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gives an annual value, at 55.9d. each, the appearance of thriving, and the of 96,600l.

annual value of finished work done in Each thread mill gives employ them, is 6500l. ment to twelve persons, in the various

RECAPITULATION. operations, exclusive of spinning.-

Persons Value Total number, 1,440 persons.

employed. produced Distilleries.

Muslin, 20,259 L. 675,000 Of these, there are two consider.

Silk, .

240 able houses, in which are manufac. Cotton Spinning, 7oco

300,000 tured annually spirits to the amount Threads,

1440 96,600

Distilleries, of 75,000 l.

75,000

Leather, Soap, and
Leather, Soap, and Candles.

candles

85,000 There are four tangeries, and three Incle or Tape,

6,000 soap and candle houses. Part of the Founderies, .

6,500 articles manufactured in these works, are for home consumpt, and part

for

29,030 1,253,700 exportation, and the aggregate of

That the reader may have it in his their annual value is 85,000l.

power to form a proper idea of the Incle, or Tape.

gradual progress of manufacture in Of this article there is one manu.

this place, the report of the Board of factory, which produces annually, Trustees, for manufactures, as regoods to the amount of 6000l. This ceived at different periods from the branch employs 100 persons.

stamp.master at Paisley, and certi.

fied by his oath, is here subjoined. Founderies.

This report relates to lawns, and There have been erected of late thread gauzes stamped each year, years, two founderies, which have and the rated value of the same. Ist Nov. to Ist Nov. Yards.

Value. 1743 1744 353,407

L. 15,886 15 1747 1748 413,660

23,671 19 7 1757 1758

649,998 43,665 - 8 1767

1768

529,022 54,664 Il 1783 1784 1,922,020 164.385 16 6 From the above statement, the statement is for the year 1784. The gradual progress of the lawn and following is an abstract of it.

hread gauze branch is ascertained. Value of Paisley Manufactures fer With regard to the thread branch, we have no oficial documents to

1784 :

Silk Gauzes, . . . L.350,000 found upon ; all that can with cer

Lawns and thread tainty be said upon the subject is,

Gauzes,

16 that it commenced in this town, in

Threads, 1923, or 1724, and that for some

64,800 years the value of threads made did Soap and Candles,

30,000 not exceed 1000l. per annum. The first statement that can be depended

L. 609,185 166 upon, is contained in a new descrip. The town of Paisley is built upon tion of Paisley, published in the gen- a very irregular plan; or rather has tleman's magazine in 1787, for the béen extended in all directions. just months of May and Junc. This as private convenience and property

pointed

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.pointed out. Its greatest length is means of punishing or reclaiming from east to west, nearly two miles; such delinquents, but by having reand from south to north, it extends course to fine and imprisonment. about a mile and an half. From the With regard to this mode of proceextreme irregularity of the buildings dure, it hath been long observed, and streets, the wealthy inhabitants that committing disorderly persons have been for many years looking to our common prisons, hath had no forward to a period when regular effect in reclaiming offenders ; on the improvements should be suggested contrary, that in being liberated, and put to execution for the benefit they always, in place of becoming of all concerned.

better members of society, become The police bill now moved in the much worse than they were before ; House of Commons, has been long whereas much good has resulted from projected, but different circumstances confining them to solitary and hard have till lately intervened to prevent labour.. its adoption. These however are now The mode hitherto practised for removed, and there can be little watching the streets of the town at doubt entertained, as to the utility night, is by warning a certain numand expediency of the general provi- ber of householders by rotation to atsions of the bill.

tend in a guard - hause appointed for The opening of new streets will the purpose. Their business is to be a high improvement in the place. perambulate the streets in all direcThey will asford great facility to the tions, and to prevent any 'disorders extension of manufactures, by col- from taking place. A captain is lecting a number of families from the named, and by him, a' report should adjacent country, for the manufactu. be made to the sitting magistrate, rer always prefers the weavers who each day, of what has occurred in the reside in town, to those who have course of the preceding night. This their abode in the country; and be plan, however, has not been found to sides this advantage, the wealthy in- answer the purpose so well as could habitants will have it in their power be wished. The guard themselves to accommodate themselves with more are sometimes found to be the most comfortable and convenient dwelling noisy of any who are on the streets, houses, as well as more spacious ware. and it frequently happens, that little houses for carrying on their mercan. or no attention is paid to the duty tile transactions.

imposed upon them; for it has seves There is no town at present in ral times happened, that houses and Scotland, of a magnitude nearly equal shops have been broke into at no to that of Paisley, that is so much great distance, without the perpetradeficient in lighting, side pavements, fors being observed, or restrained by and cleansing of the streets; all of the guard, who were probably enjoy- . which are essentially necessary to the ing themselves around a good fire, comfort, and even to the health of with shut doors. Many attempts. the inhabitants of large and popü.

have at different times been made, to lous towns.

oblige all the respectable inhabitants A workhouse for confining at hard to attend personally in their rotation, labour, such as are convicted of petty but these atiempts have always relaxcrimen, is deemed essentially neces. ed in a short time, and substitutes' sary. The number of such offences been again admitted. These substiis annually accumulating, and indeed tutes consist generally of porters, or they must do so in every increasing labouring people, who are more fond town, while the magistrates have no of sleeping by the side of a good lite,

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ihan of watching the streets of the Kovna and Wilna (in Lithuania) of town. By the present bill, it is pro- the banks of the little river Wilia, posed to relieve the inhabitants from whence the last-mentioned towo deibis burden, which recurs nearly four rives its name. times a year, upon their paying a “ The Emperor, from some cause very moderate commutation tax, with or other, inmaterial to the present the view of substituting regular subject, had conconsiderably devanced watchmen in their place, under pro. his attendants; and being led by the per regulations.

winding of the road within a short To be concluded in our next. distance of the above-mentioned river;

and perceiving several persons assem

bled near the edge of the water, out Ancedote of tbe Emperor of RUSSIA of which they appeared to be drag.

and Dr Weilly, with some parti. ging something, he instantly alighted, culars concerning the latter. and, on approaching the spot, found

it to be the body of a man apparently To the Editor.

lifeless. Prompted by humanity alone, SIR,

and without any assistance than that IN the Glasgow Courier of the of the ignorant boors around bim, to

24th of May, there is an account whom he was no otherwise known of the manner in which the Emperor than that his waiforo indicated an Alexander, and Dr Weilly, his chief officer of rank, he had him conveyed physician, on a journey thro' Poland, to, and laid on the side of a bank, succeeded, after four hours perseve- and immediately proceeded with his rance, in bringing to life a poor man own hands to assist in taking off the apparently dead. Dr Weily is a na- wet cloatbs of the apparent corpse, tive of this place, who has raised and to rub his temples, wrists, &c.; himself whoily by his owo which his Imperial Majests continued His parents still reside bere, and he for a considerable time, using every has four brothers alive. The eldest other means, though destii uite of every is a schoolmaster in Dundee; the medical assistance, ihai appeared at Doctor is next; and the torce young- the moment most likely to restore est are shipmasters in this town. animation ; bui all without effect. In Therefore, Sır, if you would give the midst of this occupation, the this story a corner in your nesi ma Emperor was joined by the gentlemen gazine, it will be doing a favour to of his suite, among whom were the many of your readers.

Prince Wolkousky and Count Liewen Kincardine, June 18c6. J. M. (two Russian noblemen) and Dr Letter from James Grange, Esq. to Dr

Weilly, his Majesty's head surgeon, William Hawes, Treasurer of the Royal an English gentleman, whose profes. Humane Society.

sional abilities are so well known (at "DEAR SIR, March 24. 1806. least on the continent), that they " His Imperial Maj sty the Em- need no comment; which latter alperor Alexander, in one of his jour- ways travels with, and indeed never neys through Poland, solely by his quits His Majesty at any time.own perseverance and personal exer. Their exertions were immediately ad. tion, restored to life a peasant of ded to those of the Emperor; and on that country, who had been drowned the Doctor's attempting to bleed a considerable time. This very in. the patient, His Majesty held and teresting occurrence came

rubbed his arm, and gave every other kuowledge during my late stay at St assistance in his power. However, Petersburg, and took place between that and all other means they couid

merit.

devise proved equally ineffectual: so with it (whose gratitude and astonishmuch so, that after three hours' fruit. ment, when informed to whom he less attempts to recover him, the was indebted for his life, you may Doctor declared, to the extreme cha. easily conceive ;) and remained with grin of the Emperor, who was by him till he saw him quite recovered, this time become very anxious about and conveyed to a place where proit, to be his opinion, that life was per care would be taken of him; be. quite gone, and that it was useless sides ordering him a considerable

preo prilieding any farther. Fatigued as sent of money, and having since he was with such continued exertion, Otherwise provided for him and his the Emperor could not rest satisfied, family. without entreating Dr. Weilly to “ The accompanying snuff-box*, persevere, and to make a fresh at- on which this interesting event is tempt to bleed him. The Doctor, faithfully though roughly delineated though (as he has declared to me (the poor inhabitants of that part of himself, and from whose own mouth Poland being no great artists,) was I have these particulars) he had not

sketched at a neighbouring town, for the slightest hope of being more suc. the purpose of commemorating his cossful in this than in former ones, restoration; and is one of four pre. proceeded nevertheless to obey the sented, on the occasion, to the prin. positive injunction of his Imperial cipal actors in it, namely his Impe. Majesty; when the whole of them rial Majesty and the three gentlemen (the Noblemen, &c.) making a last above mentioned, who are (though effort in rubbing, &c. the Emperor not very correctly, it is true) reprehad, at length, the inexpressible sa

sented on it. tisfaction of seeing the blood make “ Koowing my attachment to its appearance, accompanied by a every thing in the least connected slighi groan.

The emotions of his with that truly amiable and good Imperial Majesty on this oceasion, Prince or his actions, Dr. Weilly was The Doctor informed me, are not to kind enough, at my request, to prebe described, and, in the plenitude of sent me with it; and though I would his joy, he exclaimed, in French,-- not part with it on any other account, “Good God! this is the brightest I think it cannot be better disposed 6 day of my life !'-and the tears, of, than by taking the liberty of of. which instantaneously sprang into his fering it to you, Sir, to the end that eyes, indicated that these words came so striking an example of humanity, from the heart.

perseverance, and philanthropy, in so “ It is useless to say, my dear Sir, exalted a character, may not be en. that their exertions were, as you may tirely lost to the world, and to possuppose, redoubled, and finally crown- terity. Requesting you to excuse ed with complete success; but I the hasty, imperfect way in which I must not forget to add (as, in justice have endeavoured to narrate this very to his Imperial Majesty, no trait how. affecting transaction (to which I feel ever trifling, ought to be omitted, myself totally incompetent to do ad. which reflects such honour on his equate justice), allow me feelings as a man) that, on Dr. Weil. you, Sir, of the sentiments of respect ly's looking about for something to and esteem with which I beg leave stop the blood with, and tieup his arm, io subscribe myself, dear Sir, yours the Emperor, without any hesitation, most faithfully, instantly took out his handkerchief,

JAMES GRANGE.” tore it in pieces, and with his own hands bound the poor fellow's arm * Now in the possession of Dr. Hawes.

to assure

504

This vene

one narrow

there was

ANTIQUITIES of the Parish of CLOSE- CLOSEBURN-CASTLE.
LURN.

rable edifice is still in a good state THIS parish is situated in the dis- of repair. It is very strong, and

trict of Nittsdale and presbytery from its situation almost impregna. of Penpont. It contains many anti- ble. Before the loch was drained, it quities, which are now hardly under. must have beco nearly surrounded stood, and in a generation or two may with water, except at be totally forgotten. To rescue them point, where tradition

says from oblivion, I transmit a few of a draw bridge. The peainsulated the most remarkable to be inserted in spot on which the castle stands, your useful miscellany. If this at- measures about five acres, and was tempt meets your approbation, I may often resorted to by the tenants of occasionally trouble you on similar the estate, with their cattle to avoid subjects, and am, Sir,

predatory incursions. The time Yours, &c.

wben this castle was built is uncer. Jurie bih 1806.

Milo. tain, but it must be of considerable CLOSEBURN, i. c. Cella Osborni. antiquity. The Kilpatricks of Close. The Romans always pronounced the burn are in possession of a charter letter C in the same manner, as we granted by Robert Bruce, a Roger pronounce K and the word Cella is Kilpatrick was present with him not pronounced Seila, but Kella.-- when he slew Cummin at Dumfries. The true etymology of the name of The King came out of the church, this parish is Celia Osborni, i. e. the and said, " I think I ha'e slain CumChapel of Osborn.

min.” Says Roger, “have you left KILPATRICK, i. e. Cella Patrici, the business with “ I think?" on the chapel of Patrick. The remains which he went in and dispatched of this chapel can still be distinctly him. From this exploit the Kilpatraced. It has given, name to the tricks have their motto, viz.: “I farm on which it stands, as also to “ ha'e sicker'd him.” the very ancient family of Closeburn, CLOSEBURN-Town. There is now who for time immemorial (till within only a cottage or two standing, and these twenty years past) were pos- these are of modern execution. The sesed of the most considerable part of ruins of an old house called the Vault the parish.

are still very distinct. Within these KILFADDOCK, i... Cella Faddoci, 36 years it was inhabited by a Joiner. the chapel of Faddoch. It has given At a little distance stands the market name to a small farm adjoining to cross still very intire. There is not that of Kilpatrick. Tradition is sic the least doubt but this was the marlent respecting this chapel, nor does ket town of the barony. The vault any vestige of it remain.

aforesaid consists of an upper and CROALCHAPEL. ? his chapel has lower apartment, and has been very given name to a small village in the strongly built. The writer of the immediate vicinity of Closeburn lime statistical account of this parish prosvorks. The foundations can still be bably alludes to this vault when he traced.

says,

«« The old castle of Closeburn This parish has been fruitful in is in ruins.” The situation of this saints and chapels, but the prepon. building, in a plain field overlooking derating saint appears to have been the maiket ground, as also its dimi. St Osborn, and it is probable the pre- nutive size, render it improbable, that sent parochial church stands in the it was the family residence. It is ruins of his chapel.

most likely the lower appartment was

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