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The officers to whom this increase with regard to the weekly wages of would apply were really deserving of handicraftsmen, which amount to more" some consideration for their increased than sol. a-year. Without, therefore, service and responsibility, being next admitting the 'objection to the taxing of in command-to the Captains, although ' labour of any kind, he certainly thought they had no more pay than the young- that the burthen ought not be laid to a est Lieutenant.--To the petty officers great degree on this class. He would and warrant officers tie also thought then propose a clause, by which incomes that some further addition ought to have of this kind, amounting to po more than been granied. If the means of that ad- 305. per week, or ss. a day, should be dition were even taken from the pro-' exempted altogether. Helikewise proposed augmentation of the pay of sea. posed, that with regard to inconies men, he was sure it would excite no arising from annuities from the funds or murmurs, and the difference would on- Jand, and from small crades, the scale !y serve as an additional stimulus to the should be raised from 100l. to Isol. inseamen to seek, by good behaviour, for stead of 100l. as it stood before. the offices thus improved in revenue. Mr Wilberforce thought that the ex. The Warrant Officers, whose rank was emptions ought to be extended to other somewhat on a level with that of Quarter. . classes, but he did not specify them. Masters and Serjeant-Majors in the ar. niy, ought to be allowed at the rate of

Monday, April 28. sl. a-month; and Petty Officers, whose The report of the Committee of Sup. rank is equal to that of Serjeants and ply being brought up, and the question Corporals, ought to be allowed 31. a.

put on the first resolution, relative to month. Pensions, the Noble Lord con- the additional pay of the Navy, Lord ceived, ought to be allowed to the wi. Garlies moved two amendments, one of dows and children of seamen who died which was, that ist Lieutenants of line in the service. A noble Lord (Mel- of battle ships, including those of 50 ville) who, although now under the dis, guns, should have a further addition to pleasure of that House, was a great their pay of 1s. a day. The other vas, practical Statesman, had it, he knew, in that instead of increasing the Petty Of. contemplation to adopt this plan of pen- ficers on the present plan, another class sioning the poor widows, and also to should be added to those that now exist. make many of the arrangements now He proposed that there should be 25 proposed by the Noble Lord over the gunners to a lrundred gun-ship, and so in way. Having alluded to that Noble proportion. The speaker informed the Lord (Melville), he begged leave to Noble Lord, that the only question besay, that more was done for the British fore the House was, whether a gross sum Navy by that Nobleman and his succes. should be granted to his Majesty, to be sor who immediately followed him, and expended as he thought proper in addi. the glory of the country was carried to a tion to the pay of the Navy. - Lord higher eminence by them, than by any Howick said, that if the Noble Lord - two persons to be found in our naval thought it necessary to allow a further annals. The Noble Lord particularly increase, the best mode would be to applauded Lord Melville's plan of build. have an estimate drawn out, and move ing ships in the merchants yards. it in a committee.

The resolution was agreed to.
Lord Henry Petty moved the order of

Wednesday, April 30. the day for committing the Property The motion for the second reading of Tax bill. Altho' he was aware that this the Bill for the repeal of the additional was not a time in which exemptions Defence Act gave rise to a long debåte, were to be multiplied, or in which eny if that can be called a debate where great relaxation could be expected, yet, the speaking was nearly all on one side. at the same nme, when he looked at the The Bill was opposed by Sir J. Pultney, situation of some members of the com. Mr Canning and others, on the ground munity, he found himself compelled to that it went to deprive the country' of a lessen the burden on particular, classes. real benefit, and placed nothing in its The first instance in which he thought stead. The only member of weight who this indulgence ought to be granted was- spoke for the repeal was Mr Wilberforce,


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who considered the principle of the De- office of Receiver General of the Ex-
fence fact to be vicious and defective. cise. The object of the bill was to re-
He at the same time took occasion to quire that the balance should be paid
offer a very handsome tribute to the me- regularly into the bank, as in the cases
mory of its author (Mr Pitt.) From of the Treasurers of the Navy and Ord-
the long experience, he said, which he nance; and to prevent any possible mis.
had of the conduct of that illustrious application of the money, that it should
character, he was convinced that, had be drawn from the Bank into the Ex..
he lived, he would have been the first chequer by one single draught. He al-
person to propose at least a substantial so obtained leave to bring in similar
alteration in the act in question, if not bills for the regulation of the offices of
a total repeal of it. Is was one charac- Receiver General of the Customs, of the
teristic of that great man, well deserving Stamp Duties, and of the Post Ofice;
of admiration, 'hat although he frequent- as also of the office of Surveyor Gene-
ly, in the furmation of his measures,

rals of Wcods and Forests.
trusted solely to the resources of his
own capacious mind, upheld by the dig-

Tuesday, May 6.
nity of conscious rectitude, yet, when The order of the day being moved
he was convinced that these measur 86 for the commitment of the bill for re-
were erroneous, he abandoned them, re- pealing the additional defence act, a
gardless of the accusations of inconstan- long debate ensued, in which the me-
cy and inconsistency, and readily adop. rits

and demerits of that measure were ted others of a different description. It once more canvassed. It was on the was this that rendered him one of the one hand, as before, contended, that safest ministers that this country ever now that the nature of it was undersaw.–The second reading was carried, stood, it promised to serve all the pur. on a division, 235 to 119.

poses for which it was intended; that it

might be amended, hut ought not to be Thursday, May 1.

repealed until some substitute was proIn a committee, the following resolu- posed for it. On the other hand it tions, moved by the Lord Advocate of was asserted, that the bill had not only Scotland, were adopted :-" That an proved totally inefficient, but highly addition of 4001. per annum be granted to injurious; and that whatever other meaghe Judge of Admiralty in Scotland. sures might be resorted to for improving 2d, Tbat an addition be made to the sala our military system, it ought to be rearies of each of the commissaries of Edin. pealed, as derogatóry to the character burgh, to the amount of 510l. per. ann. of a free and independent nation. The

The third reading of the slave impor- opposers of the bill entered into a re. tation bill was opposed by Mr Rose, view of Mr Windhan's proposed mi. Sir R. Peele and others, who asserted litary system. They considered the that the loss that would be sustained by project of enlisting for limited service it in the exportation of British manu- as fraught with danger, and they de. factures, exclusive of the export of East, precated any attempt to injure or disIndia goodę, would amount to between courage the volunteers. Mr Percival two and three millions, Mr Fox, in sup- said h believed the volunteer system porting the bill, said, he did not flatter to be the most important, effective, and himself that it would abolish the Slaye cheapest mode of defence that this

Trade altogether, but if it should have country could contrive. By the re.
any effect in that way, he should be turns on the table it appeared, that the
more enamoured with it than ever. greater part of the volunteer corps were
If Ministers could once attain the aboli- fit to act with regiments of the line
tion of that traffic, they would, in his He understood it 'was the opinion of
mind, gain and acquire more real glory, Lord Moira, with regard to the volun-
than by any other transaction in which 'teers of Scotland, that they were ef-.
they might possibly be ever engaged. fective soldiers, and that he would be
The bill was passed after a division, for glad to lead them against the enemy.
it 35, against it 13.

Surely the opinion of Mr Windham Lord H. Petty obtained leave to bring ought not to be put in competition with in a bill for the better regulation of the ovat of the Noble Lord. Perhaps (said



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the Hon. Member) the Righe Hon. in continuing their services, even tho'
Gentleman has never inspected any of the whole plan of the Right Hon. Se-
the volunteer regiments. There is one cretary should be carried, he was satis-
source certainly which may have led fied they would persevere in the same
him to form opinious not much in their line of conduct they pursued for years,
favour-I mean the corps of volunteers and would to the last exert themselves
at Pilbree, in Norfolk, of which he is in defence of the country in every re-
Colonel. It is very singular, that of all spect.
the corps in Norfolk, the only Colonel At the close of the debate the gallery
is the Right Hon. Geotleman himself. was cleared for a division, but none
In general they are only captains, but took place. The bill passed through a
he concentrates in himself the honours Committee *.

of the highest military raok. It might
naturally be expected that he had a re-

Wednesday, May 7.' giment at least to command. By the Sir J. Newport brought forward the return it appears that the whole com- Irish Budget. He gave rather a faplement of his men is seventy three vourable account of the situation of fre. rank and file-Field Officers, 'none

land. The value of her exports had Captains nonemSubalterns none-Staff greatly increased, and although the innone Serjeants two, and these, I sup. terest of money was higher than in this pose, the Drill Serjeants; Drummers country, the Loan of two millions had none. We have thus the Right Hon, been contracted for at fan interest of Gentleman's own corps, exemplifying 41. 175. 2d. Whereas it was last year $1. in perfection all the evils of the volun. teer system, he complains ofm(a laugh.) Irish revenue he imputed to chant

125. 4d. The unpromising staté of tñe The Lord'Advocate of Scotland observ- of arrangements similar to exist. ed, that the additional defence act ope. ing in Great Britain, and which it was rated in Scotland as a tax on land, on intended to introduce. The supply for commerce, industry, and every thing the year, including Ireland's proportiou belonging to them. It had in fact no of the joint charges of the Empire, reference or analogy to Scotland what- would be 8,175,1691. Hebad prepared ever. He remembered a meeting which · ways and means, which he estimated at took place in Edinburgh for the pur- 8,180,2 The new taxes we ere 3$. 6d. pose of carrying the act into execution. per cut. on brown or Muscovado SuThe first thing that engaged the atten. gar; zs. per cwt. on Russian and Swe tion of the gentlemen assembled for dish Iron, instead of 12$. per ton, the this laudable purpose was the non-exis- present duty; 30 per cent. on Tea un. tence of parisli officers in Scotland—the der 25. 64. per lib. ; a new arrangement main-spring of the act. The only offic of the Stamp duties, and of the Malt cers in Scotland of a parochial descrip- duties, and also of the distilletiés. He tion, that could at all be assimilated to proposed to withdraw the bounty of 3 the English parish officers, were the per cent. on the large stills, and the schoolmuster, and the sexton, or grave.

whole bounty on stills of 500 gallons. digger; and it did excite some discussion - After some conversation, the resoluat the meeting he had jusť alluded to, tions were agreed to. whether apy person whatever could pos

In a Committee on the Property Tax sibly be found more fit for raising men un.

Bill, the injustice of taxing åll, incomes der such anact, than the above-mentioned alike, whether for a short grave-digger! Adverting to the Volun- rary, or a stable and permanent period, teers, the learned Gentleman observed, was strongly urged by several Members, that it had been said they were discon

hut tented and dissatisfied all over the country ; this probably might He the case * Among the accounts, daid: before among

ong, the volunteers of England, but Parliament is a statement of the expenamong the volunteers of Scotland, who ces of the Volunteer Corps, amountequally brave as loyal, and who, by the ¡ng, in a period of about three years bye, were sensible men (à loud laugh,) and a half

, to upwards of 13-429,90el. of there was not the slightest murmur or whích 26,9001, bias been paid 12 Inspeet

to Insperson complaint. So far from any reluctance ting Officers.

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but Lord H. Petty expressed his disin. mily; and after a short conversation, clination to admit any farther excmp- a resolution passed to carry into effect tions.

the provision mentioned by his MajesThe following is the principal A. ty, Lord H. Petty stated, that 90,020!. mendment now made in this Bill :- of the 120,00ol. were to be laid out in

6. Where the income of any person the purchase of a mansion and lands, shall arise wholly froin labour, at daily to be annexed to the title'; that 10,000h. or weekly wages, shall not have exceed were to be given to Earl Nelson, to ed, in any one week in the preceding make such riparations or improvements year, or in any subsequent week previa

therein as he should deem necessary; ous to the assessment, the sum of thirty and that 10,0001. each were to be grantshillings, nor in any one day during that ed to his Lordship’s tivo sisters. period, the sum of five shillings, and the The additional Force Act Repeat same shall be proved, by affidavit, on Bill was read a third time, after a strethe path of the party, and by the certi- nuous opposition from Sir J. Pulteney, ficate of' ihe persons to whom such Mr Yorke, and Mr Percival. A clause wagęs have been paid; and in case it was added by way of rider, to provide shall appear, that such party shail not. for the families of men enlisted under. be in the receipt of any sum of money the Army of Reserve Act. arising from any other source, the Com- Mr Sheridan concluded a long speech missioners may adjudge the income so in favour of the repeal, by denying that arising, as not amounting to fifty pounds, he or his Honourable Friends' acted at ånd grant an exemption from the duty all from hatred or disrespect to the meaccordingly.The abatements are not mory of the great and illustrious man altered, consequently none are allowed (Mr Pitt) who framed the Defence for children, A new scale of abatement Bill, to whose transcendant ability and is made for all incomes between sol. and unimpeached integrity he paid a hand1501 at which last-mentioned sum the some tribute, declaring,' for himself, full tax of ten per cent. commences. trat no man more admired him while

“ According to the new scale,' a de. living, or more revered and respected duction of is. is to be allowed for every him now that he was dead :-" There pound between the amount of the in are many (said Mr S.) who fattered come and the sum of 150l; thus upon him more than L, and some who feared an income of Gol.ra-year, gos. or 41. 105. him more ; but there was no man, who is to be gllowed, which deducted from had a higher respect for his transcen61. leaves the duty payable on an in- dant talents, his matchless eloquence, come of Gol, a year kl. 105.; upon an and the greatness of his soul; and yet it income of 701. Sos. is to be allowed, has been often my fate to have opposed which reduces it to 3l. and so in grada- his measures. I may have considered tion up to 1591.

that there was somewhat too much of

loftines in his mind which could not Il Friday, May 9.

bend to advice, or scarcely bear co-opeThe motion for going into a Com. ration. I might have considered, that mittee on the Pig Iron Duty Bill was as a statesman his measures were note warmly opposed by Messrs. Curwen, S. adequate to the situation of the counWortley, Mordaunt, Lascelles, Wilber.

try in the present times, but I always force, Francis, and Çanning, Lord A. -tbought his purpose and his hope was Hamilton, &c. &c. They contended for the greatness and security of the that tlie measare was pregnant with the Empire." most destructive effects to every branch Sit Hew H. Dalrymple brought in a of commerce, manufactures, and agri. Bill for improving the harbour of Dunculture. On a division the majority for bar. the commitment was only ten-there

Wednesday, May 14. being for it 119, against it 109.

Mr Jeffrey brought forward his long Tuesday, May 13.

threatened charges against Lord St Vin

cent, whom he accused of having, while A Committee of the whole House he was at the head of the Admiralty, took into consideration his Majesty's" utterly neglected the means of increa. message, telative“to Earl Nelson's fac sing our naval force. He concluded


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the United States; the departure of the Mr Rufus King, formerly Minister at Leander, Cambrian, and Driver from London, has distinguished himself in the the harbours and waters thereof, and in- meetings at New York, and the resoluterdicting for ever the entrance of such tions about the death of Pierce. This harbours and waters to the said armed can only be ascribed to the elections vessels, or any vessels which shall be going on, where ibe two parties are commanded by the Captains (repeating forced to bid against each other at the their names) of the British ships of war auction of popularity. mentioned.”. Should they refuse to de

GENERAL MIRANDA'S EXPEDITION TO part, or return at any time, all intercourse with them is prohibited; pilots

South AMERICA. are forbid to assist in navigating them; We mer tioned in last Mag. p. 359. and no supplies of any kind are to be that an expedition had sailed from New furnished to them.

York under Gen, Miranda, for the purThe death of Pierce, the American pose of effeeting à revolution in the seaman, is not the only grievance of Spanish government of South America. which the President, in his Proclama. Finding that this extraordinary undertion, complains. The violation of the taking has excited much anxious specu. jurisdiction, and "the unlawful inter- lation both in America and Europe, ruptions and vexations committed on the we are hence induced to give some more trade" of the United States, are also detailed account of it to our readers. brought in justification of this severe The Leander, Captain Lewis, sailed order.

from New York in February last, with The ferment created by this unfor- General Miranda, a large quantity of tunate event had, however, consider- regimental cloathing, arms and accoutreably subsided at the date of the last ac- ments for 15 or 20,000 men---she clearcounts; but as the Leander had again ed cut for, and arrived at Jacquemel, sailed from Halifax, to resume her sta- in St Domingo, about the ist of March. tion off New York, it is feared that her On her passage slie met with the British re-appearance may have produced fresh ship of war Cleopatra, who pressed irritation. During the height of the twenty of the people on board, all of popular fury on the late occasion, no whom are said to be English or Irisli

, Englishman, known to be such, could and were without protections, in lieu appear in the streets of New York, but of whom the Clevpatra put on board the at the hazard of his life.--Parties pa. Leander a number of Američans. On raded with American colours hoisted the arrival of the Leander at Jacqueover those of England. Meetings had mel, there was the appearance of the been held to originate resolutions, in greatest secrecy; no one was adruitted which England was execrated, and their on board, nor noone, except Capt. Lewis, own Government treated with the gros- was permitted to go on store, and he, sest contempt, for its ta:diness in de- as soon as he landed, set off to visit and claring waragainst England. The walls report to the Black Emperor of Hayti, were covered with inflammatory hand- at the new city of Dessaline's, which is bills, the writers, of which, with the built in the mountains, and strongly newspapers attached to the party, stuck fortified; it being the determination of at nothing that might fan the popular the brigands to burn all the towns on fury.

the, sea coast, should the French ever This unfortunate event produced also attempt to invade the island again, and a great sensation at Washington; it was defend themselves in the mountains to supposed that five frigates would be or- the last. While Captain Lewis was on dered immediately for New York, and his visit to the Emperor, the negroes that every vessel that could carry a gun at Jacquemel became very, uneasy at would be got ready. Congress had ad- the great secrecy observed by the Leanjourned to December, but it was sup- der, and before return sent a formal posed that it would be summoned to

their business, and meet again by the middle of this month, made preparations to attack the Lean

In the violence of parties which has der, should their Ambassador not be been displayed on this occasion, the well received; but their messenger Federalists are the most intemperate. meeting a polite reception, and an ex


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