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of 700 ladies in the galleries, and the ry draft the service for which the same whole hall was completely filled i should be drawn. (201199 901 in bo

The Serjeant at Arms then made pro. The Preamble then concluded with claination: tin i Sonic Y V averring, that Lord Melville had acted

“Oyez, Oyez, Oyez! Whereas char- fraudulently, corruptly, and illegally, ges of high crines and misdemeanouts in the several instances followingle

, have been exhibited by the Honourable ART. 1. Charged that Lord Melville, the House of Commons, in the name of whuist Treasurer of the Navy, and themselves and of all the Commons of previous to noth January, 1986, took Great Britain, against Henry Lord Vis. and received from the money imprestcount Melville, all persons concerned ved to him as Treasurer 10.000le, or are to take notice, that he now stands some other large sum or sums, and upon his trial, and they may come forth, ri fraudulently and illegally converted in order to make good the said chare and applied the same to his own use,

or to some other corrupt and illegal The Lord Chancellor then addressed to purposes, and to other purposes than Lord Melville, in a short speech, to Navy Services.

511 st which Lord Melville replied. The And that he continued such fraudulent Clerks of the Court then proceeded to and illegal conversion and application 'rçad the charges, and Lord Melville's after passing of the said act for better answers to them.

regulating the office of Treasurer of The Articles of Impeachment were in sub

the Navy. And that the said Lord stance, as follow:

Melville declared in the House of

Commons on the lith day of June, The preamble stated the Letters pa. i 1805, that he never would reveal the tent, dated the 19th day of August, 1782, application of the said sum; and addappointing Lord Melville Treasurer of ed, that he felt himself bound by a the Navy, and the King's Warrant, tives of public duty, as well as private dated the 23d October, 1782, granting

honour and personal convenience, to to him a salary of 4ohol. per annum, in

conceal the same. ilsvbs to 9204 full satisfaction of all wages and fees, Al which is avcrred to be contrary and other prohts and emoluments there. to 'his duty, a breach of the 454st retofore enjoyed by former Treasurers of posed in him, and a violation of the the Navy. That Lord Melville contis laws and statutes of the realm.on. nued Treasurer from the 19th August, - Art. II. Charged that Lord Melville 1582. till the inth of April 1783 ; and in breach and violation of the said act was again appointed on the sth January, of parliament for better regulating his 1784, by Letters' Patent of that date office, connived at, permitted, and that he received a similar Salary War- suffered Mr Trotter, illegally, to draw rant, "dated the 18th January, 1986; from the Bank of England for other and that his Lordship continued in of. purposes than for immediate applicafice under this second appointment till tion to Navy Services, large sums of the 31st May, 1800.

? money out of the money issued on acThe Preamble also stated certain re- count of the Treasurer of the Navy ; solutions of the House of Commons, and connived at and permitted him to and reports of the Commissioners of place the same in the hands of Messrs. Accounts in 1782; and set forth some Coutts and Co. the private bankers of of the clauses of the act passed in June the said Alexander Trotter, ie his own 1785, for the better regulating the office name, and subject to his sale controul of Treasurer of the Navy.

and disposition bis 21100) It also stated, that on the roth Jam 19 Which is averred to be contrary to nuary, 1786, Lord Melville appointed to: law- a breach of the high trust reposAlexander ever of attorney authorized vl and statutes of the realm oos os

Esq. his Paymaster; ed in him, and a violation of the laws and him to drawu

upon the Bank of Eng. ART, UI. After stating that Ms Trot. land, upon the account of Lord Melville ziter, by virtue of the authority given 3s Treasurer, for all such sums as should to chim, drew arge şumas of money Be wanted for the public service; the from the Bank of Englanda charged said "Alexander Trotter being particus that the said Alexander, Frotter did, larly careful to specify in each and even with the privity, by the coppivance,

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and with the permission of Lord Mel- clause contained in the release betweise
ville, apply and use such money, or them with a view to prevent the disa
great part thereof, for purposes ot pri- covery of the said several advances of
vate advantage, or interest, profity and money.31W
emolament and did place the sanze, ARTE VIL Charged that Lord Mel-

part thereof, in the hands of ville received from the said Alexander
Messrs. Thoma's Coutts and Co. mixed Trotter, amongst other advances of
withånd undistinguished from the pro. 1 money, the sum of 22,000k part ad.
per movies of the said Alexander Trot. - vanced exclusively from public money,
ter; whereby the said sums of money band other part, from the said mixed
on were not only used for private emolu- no fundvat Coutts and Ca’s.
boment, but exposed to risk, and with partor VIIL , Charged that amongst

drawn from the controul of the Trea- 17.ather advances of money, Lord Mel1 suret of the Navy.iko umer (390 ville received from Mr Trotter the 5. ART. IV. Charged thát Mr. Trotter, t sum of 22,000 for which it had been

with the privity, or by the connivaöce, ti alledged by, Lord Melvile, he

and permission of Lord Melville, pla- 5it pay interest. To ced sums issued from the Exchequer < ART. IX. Charged that during all or

on account of the Treasurer, i sand z's the greater part of the time that Lord 10 drawn from the Bank of England, in Melville was Treasurer, the said Alexbroshe hands of Mark Sprot and other ander Trotter did gratuitously and

persons, and applied and used the same Without salary act as Lord Melville's 97 for purposes of private advantage or Agent, and was from time to time in i interest profit orvemolument, and for advance for him in that respect to the bbbother than Navy services.

sramount of from 10,000,- to 20,000l. OMART. V.Chargediríthat Lord Melvilles And that the said Alexander Trotter tsy

dia, after the 10ths January, 1786,1 in did so gratuitously transact the private 09 Haudulently and illegally, for the pur- business of the said Lord Melville, pose

of

advantage or interest to him, and make him the said advances of 1781 Self, or for acquiring profit or emolu- money in consideration of the said Lord 37 tient therefrom, or for some other core , Melville conniving at the said AlexanDili igupt and illegal purposes and for pur der Trotter so applying and using the

poses other than Navy Services, take publie money for purposes of private alliana receives from the public money.es emolument. 11.00 338 bplaced in his name at the Bank of Art. X. Charged that Lord Melville, air' Englapak as Treasurer of the Navy, on divers days and times between the bris

the sum of 10,000h and did fraudulenty-19th August, 1982, and he sth Janu. Wsby and illegally convert and apply they ary, 1784, and also on divers days be, :9110 game to his own uscy or to some other tween the 5th January, 1784, and the - sgila

corruptuand illegal purposes. 10 siIst January, 1786, receive from the mo20 PARTOV!. Charged thai Lord Melville nies imprested to him as Treasurer or -98 n did procure and receive from the said Ex. Treasurer of the Navy, divers sums

Ps Alexander Trotter advances of several amounting to 27,000l. and did fraudu. of in Farge sums of money,

which were made dently and illegally convert and apply him in part from money so illegally the same to his own use, or to some oio 279 drawn from the Bank, and in part ther corrupt and illegal purposes, and awo ziston sums so placed by the said Alexii to other purposes than Navy Services, fuorinander. Trotter in the hands of Messrsa and did continue the said fraudulent

Coutts and Co. when mixed with and and illegal conversion and application 24 yr händistinguished from the proper mo: 1 after the passing of the act for better 20991 nies of the said Alexander Trotter, regulating the office of Treasurer of Wol And that the said Alex. Trotter kept the Navy..

an account current with Lord Melville, To these articles Lord Melville plead. jort entered in certain books, and the books ed NOT GUILTY ; and the Commons re. 1971g and answouchers, memorandums and plied, averring that he was GUILTY. unwritings, in the possession of the said The articles, answers, and replication, 99 Alexander Trorier and Lord Melville, having been read, Mr Whitbread (one bib 19 relative thereto, were burnt and de- of the Managers for the Commons) rose

stroyed by them, in pursuance of a and spoke as follows:

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My My Lords, I am commanded to open able height, when it wasī necessary to is to your Lordships, at once, all the char., begin plans of economy and reform, and; ges exhibited against Henry Lord Vis:' when there existed in the Ilouse of Come in count Melville. This course is adopted, mons of that day, spirits who were detess! as much because the matters of charge mined to inquire into the true situation, are of themselves dificult of separation, of the country; a commission of ac, as because those,' to whom the manage- counts was instituted by act of parliament of this cause has been entrusted, ment, to ascertain what had been the have determined that upon them shall mode of the expenditure of public mot to rest no imputation of delay.

pey, what balances it was right to call My Lords, I fear it will be necessary for, and what enactinents it was right. T. for me to enter into a long and fatiguing to make in future for the due execution detail of perplexed accounts, and to give of this office. These commissioners, one : a narrative of dry facts, which are sus- of whom is in the box, a fellow-manager ceptible of no einbellishment.

of mine, executed the trust reposed in I trust, my Lords, in the course of them with diligence and ability, and this prosecution, that, whatever ardour they made a variety of reports ; among I may feel to bring to an issue the most others, a special report in the office of: honourable to the Commons of Great Treasurer of his Majesty's Nayy. They tis. Britain, that charge which they have ex stated the balances that had been in the hibited against the Defendant, I shall the hands of the Ex-Treasurers, and ada pul not be betrayed into any intemperante vised that regulations should be madena'. or expression whatever towards the in future, to prevent such accunulation Defendant 1. My Lords, truth delights of balances; that no temptations should 19 : in the language of temperance; and she ever be held out to any future treasurer, makes her most forcible appeal in the to do that which they complained for=-013accents of moderation, and I may be mer frcasurers had done. 119. pride n' believed when I say, my Lords, that I Mr Whitbread then stated, certajn * E. am as anxious to avoid the infliction of resolutions of the House of Commons;

conės ant himself (and much more upon those the King to increase the salary of Moabit who are most near and dear to him) as I Barre (who was Treasurer of the Navy... 69: am anxious to obtain a legal conviction in 1782) to 49001. a year, in lieu of all, u of that which I know to be moral guilt. emoluments theretofore enjoyed by for- i

But, my Lordsy neither will! 1 sin mer Treasurers of the Navy. in the opposite extreme, 'hor be betray- He then stated, that when Mr Barre dereliction of duty. My Lords, I will Navy, the noble defendant succeeded ed by the affectation of candour into quitted the office of Treasurer of the speak for that I loveso I will speak for him and that he was bound by his 9 justice. If the party accused have done Majesty's waryant, granting the salary so as we charge, his fault is double, for of 4000l. per annum, to make no use of van he came in uponi reformation, the public money to his interest or adin h discovered the abuses of others; and this vantage, My Lords (continued hode 1'0» I would say unto you, if I were to die the defendant at the time he came into i*>29, this hour-faults by mistake, God for that office, appointed Me Douglas, to .. bid that you should be harshin cetisuring, be his paymaster; a, gentleman o who 95 po but errors that are wilful, spare them not. had exercised the office of paymastersus

My Lords, the 'office of Treasurer under several Treasurers of the Navya't cu of the Navy was founded in the begin. I believe for a succession of almost 21 tu. ning of the century before the last;

teen years, with a slurruptin?! certain stipend was allowed to the person tion during the time that, Barré exror's who executed that office ; and although ercised that office. My Lords, WC 99 it was never legal so to do, yet down to charge, in the

first article of simpeach-tics a certain period it was irreproachable to ment, that t the Noble defendant during t. those who exercised that office, to make the time Mr Douglas was his paymaster, use of the publico money which passed and previous to an act of parliament, through their hands.-: 011 is to som to which I shall

»şoon, have occasion My Lords at the close of the Ame. to call the attention of your Lardships, • rican war, when the "expeñces of the did, in breach of his duty, possess hitsleis. country had risen to a very considera" self of a certain sum of money. My

Lords,

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sayo. Si Lords; I beg your Lördships to consider' either interest or advantage of the pube at this period the situarion in which the blic money, Commons have stood with regard to the The noble Lord is a man of educa. articles that they have exhibited to your tion and

sense;

is elevated by the faLordships. At the time they were ex. vour of his Majesty, and in consequence hibited, the committee were not in pos- of services which his Majesty has been session of a great part of the evidence pleased to acknowledge, to a situation in which I shall now have the tonour to which he passes sentence, in this house, open to your Lordships. We drew as a judge upon life and death, upon his the charges as it were in the dark, but honour, in cases of felony and treason,

yet, that the evittence, whatever it might be said, that he never did that, which we might apply to some of the articles,

s; or undertake to prove that he did; and rather some parts of the charge, which he has said, and subscribed his name to we have adduced agaitist' the noble' that assertion, that he was ready to take Lord. And I also beg your Lordships the solemn sanction of an oath tu that to consider, that the lapse of time, from 'effect.

9 } {{ ན་ རྒྱུང་། the, date of the crime which we charge My Lords, I charge that the noble 17:13 upon the defendant in the first 'article, Lord it only took this money, but is no less than twenty four years, that that he used it for his own advantage, many of the persons who acted in these and part of it for his own interest. transactions have been long since asleep Your Lordships know, that I am 10 in their gravés ; that much of the writ: adverting to the first charge, which is ten evidence which we ought to have that Lord Melville had possession of a sit been able to collect has been purposely

main sum of 10,0001, Now korefer". destroyed, and put out of the way

lordships to the tenth article, for ..." that much has been accidentally lost; and it is necessary that we should take so that we are now driven that

wit, those two articles together; the ro,000f: nesses, who were actors in actions, in order to establish before your mixour Lordships, will find hereafter,

in the 27,000l. which is Lordships the guilt of the person whom charged in the tenth article, as I shaldis we accuse. But our dificulties are sur- have the honour to explain to your mounted, I trust ; and we shall be able to lead your Lordships by al circuito de Lordships presently.

First of all though upon the tenth arpath ; by small steps perhaps at first, ticle itsel: ; how are the Commons pres but afterwards, as I have the satisfaction pared to prove that article? And to say, była more plain and open road, what is the evidence that is to be adó to an eminenee, from when shallo my Lords, no less than a confession,

duced to you upon this occasion? Why,
survey all the transactions of
dant, during the course of tlie last eigh which I heard made by the defendant
teen ydars.au
the difficultia na maumg all himself in the House of Cominons. He:

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result shall be siguch as to establish an
ave met with the avowed that he had

taken 10,000, of irresistible conviction in the minds of ha

had not used it to purposes of private." your Lordships. My Lords, if we have

profit or advantage, but he told the 3*5* conquered our difficulties we cannot House of Commons this remarkable fact, however coneiden out feelings, and it is that he was determined he never would a must päinfot rask which I am now a. reveal, to any human being, what the bout to undertake ; for, my Lords, your application of that 10yoool. was That Lordships perhaps may know, (if n we know and we are to proves that expression, the defendant uttered in the

face of the House of Commons ; and at a certain time'lin the course of the last spring, the defendant did, in a mos peated, in the face of your Lördships

which, perhaps, may now be 'to be reas: ment of forgetfulress, writt á letter ad and his country, That I say was an dressed to the Commissioners of Naval impeachable offencer He, nor any man Enquire the the outlet a

table of the House Com - bove the law. There is no dawewhich mons; and which does in "substance authorise the paymentiof that mocontain a denial, that, during the pay. ney: He tells you he did it illegally; mastership of Mr Douglas,' he made he tells you he did it for your benefit,

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and yet he will not tell you, to whom sum of money ordered to be paid to or for what service he paid the money. the Treasurer of the Navy, was delic

My Lords, we not only charge that vered to him in such way, as beschuse the noble. Lord was possessed of the to take it : for instance, he might have sum of 10,000.. but we charge also, that it all written into his bank bouk, jf be he continued in possession of it, after pleased, and carried to the account of a new æra had taken place in the Navy the Treasurer of the Navy, or, that he Pay Office, contrary, as it would then might put some in the bank, book, and be, to the act of parliament ; and we take some away in bank, nutes or cash, know, not only that he confessed it and place it where he thought to you? in the House of Commons, (which I , It so happened thaton the oth of beard,) but that he confessed it to November 1782, Mi Douglas had a paya person, whom I must now pame for ment to receive at the Exchcquer, to the first time to your Lordships, Mr the amount, I think, of 4.5.200hs Mr Alexander Trotter, and whom hereaf. Deuglas chose to have 49,0901written ter I shall have occasion frequently to into, i.is bank book, and to take 5.99gl. name, Soon after Mr. Trotter was ap- away in bank unutts. Now this is a pointed Paymaster of the Navy, Lord transaction that has often taken place Melville confessed to him, that he was before. Former Paynjasters of the Navy, at that time in possesion of this sum, and Mr Douglas among others, in the

On the 19th August 1782, Lord Melo execution of that offices under jether ville (then Mr Dundas) was, for the Treasurers of the Navy, have frequentfirst time, appointed Treasurer of the ly acted in that manger; they havs freNavy. On the 20th of August the sym quently taken sums of imanęy. in bank of joogle was paid by Mr Douglas into notes, and had the balance written into la banking house with which the noble their book: but as far as we have been Lord has an account on behalf of Mr. able to trace all the sums so subtracted Dundas.,

from the aggregate balancegimpressed Now, my Lords, who was Mr Dou., to the Treasurer -of, the Nayy, were glas? for it is necessary we should sheiv uniformly sums of 30001., wbich were explicitly, by proof, who he was. We set apart ta pay excheqyer fees, a This shall shew he was pymaster, appoint. -50001. that Mr Douglas so took ;

from ed under proper authority by Mr Dun- the Exçhequer, and put into his pocket, das; and that every saet he did at the, was never carried into any, public time, and afterwards, as paymaster of count whatever; it was carried tua place, the Navy, bad the sanction of the de- according to the statement made by fendant himself; and that he, insa pecu. Mi Douglas, which also was a place of Jiar manuer, shewed his private confi. safe custody, one in which he had a night dence in him, distinct from the public to deposit it ; it was carried to what is confidence he gave him by his letter of called the iron chest of the office il attorney. I do not believe that the Mr Whitbread then stated some partopol. sv paid, was any part of the pub. ticulars of the account Mr Douglas kept lic money, but that upon the first esta, of the money they deposited in the iron blishment of the connection of the two chest; but as no evidence was given - men, a payment of 1000l. was made of them, it is not thought necessary, to

perfectly legal and perfectly proper.enter further into the subject. He then Early, however, in November, a pay. stated, that of the sogol, received by ment of a different description was made, Mr Douglas at the Excheques, one into the banking, house, of Messrs. note for sopol, was sometime afterwards Drummonds, on the behalf of the de-, paid to Lord Melvilles. account at fendant. It is necessary; I should state Messrs Drummonds. And that another to your Lordships, that in the then, note for 1990l. received by Mr Douglas mode of conducting the office of Trea: at the Exchequer in the sanas surer of the Navy, the paymaster of the subsequent period, was a fortnight afNavy was in the habit (after the men terwards paid in discharge of a private morials, had been issued upon which the debt of Lord Melyille's,

.210mmo : * Warrants of money were granted from Mr Whitbread then continued, I 27the Exchequer, of going to the Ex. have heard the noble defendant say,

chequer, together with a bank clerk, that, at the time he held the office of and, having presented his warrant, the Treasurer of the Navy he was in a vast

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