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grammatical education, nor time to stu. too apt to be regarded as a failing, uy the rules of just composition, I ac- tended only to heighten the respect knowledge that I was afraid to put it to

in which he was constantly held. the press; and, for the same cause, I

In this history of Mr Ferguson's ought to have the same fears still. But

we may progress,

in having the pleasure to find that this

some degree

my first work was not ill received, I was trace that capacity of communicaemboldened to go on, in publishing my tion, which forms so peculiar and Astronomy, Mechanical lectures, 1 ables valuable a feature in his intellectual and Tracts relative to several arts and character. Having spent a long time sciences, the Young gentleman and la- in acquiring the elementary parts of dy's astronomy, a small Treatise on

these sciences, and having discovered electricity, and my Select Mechanical exercises.

many of them without any foreign In the year 1748, 1 ventured to read aid, he had these parts strongly im. lectures on the eclipse of the sun that pressed on his mind. From the full jell on the 14th of July in that year. experience which he had of the diffiAfterwards I began to read astronomi. culties that obstruct the first avenues cal lectures on an orrery which I made, of knowledge, he was both qualified and of which the fgures of all the and disposed to facilitate their enwheel- work are contained in the sixth

trance to others. More conversant and seventh plates of my Mechanical exercises. I next began to make an ap

make an ap- with things than with words, he had

not learned to employ pompour paratus for lectures on mechanics, and gradually increased the apparatus for words without any determinate meanother parts of experimental philosophy, ing. All his works therefore have buying from others what I could not had a wide circulation, and the premake for myself, till I brought it to its

sent we believe beyond any other ; present state. I then entirely left off which may be easily accounted for, drawing pictures, and employed myself in the much pleasanter business of read by the wide compass of information ing lectures on mechanics, hydrostatics, which the lectures contain. But tho' hydraulics, pneumatics, electricity, and they have passed through ten succesastronomy, in all which my encourage. sive editions, they have hitherto been ment has been greater than I could have always presented to the public in expected.

their original state, without any atHe concludes, (P. liii.)

tempt either to supply deficiencies; It is now thirty years since I came to or to enable them to keep pace with London ; and during all that time I the rapidly advancing progress of have met with the highest instances of scientific discovery. This task was friendship from all ranks of people both reserved for Mr Brewster, who has in town and country, which I do here acknowledge with the utmost respect executed it with very great diligence and gratitude; and particularly the and success. The addition which his goodness of our present gracious Sove- notes have made to the original work reign, who, out of his privy purse, al- 'is not merely confined to the bringlows me fifty pounds a year, which is ing it down to the present time. regularly paid, without any deduction. .

Ferguson's information seems derived By a short supplement which Mr chiefly from experiment and observaBrewster has added to this memoir, it tion, without any great knowledge appears that the author lived only of books. By an extensive acquainfour years after writing this account tance with the writings of others on of himself. His character is describ- the same subject, Mr Brewster has ed as religious, mild, worthy, almost been enabled to supply what was without a fault ; and even the won. wanting, as well as to correct some derful simplicity of his manners, errors into which he had fallen. А which in a state of artificial society is few perhaps might be pointed out as



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unnecessary ; but these are rare in. epicyclords, geometrically, and the me. stances, and by far the greater pum.

thod of drawing lines parallel to them--ber are curious ard valuable.

On bevelled whecis, and the method The appendix is of considerable

of giving an epicycioidal form to their

teeti.On the formation of the teeth length, and is in some respects more of rack work, the wipers of stampers, important, even than the work to

E:C.-On the nature and construction which it is annexed. An absurd pre- of windmills--Description of a wird. judice has long confined philosophy mill-On the form and position of to subjects of mere curiosity, and windmill sails---To And the momen. which can be of no use for the pur.

tum of friction-To find the velocity

of the wind-On the efiect of windmill poses of common life. Even in these

sails--on horizontal windmills---On lectures a comparatively small por.

the nature of friction, and the method lion is devoted to subjects of this of ciminishing its effects in machinery kind. Indeed it must be owned that -On the nature and operation of fly the French have here been more in. wheels---On wheel carriages-On the distrious than us ; thuir greatest phi

formation of carriage wheels--On the losophers have sedulously ernployed

position of the wheels--On the line of

traction, and the method by which horthemselves in rendering their know

ses exert their strength-On the posiledge subservient to useful purposes.

tion of the centre of gravity, and the From these and other sources, Mr

*manr:r of disposing the load--On the Brewster has given a full description thrashing machine--On thrashing maof the best nicde of constructing the chines driven by water-- On thrashing machinery used by the husbandman, machines driven by horses on the she manufacturer, and the merchant. power of thrashing machines-- On the

construction and effect of machinesThe best mode of giving an idea of

Description of a simple and powerful the variety of information contained

capstane--A mechanical method of
in this part of the work, will be by finding the centre of gravity.
the following abstract of its contents.


On the steam engine-On the power of
On the construction of undershot water

steam engines, and tle method of comwheels för turning machinery--On the

putingit --Description of a water blowconstruction of the mill course-0.

ing machine.

Optics: the water wheel and its float boards-On the spur wheel and trundle-On On achromatic telescopes--On achrothe formation, size, and volocity,of the matic object glasses--On achromatic millstone---01 the performance of un

eye' pieces-On tlie construction of dershot mills--on a new mill-wright's optical instruments, with tables of table-On horizontal mills-On dou- their apertures, &c. and the method of ble corn mills-On breast mills-Prac. grinding the lenses and mirrors of tical remarks on the performance and wirich they are composed--On the meconstruction of overshot water wheels thod of grinding and polishing lenses----On the method of computing the ef

On the method of grinding and polish, fective power of overshot wheels in ing the mirrors of reflecting telescopes turning machinery--On the perfor

-On the single microscope-On the mance of overshot and undershot

double microscope-On the refracting anills-On the forisation of the buck- telescope-On the Gregorian telescope ets, and the proper velocity of overshot

On the Cassegrainian telescope-On wheels---Account of an improvement

the Newtonian telescope-Description i fiour mills-On the formation of the

of a new fluid microscope, invented by teeth of wheels and the leaves of pini.

the editor. ons--On the formation of epicycloids,

Dialing: inechanically, and on the disposition of Description of an analemmatic dial, the teeth on the wheel's circumference which sets itself--Description of a new Ou the forination of cycloids, and dial, invented by Lambert.



The pre


Such being the case, we shall endeaOn the cause of the tides.

vour to contribute to its improveThe essay on the construction and ment, by pointing out such deficieneffect of machines was furnished to

cies as have occurred to us in the the author by his friend Mr Leslie, present edition. Beginning with now professor of Mathematics in the names which have been entirely on University of Edinburgh, a gentle. mitted, we find those of Darniey, man whose name must render any

husband to Q. Mary ; the Earls of farther recommendation superfluous. Mar (one of whom was for some time

regent of the kingdom, and the other acted a conspicuous part in the

union of the kingdoms ;) De Poe, Biographia Scotica ; or a Scottish Biographical dictionary: By J. Moore of Glasgow; Dr Maeknight,

an author universally known; Dr Stark. 18mo. 55. Constable & Co.

author of Harmony, &c.; Dr Wil

son St Andrews, author of Hebrew THE title of this work will sufi Grammar

, and Commentary on the

of its contents, which cannet fail to be Apocrypha. These omissions, the

' highly interesting to the Scottish they may be pardonied in considera

tion of the merit of the work, and public. The idea of a Biographia of its difficulties, are yet suficiently Scutica seems first to have been con- important, to call forth the author's ceived by Lord Hailes, and he actually published a few biographical vigilance in avoiding similar ones on

a future occasion. sketches as specimens.

We would suggest the following sent, however, is the first time that any complete attempt has been made

names as deserving to be more fully

treated of: Barbour, Melvil, Blackto supply this important desideratum lock, Maclaurin, and Gerard. Smolin Scottish literature. Considering let, on the other hand, seems extendthe vast extent of this subject, and ed to a disproportionate length. the great variety of sources from

In the lives of noblemen, the narwhich its materials must be drawn, rative is given under the name rather it vould be uncandid to expect that

than the title. This we do not ob. it should be produced at once in a state of perfection. We can say, which they are chiefly known, there

ject to; but as it is the latter by however, that it discovers marks of great industry, and is very creditable ought certainly to be a reference

'from the one to the other. We do to its author, especially as we under. stand it was composed under such Murray, Morton, and Bothwell

, un

not readily look for the lives of unfavourable circumstances, as der the heads of Stewart, Douglas, quired great assiduity and activity of

and Hepburn. mind to surmount. The timates, that the present volume is

As a specimen of the author's merely thrown out with a view of style, we shall insert a life of an infeeling the pulse of the public, and genious friend of his own, which that should he meet with

will of itself form an interesting bio

encouragement, he intends to undertake a fu. graphical article. ture edition, on a more extended

Richard Gall, a Scottish poet of scale. We are glad to understand that its reception has been sufficient- house, near Dunbar, in December 1776,

considerable talents, was born at Linkly favourable to encourage the au- At an early age he was sent to the school thor to proceed in this inteution. at Haddington, where he acquired a pro




ficiency in English grammar, writing, ful effort in this department of poetry, and arithmetic. When he had attained those published of Mr. Gali's songs, the age of eleven or twelve years, he have obtained a share of popularity, was put under the care of a relation, 10 scarcely inferior to the best songs of learn the trade of a house carpenter. that admirable writer. One of Mr. Gall's This occupation not suiting the genius songs, in particular, the original manuof young Gall, he soon left it, and went script of which I have by me, has acto a respectable builder and architect, quired a high degree of praise, from us to acquire the practical part of his pro- having been printed amongst the works fession. Here, however, he did not of Burns, and generally thought the long continue. Disliking this as much production of that poet. The reverse, as the former occupation, he resolved to indeed, was only known to a few of Mr. leave it; and in consequence of this Gall's friends, to whom he communidetermination left Haddington, where cated the verses betore they were pube he then was, and waiked on foot 10 lislied. The fame of Burns“ stands in Edinburgh (a distance of sixteen miles), no need of the aid of others to support to which his father's family had some it; and to render back the song in questime before removed. In 1789 he was tion to its true author, is but an act of put apprentice to Mr. David Ramsay, distributive justice, due alike to both a respectable printer in Edinburgh. these departed poets, whose ears are This line of life being more congenial now equally insensible to the incense to the inclinations of Mr. Gall than any of flattery, or the slanders of maleof the others he had formerly made trial volence. At the time when the “ Scots of, he remained in that gentleman's ser- Poetical Museum" was published at Evice during the future period of his life. dinburgh by Mr. Johnston, several of While in this situation, he made consider- Burns's songs made their appearance able progress in several branches of learn- in that publication. Mr. Gall wrote ing, under a private teacher, retained in the following song, intituled a “ Farehis father's family, with whom he spent, weel to Ayrshire;" prefixed Burns's in receiving instruction, those hours name to it, and sent it anonymously to that were not necessarily employed in the publisher of that work. From the duties of his avocation. For literary thence it has been copied into the latter studies he early felt a propensity, which editions of the works of Burns. In pubthe occupation he had chosen could not lishing the song in this manner, Mr Gall fail to encourage. Scottish poetry, in brobably thought that it might, under particular, attracted his distinguished the sanction of a name, known to the notice ; and the “ Gentle Shepherd ” of world, acquire that notice, which, in Allan Ramsay, awakened the latent other circumstances, might have made seeds of poetry in his own breast, and its fate to be “ to waste its sweetness prompted him to sing his “ wood notes in the desert air.” wild ” with emulating ardour. Of the poetry of Burns he was an ardent ad- FAREWEEL TO AYRSHIRE. mirer; and during the latter part of the life of that unfortunate poet, Mr.

Scenes of woe and scenes of pleasure !

Scenes that for mer thoughts renew; Gall enjoyed his friendship and corre

Scenes of woe and scenes of pleasure, spondence. With Mr. Hector Macniel,

Now a sad and last adieu. the ingenious author of "Willand Jean," and other pieces of high literary char. Bonny Doun, sae sweet at gloaming, acter, the merit of Mr. Gall soon led

Fare thee well before I gang : to a kindred friendship, and admiration Bonny Doun, whar early roaming,

First I weav'd the rustic sang. of each others talents, which ended not but with the life of the latter. Of Mr. Bowers, adieu! where love decoying, Gall's pieces a few detached songs on

First enthrall'd this heart o' mine; ly have been published; excepting an

There the saftest sweets enjoying, epistle to Mr. Hector Macneil, printed

Sweets that mem'ry ne'er shall tine. in the works of that author. These songs, Friends so near my bosom ever, however, bear evidence of his abilities

Ye ha'e render'd moments dear! as a poet; and at a time when those of But, alas! when forc'd to sever, Burns seemed to preclude any success- Then the stroke, o how severe !





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Briends, that parting tear reserve it, be hoped the friends of the author will

Though 'tis doubly dear to me; soon see the propriety of giving them
Could I think I did deserve it,

to the public.
How much happier would i be.
Scenes of woe and scenes of pleasure ;

Scenes that for mer thoughts renew ; New Works published in Edinburghe
Scenes of woe and scenes of pleasure,
Now a sad and last adien!


EMORABILIA of Perth. 8vo. Another song of Mr Gall's & My only Poems, chiefly in the Scottish dialect. jo and dtary 0," has also attained a'considerable degree of celebrity. Dwing By the Rev. James Nicol, 2 vols. the late war, when the circumstances of small 8vo, ios. ibe country rendered a general arma. Postscript to Mr Stewart's short statement necessary, Mr Gall joined vimself

ment of facts relative to the electo the Highland regiment of volun.

tion of Professor Leslie; with an teers, and stimulated the ardour of their patriotism by many elegant pro.

Appendix, consisting chiefly of Exductions, One of these was printed

tracts from the Records of the Uniat the public expence, and copies dis- versity, and from those of the city tributed to every individual in the re- of Edinburgh. 8vo. 15. giment. But while thus emerging in. A third letter to Principal Hill on to that notice which his merit entitled

the case of Mr Leslie, Professor of him to, and which his friends fondly

Mathematics in the University of looked upon as the prognostication of fu. ture eminence, his life was fast hastening A short criticism of the terms of the

Edinburgh, 8vo 28 6d. to a close. His poetical powers were just beginning to expand themselves, charge against Mr Leslie, in the and he had formed the plan of, and protest of the ministers of Edinpartly executed, several larger poems, burgh, as explained by them in when all his youthful hopes were blast

their last pamphlet. By Thomas ed, and the hopes of his country in him ruined for ever. About the beginning A letter to the Society for propa

Brown M, D. 8vo. 19. of the year 1801, an abscess broke out in his breast, which, in the space of a gating Christian Knowledge, resfew months, notwithstanding all that the pecting the late election of their most skilful in medicine could devise, Secretary. By the Rev. David Sabrought him to his grave. During his vile. 8vo. is. illness, his favourite pursuit still occu

The Farmer's Magazine for 1805. pied his mind. “ He felt his ruling pas.

8vo, ios. 6d. sion strong in death ;” and when unable from weakness to use a pen, committed Sermons by J. Halliday, M.D. 8vo. 68. his thoughts to writing with a black. Observations on Mr Hume's doctrine lead pencil. Several of his pieces thus on the relation of Cause and Effect. written are still preserved. Mr Gall

By Thomas Brown, M. D. Second died on the both of May 1801, in the edition enlarged. 8vo. 55. 25th year of his age. His companions Examination of Mr Stewart's pamphin arms, anxious to pay the last testimo

let. sy of respect to his memory, followed

By one of the Ministers of hiin to the grave; and his remains were

Edinburgh, second edition, with an interred in the Calton burying ground Appendix. 8vo. 28. 6d. with military honours. Of all the writ, ings of Mr Gall the tendency is uniformdy virtuous. But this is not their only merit. A rich vein of poetry pervades

Scottish Literary Intelligence them; the sentiments are striking; and

“ the language, simple and unaffected. I MR Stark, author of " Biographia have read his unpublished poems with

Scotica,' will publish, in a few a high degree of pleasure ; and it is to days, The Picture of Edinburgh ;" Jan. 1806.



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