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cise our rational powers, after the la. put into the mouths of James M'Al. borious operations of the week. The pin, porter ; Charles Hodge, farrier, principal end of the meeting is to and myself, it is sufficient to observe, read the Weekly Journal, and your that they are the ignis fatuus of his Magazine. But in order to have the own rickety pericranium, and were whole members present before the never delivered in our society. When reading commences, an additional this gentleman laid aside all conscihour is allowed, and the reading entious scruples, and launched out incommences at nine, whether all the to the wide ocean of fiction, it might members are assembled or not." In naturally have been expected, that the interval from eight to nine, in he would have produced something order to prevent confusion, and di- capable of amusing the public. rect the general attention of the so- But admitting (for argument's sake,) ciety to one particular point, the that the speeches were delivered by president proposes a question for dis- the persons to whom they are ascrid. cussion, and every member who ed, I can discover no fund of enterchooses may deliver his sentiments. tainment to amuse the public. The This rational and cheap amusement only objection against me is, that I costs, each of us about 4s. per an. am a tailor, and borrow similes from num. Instead, therefore, of meriting the terms of my art. Certainly there censure, or being pointed out as ob is nothing either criminal or ridicujects of ridicule, I cannot conceivelous in being a tailor. how we could spend a leisure hour, The charge against M'Alpin is either more rationally, or more eco- that he wears a bonnet, and speaks nomically.

Scotch. I know several noblemen, Had the great Goldsonith, or the who wear a bonnet and a kilt too, feeling Gray, been introduced to our and speaks broader Scotch than society, how differently would they Jamie M’Alpin does. have acted ? They would have buna The charge against the well-dressied themselves in discovering a Ci. sed man, Charles Hodge the farrier, cero here, a Demosthenes there, &c. is much the same with that preferred &c. and the only motions they would against myself, viz. that we borrow -have felt, would have been those of our similes from the terms of our repity and regret, that we had not spective occupations. Had Mr S. basked in the sun shine of erudition. been acquainted with human nature, Though they might have disappro- either practically or theoretically, he ved of our manner of handling a dis- must have known that the same cussion, still they must have been thing takes place, more or less, a. pleased with the efforts of untutored mong all ranks of mankind, particugenius.

larly in the navy. It is certainly no blame of ours The sum of the whole is, that Mr that we did not receive a liberal edu.

S. (according to his own account of cation, and Mr S. certainly does us the matter,) was introduced into a much injustice by asserting that we society of honest tradesmen, who meet to discuss subjects in every de- were conversing in their own homely partment of literature. We, on the style. Cabbage was a tailor, and contrary, make no pretensions to li. spoke of elbows and remnants. Jamie teratúre at all, but we conceive we M‘Alpin wore his own native dress, have as good a right as he has, to and spoke the language of his coundiscuss such subjects as come within try. Charlie Hodge the farrier, spoke the sphere of our knowledge.

of circulation and cathartics. The As to the speeches which he has president committed the heinous


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transgression of being a jolly looking theatre. The vast and exalted imaman, and the still more heinous one


which are raised in the mind, of wearing a tie wig.

by the pomp of heroic verse, and the Proh pudor ! proh'mores!

amplification of heroic fiction, shrink It occurs to me, that Mr S. is ei. into a degree of meanness, that bether a poor caterer, or the public are

comes quite ridiculous, when reduced easily gratified.

to the standard of ordinary, nature, I am, however, in

and exhibited in the person of a clined to think, that he had intruded himself on them in the same manner

modern actor. The impression which as he did on us, and that they will ap

the sight of Achilles on the French pretiate his merits accordingly. He

stage first made upon me will never

be effaced : a more farcical and ludi. ought to recollect, that it is not the

crous figure could scarcely present want of education, but the affectation of it, which makes a man ridicu.

itself to iny imagination, than a pert lous; and the little amusement he

smart Frenchman, well rouged, laced, may have afforded the public, is at

curled, and powdered; with the gait his own expence, not ours.

of a dancing master, and the accent To conclude, Mr Editor, I would of a milliner, attempting to personate advise this vapouring blade, (if he

that tremendous warrior, the nodhas the least remnant of common

ding of whose crest dismayed armies, sense left to clout the elbows of his

and the sound of whose voice made

even the war horse shudder. The folly,) to regulate his amusements according to his own mind, and let generality of the audience, indeed, us do the same. If I am troubled

never having viewed the original with more of his ridiculous nonsense,

through the dazzling and expansive I shall , (sans ceremonie,) rip up his medium of Homer's verses, thought

only of the lover of Iphigenia : and rotten seams to some purpose. I am, Sir,

were, of course, as well satisfied with

Mons. Achille as with
Yours, &c.


any amorous hero, " that struts and frets ANTHONY M.CABBAGE. Habit-maker, Edinburgh.

his hour upon the stage." In this,

as in other instances, the habitual asP.S. If you insert this, I will make sociation of ideas makes the same ob.

your next pair of over-alls for no- ject contemptibly ridiculous to one, thing.

and affectingly serious to another, A. M.

In this country, however, the charac. ters of the Iliad and Odyssey have

been so generally known since Pope's Character of the Heroes of the ILIAD splendid translation, that no tragedy and ODYSSEY.

has been popular, in which they have

been introduced ; and, I believe, From Knight's Enquiry into the Prin. Thomson's Agamemnon is the only ciples of Taste.

instance of their being brought upon HORACE's advice of preferring Horace drew his rules and instruc

the character and fictions of the tions from the practice of the Greek Iliad to those of common nature or theatre; where the actors were so history, as the materials of tragedy, disguised by masks and cothurni ; seems to me very ill adapted to the and the whole performance so much principle of modern drama, how more remote from ordinary nature, well soever it may have suited the than the modern drama, that inconsplendid exhibitions of the Greek gruities of this kind were less promi

the stage.


nent and offensive. The most emi- dered human life in the abstract, as nert, too, of the Greek tragedians a delusive mockery of vain hopes and changed and perverted the characters fears, which it was almost a matter of the Iliad and Odyssey, when they of indifference either to preserve or brought them upon the stage : as destror. appears from the Ulysses and Mene- Had the 'Achilles of the Iliad, or laus in the plays of Sophocles and the Ulysses of the Odyssey, been Euripides, still extant; which are such as Horace las described the gross caricatures of the same clia- onc, or Euripides exhibited the zacters in the Homeric

poems. It other, they would not have intereswas probably from some caricature ted the untutored, but uncorrupted of this kind ibat Horace took the feelings of an Homeric audience, how pori: ait of Achilles which he re. well soever they might have succeeded commends to dramatic writers : for on the Attic theatre : for men, in the it is extremely unlike the hero of the early stages of society, when manners lliad, who is, indeed, impiger, ira- are general substitutes for laws, are cudus, acer; active, irrascible, and scrupulously observant of whatever eager : but so far from renouncing

or public opinion has esta. or denying any of the established blished as a criterion of politeness or righış and institutions of law, mora- good breeding ; the principles of lity, or religion, that he is a steady which, as before obscrved, are the and zealous observer of all : pious to same in all ages and all countries, his gods, dutiful to his parents, hos- howsoever the modes of showing pitable and polite to his guesis; kind them may vary. Herce neither the and generous to his subjects, faithful violent and attrocious passions of the and affectionate to his friends, and, first of these heroes, nor the wily aropen, honourable, and sincere to- tifice and versatility of the second, e. wards all. Neither is he an inexorable ver make either of them deviate from enemy, till exasperated by the loss the character of a gentleman, even of the man most dear to him, and according to our present motions of soured by despair and impending that character, allowing always for death.

the change of exterior forms or cere. Despising his own life, as a frail monies of fashion. Though the one and transitory possessionof little va- is impetuous, and the other tempe

lue; while the pride of conscious su. rate in his expressions of resentment; periority taught him to consider, that both equally preserve the digniof others of sull less value, he be. ty of high pride and conscious sucomes sanguinary thro' magnanimity, periority; and both are invariably and gives an unbounded scope to his kind, civil, and attentive to all, whom resentment from not thinking the the weakness of sex or age entitled objects of it worth sparing. Consi- to their protection or compassion.dered in this point of view, the Any of that unfeeling rudeness with seeming incongruities in the charac. which the Ulysses of Euripides reters of several of the mighty heroes jects the supplications of the captive and conquerors of real history be. Hecuba for ihe life of her last rebecome consistent and united. In maining child, or any of that selfish their private and individual transac- coldness, with which the Æneas of tions, where their particular sympa: Virgiltreats the unfortunate princess, thies have been called forth, they whose affections he had seduced, have been mild, generous, and com- would have so degraded either of the passionate ; but in dealing with man. Homeric heroes in the estimation of kind in the mass, they have consi- the simple but gallant warriors, ta


25. 6d.

whom the port sang, that all their grees of information of his audience; subsequent actions would have be. so that they might appear wonder: come uninteresting, as flowing from ful, but not incredible. Virgil's great the polluted source of vulgarinsolence excellence is delicacy of sentiment and or self-h meanness. Though we are expression, joined to the most tech. now, perhaps, less fastidious than they nical skill and just feeling in dreswere upon such points of morality, sing out and embellishing every cir." we still appear to be much more so cumstance or incident, that he emthan either the Athevians or Ro- ploys ; but in the appropriation of mans were at tlie respective periods those circumstances and incidents, to of their highest degrees of civiliza. persons and characters, he is general. lion and refinement; for such a scene ly less happy than Tasso, and in no as that of Euripides, above alluded degree whatever to be compared with 10, would not now be borne on any bim,-“ cui nec viget quidquam si. stage ; and every modern read. mile aut secumdum." or of the AEneid finds, that the episode of Dido, though in itself the most exquisite piece of composition

SCOTTISH REVIEW. existing, weakers extremely the sub. sequent interest of the pocin ; it Pamphlets or Highiand Emigration. being impossible to sympathize either

1. Strictures and Remarks on the cordially or kindly with the fortunes

Earl of Selkirk's Observations on or exertions of a hero who sneaks away from bis high-minded and

the Present State of the Highlands much-injured benefactress in a man

of Scotland. By Robert Brown, ner so base and unmanly. When,

Esq. 8vo. too, we find him soon after imitating

2. Remarks on the Earl of Selkirk's all the attrocitics, and surpassing the

Observations, &c. 8vo. 68. utmost arrogance of the fui and

3. Eiglit Letters to the Earl of Sel-, vindictive Achilles, without display.

kirk, Svo. 25. 6d. second edit. ' ing any of his generosity, pride, or IN

N our number for August last, we energy, he becomes at once mean and took a view of Lord Selkirk's ve. odious, and only excites scorn and in- ry interesting, publication. It appeadignation ; especially when, at the red to us to be founded on the most conclusion, he presents to the unfor. sound principles of political economy, tunate Lavinia a hand stained with and the facts which it stated accord. the blood of her favoured lover, ed sufficieptly with what was generalwhom he had stabbed while begging ly understood to be the present state for quarter, and after being rendered of the Highlands of Scotland. At incapable of resistance.

the same time, if these could be proIndeed, I cannot but think, in spite ved to have no foundation, most of of all that critics have said of the his Lordship’s conclusions would no judgement of Virgil, as opposed to doubt fall to the ground. It be. the invention of Homer, that if there comes important, therefore, to en. be any quality, in which the author quire whether or not the above of the Iliad stands pre eminently su. pamphlets contain any satisfactory perior to all his followers, or imita- refutation of the statements contain. tors, it is in that of judgement, or ed in that work. Of the three, we a just sense of propriety in adapting consider Mr Brown's as the most vaactions to persons, and circumstances luable; for though it possesses no to characters ; and modifying his fic- : pretensions to philosophy or ele. vions to the understandings and de- gance of style, it is replete wi 4,7 June 1806.

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ter of fact, and wears a certain solid claimant of high ancestry, who has the and practical air, which inspires con- vanity to affect the pomp and state of fidence, Theis Remarks'' are less his grand ancestors.

Even such ya. valuable in this view, though better nity is not unaccompanied with some written ; and the “ Eight letters” of, or rather a contemp: for, useful in

good effects. It generates a disregard are the best written, but contain dustry, and it also leads to pecuniary least information of all the three. embarrassments, which ultimately bring

The first question is, whether a the estate to the hammer. depopulation has actually taken place These estates are commonly transin the Highland estates.

And of ferred to men who have made money in this there seems hardly the least trade, or in the East or West Indies. ground to doubt. The throwing nu.

Such new proprietors are well qualified

to repair all the mischiefs which the merous farms into one, the employ- ridiculous affectation of chieftainship ment of machinery, and the necessity had produced. In place of a gang of under which high rents place the idle menials, which his exsublimity kept farmer of exacting from one man the about his person, and of lazy and sloven. same degree of labour which was

ly tenants, who, in place of cultivating, performed by two or three, must all wholly neglected the land; the new contribute to produce this effect. It useful industry; and effecting the im

proprietor excites, and liberally rewards, has taken place in fact to a great ex. provement of the estate on an enlighttent, even in those parts of the low ened and prudent plan, contributes to country where great improvements the permanent capital of the nation. have been carried on ; but much

Strictures p. 13. 15. more in the highlands, where the

Recruiting in the High ands is now whole number of people which the completely an an end, on the former

and his Lordship cannot point produce of the land was capable of out an instance of any one proprietor, maintaining, were actually collected who sacrifices the substantial contents upon it. This depopulation is ac. of a rent-roll, for a parade of idle recordingly asserted by Lord Selkirk, tajners.

Ditto, p. 86. and amply coofirmed by Mr Brown, Is it reasonable to suppose, that a fac.

tor, unless he saw it to be for the ad,

vantage of his constituent, would prefer The author is correct in stativg, that

a numerous race of people on an estate the present generation of proprietors to a few substantial tacksmen? are more intent on obtaining an ade.

He generally receives a certain perquate return in money for their lands, centage of his employer's income; and and less disposed to sacrifice their real it may easily be conceived, that if a interest, than their predecessors, whose large estate of sconl. or 10,000l. aambition, warranted by sound policy, year was let to twenty or thirty tenit was to retain a numerous body of ants, the duty of the factor in upliftidle adherents. What was sound policy ing the rents, and of superintending the at one time, might prove gross folly at

internal management of the estate, would a subsequent period, when circumstan- be much more agreeable and easy, than ces were completely changed.

to collect the same rent from seven or An assertion is made, (p. 24), that eight hundred tenants, and to enter on some proprietors, from vanity or ten. complex management of a numerous derness, still retain their people, by the population. sacrifice of their pecuniary interest. But, in fact, no examples have occurred

Another circumstance, which tends in the course of my acquaintance with greatly to encrease this depopulation, the Highlands, of proprietors maintain is the general prevalence of sheep ing their dependents in feudal idleness, against their own interest; though there farming. Mr Brown indeed attempts may be, perhaps, a solitary instance, of to disprove that this has any such ef. some small proprietor, the doubtfnl fect. According to him, the moun.


who says,


Ditto, p. 90.


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