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the Hon. Member) the Righe Hon. in continuing their services, even tho'
Gentleman has never inspected any of the whole plan of the Right Hon. Se-
the volunteer regiments. There is one cretary should be carried, he was satis.
source certainly which may have led fied they would persevere in the same
him to form opinions not mach in their line of conduct they pursued for years,
favour--I mean the corps of volunteers and would to the last exert themselves
at Pilbree, in Norfolk, of which he is in defence of the country in every re.
Colonel. It is very singular, that of all spect.
the corps in Norfolk, the only Colonel At the close of the debate the gallery
is the ght Hon. Geotleman himself. was cleared for a division, but none
In general they are only captains, but took place. The bill passed through a
he concentrates in himself the honours Committee *.

of the highest military rank. It might
naturally be expected that he had a re-

Wednesday, May 7. giment at least to command. By the Sir 7. Nestport brought forward the return it appears that the whole com

Irish Badget. He gave rather a "faplement of his men is seventy-three veurable account of the situation of Tre. rank and file-fied Officers none

land. The value of her exports had Captains none--Subalterns none-Staff greatly increased, and although the innone Serjeants two, and these, I sup. terest of money was higher than in this pose, the Drill Serjeants; Drummers country, the Loan of two millions had none;-We have thus the Right Hon, been contracted for at an mterest of Gentleman's own corps, exemplifying 4l. 175. 2d. whereas it was last year sl. in perfection all the evils of the volun. 125. 4d. The unpromising state of tñe,

a ) to The Lord'Advocate of Scorland observ- of arrangements similar to those exist. ed, that the additional defence act ope. ing in Great Britain, and which it was rated in Scotland as a tax on land, on

intended to introduce. The supply for commerce, industry, and every thing the year, including Ireland's proportion belonging to them. It had in fact no

of the joint charges of the Empire, reference or analogy to Scotland what

would be 8,175,1691. Ke bad prepared ever. He remembered a meeting which · ways and means, which he estimated at took place in Edinburgh for the pur- 8,180,2001. The new taxes were 38.6d. pose of carrying the act into execution. per cwt. on brown or Muscovado Su. The first thing that engaged the atten. gar; 2s. per cwt, on Russian and Swetion of the gentlemen assembled for dish Iron, instead of 125. per ton, the this laudable purpose was the non-exis- present duty; 30 per cent. on Tea un. tence of parish officers in Scotland the der 25. 6d. per lib. ; a new arrangement main-spring of the act. The only offi. of the Stamp duties, and of the Malt cers in Scotland of a parochial descrip- duties, and also of the distilletiés. He tion, that could at all be assimilated to proposed to withdraw the bounty of $ the English parish officers, were the per cent, on the large stills, and the schoolmuster,, and the sexton, or grave.

whole bounty on stills of 599 gallops. digger; and it did excite some discussion After some

resolu. at the meeting he had jusť alluded to, tions were agreed to. whether any person whatever could

In a Committee on the Property Tax

possibly be found more fit for raising men un.

Bill, the injustice of taxing all incomes der such anact, than the above mentioned alike, whether for a short,

tempo, grave-digger! Adverting to the Volun- rạry, or a stable and permanent period, teers, the learned Gentleman observed, was strongly urged by several Members, that it had been said they were discon-

VA60 hut tented and dissatisfied all over the coun

OOTD try; this probably might He the case * Among the accounts, Jaid: before among the volunteers of England, but Parliament is a statement of the expenamong the volunteers of Scotland, who ces of the Volunteer Corps, l'amountequally brave as loyal, and who, by the ing, in a period of about three years bye, were sensible men (à loud laugh,) and a half,

to upwards of 3,400,0 el. of there was not the slightest "murmur or whích 26,0001, bas, bece paid 19. Inspes complaint. So far from any reluctance ting Officers.

e conversation, the

and t

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but Lord H. Petty expressed his disin. mily; and after a short conversation, clination to admit any farther excmp- a resolution passed to carry into effect tions.

the provision mentioned by bis MajesThe following is the principal A- ty, Lord H. Petty stated, that 90,0201. mendment now made in this Bill :- of the 120,000l. were to be laid out in

66 Where the income of any person the purchase of a mansion and lands, shall arise wholly froin labour, at daily to be annexed to the title; that 10,000 or weekly wages, shall not have exceed were to be given to Earl Nelson, to ed, in

n any one week in the preceding make such rr parations or improvements year, or in any subsequent week previ. therein as he should deem necessary; ous to the assessment, the sum of thirty and that 10,000t, each were to be grantshillings, nor in any one day during that ed to his Lordship's two sisters. period, the sum of five shillings, and the The additional Force Act Repeat same shall be proved, by affidavit, on Bill was read a third time, after a strethe path of tbe party, and by the certi- nuous opposition from Sir J. Pulteney, ficate of the persons to whom such Mr Yorke, and Mr Percival. A clause wages have beep paid; and in case it was added by way of rider, to provide shall appear, that such party shail not for the families of men eolisted under. be in the receipt of any sum of money the Army of Reserve Act. arising from any other source, the Com- Mr Sheridan concluded a long speech missioners may adjudge the income so in favour of the repeal, by denying that arising, as not amounting to fifty pounds; he or his Hanourable Friends' acted at and grant an exemption from the duty all from hatred or disrespect to the me. accordingly-The abatements are not mory of the great and illustrious man altered, consequently none are allowed (Mr Pitt) who framed the Defence for children, A new scale of abatement Bill, to whose transcendant ability and is made for all incomes between sol. and vnimpeached integrity he paid a hand1501. at which last-mentioned sum the some tribute, declaring, for himself, full tax of ten per cent. commences. tlrat no man more admired him while

According to the new scale, a de. living, or more revered and respected duction of is. is to be allowed for every him now that he was dead -" There pound between the amount of the in- are many (said Mr S.) who fattered come and the sum of 1561.; thus upon him more than 1, and some who feared an income of colora-year, gos. or 4l. 1os. him more ; but there was no man, who is to be allowed, which deducted from had a higher respect for his transcenol. leaves the duty payable on an in- dant talents, his matchless eloquence, come of col. a year kl. 1os.; upon an and the greatness of his soul; and yet it income of 701. Sos. is to be allowed, has been often my fate to have opposed which reduces it to 3l. and so in grada- his measures. I may have considered tion up to 1591., 1

that there was some what too much of

loftiness in his mind which could not lux Friday, May 9.

bend to advice, or scarcely bear co-opeThe motion for going into a Com- ration. I might have considered, that mittee on the by Messrs. Curwen, S. adequate to the situation of the coun

Iron Duty Bill was as a statesman his measures were note warmly opposed Wortley, Mordaunt, Lascelles, Wilber. try in the present times, but I always forcé, Francis, and Canning, Lord A. tbought his purpose and his hope was Hamilton, &c. &c. They contended for the greatness and security of the that this measare was pregnant with the Empire. most destructive effects to every branch Sir Hew H. Dalrymple brought in a of commerce, manufactures, and agri. Bill for improving the harbour of Dunculture. On a division the majority for bar. the commitment was only ten-there

Wednesday, May 14. being for it 119, against it 109.

Mr Jeffrey brought forward his long Tuesday, May 13.

threatened charges against Lord St Vin

cent, whom be accused of having, while A Committee of tlie whole House he was at the head of the Admiralty, took into consideration his Majesty's utterly neglected the means of increa. messagsy telative" to Earl Nelson's fa- sing our naval force. He concluded


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the United States; the departure of the Mr Rufus King, formerly Minister at
Leander, Cambrian, and Driver from London, has distinguished himself in the
the harbours and waters thereof, and in- meetings at New York, and the resolu-
terdicting for ever the entrance of such tions about the death of Pierce. This
harbours and waters to the said armed can only be ascribed to the elections
vessels, or any vessels which shall be going on, where he two parties are
commanded by the Captains (repeating forced to bid against each other at the
their names) of the British ships of war auction of popularity.
mentioned.” Should they refuse to de-
part, or return at any time, all inter-

GENERAL MIRANDA'S EXPEDITION TO course with them is prohibited; pilots

Souru AMERICA. are forbid to assist in navigating them; We mer tioned in last Mag, p. 359. and no supplies of any kind are to be that an expedition had sailed from New furnished to them.

York under Gen, Miranda, for the purThe death of Pierce, the American pose of effceting a revolution in the seaman, is not the only grievance of Spanish government of South America. which the President, in his Proclama. Finding that this extraordinary undertion, complains. The violation of the taking has excited much anxious specu. jurisdiction, and "the unlawful inter- lation both in America and Europe, ruptions and vexations committed on the we are hence induced to give some more trade" of the United States, are also detailed account of it to our readers. brought in justification of this severe The Leander, Captain Lewis, sailed order.

from New York in February last, with The ferment created by this unfor- General Miranda, a large quantity of tunate event had, however, consider- regimental cloathing, arnis and accoutre. ably subsided at the date of the last ac- ments for 15 or 20,000 men--she clearcounts; but as the Leander had again ed out for, and arrived at Jacquemel

, sailed from Halifax, to resume her sta- in St Domingo, about the rst of March. tion off New York, it is feared that her On her passage she met with the British re-appearance may have produced fresh ship of war Clevpatra, who pressed irritation. During the height of the twenty of the people on board, all of popular fury on the late occasion, no whom are said to be English or Irish, Englishman, known to be such, could and were without protections, in Tieu appear in the streets of New York, but of whom the Clevpatra put on board the at the hazard of his life. -Parties pa. Leander a number of Americans. On raded with American colours hoisted the arrival of the Leander at Jacqueover those of England. Meetings had mel, there was the appearance of the been held to originate resolutions, in greatest secrecy; no one was ädruitted which England was execrated, and their on board, nor noone, except Capt. Lewis, own Government treated with the gros- was permitted to go on sfiore, and he, sest contempt, for its tą:diness in de- as soon as he landed, set off to visit and claring waragainst England. The walls report to the Black Emperor of Hayti, were covered with inflammatory hand- at the new city of Dessalines, which is bills, the writers, of which, with the built in the mountains, and strongly newspapers attached to the party, stuck fortified; it being the determination of at nothing that might fan the popular the brigands to burn all the towns on fury.

the sea coast, should the French ever This unfortunate event produced also attempt to invade the island again, and a great sensation at Washington; it was defend the worpes

es in the mountains to supposed that five frigates would be or- the last. Captain Lewis was on dered immediately for New York, and his visit to the Emperor, the negroes that every vessel that could carry a gun at Jacquemel became very uneasy at would be got ready. Congress had ad. the great secrecy observed by the Leanjourned to December, but it was sup- der, and before his return sent a formal posed that it would be summoned to message to know their business, and meet again by the middle of this month, made preparations to attack the Lean

In the violence of parties which has der, should their Ambassador not be been displayed on this occasion, the well received; but their messenger Federalists are the most intemperate. meeting a polite reception, and an ex


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planation given, their fears and anxiety miral very properly thought that it did
subsided, and all was quiet. After the not become him to interfere, without
return of Captain Lewis from head- full authority and directions from his
quarters, Miranda began to prepare, by superiors at home.
enlisting men, of whom he picked up a It was supposed, but it would seem
number of renegadoes, who called them- erroneously, that the American Govern-
selves Americans; selling this as well ment were concerned in the expedition.
as their native country, wishing not to Two persons, Samuel G. Ogden and
see their creditors again; like Serjeant William Smith, of New York, are now
Kite, he enlisted them all for officers. under prosecution for aiding him. These
Having mustered about 250 or 300 of persons lately presented memorials to
these officers, and two or three small Congress, avowing their participation in
additional vessels, he sailed from Jac- the enterprise, and declaring it to have
quemel on the 26th of March, for Bar- been their belief that it was countenan-
celona on the Spanish Main, near Cu- ced by the implied sanction of the Pre-
mana, where he expected to effect a sident and Secretary of State. The me-
landing, and be joined by a large body morials were taken into consideration
of the inhabitants, for which purpose he the day Congress adjourned. They
had prepared a large number of pro. were considered as a scandalous and in-
clamations to be distributed as soon as decent attempt to injure the character
he could get a fuoting, or send ashore of the President and Secretary, and were
on his arrival of the coast. In these pro- ordered to be given back, after several
ciamations, he invites his countrymen strong resolutions on the subject were
to join his standard, and that he would passed.
free them from their tyrannic maste:, It is impossible to anticipate the de-
would give them liherty, &C.

termination of the British Government By the Leeward Island mail, we learn upon this subject ; whether they may that Miranda had arrived on the Spanish deem it expedient to afford General Mi. Main, and actually taken possession of randa any assistance in the very bold the island of St Marguerita ; that he had and extensive plan which he has formed, afterwards obtained possession of Bar- or whether they will leave him entirely celona, and whaț is of still more impor- to his own resources. The emancipation tance, of Cumana ; that he had been join. of South America from the Spanish Go. ed by thousands of the inhabitants; that vernment would certainly be highly adhe was provided with sufficient pecu- vantageous to this country, because it niary means for his purpose, and the would not only diminish the resources whole province was expected to fall. of our enemies, but would open a new, The inhabitants, we are indeed assured, and extensive market for British coma have long been in expectation of Miranda, merce. But whatever may be tbe deand not long ago signified, that if he did termination of his Majesty's Ministers not soon come to their assistance, they upon this subject, General Miranda would exert their own strength, and en- will, at all events, derive yery essential deavour to throw off the oppressive go. support from the British navy, because vernment of Spain.

it will of course intercept any reinforceThe accounts of Miranda's progress ment which the Spanish Government are fully confirmed by dispatches, dated may endeavour to send out. April 18th, received by Government The following letter from the well from Admiral Cochrane, who has writ. known Thomas Paine, to a gentleman ten home for instructions how to act on in Washington, has been published, in this extraordinary occasion. It appears order to ihrow some light upon Mi. that the Admiral had previously writ. randa's expedition, ten to Miranda, requesting to know if

"New Rochelle, March 20. he had any sanction from Čreat Britain “I will inform you of what I know or her allies, and offering, in case he respecting General Miranda. I first beproduced any satisfactory proof of such came acquainted with him at New a sanction, to co-operate with him, and York, about the year 1783. He is a lend effectual support to his proceedings. man of talents and enterprize, a MexiMiranda gave no answer, and as the can by birth, and the whole of his life case was delicate and difficult, the Ad. has been a life of adventures,

in Aprah; 11985. , Mi Jefferson was then. France as a necrssitouslådvelyturer, but Minister from Ametida ta France, and i believed that he came from publics Mig Littlepages Morginiani(whom spirited mutives, and that he had to John Jay knows), was agent for the large nisum for money fo the hands of King gefi -Poland cat Paris??' He was a Turnbull and Forbes. The house of young man dof extraordinary talents, Turnbull and Forbes were then in á and I first met with him at Mr Jeffer- contract to supply Paris' with four. son's house at dinner.7'1 By his intimacy Miranda wás'acquitted. ':7;TON with the King of Poland, to whom alsof 244 A few days after his acquittal he he was Chamberlain, he became well acs came to see ine, and in a few days quainted with the plans and projects of afterwards I returned his visit. He the Northern powers of Europe. He seemed desirous of satisfying me that he told me of Miranda getting himself in was independent, and that tie had troduced to the Empress Catherine of inoney in the hands of Turnbull and Russia, and obtaining a sum of money Forbes.--He did not tell me his-affair from her, 4000 ). Sterlings, but he did with old Catharine of Russia, nor did I not inform me what the project was for tell him that I kvew of italiBut he enwhich the money was given. It ap- tered into a conversation with respect peared as a kind of retaining fee.. to Nootká Sound, and put into my

“ After I had published the first part hands several tetters of Mr Pitt to him of the Rights of Man, in England, in upon that subject, among which was one 1791, 1 met with Miranda at the house that I believe he gave me by mistake ; of Turnbull and Forbes, merchants, for 'when I had opened it, and was be: Devonshire-square, London. He had a ginning to read' it, he put forth his hand little time before this been in the em- and said, “0, that is not the letter ! ploy of Mr Pitt with respect to Norka intended." But as the letter was short, Sound; but I did not at that time I soon got through it, and then return know it ; and I will, in the course of edit 'to him, without making any res this letter, inform you how this connec parks upon ito ist? 1 1. aici tion between Pitt'and Miranda ended, 14 Thor dispute with Spain about for. I know it of my own knowledges Nootka Suyuid was then compromised,

“ published the second part of the and Piet compromised with Miranda Rights of Manr, in London, in February for his services, by giving him/1200 k 1792, and I continued in London, till sterling, for this was the contents of the I was elected a Member of the French letter,:

** ifra:1Y Conveution in September of that year, 6* " Now, if it be true that Miranda and went from London to Paris to take brought with him a credit upon certain my seat in the Convention, which was persons in New York for 60,00012 Sterto meet on the 20th of that montho 1 liogç it is not dificult to suppose from arrived at Paris on the 19th.

what quarter the credit cames for the "* "* After the Convention mét, Miranda opening for any proposals between Pitt came to Paris, and was s'appointed a and Miranda was already mattel by thg General in the French jarniy under atfaft of Nootka Sounds vigis! General Dumourieri; but as the affairs ." Mirandat was in Paris when Mr of that army went wrong in the begin. Monroe artivedi there as Minister and ning of she year 3793, Miranda was as Mirandav wanted to get acquainted şuspected, and was brought underrat with him; bocautioned M. Monroe a rest to Paris,i to take his trial. He gainst it, add told thim of the affair of summoned me to appear to his charac- Nootka Suund, and the Trooli sport ter, and also a Mr Tbomas. Christie, 4! You are at liberry to make what cosinected with the house of Turnbull use you please of this letrer, and with ana Forbes. I gave my testimony as I my name at it.30*60103 mmor v 672170 believed, which was, that his leading.ob. su 269,0 0THOMAS PAINE.". ject was and had been the emancipation

** hjertet of his coun'sye Mexici irom the bon- og poler FR ANCE. tube-edimi? dage, of Spain ;a for I did not at that is TURKISH EMBASSYIS PAS time, kuo ab his curagements with On Thursday Junerstbrbis Extellerey Pitt, Mr Christie's evidence went to Mouhib Effendi, Ambassador Extraor

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