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devise proved equally ineffectual; so with it (whose gratitude and astonish. much so, that after three hours' fruit. ment, when informed to whom he less attempts to recover him, the
was indebted for his life, you may Doctor declared, to the extreme cha- easily conceive ;) and remained with grin of the Emperor, who was by him till he saw him quite recovered, this time become very anxious about and conveyed to a place where proit, to be his opinion, that life was per care would be taken of him ; be. quite gone, and that it was useless sides ordering him a considerable
preo pr .ceeding any farther. Fatigued as sent of money, and having since he was with such continued exertion, otherwise provided for him and his the Emperor could not rest satisfied, family. without entreating Dr. Weilly to “ The accompanying snuff-box *, persevere, and to make a fresh at- on which this interesting event is tempt to bleed him. The Doctor, faithfully though roughly delineated though (as he has declared to me (the poor inhabitants of that part of himself, and from whose own mouth Poland being no great artists,) was I have these particulars) he had not sketched at a neighbouring towa, for the slightest hope of being more buc- the purpose of commemorating his cessful in this ihan in former ones, restoration ; and is one of four pre. proceeded nevertheless to obey the sented, on the occasion, to the prin. positive injunction of his Imperial cipal actors in it, namely his Impe. Majesty; when the whole of them rial Majesty and the three gentlemen (the Noblemen, &c.) making a last above mentioned, who are (though effort in rubbing, &c. the Emperor not very correctly, it is true) reprehad, at length, the inexpressible sa sented on it. tisfaction of seeing the blood make “ Knowing my attachment to its appearance, accompanied by a every thing in the least connected slighi groan. The emotions of his with that truly amiable and good Imperial Majesty on this oceasion, Prince or his actions, Dr. Weilly was The Doctor informed me, are not to kind enough, at my request, to prebe described, and, in the plenitude of sent me with it; and though I would his joy, he exclaimed, in French, -- not part with it on any oiher account, “ Good"God! this is the brightest I think it cannot be better disposed " day of my life!' -and the tears, of, than by taking the liberty of of. which instantaneously sprang into his fering it to you, Sir, to the end that eyes, indicated that these words came so striking an example of humanity, from the heart.
perseverance, and philanthropy, in so “ It is useless to say, my dear Sir, exalted a character, may not be en. that their exertions were, as you may tirely lost to the world, and to possuppose, redoubled, and finally crown- terity. Requesting you to excuse ed with complete success; but I the hasty, imperfect way in which I must not forget to add (as, in justice have endeavoured to narrate this very to his Imperial Majesty, no trait how- affecting transaction (to which I feel ever trifling, ought to be omitted, myself totally incompetent to do ad. which reflects, such honour on his equate justice), allow me feelings as a man) thai, on Dr. Weil. you, Sir, of the sentiments of respect ly's leoking about for something to and esteem with which I beg leave stop the blood with, and tieup his arm, io subscribe myself, dear Sir, yours the Emperor, without any hesitation, most faithfully, instantly took out his handkerchief,
JAMES GRANGE." tore it in pieces, and with his own. hands bound the poor fellow's arm * Now in the possession of Dr. Hawes.
ANTIQUITIES of the Parish of CLOSE- CLOSEBURN-CASTLE. This vene.
rable edifice is still in a good state THIS parish is situated in the dis- of repair. It is very strong, and
erict of Nittsdale and presbytery from its situation almost impregnaof Penpont. It contains many anti- ble. Before the loch was drained, it quities, which are now hardly under- must have been nearly surrounded stood, and in a generation or two may with water, except at one marrow be totally forgotten. To rescue them point, where tradition
there was from oblivion, I transmit a few of à draw bridge. The peninsulated the most remarkable to be inserted in spot on which the castle stands, your useful miscellany. If this at- measures about five acres, and was tempt meets your approbation, I may often resorted to by the tenants of occasionally trouble you on siinilar the estate, with their cattle to avoid subjects, and am, Sir,
predatory incursions. The time Yours, &c.
when this castle was built is uncer. Jurie bih 1806.
Milo. tain, but it must be of considerable CLOSEBURN, i.e. Cella Oshorni. antiquity. The Kilpatricks of Close. The Romans always pronounced the burn are in possession of a charter letter C in the same nianner, as we granted by Robert Bruce, a Roger pronounce K and the word Cella is Kilpatrick was present with him not pronounced Seila, but Kella.-- when he slew Cummin at Dumfries, The true etymology of the name of The King came out of the church, this parish is Celia Osborni, i. e. the and said, " I think I ha'e slain CumChapel of Osborn.
min.” Says Roger, “ have you left KILPATRICK, i. . Cella Patrici, the business with " I think?" on the chapel of Patrick. The remains which he went in and dispatched of this chapel can still be distinctly him. From this exploit the Kilpatraced. It has given name to the tricks have their motto, viz.. " I farm on which it stands, as also to “ ha'e sicker'd him." the very ancient family of Closeburn, CLOSEBURN-Town. There is now who for time immemorial (till within only a cottage o: two standing, and these twenty years past) were pos- these are of modern execution. The sesed of the most considerable part of ruins of an old house called the Vault the parish.
distinct. Within these KILFADDOCK, i. c. Cella Faddoci, 36 years it was inhabited by a Joiner. the chapel of Faddoch. It has given At a little distance stands the market name to a small farm adjoining to cross still very intire. There is not that of Kilpatrick. Tradition is si. the least doubt but this was the marlent respecting this chapel, nor does ket town of the barony. The vault any vestige of it remain.
aforesaid consists of an upper and CROALCHAPEL. ? his chapel has lower apartment, and has been very given name to a small village in the strongly built. The writer of the immediate vicinity of Closeburn lime statistical account of this parish proworks. The foundations can still be bably alludes to this vault when he traced.
says, “ The old castle of Close burn This parish has been fruitful in
is in ruins."
The situation of this saints and chapels, but the prepon. building, in a plain field overlooking derating saint appears to have been the market ground, as also its dimi. St Osborn, and it is probable the pre- nutive size, render it improbable, that sent parochial church stands in the it was the family residence. It is ruins of his chapel.
most likely the lower
a prison, in which those who com. LAWS-CAIRN. This cairn is situ. mitted any outrage at the market ated about a mile to the north-east were confined ; and the upper apart of the old castle of Closeburn. It is ment destined for the residence of the probably the sepulchral monument of Baron Bailie, and the temporary ac- a man named Law, or it may have commodation of the Chieftain, when been the place where the chieftains he attended the market.
of Closeburn held their courts and DULLART, i.e. Dull-Ward. Tra- administered justice. I think the dition
there was a prison here, last most probable. though no vestige of it remains. If AUCHIN-CAIRN. This immense it was so, the name is easily accountcairn is situated about a mile to the ed for. The farm of Duilart adjoins eastward of the former. Its name to Cree-hope (not Chrichup, as gene imports the holy or consecrated Cairn, rally written) linn; and abundance of and clearly points it out, as one of
; recesses for a prison may have been these rude and immense masses, defound there Dull enough. This ety. dicated to Belts in the times of mology appears to me very doubtful, druidism. It has afforded materials and therefore I have contented my- for building time innmemorial, and 'self with mertioning it, without lay- will still be considered, even in its ing any stress on it.
present diminished state, as a stupenCAMP. HILL. As the name clearly. dous monument
of human exérimports, there has been a camp on
tion. this hill of an elliptical form, and of GABIN MUIR. The last-mentionconsiderable dimensions. The forti ed cairn stands on this muir. Gabin fications consist of an earthen rain. or Gavin muir is about six miles in part and fosse. This hill has given length; and from the one extremity name to the farm on which it stands, to the other, the vestiges of a Roman as also to a river about half a mile road may be traced. How it came distant, commonly, though very er- to be called Gabin muir is not known. roneously, called Campbell Water. The road across this hill opened a The name of the hill, the farm on passage for the Romans from the ferwhich it stands, and the river which tile district of Annandale, to that of both skirts, and intersects said farm, Nithsdale ; and led directly from are radically the same. This camp Burnswark to the strong Roman appears to be of great antiquity, for Fort in the neighbourhood of Drum. no tradition exists respecting it. lanridge, named Tibberii Murus, but
TEMPLE LAND. On a projecting now corruptly named Tibbers Muir. point towards Kirk-Bog, on the banks A road of such importance, and aof Camp.hill water, and within half a cross a rugged and heathy mountain, mile of the old kirk of Dalgarnoch, was likely to be often disputed ; and stands a druidical temple. If not such in fact seems to have been the lately demolished, two of the circular case, from the great number of sestones are still standing. I have pulchral tumuli which every where surveyed them an hundred times, and present themselves, but particularly hope they still remain. It is situat. iowards the summit, where it is likeed, as all the druidical temples in ly the conflict would be most obsti. that vicinity are, within sight of Tyn- nate. This scene has often recalled to ron Dun, where tradition says the my mind these beautiful words of druidical primate kindled his fire, on Ossian, “ Where the gray stones the stated festivals in honour of Belus. rise among the heath to mark the This temple has given name to the grave of departed heroes.” Perhaps farm on which it stands.
some Roman General may have been July 1806.
slain herè, of the name Gabinius, and bourhood, of more recent date, but from this the hill may have been cal. tradition is totally silent on
this led Gabin Muir. i. e. Gabinii Alirus. head.
CAIRN This farm lies about a BAR-DURGH, i.e. The D fence. mile to the south of Guchin-Cairn, Fori. This is an iminense mass of and is so called from a Druidical stones contiguous to the farm of Cairn on the top of a bili, about a Cair, and situated on a narrow plain. quarter of a mile north of the farm- bounded on one side by the Bar Hill, steading. This fan reaches to Hal- and on the order side by tbe river
Auchin Linn, commonly, but very Nith. This borghi completely guards erroneously, written Ballacken. Toe the entry to the Parish from the Linn of Bal- Auckin, is little more south easi.
This Tort, both from than of a mile distant from the its oam., and the aucemented mate. Drudical Cairn aforesaid, aird comes
rials of which it has been composed, next to be treated of.
nust be of great antiquity. Thor BAL- AUChin, i. e.
now one mass of ruin, an accurate crated residence, or Druid's house.--- observer may easily discern that this On which side of the Linn the Fort was of a circular form.. Druid's house stood, must now be DIXINS. i. 6. Duralnis, or the matter of mere conjecture, but frooi Iach hill. This is a beautiful little the name it is certain it did stand mote, covering about an acreof ground here ; and I will renture to assert, almost insulated by the River Nilli, that a more romantic and beautiful before it was transferred to its prespo: is not in Scotland.
sert channel, about half a-mile AULD GIRTH. The farm so the southward. The Mote was named is contiguous to Bal Auchin' indispensible emblem of feudal au: Linn, which for half a mile forms the thority. In the immediate vicinity boundary betwixt it and the farm of stands a village named Gate Side. Cairo before mentioned. Girib is Here, the family of Closeburn held a Gælic word, signifying a sanctified their Baron Courte, and thither the circle, and served the same purpose clients and the dependents of that in the times of Druidism, that the family resorted to have their causes cities of Refuge did under the Mosaic determined. This, within these 50 dispensation. The man-slayer who years, was the general place of rentook shelter within this cousecrated dezvous for the parish to put, wies. circle or Girth, was secure against tle, ruin, leap, &c. the avenger
of blood, and could not LIFTING STANE. This is the be brought thence for any other pur. páme of a small farm very vear the pose, but that of being legally tried. foresaid village. Lifting large stones These Girths were always situated or beavy weights, was one of the a. near the Druid's residence, whose musements of our ancestors. Near presence was necessary to restrain the general rendezvous stood a large the incensed avenger of blood, and stone with an iron handle run into who was, besides, supreme judge in it, for trying the strength of the difall matters civil, as well as religions, ferent competitors. The name of There are several Girths in the county this farm, and its, vicinity to the of Dumfries, viz. Apple-Girth, Thun- 11ute and village aforesaid, leave no der-Girth, Girth Head, Auld-Girth, 100m to doubt that the Lifting&c. These Girths are also frequent stane stood here. in the Hebrides From the epithet AUCHIN-LECK 1. e. Sacra Rupes, Auld given to 'this Girth, ihere was or the Holy Stone. The other antiprobably another. Girth in the neigh. quities before mentioned I have re
peatedly seen, and attentively consi. ed on an eminence, that it might be
Critical observations on HOME, a poem.
(Concluded from page 426.) were so equally poised as to vibrate at the slightest touch of the finger, IN the execution of the work, the but rema:ned inmoveable, tho' the author deserves a very singular dewhole strength of the body was ap- gree of praise. The measure he has plied. They were used by the Druids chosen is one of the most accom10.extort confession froin culprits; modating I ever saw. It is not blank and were successful, when every other verse, and it cannot be called rhyme; artifice failed. The Rocking Stone it is not prese, and it possesses none was the Dernier resort.
of ihe characteristics of poetryKNOCK-AN-STANG. i... The Stang That it is intended for poetiy, howHills Riding the Stanz is a Scandic ever, may easily be seen from the arnavian custom of high antiquity, and rangement of the lines, and the blank can be traced as far back as the oth spaces wlrich are left at their endcentury. This was the severest pu- ings, and to put it beyond a doubt, nishment which could be inflicted, the author has very properly menand always entailed indelible disgrace. tioned in the title page that it is The Scandinavians called it the Nidd " a prem.” Perhaps it might have Stang, i.e. the Pole of Disgracı,---- been better oamed a medley in heroics. Nothing can set the high disgrace of If the work is not unique, the writer this punishment in a clearer point of of the present volume has certainly view than the following circumstance: gone beyond every former author in An ancient king of England (I do the combination of prose and rhyme, not recollect his name, tho' I recol. blank verse and nonsense. lect the passage most particularly) In, the rhythm of his work our su'n moned his barons to attend him author has imitated Pope very sucin arms against a certain day under cessfully. But I would be cauti. the pain of Nidding;i.e of Riding the cus of giving too much praise on Stang. Riding the Stang is a punish this head. Every one knows that mene known and sometimes inflicted the modern plan of making poems is as at the present day. It is not above simple as the manufacture of books 15 years sịnce I saw a blacksmitli, related by Gulliver. If the author who had been too intimate with a has not had a book containing a Taylor's wife, ride the Stang. Our collection of words “ with like endancestors had their Knock-an-Low, ings;" he has certainly transcribed
. e. the Hill of Justice-their Knock- the final words of Pope's verses, and an-Eric, i.e. the Hill of Pleas-their filled them up with his own lucu. Withie. Laws and Gallow Laws, i. e. brations. In hinting this I by no the execution hill, &c. they had also means say that the author has no their Druidicul Cairns, and their merit in rhyming ; many may use the Duris on hills. From the name of words of others in this manner ; but this hill, there cannot remain a doubt few, (as the author himself hints) that it was the hill appropriated for can use then, so “ judiciously."
riding the stang. Justice was always The frequent use of the Alexanadministered, and punishment inflict. diine in this book will no doubt star.