« ZurückWeiter »
a prison, in which those who com. Laws.CAIRN. This cairn is situ. mitted any outrage at the market ated about a mile to the north-east were confined ; and the upper apart of the old castle of Closeburn. It is ment destined for the residence of the probably the sepulchral monument of Baron Bailie, and the temporary ac- a man named Law, or it may have commodation of the Chieftain, when been the place where the chieftains he attended the market.
of Closeburn held their courts and DULLART, 1. e. Dull-Ward. Tra- administered justice. I think the dition says there was a prison here, last most probable. though no vestige of it remains. If AUCHIN-CAIRN. This immense it was so, the name is easily account. cairn is situated about a mile to the ed for. The farm of Dullart adjoins eastward of the former. Its name to Cree-hope (not Chrichup, as genie imports the holy or consecrated Cairn, rally written)linn ; and abundance of and clearly points it out, as one of recesses for a prison may have been these rude and immense masses, defound there Dull enough. This ety. dicated to Belus in the times of mology appears to me very doubtful, druidism. It has afforded materials and therefore I have contented my- for building time immemorial, and 'self with mertioning it, without lay- will still be considered, even in its ing any stress on it.
present diminished state, as a stupenCAMP-HILL. As the name clearly. dous monument
of human exerimports, there has been a camp on
tion. this hill of an elliptical form, and of GABIN MUIR. The last-mentionconsiderable dimensions. The forti ed cairn stands on this muir., Gabin fications consist of an earthen ram- or Gavin nuir is about six miles in part and fosse. This hill has given length ; and from the one extremity name to the farm on which it stands, to the other, the vestiges of a Roman as also to a river about half a mile road may be traced. How it came distant, commonly, though very er- to be called Gabin muir is not known. roneously, called Campbell Water. The road across this hill opened a The name of the hill, the farm on passage for the Romans from the ferwhich it stands, and the river which tile district of Annandale, to that of both skirts, and intersects said farm, Nithsdale ; and led directly from are radically the same. This camp Burnswark to the strong Roman appears to be of great antiquity, for Fort in the neighbourhood of Drum. no tradition exists respecting it. lanridge, named Tibberii Murus, but
TEMPLE LAND. On a projecting now corruptly named Tibbers Muir. point towards Kirk-Bog, on the banks A road of such importance, and aof Camp-bill water, and within half a cross a rugged and heathy mountain, mile of the old kirk of Dalgarnoch, was likely to be often disputed ; and stands a druidical temple. If not such in fact seems to have been the lately demolished, two of the circular case, from the great number of sestones are still standing. I have pulchral tumuli which every where surveyed them an hundred times, and present themselves, but particularly hope they still remain. It is situat. towards the summit, where it is likeed, as all the druidical temples in ly the conflict would be most obsti. that vicinity are, within sight of Tyn- nate. This scene has often recalled to ron Dun, where tradition
my mind these beautiful words of druidical primate kindled his fire, on Ossian, “ Where the gray stones the stated festivals in honour of Belus. rise among the heath to mark the This temple has given name to the grave of departed heroes.” Perhaps farm on which it stands.
some Roman General may have been July 1806.
elain here, of the name Gabinius, and bourhood, of more recent date, but from this the hill may have been cal. tradition is totaliy silent on this led Gabin Muir. i.e. Gabinii Aliarus. head.
CAIRN This farm lies about a Bar-BURGH, i. . The Defence. mile to the south of Auchin-Cairn, For. This is an immense mass of and is so called from a Druidical
stones contiguous to the farm of Cairn on the top of a bili, about a Cain, and situated on a varrow vain. quarter of a mile north of the farm- bounded on one side by the Bar Hill, steading. This farın taches to Bal- and on the other side by the river
Auchin Linn, commonly, but very Nith. This bargli completely guards erroneously, written Dallachun.. The the entry to the Paris! from the Linn of Bal-Auchin, is little more spatii casi. This Fort, both from than of a mile distant from ibe its name, and the nucemented mate. Drudical Cairn aforesaid, and comes
rials of which it has been comp sed, next to be treated of.
must be of great antiquity. Tho' BAL-AUCHIN, 1. e. The conse- now one mass of ruin, an accurate crated residence, or Druid's house.---- observer may easily discern that this On which side of the Lion The Fert was of a circulir form. . Druid's house stood, must now be DIXINS. i. 6. Durlois, or the matter of mere conjecture, but froni Iach bill. This is a beautiful little the name it is certain it did stand mote, covering about an acieof ground here ; and I will renture to assert, almost insulated by the River Nitli, that a more romantic and beautiful before it was transferred to its prespoi is not in Scotland.
sent channel, about half a-mile AULD Girth. The farm so the south ward. The Mote was an named is contiguous to Bal Auchin' indispensable emblem of feudal au: Linn, which for half a mile forms the thority. In the immediate vicinity boundary betwixt it and the farm of stands a village named Gate Side. Cairn before mentioned. Girib is Here, the family of Closeburn held a Gælic word, signifying a sanctified their Baron Courts, and thither the circle, and served the same purpose clients and the dependents of that in the times of Druidism, that the family resorted to have their causes cities of Refuge did under the Mosaic determined. This, within these 50 dispensation. The man-slayer who years, was the general place of rentook shelter within this cousecrated dezvous for the parish to put, wies. circle or Girth, was secure against tle, run, leap, &c.
of blood, and could not LIFTING STANE. This is the be brought thence for any other pur. nárde of a small farm very wear the pose, but that of being legally tried. foresaid village. Lifting large stones These Girths were always situated or heavy weights, was one of the a. near the Druid's residence, whose musements of our ancestors. Near presence was necessary to restrain the general rendezvous stood a large the incensed avenger of blood, and stone with an iron handle iun inte who was, besides, supreme judge in it, for trying the strength of the difall matters civil, as well as religious. ferent competitor3.
The name of There are several Girths in the county this farm, and its, vicinity to the of Dumfries, viz. appleGirth, Thun- Alore and village aforesaid, leave no der-Girth, Girth-Head, Auld-Girth, joom to doubt that the Lifting&c. These Girths are also frequent stave stood here.
the Hebrides From the epithet AUCHIN-LI r. e. Sacra Rupes, Auld given to 'this Girth, ibere was or the Holy Stone. The other anti. probably another. Girth in the neigh. quities before mentioned I have re.
peatedly seen, and attentively consis ed on an eminence, that it might be
Critical observations on HOME, a poem.
(Concluded from pagę 426.) were so equally poised as to vibrale at the slightest touch of the finger, IN the execution of the work, the but rema:ned inmoveable, tho' the author deserves a very singular dewhole strength of the body was ap- gree of praiss. The measure he has plied. They were used by the Druids chosen is one of the most accom10.exiort confession froin culprits; modating I ever saw. It is not blank and were successful, when every other verse, and it cannot be called rhyme; artifice failed. The Rocking Stone it is not prise, and it possesses none was the Dernier resort.
of ihe characteristics of poetry KNOCK-AN-STANG. 1.,2. The Stang That it is intended for poetry, howHill. Riding the Stang is a Scandi- ever, may easily be seen from the ar. navian custom of high antiquity, and rangement of the lines, and the blank can be traced as far back as the oth spaces wirich are left at their endcentury. This was the severest pu- ings ; and to put it beyond a doubt, nishment which conki be inflicted, the author has very properly menand always entailed indelible disgrace. cioned in the title page that it is The Scandinaviatis called it the Nidd "a psem." Perhaps it might have Stang, ii e. the Pole of Disgrace.- been better oamed a medley in heroics. Nothing can set the high disgrace of If the work is not unique, the writer this punishment in a clearer point of of the present volume has certainly view than the following circumstance: gone beyond every former author in An ancient king of England (I do the combination of prose and rhyme, not recollect his name, tho' I recol. blank verse and nonsense. lect the passage most particularly) In, the rhythm of his work our summoned his barons to attend him author has imitated Pope very sucó in armis against a certain day under cessfully. But I would be cauti. the pain of Nidding; i.e of Riding the cus of giving too much praise on Stang. Riding the Stang is a punish. this head. Every one knows that meni known and sometimes inflicted the modern plan of making poems is as at the present day. It is not above simple as the manufacture of books 15 years sịnce I saw a blacksmitli, related by Gulliver. If the author who had been too intimate with has not had a book containing a Taylor's wife, ride the Stang. Our collection of words “ with like endancestors had their Knock-an-Low, ings;" he has certainly transcribed
. e. the Hill of Justice-their Knock- 'the final words of Pope's verses, and an-Eric, i. e. the Hill of Pleas-iheir filled them up with his own lucu. Withie. Laws and Gallow Laws, i. e. brations. In hinting this I by no the execution bill, &c. they had also means say that the author has no their Druidicul Cairns, and their merit in rhyming ; many may use the Duris on hills. From the name of words of others in this manner ; but this hill, there cannot remain a doubt few, (as the author himself hints) that it was the hill appropriated for
can use tben), so "
judiciously.” riding the stang. Justice was always The frequent use of the Alexanadministered, and punishment inflict. drine in this book will no doubt star.
tle many readers ; but the author in Will any reader of taste deny that one of his notes very satisfactorily ex- this is charming? It is like the patplains the reason for its so frequent tering of a summer-shower on the fo
“My reason,” says he, liage of a wood. But a superlative " is, that it adds a pleasing varie.' beauty of this kind occurs in the ty when judiciously employed, espe poem. What would' Pope have cially in beroic verse. Injudicious said had he seen twelve " dull words imitators employ it without regard creeping in one dull line,” an Alex. to propriety.” From this very mo- andrine in monosyllables ! dest account, we must understand,
“ And hears, or thinks he hears, the soft that it is never employed in the he. low tunes of love." roics of “ Home,” without absolute
This is the very quintessence of propriety. Indeed, from the manner in which it is used, I begin to
fine poetry; and such beauties the
reader will find teeming in every suspect that Pope, when he censured its use, did it from inability to per
Personifications, the author ob. ceive its beauty. But I am confi.
serves in one of his notes, “ hold a dent that, had the author of “ Home"
most distinguished rank in poetry." been contemporary with the writer
He is afraid, however, their frequent of the “ Dunciad,” he would have
occurrence in his work may be blamed. obtained a place in the latter work
But' he may set himself at ease in not the least conspicuous.
this respect; for his personifications Another striking beauty in the work before us is the frequent use
are equally above praise or blame.
One striking beauty I cannot help of monosyllables. Pope has indeed
remarking, and that is, the varied mentioned something about “ ten dull words creeping in one dull line!" shapes his “poetical creation" assume.
In one place we are informed that but we are led to suppose, that he
Poverty accompanied with hard labour, only called this acknowledged beauty
can only confer happiness and proin question for the same reason that
duce disinterested love; in another he censured the Alexandrine, his ina
we are assured, that " Pale at his bility to marshall so many words in
touch the cheek of beauty grows ;' to one verse. Later authors have,
or, as the same sentiment is personihowever, been more successful; and
fied in the well-known adage, " when our author in particular uses mony. Poverty enters the door, Love flies out syllables with great effect. In one
at the window.” Some would term part of his waking dream, where he
this incansistency; but I use supposes himself as
acting his young such harsh language, nor do I ever encounters, "he observes,
wish to see it used. It might lead “ Now light of foot, with heart more light, the author again to personify some I strain,
of those passions he has slightly In playful contest o'er the well-known plain.”
touched, or even to represent to him. In describing some of the amuse
self the ghost of his murdered poem ments which render home agreeable, sher of opinion that it discovers a
vengeance, I am rahe thus goes on with a reflection, in monosyllables :
high degree of ingenuity, when a
poet can convince us of one thing And think how oft the steps of those I love "Shall trace it, charm'd ;-young groves the « lie direct” in the next.
in this page, and gives his arguments to plant and say, " Their boughs may shade us when my locks
The series of figures of this kind has are grey."
such attractive beauties that I cannot
pass it unnoticed.
I would wil. tiful and sublime passages in the lingly transcribe the whole passage ; poem now before us; and a great but as the book itself must have a deal might be observed on the invergeneral circulation, and part of it be sion of language, climax, antithesis, quickly in the hand of every person and all the lesser peculiarities of (at least every one who purchases grammar; but were we to single out snuff, frequents confectioners shops, every passage of novel or uncommon or uses waste paper) I will content merit, we would be doing the author myself with pointing them out. a flagrant injury. If the whole book In personifying Morn, he makes her were given as an article in an eighteenrise" with her helmet blazing with pence magazine, who would, whatrubies,” and go a-shooting with “lucid ever be its merit, choose to give the arrows" against poor Darkness, till publisher five shillings for it? I all “ heaven is won by her resistless shall only mark out one descriptive fire,”-at which dame Nature is very passage, which I could recommend glad; but poor mother Earth entirely to the notice of the reader of the melts in praise. This is Morn's ad- poem. It is a description of the ri
Next comes Noon, and a sing moon; a planet which, accordgreat many other fine personages ; ing to our author “ sooths, more than and the day concludes with the sooths us, for departed day." If a “ blushing West” preparing a “ fit wit were to remark on the beauties welcome” for the Evening Sun. We of this passage, he might probably are instructed here that the West is hint at a secret understanding bea female point of the compass; that tween the author and the moon, as the evening sun is of the contrary sex it is known to have a powerful effect we conjecture from the analogy of on some constitutions.' I am far, the " man in the moon," but what however, from insinuating such an that fit welcome is to which the au- idea, or if I did, I would do it thor alludes, we (being bachelors) in a manly and open manner; and if can forma no idea.
[ thought the present power had Of his similes I would willingly been inspired by Luna, I should enter into the praise, did not the li. have at once declared the author mits prescribed to the present remarks worthy of a place in one of the temprevent our indulging in too amplifi- ples which the devotion of the pubed discussion. One, of a highly ap. lic keeps up for the votaries of that propriate kind we shall only notice. plauet. In speaking of Shakespear, he likens From plagiarism in the execution him to a “ meteor flashing through of the present work, the author very poetic skies." I suppose by meteor satisfactorily justifies himself in one he means a comet or some of those of his notes. Why should a rich corruscutions which, in our common man steal,” says he, “ when his own skies, blaze for a moment, and then stores are sufficient to supply his dedisappear for ever. If so, how just. mand?” This is very modest selfly is the comparison with regard to praise, and without any circumlocu, the dramatic bard! but on the full tion ; but it is sometimes necessary extent of the simile I hazard no for an author to praise himself ; for opinion as, in any works on astrono- such'is the depravity of human namy I have perused, I never met ture, that others are always readier with any thing regarding the poetic to censure than commend. But, skies to inform us in what part of the when an author is convinced of the heavens they are situated.
merit of his own performance, it is Much might be said of the beau. but fair and honest to express that