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Sunday, August 17th.

Wednesday August 27th. The Third satellite of Jupiter will The planet MARS will be in conimmerge into his shadow at 38 mi. junction with a Geminorum, a star of nutes and 39 seconds after 9 o'clock the 3d magnitude, situated in longi. in the evening.

tude 3... 13...49'..28", and latitude

12'..19" South. The latitude of Tuesday, August 19th.

Mars being 40'..35" North, the The Second and Fourth satellites of

nearest approach of their centers wi!! Jupiter will be in conjunction on the be 52..54", and the planet will pass right hand of his disc, about 47 mi- to the north of the star. nutes after 8 o'clock in the evening.

On the same day, at 4 minutes! The first is placed on the same side and 26 seconds after 9 o'clock in the a little nearer the planet, and the evening, the Fourth satellite of Jupithird on the other side of Jupiter.

ter will immerge into his shadow. Thursday, Auzust 2 ist.

Thursday, August 28:h.

The placet JUPITER will be sta-
The planet MERCURY will be sta..

tionary in longitude 89..289..27'.
tionary in longitude 5. 19o. 9'..8".
The GEORGIUM SIDUS is situated

Friday, August 29th.
in longitude 6%.. 22°.41..48", and The planet VENUS will be in con-
latitude 33 minutes Norch. His de junction with Cancri, a star of the
chination is 80..19' South, and he 4th magnitude, situated in longitude
comes to the meridian about 22 mi. 48..6°..1'..8". he latitude of Venus
nutes after
3 o'clock in the after being 12'..17'' North, and that of

Cancri 4'..13' North, the distance of Saturday, August 23d.

their centers at the time of conjunc

tion will be 8'..4" and the planet will The Moon will be in conjunction

pass to the North of the star.
with JUPITER at 51 minutes after i
o'clock in the afternoon.


D. B. On the same day the first satellite July 22. 1806. of Jupiter will emerge from behind his shadow, at 2 minutes and conds after 9 o'clock in the evening. Memoirs of the Progress of MANU. On the same day, at 28 minutes

FACTURES, CHEMISTRY, SCIENCE, after 9 o'clock in the evening, the

and the FINE ARTS, Sun will enter the sign Virgo, and hie longitude will be exactly sosigus. MR DAVI has discovered that the

acid which exists in minute quan

cities in the Waveliite, the new fossil Sunday, August 24th.

from Barnstable, is the fluoric acid, The Second satellite of Jupiter will in such a peculiar blate of combinaemerge from behind his shadow at 2

tion as not to be rendered sensible by minutes and 37 seconds after go'clock sulphuric acid. in the evening.

It appears from the experiments of

DR KIDD, that the new mineral Tuesday, August 26th. found in Cornwall, in one of the Ge. About a quarter



o'clock venoss mines, consists of 33 paits of in the evening, the First, Second, and sulphur, 66 of oxide of zinc, and Fourth satellites of Jupiter, will be in a very minute proportion of Iron. conjunction on the Western side of A magnetical telescope has been his disc. The Third is situated on constructed by Mr Edward Troughthe other side of the planet.

ton for determining the magnetic



24 se

meridian. It consists of a tube of account of the instrument was read steel, containing a set of lenses with to the Royal Society of London on cross wires ill the usual manner. the 22d of May last. When this instrument has received A simple and cheap portable Bathe magnetic power, it will evidently rometer has been invented by Sir H. dispose itself in the magnetic meri- C. ENGLEFIELD, Bart. M. P., for dian, when moving upon pivots, or the purpose of determining heights by any other mode of suspension ; with considerable facility and preci. and by this means the diurnal, and sion. An account of the instrument, other variations to which the mag- with instructions for using it, may be netic bar is subject, may be easily ob- seen in Nicholson's Journal No. 55. served, and it may also be ascertained vol. 14. p. I. whether the direction of the

magne- A new lamp has been invented by tic force varies with regard to the Count RUMFORD, a description of axis of the tube.

which will be found in the Journal It appears from the analysis of the just referred to vol. 14. p. 22. bot springs of Bath by Mr PHILIPS, It appears


experiments made that one piot of the water contains, at Berlin, that the yellow beet root, carbonic acid i inches ; sulphate of (betalutea) yields more than double lime 9 grains ; muriate of soda 31 the quantity of sugar afforded by grains ; sulphate of Soda 31 grains; any other species of that vegetable. carbopate' of lime 16 of a grain ; At a late meeting of the Royal Silica of a grain; and oxide of Academy of Sciences at Berlin, M. iron, y's of a grain.

KLAPROTH read an essay on the CheM. TUSSAC, a colonial refugee mical properties of the Datholith, a from St Domingo, has discovered fossil newly discovered in Norway. the method of extracting from the Its constituent parts are 36 of silex, pulps of coffee berries, a spirituous li. 351 of lime, and 4

of water. quor similar to rum, and remarkable It appears from the observations for a peculiar favour which indicates of M. PORTAL, that in cases of cataits origin. This discovery must be ract, (a disease of the eye arising very useful in the colonies, as the from an opacity of chrystalline lens, pulp, when separated from the ber. and which can be cured only by the ries, was hitherto used only as ma- extraction of the lens,) sight is

sometimes restored by the spontane. The Swedish astronomer SVAN- ous destruction of the chrystalline. NERG has received the prize for last This is a wise provision of nature, year, bequeathed by Lelande, to be and is analogous to the destruction given annually for the best work on of the fragments of the pupillary astronomy.

membrane with which the opening of An instrument has been invented the iris is closed, and, which is torn by Mr DUNLOP, to be substituted for asunder after birth. the common quadrant and sextant A new process for cleaning fea. now in use, and by means of which thers from their animal oil has been the numerous errors occasioned by discovered by Mrs Richardson, who atmospheric refraction, and in tak. was rewarded with twenty guineas. ing lunar observations may be com- See the Transactions of the Society pletely obviated. If this invention

for 1805. answers these pretensions, it will be MOUNT ANNAN, 2

D. B. of great service to navigators. An July 22. 1806. $



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or other

REPORT of the COMMITTEE of the longing to such Chambers shall pre

House of PEERS, relative to the side, such presiding suidge to be ap. Administration of Civil JUSTICE pointed by his Majesty to the said in SCOTLAND.

office, during good behaviour.

Resolved, 4.--That causes coming
Y the Committee of the whole

in the first instance into Court as
House appointed to consider the
matter of the administration of Ci- before any one of the Chambers, at

Inner-House causes, may be brought vil Justice in Scotland,

the choice of the party instituting Ordered to Report,

the suit; and that causes coming into That the Committee have met and the Outer House, before any one of considered the matter to them refer. the ordinary Lords of Session, and red, and have come to the following there decided, may be removed, by resolutions, (viz.)

reclaiming petition, or otherwise, in. Resolved, 1.-That it appears to to that Chamber only of which such this Committee that the increase of Lord Ordinary shall be a member. manufactures, extension of trade, Resolved, 5.

That in all causes, improvements of agriculture, and whether originally brought before consequent multiplication of tran. the Lord Ordinary, or before the sactions, have varied the nature, and Chambers, as Inner House causes, greatly increased the number of suits the defender shall, in his defence, disbrought before the Courts of Law tinctly admit or deny all relevant facts in Scotland, and thence by appeal alledged in the summons into this House :

writ which by the cause is brought And that it has therefore. become into Court. necessary that some alterations should Resolved, 6.- That if the defend. be made in the establishment of the ant shall, in whole or in part, deny Courts of Law in that part of the the facts stated by the pursuer, or united kingdom, adhering as much as shall, in bis defence, make any aver. possible to the forms and principles ments, in point of fact, which shall of the Laws of Scotland, and main- subsequently be denied by the pur. taining invariably the true meaning suer, the Court or Lord Ordinary and spirit of the articles of Uniun. respectively, on the requisition of

Resolved, 2.--That it will greatly either party, or the Court at their conduce to the better administration own discretion, shall order that the of justice in the Court of Session, issue of fact shall be tried by a Jury, and will be for the evident utility of except in such cases as it shall be Scotland, that the said Court, instead found proper to except from this rule. of sitting in one collective body of Resolved, 7 --That when it appears 15 Judges, shall sit in such nuinber to the Chamber, or the Lord Or. of separate Chambers as may be found dinary, reasonable that such issue so most convenient ; and that the Lords directed should be tried in that part sitting in such Chambers respectively of the country where the evidence can shall exercise the same functions, and be most easily obtained, it shall be shall enjoy the same authority and competent to remit the cause to the privileges, as are now exercised and nearest Circuit, to be there tried by enjoyed by the whole Lords sitting a Jury. together.

Resolved, 8.-That whenever, in Resolved, 3.-That in each of the the inferior Courts, proofs shall have said Chambers one of the Judges be. been allowed, it shall be in the opJuly 1806.


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tion of either party to apply to the Resolved, 12.

.That no appeal to Court of Session, in order that the this House from the Court of Sesissue may be tried by a Jury, if the sion be competent, excepting against Court shall so think fit : But, if either the judgment of the Chamber of Reparty apply for the trial by Jury, view. the cause may be decided by the in- Resolved, 13.---That no appeal to ferior Courts, according to the forms this House be competent against in: now in use and afterwards in review terlocutory judgments. by the Court of Session by Jury, or Resoluid, 14:- That such costs bę otherwise, as the Court shall think allowed by this House in cases of fic.

appeal as may more effectually tend Resolved, 9.---That it shall be com- to the discouragement of frivolous petent to parties to complain against and vexatious appeals. verdicts of Juries, that the same were Resolved, 15.--That all extracts in given contrary to evidence, or by mis- every Court, superior and inferior, direction of the Judge sitting as Or. be abolished or diminished, as far as dinary, or on the Circuit, or presiding it shall be found possible; and that in the Chambers.

for the execution of any decree, or Resolved, 10.–That when a party appealing therefrom, it shall in all in any Court, the decrees of which cases be sufficient that there be an are subject to be reviewed by the exemplification, signed by the Clerk Court of Session, shall be dissatisfied of Court, containing the summons, with any judgmert of such Court, he petition, or other writ by which the shall be at liberty, instead of proceed. cause was brought into Court,. to. ing by the present mode of advoca- gether with the defence, and the dif: tion or suspension, to enter an appeal ferent interlocutors, and final judgto the Court of Session, after the ment of the Court, with such other mode and form by which decrees of parts of the proceedings only as it inferior Courts are brought under the may be found indispensibly necessary review of the Lords of Justiciary on to include in such exemplification. the Circuit, with the exception of Risolved,' 16.-That the commis. such cases as, for the sake of the dis- sion for the plantation of kirks, and patch of justice or otherwise, it may valuation and sale of teinds granted be found necessary to except, and for by the act of 1707 to the Court of which cases particular regulations Session, shall be recalled, and that a may hereafter be provided.

commission be granted to ihe Barons Resolved, 11. That when any of Exchequer in Scotland, to judge judgment shall have been pronounced and determine in all questions at prein any Chamber of the Court of Ses- sent cognizable in the Court of Teinde sion, it shall be subject to review in under the said commission, with the à Chamber of Review, in which none exception only of such cases as inof the Judges shall sit who belong to volve a question with regard to the that Chamber whose judgment is to right of teinds, which shall be subject be reviewed ; and that the cause to the jurisdiction of the Court of shall, in that stage, be conducted by Session alone. principal cases, and hearing of Coun- Resolved, 17.-That no augmentsel, in the manner and forin observed arion shall henceforth be granted by in appeals to the House of Lords: the Commissioners of Teinds in any such Chamber of Review to be con- case where the stipend of the parish stituted in such manner as shall here has been augmented within such numafter be appointed by act of Parlia. ber of years from the date of the ment.

claim as shall hereafter be fixed.

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A Short Sketch of the Improved State State of the manufactures of the of PAISLEY, including the ABBEY

town and Abbey parish of Paisley, for Parish, for the year 1805

the year 1805 :-


S the population of any place is This manufacture employs 6750
the great source from whence

weavers ; and the annual product every exertion must spring, which from each muslin weaver in the Pais. can be made for its improvemeor; it ley trade, according to the most acmay be proper to state to the reader

curate calculation the nature of the the gradual progress of population case will admit of, is from every in this town and parish, since the loom 100l.; consequently 6750 looms year 1695.

amount to 675,000 l. per anvum. Number of inhabitants in the

Each loom gives employment to Town, and Abbey parish of Paisley: at least three persons, in weaving, In the year 1695, 4375 persons

winding, warping, tambouring. clip. 17559 6799 ditto

ping, seeding, sewing, bleaching, and 1782, 17,780 ditto callandering.

Number of persons 1792, . 24,592 ditto

employed, 20,250. 1805, 35,000 ditto.

Important improvements have been This branch employs about 120
made in agriculture, and the lands in looms---Each loom produces an an-
the neighbourhood are now highly nual value of 80 1.120 looms at 8ol,
productive. Abundant crops of wheat, each, 9,600 1.-Each silk loom gives
oats, barley, and potatoes, are pre. employment to two persons. Total,
sented to the eye


direction, 240.
The culture of all kinds of

Cotton Spinning. well understood ; and the crops of Twenty large cotton mills, and sethis article have become very valu- veral smaller ones, produce yarn, able as food for the increasing num. spun by manufacturers residing in bers of horses, and other cattle, ne.

the town and parish, to the amount cessary for the labour and consump

of 300,000l. per annum. tion of such a populous and wealthy On account of the great variety of district. Indeed this part of Scot. machinery and operations necessary in land will now bear a comparison with this branch of manufacture, it is difthe most cultivated districts of Eng.

ficult to ascertain with precision the land. Lands that let about fifty numbers employed in pickiog, beatyears ago at from five to ten shillings ing, carding, roving, spinning, reelper Scots acre, at present yield the

ing, sorting, &c. but from the best proprietor from three to ten pounds data that could be obtained, they of annual rent.

were estimated at 7000 persons.
In order that we may ascertain the
cause of this rapid increase of popu-

Threads made of linen yarn.
lation, and the high state of culture There are employed in this branch,
to which this part of the country has 120 machines, each workila 48
attained, it becomes necessary to state spindies, and each of these machines
the annual amount of the manufac- will twine upon an average 2800
tures carried on in the town, and Ab- spindles of yarn; which gives as the
bey parish of Paisley and to com. total amount of yarn used in thread,
pare them with the amounts of for. 336,000 spindles.' 336,000 spindles
mer periods,

of yarn manufactured into thread

grasses is

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