horticultural Society have instruct, it were hard not to allow in view ; but that they apply to that him credit for the attempt, whatever . part in which the practice of the
the merit of the execution
be. modern gardener is conceived to be most defective, and embrace no in
Small is the skill my Lord delights to considerable field of improvement.
praise." In the execution of their plan the The author of the present work is committee feel that the society have certainly entitled to a considerable many difficulties to encounter, and, degree of credit for the choice he has they fear, some prejudices to contend made of his subject. In a short inwith ; but they have long been troductory paragraph, he mentions, convinced, as individuals, and their that he has never seen any poems. aggregate observations have tended written expressly on the subject of only to encrease their conviction, Home ; but this is not to be wonderthat there scarce exists a single spe- ed at, for the homes of most of our cies of esculent plant or fruit, which British poets of eminence possessexi (relative to the use of man) has yet but few charms for celebration in attained its utmost state of perfecə heroics. A garret and a farthing tion; por any branch of practical taper, “ a cap by night, a stocking horticulture, which is not still sus. all the day,” would not be very inceptible of essential improvement ; teresting objects of description or and under these impressions they Panegyric. That, however, which
former poets have been unable or un. dresses, or invocations, that are
made willing to enter upon, has now been to inanimate objects, to any other ; attempted by one, who whatever may for this reason, among many cibers, be his other merits, has at least the that there is little danger of the poet' praise of placing and describing things being interrupted or embarrassed by in a light different from any of his a reply. In this part the author in. predecessors.
forms us, that it is better to be at In offering a few remarks on this home (he means his fire-side) than wor's I shall begin with the plan of the among trenches, steel-crowned rampoem. The author divides it into parts, or even ihe banks of the Clyde Three parts,
“ because," says he, in a stormy day; and if there be a “ each part relates to a particular female companion, 66 adorned with period of time.” What particular loveliness and youth,” to welcome period of time the author alludes to one, it would be better and better I cannot, after a careful perusal, pre- still. What an inestimable discovery tend to say:
Pei haps it may be* is this! Former writers might hint morning, noon, and night; perhaps at such a thing being the case ; but infancy, manhood, and old age. If it was reserved for the beginning of the former, the author has undoubt. the 19th century, for the author of edly displayed, a great deal of deep “ Home,' to demonstrate it by unthinking, acute observation, and answerable arguments. knowledge of the world; for break- In the second part, the author fast, dinner, and supper, are not the transports his readers to the island of least attractions to home at these Juan Fernandes, and versifies a chapperiods. Many people, in remark- ter of Lord Anson's voyage, for the ing the obscurity of the periods purpose of telling us, that his fire-side alluded to, might set it down as a is more agreeable to him than fresh blemish ; but I am of a different provisions and vegetables could be opinion, and must regard it as a beau- to the seaman affected with scurvy. ty. If the author had been clear on after a long cruize. He next points this point, it might have gratified out some of those amusements which the ignorant or the indolent reader ; endear the "seat of his joys to him;" but, by leaving it a little in the dark, among which are the manuring and he afford to the ingenious an oppor- planting of fruit trees, the making of tunity of attempting to specify them. zigzag roads, and the propagating Perbaps few poems, however, could of bees. After a few reflections on bear to have fewer resting places the false happiness which “ erring than this ; and there is none that men puisue,” he indubitably proves could be divided with less impropric that the greater part of the people ty into numerous divisions. It is in the world have bitherto been misframed with such a masterly hand, led in this point, and that to be that neither a transposition of its completely happy, we must be parts, nor any manner in which it
come a cottager, with a large family; could be arranged, would hurt either labour hard all day to prevent us the sense or the melody.
from thinking and have sometimes In part first, the author begins the pleasures of going through “plawith an address to Clydesdale, that shy fields," or
striving with blindistrict of Scotland watered by the ding snows," or, if we are a little river Clyde. In this he has followed betier educated, we may amuse our the best models. Thomson begins spare bours in more intellectualjoys.' liis seasons with an invocation to Wealth,pleasure, and power, he asSpring, and Pope and many other serts, only enlarge our misery ; of poets invoke certain heathen deities consequence the reader will perceive to their aid. But we prefer the ad. that poverty, pain, and dependance,
arc, in the author's opinion, the joys where trees with musical vrices are shat should grace a simple home.” the performers, and 21955 roses are the In illustration of this, he introduces chief dancers ! He next describes an episode of his friend Edwin, who his feelings when absent from home: having become bankrupt, went in we shall give them in his own words. search of riches, &c. through va.
must remind the reader, rious parts of the world ; but failing that altho', !o make his ideas appear in the acquisition, was at last ship- more clear, we have extracted them in wrecked, by an odd accident, near the the form of prose, yet in the title page very spot from whence he first set out, of ihe book they are denoininated preand where his sweetheart was sitting try. “ Perhaps my Emma drops an'an“ beneath a beechen grove,” sighing " guished tear: On me, perhaps, a for ber Edwin. This circumstance, suffering cherub calls. I start110 doubt, both amazed and pleased "the lights are dim, the banquet the poor fellow ; and the author “palls; wit pains me ; laughter sickmakes him even question its reality : “ens-if I strive with sadness--if 6. Can this be real? sure enchantment
“ morecheering thoughts revive;.-yet, reigns;
" ceased the boson's animated tone, For seus he not, entranced, his native "the charm, which gives to joy its plaitis?"
"jay, is gone." A prospect from Whether the poor girl had sat in the the window of his house next presents situation described during the time itself, which we are confidedi must of her lover's travels, is not posi. please every reader of taste and lover tively asserted ; but from nothing of agvelty. The waving corn is seen being said to the contrary, it is more spreading its chearful green ; the ripe than probable the author means slie grass is requiring the mower to cut it did. We do not mean to question down; the city of Edinburgh “rears his veracity by doubting of this cir..
its castled crest on the sunny breast cumstance; but we cannot help ex- “ of Lothian,” and the Frith of claiming, in the emphatic language forth is moving, with all conveniof Dr Young, " O what a miracle
ent speed, “to wed, fair stream, the of love is here!” The discovery to Eastern Main." The author leads Edwin of his real situation, and an us next to the West Indies, Africa, assertion that riches cannór contribute &c. in imagination, (by the bye avery in the smallest degree to happines, cheapand pleasant way of travelling,) concludes part second.
till he commands his thoughts to re« The frantic chace of riches I disclaim; turn from their excursion ; and after Love needs them not, to feed his holy a twilight view of various objects, fame.
be presents to us the moon, and many Love needs them not. Let Fortune's
other fine objects. 'At last, "słumber gifis de part; Himself suffices to a faithful heart."
bekconing bids his revels cease," and In the third part, the author intro. he concludes with the following verduces us to his Einma and her home, ses, the first couplet of which well and gives us a concert and ball, characterises his whole production :
"Is this a dream, unauthorised and urin,
Or calming the rough waves of passion’s main ;
Ah, yet, even so, yet better hopes arise,
Enter the gates of day, and find in Heaven their home.” Such are the three divisions into where do I recollect to have seen it & which Home, a poem,” are arrang- better exemplified than in the present ed. On the propriety of the plan which work. Our ancestors, poor silly souls, the author has chosen we will not were content to be pleased, if they hazard any opinion. It may be what could conceive an author's meaning Milton calls * regular confusion ;" without notes; and find feelings and but from not being able to compre- sentiments, expressed in simple lanhend it, I do not absolutely say so. guage, and without violating probaIt is certainly novel in some degree, bility, or transgressing against na
. though many former writers, both ture. But it is another thing to be in 'prose and verse, have contrived to pleased in these enlightened days.puzzle their readers as to the mean- Poetry has well been denominated ing and purpose of their works. 0. an art ; and as such, it should exhibit liver Cromwell was a great states. as little of undisguised nature as posman, though it is related that in his sible. With regard to the present parliamentary speeches bis meaning poem, though it may be in many could not be guessed at. In like places dubious, in others dark, yet manner, the author of “Home” may candour makes us allow that it may be a consummate poet, though even be « dark with excessive bright.” an intelligent reader may not be able
S. E, to distinguish whether his book be
To be continued. prose or verse. The ideas he endeavours to give us of many things might no doubt exist clearly in his General result of Experiments made on mind, though they
" leave not a
the Temperature of the Waters of the wreck behind”. in the conception of Sea.—By M. PERON. any
who may give the work a peru. From “ Annales du Museum National." sal. But I do not blame the book nüt
HE Incomprehensibility is a prominent of is in general beauty in modern poetry ; and no at noon, than that of the atmosphere
observed in the shade at the same the sea, far from the banks, at what. hour.
ever depth it is observed, is in geneIt is constantly higher at midnight. ral colder than that of the surface.
In the morning and evening they This refrigeration appears to bear commonly approach to a state of e. a certain relation to the depth, since quilibrium.
the greater the depth at which the Taking the average of a number observations are made, the greater it of comparative observations between is found to be. the temperature of the atmosphere The two preceding results are and that of the surface of the waves, found equally exact, amid the frozen repeated four times a day, at six in the waves of the two poles and the burnmorning, at noon, at six in the even- ing heat of ihe equator; only at equal ing, and at midnight, in the same depth, the proportion of cold is much seas ; the temperature of the waters greater towards the polar regions. of the sea is constantly higher, in The results of every observation whatever latitude the observations hitherto made on this subject unite may be made ; at least I myself have in proving, that the deepest abysses of never seen an exception to this rule, the sea, as well as the summits of our from 49° North, to 45° South. highest mountains, are eternally fro
The average temperature of the zen, even under the equator. waters of the sea on their surface, and Pursuing a comparison, exact in all at a distance from continents, is there. its relations, between the temperature fore higher than that of the atmos. of the gulfs of the ocean, and that of phere with which its waves are in the highest peaks of our continents, contact.
it follows, that in the former, as well The relative temperature of the as in the latter, a very small number waves is increased by their agitation, of vegetables and animals must live. but their absolute temperature is al.
Results similar to those which we ways diminished.
have observed in the bottom of the The temperature of the sea rises in sea, have shewn that the same degree proportion as the observer approaches of cold existed at great dupths in the to continents or large islands. principal lakes of Switzerland and
Other circumstances being equal, Italy. the temperature of the bottom of the The observations of Georgi, of sea, along the coasts, and in the vi. Pallas, of Gmelin, of Ledyard, and cinity of continents, is higher than in of Patrin in Siberia ; those of the cethe middle of the ocean.
lebrated and rigorous observer SausIt appears to rise the nearer we sure in Switzerland, seem to prove, come to continents and large isles. that the case is the same in the boom
The heat of the lands five times of the earth wherever the observations more considerable; the smaller depth have been made far from mioes. of the bed of the sea, the concen. Similar results have been lately obtration of the solar rays, and ihe tained in America, by Shaw, Maccurrents, must apparently be regard. 'kenzie, Umphraville, and Robson. ed as the essential causes of this phe. Ought not the union of so many nomenon.
facts to throw some uncertainty upon It appears not improbable, that the the theory so generally received, and animals and vegetables, which cover otherwise doubtful, of a central fire the bottom of the sea, may contribute maintaining an uniform and constant to this, by the higher temperature temperature of about 10° in the which they appear to enjoy. whole mass of our globe, whether li« The temperature of the waters of quid or solid.