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Of plagiarism, every

to cherish the belief of their divinity, reader will acquit the maker of the He touches them with a sparing book on 6 Home." He has, indeed, hand; and Apollo and the muses, soictimes borrowed a sentiment or I have reason to believe, were never expression ; but there is mighty dif once invoked to assist in the compoference between borrowing and steal sition of this poem. inz ; but what he has borrowed he It would be flattering the author has so ingeniously disguised, that the too much, to suppose that he could author who first manufactured the perceive the meaning of the foregoexpression would not know his own ing observations. I therefore feel properiy. For instance, who can the necessity of telling him in plain say that the following verse of the English, that there is neither simuauthor,

sic, image, sentiment, nor thought," Controul the whirlwind, and chastise the

in the whole poem ; and that it is a storm,''

downright imposition on the comis borrowed from

mon sense of the public. I esti

mate not the merit of a book by the * Sits in the whirlwind, and directs the

number of pages it contains, but by storin."

the merit of the work itself. One Besides, there are, as the author page where genius is conspicuous, is observes, " certain expressions in poe- of more intrinsic value than a thou. try which belong to the communi. sand where nonsense is predominant. ty;" the republic or commonwealth But of merit of any kind, “ Home, of lesers is a term frequently used ; a poem,” is altogether destitute. and he who contributes his share of If the author conceived that the stock is certainly entitled to a poetry was his, he might proportion of the profits. The author have contented himself with ambling indeed accuses an ingenious critic of home, and amusing his children or

stealing every word of his remarks dependents, and not have brought “ from Johnson's Dictionary.” Had his poor animal into the highway, he used a term less harsh than steal.

where every passenger must pity the ing, we should have imagined that he poor condition of the horse, and intended this for a compliment to the laugh at the asinine appearance of writer he alludes to. Every reader his rider. will so take it. But I defy any one “ It is for homely features to keep to impute theft of this kind to the home,"

JOHN MILTON. writer of the present poem ; many

S.E. of the words he uses are not to be found in any dictionary whatever.

One thing in “ Home, a poem,” Remarks on a Surprising Pkenomenon I cannot pass unnoticed, and that is

in the WEST INDIES. the vein of piety which runs through this age of , it be

high approbation any work which may deavours to discover the secrets of have a tendency to correct and im- nature, and explore the laws that reprove the public morals. The au- gulate the economy of the universe ; thor is not, like many writers, ab. it soars beyond the limits of our atsolutely a beathin ; and though he .mosphere, and contemplates the amazsometimes mentions the deities of the ing operations of providence in disancients, yet it would be unfair to tant worlds. Every object that atconclade from this, that he wished tracts the sight excites in it new


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ideas, and offers new difficulties : Particulars respecting the VOLCANOES
part is understood, and part is con- in the ANDES, and the Fishes thrown
cealed ; nor cao the most piercing out by thews. By M. Von Humboldt.
genius totally remove the veil, or pe-
netrate through the gloomy laby. THE chain of the Andes, extend.
rinth of effects to the original and ing more than 2000 lagues,
secret cause. Nature, ever mysteri. from the Straits of Magellan to the
ous in her operations, perpetually of. northern shores which border
fers new objects for admiration, and Asia, contains above fifty volcanoes
exhibits phænomena, which we too still active, of which the phenomena
often unsuccessfully attempt to ex- are as various as their height and lo-
plain. It would be unnecessary to

cal situation. A small number of produce instances of this kind ; every the least elevated of these volcanoes student in philasophy knows that throw out running lava. I have seeii, they may be found in the most com- at the volcano of Zurullo, in Mexico, mon productions of nature. But the a basaltic cone that


from the following I think very remarkable, earth the isth of September 1759, and therefore I shall beg leave to lay and at present rising 15931 feet it before your curious readers. above the surrounding plain. The

The weather in Curacoa, an island volcanic ridges of Guatimala cast out belonging to the Dutch, in longi- a prodigious quantity of muriat o tude 68° 30', N. latitude 12° 30', is ammonia. l'hose of Popayan and the prodigiously hot, and would be quite. high plain of Pasto contain either unsupportable, were it not mitigated selfstares

, which exhale sulphureby a cooling breeze from the porch ous acid, or litele craters filled cast, which never fails to pay its wel. with boiling water, and disengaging come visit when the sun has reached sulphurated hydrogen, which des the western verge of the horizon. But composes hoy contact with the oxy. what is really surprising, at least to gen of the atmosphere. The volca me, is, that a thermo.eter held in the noes of the kingdom of Quito throw hand of a native, or one who has ont pumice stone, basaltes, and sco. for some years resided on the island, rified porphyries; and vomit enor. will not rise withio iwo or three de. mous quantities of water, carburet. grees so higi, as in the hand of a per. ted argil, and muddy matter,

which son lately come from Europe. spreads fertility from eight to ten

I must own that I have often la- leagues around. But since the period boured to find a satisfactory solution to which she traditions of the naof this problem of nature, if I may

tives ascend, they have never probe allowed to call it by that name, duced great masses of running melced but have continually been disap lava. The height of these colossal pointed. The fact is, however, ab mountains, being five times greater solutely true, having been often ob. than that of Vesuvius, and their inserved. It is well known in Holland situation are, no doubt, the

land, though I have never seen any principal causes of these anomalies. s attempt to explain it. Perhaps some The subterranean noise of Cotopaxi

of your ingenious correspóndents during its great explosions, extends may remove the difficulty and give as far as the distance between Vesaa satisfactory explanation of this na- vius and Dijon. But notwithstandtural phenomenon, which will be ing this prodigious force, it is known, very acceptable, to, Sir,

that if the volcanic fire was at a Your most obedient servant, great depit, rhe inelted lava could Gifford Park, June 1806. Mm. neither range itself to the edge of the

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crater, nor pierce the flank of these Selvalegre the Cotopaxi had throw mountains, which, to the height of

a quantity so great, that their putre. 8970 feet, are fortified by high sur- faction spread a fetid odour around, pounding plains. It appears, there. In 1691, the almost extinguished vol. fore natural, that volcanoes so ele- cano of Imbaburu threw out thouvated should discharge from their sands on the fields in the environs of mouth only detached stones, volca- the city of Ibarra. The putrid fevers nic cinders or ashes, flames, boiling which commenced at that period water, and, above all, this carburet. were attributed to the miasma which ted argil impregnated with sulphur, exhaled from these fish, heaped on that is called moga in the language of the surface of the earth, and exposed the country:

to the rays of the sup.

The last The mountains of the kingdom of time that Imbaburu ejected fish, was Quito sometimes offer to the natura- on the 19th of June 1798, when the list another spectacle less alarming, volcano of Corgneirazo sunk, and but not less curious.

The great ex

ihousands of these animals, enveloped plosions are periodical, and some- in argillaceous mud, were thrown what rare. Cotopaxi, Tungurahua, over the crumbling borders, and Sangay, sometimes do not pre

The Cotopaxi and Tungurahua sent one in twenty or thirty years. throw out fish, sometimes by the But during such intervals, even these crater which is at the top of these volcanoes will discharge enormous mountains, sometimes by lateral vents, quantities of argillaceous mud; and, but constantly at 15.000 or 16,000 what is more extraordinary, an innu. feet above the level of the sea : the merable quantity of fish. By acci. adjacent plains being 9000 feet high, dent, none of these volcanic inunda- we may conclude that these animals stions took place the year that I pas- issue from a point which is 9000 sed the Andes of Quito ; but the fish feet higher than the plains on which vomited from the volcanoes is a phe- they are thrown. Some Indians nomenon so common, and so gene- have assured me that the fish thrown rality known by all the inhabitants out by the volcanoes were sometimes of that country, that there cannot still alive, as they descended, along remain the least doubt of its authen.. the flank of the mountains: bụt ulris ticity. As there are in these regions fact does not appear to me sufficiencseveral very well informed persons, ly proved : certain it is that among who have successfully devoted them- the thousands of dead fi

fish that in a selves to the physical sciences, I have few hours are seen descending from had an opportunity of procuring exact Cotopaxi with great bodies of cold information respecting these fishes. fresh water, there are very few that M. de Larrae, at Quito, well versed are so much disfigured that we can in the study of chemistry, who has believe them to have been exposed to

formed a cabinet of the minerals of his the action of a strong heat. This country, has been particularly use- fact becomes sțill more striking, ful to me in these researches. Exa. when we consider the soft flesh of mining the archives of several little these animals, and the thick smoke towns in the neighbourhood of Co. which the volcano exhales, during topaxi, in order to extract the e- the eruption. It appeared to me of pochs of the great earthquakes, that very great importance to descriptive fortunately have beea preserved with natural history to verify-sufficiently care, I there found some notes on the nature of these animals. i the fish ejected from the volcanoes. the inhabitants agree that they are On the estates of the Marquis of the same with those which are foud

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in the rivulets at the foot of these exist in subterranean basins of the volcanoes, and oalled prennadillas : same height at which they are seen they are even the only species of fish to issue ? How conceive their origin that is discovered at the height of in a position so extraordinary ; in above 7500 toises, in the waters of the flank of a cone so often heated, the kingdom of Quito. M. Lace- and perhaps partly produced by vol. pede, who has also examined it, ad- canic fire? Whatever may be the vised me to place it in that division source from which they issue, the per. of Silurus, which, in the hfth volume fect state in which they are found of his natural history of fishes, he induces us to believe that those vol. has described under the name of pi. canoes, the most elevated and the melodes.

most active in the world, experience From the enormous quantity of from time to time, convulsive movepimelodes the volcanoes of the king- ments, during which the disengagedom of Quito occasionally discharge, ment of caloric appears less consia. we cannot doubt, that this coun. derable than we should suppose it. try contains great subterranean lakes Earthquakes do not always accomwhich conceal these, for in the little pany those phenomena. rivers around there are very few. А The corregidor of the city of Ibarpart of those rivers may communicate ra, Don José Pose Pardo, has com. with the subterranean pits ; it is also municated to me an interesting obprobable that the first pimelodes servation on the pimelodes. It is which have inhabited these pits have known (says he in a letter which mounted there against the current. I have still preserved,) that the vol. I have seen fish in the caveros of cano, of Imbaburu, at the time of Derbyshire in England; and bear its great eruption on the side next Gaileareath, in Germany, where the our city, threw out an enormous fossil heads of bears and lions are quantity of prennadillas ; it found, there are living trouts in the continues still occasionally to do so, grottocs, which at present are very especially after great rains. IC distant from any tivulet, and greatly is observed, that these fishes ac- , elevated above the level of the neigh. tually live in the interior of the bouring waters. In the province of mountain, and that the Indians of Quito, the subterraneous roarings St Pabla fish for them in a rivulet that accompany the earthquakes ; at the very place whence they issue the masses of rocks that we think from the rock. The fishery does we hear crumbling down below the not succeed either in the day or in earth we walk on ; the immense moonlight: a very dark night is quantity of water that issues from tberefore necessary, as the prennathe earth during the volcanic explo. dillas will not otherwise come out sions, and numerous other phenome of the volcano, the interior of which na, indicate that all the soil of this is hollow.??. It appears then that elevated plain is undermined. But, the light is injurious fo these subif it is casy to conceive that vast sub- terraneous fishes, which are not acterranean basins may be filled, it is customed to so strong a stimulus : more difficult to explain how these an observation so much the more animals are attracted by volcanoes curious, that the pimelodes of the that ascend to the height of gooo same species, which inhabit the feet, and discharged either by their brooks in the vicinity of the city of craters or by their lateral vents. Quito, live exposed to the bright. Should we suppose that the pimelodes, ness of the meridian sun.

Journal July 1806.



Journal of a Tô zbral deverland from at presene"abouten

about fire hundred Eum10 to 1 INDIA. in 178 5610M ropeans; (on rather a mixture of Ev. 011 Continued from page 338.9110P ropeans and Mulattoes.) and about

G7101 poinen 1897 thnice Cousin Bancou - Bombers

five companies of Malaya and Per. Muscat

tugueze in garrison, theist artillery 275902 27 oqimi 15qigoing st) Stenas to be in very bad ordene pui COCHIN die situated about two At Cochin is a large colony of We miles up the river on the south Jewe, of all tribes, and of all nations. baaka There is a bar which they A few of them wandered here, on say prevents large ships from entering their dispersion at the time the tem. the river except at spring tides, and ple was destroyed, and some of thom unloaded, but as they studiously pre vintermarrying witbvthe natives, many vent any vessels from sounding it may are now quite black. They still prereasonably be supposed, that the dan- zbernectheir religion and alkobeir anti. ger is more imaginary than reals. In send customs; some of them however, going out z weustood, dhe East, and have entered into ou mamylas, Sepoys, kept about one third the river's breadth and have chavedbemselves well, from the north ishoreow The; fox as I both as privatesiandjoffictosaol : 913 rather smaller than Fort St George ViBancout staads uponaryery ligh and fortified in the modern manner ; hilk, con the summit of owhich bits a the bastions in general having four very extensive, and fertile oplainasit guns in flanka The ditch is broad, was built by the famogs Nadir Shah: and the cover'd way well palisaded, the walls ofsity are of an immense but without crivetments. There is thickness, but thereo are now regular another narrow ditch round the gla- works at the situation is beautiful cis, of little depth. The gate to the and commanding but ahe greatest eastward has a large work before it, inconvenience attende vitis being isdrone face of which is parallel to the rounded by hills, and deep Sandygnalriver, and mounts about ten pieces of leysa where neither hersel Apar seven cannon, the other face terminates on palanquins can be used. The biblar the front of a-bastion to the west of this coasty care manche more fertile

Opposite to the center of than those on the coast of Coronianthe face of the fort looking to the del, producing very fine grass, which rivers, (which consists of only a low when cut at a propercage, makes most thin wall without a ditch) is an island excellent thay MrFarmbrishawed distant about four hundred yards, and some very fineria stacks that had covered with trees and houses, so that been managed in the samey manner a battery might easily be construct: asia Englandi og mest 71003 ed, undiscovered. In the inside of The native never a cut it, but octhe wall is a nariow diteb into which casionally, and in gerferal vit stands the tide fows thro' a sally port, and will wither do when, of course; dt reby which canoes enter into the foun, lains little nourishmentoru" bytbås but it is very narrow 1: On the ovest - ! We arrived at Bombay, on the 14th side there is another gate which opens of the evening when we were seceived to a low point that runs to the sea. in the politesti manner by: Goy: Bišda Here, there are no out works, except ydome Upoo application to him we a palisade, and battery which runs understood that no company'sr vessel from the glacis to the hea, and seems would sail up the gulf for some time, only intended to prevent an enemy and that the conly chance we had of frosa possessing himself of the point obtaining a passage, soon, wasito from the land, The Dutch have take one in a merchant ship, which

23,4, was

the gate.

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