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planation given, their fears and anxiety miral very properly thought that it did subsided, and all was quiet. After the not become him to inter fere, without return of Captain Lewis from head full authority and directions from his quarters, Miranda began to prepare, by superiors at home. enlisting men, of whom he picked up a It was supposed, but it would seem number of renegadoes, who called them - erroneously, that the American Governselves Americans; selling this as well ment were concerned in the expedition. as their native country, wishing not to Two persons, Samuel G. Ogden and see their creditors again ; like Šerjeant William Smith, of New York, are now Kite, he enlisted them ail for officers. under prosecution for aiding him. These Having mustered about 250 or 300 of persons lately presented memorials to these officers, and two or three small Congress, avowing their participation in additional vessels, he sailed from Jac- the enterprise, and declaring it to have quemel on the 26th of March, for Bar- been their belief that it was countenancelona on the Spanish Main, near Cu- ced by the implied sanction of the Premana, where he expected to effect a sident and Secretary of State. The melanding, and be joined by a large body morials were taken into consideration of the mhabitants, for which purpose he the day Congress adjourned. They had prepared a large number of pro- were considered as a scandalous and inclamations to be distributed as soon as decent attempt to injure the character he could get a footing, or send ashore of the President and Secretary, and were on his arrival of the coast. In these pro- ordered to be given back, after several ciamations, he invites his countrymen strong resolutions on the subject were to join his standard, and that he would passed. free them from their tyrannic masies, It is impossible to anticipate the dewould give them liherty,

termination of the British Government By the Leeward Island mail, we learn upon this subject ; whether they may that Miranda had arrived on the Spanish deem it expedient to afford General Mi. Main, and actually taken possession of randa any assistance in the very bold the island of St Marguerita ; that he had and extensive plan which he has formed, afterwards obtained possession of Bar- or whether they will leave him entirely celona, and what is of still more impor- to his own resources. The emancipation tance, of Cumana ; that he had been join. of South America from the Spanish Go. ed by thousands of the inhabitants ; that vernment would certainly be highly adhe was provided with sufficient pecu- vantageous to this country, because it niary means for his purpose, and the would not only diminish the resources whole province was expected to fall. of our enemies, but would open a new, The inhabitants, we are indeed assured, and extensive market for British comhave long been in expectation of Miranda, merce. But whatever may be the deand not long ago signified, that if he did termination of his Majesty's Ministers not soon come to their assistance, they upon this subject, General Miranda would exert their own strength, and en- will, at all events, derive very essential deavour to throw off the oppressive go. support from the British navy, because vernment of Spain.

it will of course intercept any reinforceThe accounts of Miranda's progress ment which the Spanish Government are fully confirmed by dispatches, dated may endeavour to send our. April 18th, received by Government The following letter from the well from Admiral Cochrane, who has writ. known Thomas Paine, to a gentleman ten home for instructions how to act on in Washington, has been published, in this extraordinary occasion. It appears order to ibrow some light upon Mi. that the Admiral had previously writ. randa's expedition, ten to Miranda, requesting to know if

" New Rochelle, March 20. he had any sanction from Great Britain “I will inform you of what I know or her allies, and offering, in case he respecting General Miranda. I first beproduced any satisfactory proof of such came acquainted with him at New a sanction, to co-operate with him, and York, about the year 1783. He is a lend effectual support to his proceedings. man of talents and enterprize, a MexiMiranda gave no answer, and as the can by birth, and the whole of his life case was delicate and difficult, the Ad. has been a life of adventures,




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" I went to Europe from New York shewbthat Mitanda did not come to in. Aproh11987. , Mi Jefferson was then. France as a necessitousládvébyturer, but Minister snom America to France, and believed that he cane from publicMis Littlepagearta Mirginiani I(whom spirited mutives, and that he had tai John Jay knows), was agent for the large sum for money so 'the hands of King (9f1-Pøland car Pacis.2? He was a Purnbult and Forbés. "'The house lof young man daf extraordinarvu talents, Turnbull and Forbes were then in a and I first met with him at Mo Jeffer-contract to supply Paris with Mour. son's house at diner. By his intimacy Miranda was'acquitted, 16 } to buy with the King of Poland, to whom also 364 A few days after his acquittal he he was Chamberlain, he became wellacs came to sees meand in a few days quainted with the plans and projects of afterwards I returned his visit. He' the Northern powers of Europe. He seemed desirous of satisfying me that he told me of Miranda getting himself in was independent, and that he had troduced to the Empress Catherine of noney in the hands of Turnbulltand Russia, and obtaining a sum of money Forbe's.t.He did not tell me his affair from her, 4000 l Sterling, but he did with old Catharine of Russia, mor not inform me what the project was for tell him that I knew of it. But he enwhich the money was given. It ap- tered into a conversation with respect peared as a kind of retaining fee. , ? to Nootká Sound, and put into my

“After I had published the firstipart hands several letters of Mr Pitt to him of the Rights of Man in England, in upon that subjeer, among which was one 1791, I met with Miranda at the house that I believe he gave me by mistake;

1 of Turnbull and Forbes, merchants, for when I had opened it, and was be: Devonshire-square, London. He had a ginning to read it, he put fortly his hand little time before this been in the em. and said, “0, that is not the letter I ploy of Mr Pitt with respect to Norka intended.” But as the letter was short, Sound band I can not the

ithat time I soon got through it, and then returns know it;; and I will, in the course of edlit 'to him, without making any res this letter, inform you how this conneo- parks upon it. ifti i giuria tion between Pitt' and Miranda ended, 14. The dispute with for. I know it of my own knowledgesut Nootka Suyud was the Spain about

compromised, “Y published the second part of the and Pict compromised with Miranda Rights of Mar, in London, in February for his services, by giving him/1200 1. 1792, and I continued in London, till sterling, forsthis was the contents of the I was elected a Member of the French letter, w 195 ifrygt 10 Conveution in September of that year, 1" Now, if it ribe true that Miranda and went from London to Parisz to take brought with him a credit upon certain , my seat in the Convention, which was persons in New York for 60,000$. Sterto meet on the 20th of that monthorlipgy it is not dificuit to suppose from arrived at Paris on the 19th.

what quarter the credit came s'for the 17.“ After the Convention mét, Miranda opening for any proposals betweeny Pitt came to Parisand was appointed a and Miranda was already mattel by thg General in the French arniy under atfaff of Nooika Sounds visibles General Dumourier; but as the affairs 4* Mirandat was in Papierwhen Mr of that army went wrong in the begin. Monroe artived there as Minister, arid ning of she year 1793, Miranda was ass Mirandav wanted to get acquainted şuspected, and lawas brought under at with him, Iscautioned Mv Munroe a rest to Paris,t to take his trial. . He gainst it, adds told thim of thel iaffair of summoned me to appear to his charac. Nootka Suund, and tlie poolM spori

Mr Tbom3s, Christie, ye? You are at liberry to make what

with the house of Turnbull use you please of this letrer, and with ana Forbes. s I gave my testimony as I my name at rit./841352301s cartos y 1607C believed, which was, that his leadingola. Be sui 1.05900 14THOMAS PAINE.”. jeut was and had been the emancipation of his coun's Mexic, irom the bon- of this fans? SFR ANCE. 10b5zredm dage of Spainia fora, I did not at that is TURKISH EMBASSY : 27:49 time, kuongols cagagements with on Thursday Janeistbrbis Excellency Pitt Me Christie's evides ce went/to Mouhib Effendi, Ambassador Extraor



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dinary from the Sublime Porte, had his whom he looks upon as the most anfirst audience of the Emperor and King.t cient, the most faithful, and the most! At eleven in the morning; the Grando necessary friend of this Empire."^*?14316 Master of the Ceremonies, accompanied His Majesty made the following ant. by his attendants, proceeded with six swer:

25W COVICI VE of the Imperial carriages, drawn by six ** The mission of your Excellency is horses each, to take up thebAmbassador very acceptable to me. She assurances at bis hotel; they were escorted by a you give me of the risentinents of the guard of fifty dragoons, and the Ambas. Sultan Selim, your master,ecome home sador was received a0 the door of the to my heart. One of the greatest and anti-chamber by the Colonel-General of mostluseful advantages which Dam de. the Imperial Guard on duty. <b" x aito sirous to derive from the success of tay

The Emperor was, as is usual on-such arms, is to be able to support and aid ogcasions, seated on , laish &hrone, sur- the most useful; as well as the most an roundea by his Ministers, his high Offi* cient of my allies. It is with pleasure cers, &c. The Ambassadør made threel I thus publicly and solemnly assure you boys as he advanced, and was saluted in of thesé mysentiments. Whateverof hap. his'tuen by the Emperor, who took off piness or of misfortune befals the Ottohis hat and put it on again.s The Am- mans, 'will be happy or unfortunate for bassador then addressed bås Majesty in the French... Transmit these assurances the following speech in the Turkish lans to the Sultan Selim. Let him bring guage, which was afterwards repeated in them to bis irecollection, whenever my French by an interpreter: 148 15:enemies, who are also his enemies,

“ SIRE+His Majesty of all the Tur would attempt to approach him. He keys, Sovereign on the Two Continents cansnever have any thing to fear from and the Two Seas, the trusty, servant me; uaited with me, he shallnever have of the Two Holy Cities; the Sultan to dread ahe power of his enemies." ;vic Selin Hap, wbose reign bei eternal ! wThe usual presents were then ldid be sends me to his Imperial, and Royal Ma- fore his Majesty; and the Extraordia jesty, Napoleon I. the greatest among nary Ambassador, after being presented the Sovereigns who believe in Christ, to her Majesty, was reconducted to his the resplendent star of the glory of the hotel with the same ceremony with western nations ; himo who holds with which he came to the palaee...! a steady band the sword of courage and 'The Turkish presents for his Majesty the sceptre of justice ;; to deliver to him are Arabian horses richly éaparisoned, the present Iinperial letter, which con. a diamond aigrette; tá snuff-box ornatains congratulations on his accession to mented with the same, and with the the Imperial and Royal Throne, and as: Grand Signior's cypher; and furthe Emsurances of a sincere and entire attach

press, a pearl necklace, somel'rich perment. The Sublime Porte has incesi

fumes, and costly stuffs. * 70 3450ft ,s* santly breathed its best wishes for the

101 961 6 2112916 DST prosperity of France, and for the

glory Louis BONAPARTE, KING 4FHOLLAND. which her sublime and immortal Em- £ After the Turkish Ambassador had re. peror has larely acquired, and the Porte tired, the Ambassadors Extraordinary was anxious eminently to testify the joy from their High Mightinesses the States it felt on the occasion, -vJt was with of Holland were conducted with nearly that view, Sirę, that my ever magaani- the same ceremoničs to the foot of the mous Sovereign has ordered me to ap- Imperial thrones, when Ædmiral Verproach the throne of yourhImperial and heuil, their President, addressed the fol. Royal Majesty,to congratulate you in lowing speech to his Majesty 14 de your accession to the Imperial and Roy- 14 Sire ! A The représentatives of a al Thronę; and to assure you, that the people distinguisfied by their patience ordinary communications not being suf. lins times of difficulty, and we dåre fo ficient upon such an occasion, the Sul. say, celebrated for the Solidity of their tan has thought proper to send a special judgment, and their fidelity in fulfilling Ambassador, in order more signally to the engagements they have contracted, express the sentiments of confidence, of have confided to us the honourable misadmiration, and attachment, with which sion of presenting ourselves before the he is deeply impressed towards a Prince, throne of your Majesty.1.) This people

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have suffered a long time under their protection of your country as the first, own agitations and ibose of Europe, interest of my crown. Every time I Witnesses of the catastrophes that have have been called upon to interfere in overthrown some states; victims of the your internal affairs, I have been struck disorders by which the whole have been with the inconveniences attached to the shaken; they have been made sensible uncertain form of your government.that th: force of interests and connec- Governed by a popular assembly, it had tions, by which the great powers are at been under the infuence of intrigues, present united or divided, has rendered and agitated' by neighbouring governindispensibly nicessary for them to place ments. Governed by an elective ma. themselves under the first political safe. gistracy, every time this magistracy guard of Europe. They have feit, that was renewed produced a crisis of alarm even their weakness has prescribed the to the rest of Europe, and the signal of necessity of reducing their own institų. new maritime wars. None of these tions into harmony with those of that inconveniences can be guarded against state whose protection can guarantee otherwise than by a-hereditary governthem against the danger of servitude or. ment. This I recommended to your ruin.

country by my councils, when the last “ These representatives have maturely constitution was established, and the ofand solemnly deliberated upon the cire fer that you have made of the crown of cumstances of the present times, and Holland to Prince Louis is consistent the dreadful probabilities of the future; with your true interests, and with my they have seen, even in the term of the own; and it is adapted to secure the calamities with which Europe has been general tranquility of Europe. , France so long afflicted, bath the causes of their has been sufficiently generous in renoun, own evils, and the remedy to which cing all the rights which the events of it is necessary they should have re, war had given her over, Holland; but I

cannot entrust the strong places which 56 Sise! --We are charged to express cover my northern. frontier to the to your Majesty the wishes of the re. keeping of an unfaithful, or even to a presentatives of our people. We pray doubtful hand. that you will grant us, as the Supreme “ Gentlemen, I agree to the request Chief of our Republic, Prince Louis of their High Mightinesses. I proclaim Napoleon, your Majesty's brother, to Prince Louis King of Hollanda, You, whom we deliver, in full and respect. Prince, reign over these people. Their fub confidence, the guarantee of our forefathers only acquired their inde. laws, the defence of our political rights, pendence by the constant assistance of and all the interests of our dear country. France. Holland afterwards became Under the sacred auspices of Provi. allied to England she was conquered dence under the glorious protection -still she owes her existence to France, of your Majesty-and, in fine, under Let them then owe to you their Kings, the power of the paternal government the protection of their laws and their which we request of him, Sire, we dare religion ; but never cease to be a Frenchto hope, that Holland, assured in future man. You and your heirs will possess of the unchangeable affection of the the dignity of the Constable of the Em. greatest of Monarchs, and strictly allied pire. You will recollect the dutias you even by its destiny to that of your im- will have to fulfil towards. me, and the inense and immortal Empire, will see importance that I have attached to the the renewal of its ancient glory and safe keeping of the strong places upon prosperity, and that repose it has so my northern frontier, and which I conlong been deprived of. Its losses then fide to you. Prince, maintain among will no longer be considered as irrepar- your troops that spirit which I have obable, and will only leave behind them a served among them in the field of batfaint remembrance.”.

tle. Cherish the sentiments of (union His Majesty answered in the follow and love for France among your new ing terms :

subjects. Be a terror to the wicked, 6 Gentlemen Representatives of the and a father to the good this is the Batavian people,

character of the greatest Kings." es I have always looked upon the Prince Louis, advancing to the foot



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of the throne, returned thanks in a " 1. That from the prevailing turn of
speech highly complimentary to his im- mind, and the actuai organization of
perial Brother, in which lie condescen Europe, a government without solidity
ded to accept the Crown of Holland, and certain duration cannot fulfil the
and promised to answer the expectation objects for which it is instituted:
which his Majesty conceived of his fide- 2. That 'the periodical renewal of
lity to execute his Imperial will. the head of the State would always be

à source of dissension in Holland, und a PARIS,- une 6.

constant subject of agitation and disa. This day at noon, bis Serene High, ness the Prince Arch-Chancellor of the greement among the powers friendly or

inimical to Holland : Empire repaired to the Senate, which

3. That su hereditary Government was convoked and assembled under his Presidency, and made, the following all which is dear to the Dutch people,

can alone secure the quiet possession of speech:

the free exercise of their religion, the “ GENTLEMEN;-I come, by order of preservation of their laws, their political his Majesty the Emperor and King, to independence, and civil liberty: communicaie to you the different ar- 4. That its first duty is to secure to rangements, which will afford the Se.

itself a powerful protection, under the nate, at the same time, a fresh oppor. shelter of which it may freely exercise tunity to applaud the great and gene.

its industry, and maintain itself in the rous views of our Sovereign, and an

possession of its territory, its commerce authentic proof of that respectful con- and its colonies : fidence placed by all our neighbours in “5. That France is essentially inte: the imperial Family...

rested in the happiness of the Dutch “ After many successive changes in people, in the prosperity of the State, the forin of their Government, the peo. in the permanence of its institutions, as

ple of Holland, so considerate in all their well in consideration of the northern
steps, iso constant in their resolutions, frontiers of the empire, open and unfor.
endeavour to fix their destinies under tihed, as from general political interests
the shield of a Throne, and have chosen and principles :
for their first King, his Imperial High- «« Have nominated for their Ministers
ness Prince Louis Napoleon.

Plenipotentiary, his Majesty the Empe-
His Majesty the Emperor and ror of the French and King of Italy,
King consents, that his august Brother " Charles Maurice Talleyrand, Great
should comply with the wishes of the Chamberlaio, Minister of Foreign Af-
Dutch nation ; and when; for the pub- fairs, Kight of the Great Order of the
lic good, he sacrifices his dearest affec. Legion of Honour, Kniglve of the Or-
tions, he deserves some compensation ders of the Red and Black Eagle of
to hinself, and to the French nation, by Prussia, and of the Order of St Hubert,
continuing to his Higha-ss the dignity &c.; and
of Constable, and confiding to hin the

“ His Excellency the Grand Pensioguard of the northern frontier of the

nary, C. H. Verheuil, Vice Admirai Empire."

and Minister of the Marine of the 'Bata. He then presented a message from vian Republic, having the Grand Eagle the Emperor, containing the form of of the Legion of Honour; T. T. A. the Treaty, and the plan of the Dutch Gagel Minister of Finances; J. Van Constitution, as follows:

Słynum, one of their High Mightinesses;

W. Six, Member of the Counci ot Stati, TREATY,

and G. Brantzen, Minister Plenipoter. 1. His Imperial and Royal Majesty tiary of the Batavian Republic, havNapoleon, Emperor of the French and ing the Grand Eagle of the Legion of King of Italy, and the Assembly of Honour; who, after having mutually intheir High Mightinesses the Represen. terchanged their respective full powers, tatives of the Batavian Republic, pre have agreed as follows :--sided by his Excellence the Grand Pen- “ Art, I. His Majesty the Emperor sionary, accompanied by the Councii of of the French and Kmc of Italy, as well State, the Ministers, and Secretary of for himself as for his heirs and succesState, considering,

sors, for ever guarantees to llolland


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