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was ithen i under sailing orders4 for Muscar Pips inithegolf of Ormus, Bassurals:' by the interest of Gov. south Elasitude, streseziuned from Buddom wo immediately procured ac. being an indifferent fishing town, is commodation on board the Shaw-Al. become a place of consider own, a. lum, and with the prospeet of sailing Its principal import is sugar, and instantly, laid in a complete sca stock dried fruitsguiwith which they are However, to our great disappoint supplied from Batavia, and other menty we soon found that, for ourown (parts of Arabia and India. The ihpeace,is it suites necessary patiently rito vestment of almost every vessel is wait thie" iaise of the Nakudat, parchased by government, and transwhose morious we found to be very ported in caravans, to different inland vacerrain, and who amused us with Ymercantile towns, where it is disposed the hopes of sailing Patienee -of. There are no other merchants isvawvirtue, which one ought to be of aniý note iny Muscat, por are there thoroughly master of; before enter. Lany great manufacturers. The harbag into anyrtransaction with ad Asia. sbour, which is commanded on each Lic ; for of all people in the world, I side i bylltwo small. fortsforms a believe them to be tbe most dilatory, kind of bason, where shipge of a any sand the most uncertain in performing size mây tye close to the shore. The their promiset Lab vizes!*9 y 191 Town is situated in a barten valley, so During our detention at Bombay, and is surrounded with prodigious we received the greatest politedess mountains of solid bock. There is

and civility from Gov. Buddom, and not a garden in die plače of any COD. isthe gehtlomen tf she garrison. In sequence; it lie fecúntry for several ixhe morning of the orth December, miles inland, being entirely barren : - being the day at last tired for sail- výet there is no ccäreity of provisions, fing, we y einbarked on board the as they are plentifully supplied with si Shaw. Alam, Nakuda, Hadgeer In. levery thing from the country. While sobierd T boas ad no enrape ponica f'we remained, we found kid, mutton, glili The translation of our agreement fish, butter, milk; and vegetables in

madeo with the Nakudage is as folata great abundance 2000) A lowo:arig ud y 150 gniaubona,lub The governdt here never appeared iponte This is so bertify, that I have wid any kind of pamp, always walkb sagreed to takelón baard the, Fasing only guardilaf a few b." Allum, belonging to Sally Chil- men rarmed with march locks and 7316i laby; foarsingdish caprains, and sábrese scuor bris 85913 Atiw 691370

“ convey them to Bussorahwhere, -356 The police of this little town # by the blessing of God, I will + would do honour touty kingdom in At sa Fely land theme; in consideration ! Europe 60 strictly is it adhered to, 15 for which have received for liunbthat were things of the greatest valåe

“ dred rupees tydeready money,s as to be left ta 'tkie streets; (which is 14 fruig lut) and thereby engage to sometimes the case with merchan& Mimakorno farther demands 3 and for ardize), they would be found untouched - "their use on board, with supply to the morning. 1. There are guatās and then with wood and water as they placed every night'in differébe quar15 66, may requive. on isits brotezubnu 2ters of the townwhitise orders: are, 311 of Sighed and sealed bly ow that not person be allowed to walk to bed sw Nakrdoa Hadgee Taher. the streets after a certain hour, with> Dated 180 Buffersische Mohonetan oud ligtits, if any atternpt it,9 the or. itoid peagidzorakarsa3d of November dets of the setitty are 9 case they do 25* 1786.

not answer, when challenged, and

give a sufficient account of them* Master, + 50 1. sterling.


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selves, instantly to fire upon them. always have a very mean appearance. No ship whatever is allowed to enter The town is remarkably well situated the harbour at night; this précau. for the conveniency of transporting tion is owing to the apprehensions goods, &c. from one port to anothey are under, from the pirates, that ther, being intersected by a number -swarm in the gulf.

of creeks, which might easily be The city of Bussorah, or Balsora, converted into spacious canals. is surrounded by a mud wall with The English and French have facsmall round towers, which inclose a tories here, the French, however, space of nearly ten miles in circumfer. keep only a Dragoman *, and tranencé, much the largest part of which sact' very little business. The however, is laid out in corn fields, English factory, exclusive of its use gardens, &c. It has no ditch, and in forwarding intelligence to and the wall is in a very ruinous state, from our settlements in India, disposes without a single gun mounted on it. of a considerable" quantity of broad

This city, once so famous, is now cloths, sent from England, and also little better tban a heap of rubbish, of India goods, and is upon such which is not to be wondered at, when good terms with the goverdment it is considered that the plague in that it has obtained privileges much 1773, which carried off nearly four superior

to even the Turksthemselves; fifths of the inhabitants, was followed as an instance of which it will be by an attack of the Persians in 1775, sufficient to mention that the cus. who got possession of it, after a toms on our own goods are settled thirteen months siege, and committed from our own accounts of sale, once every species of devastation.

On a year, without even being inspected the death of the usurper Kereem by the officers of the custom house, Cawn in the year 1779, the officer and amounts only to three per ceot. left in the command of this place while that imposed on the goods of was among the competitors for the the natives, &c. is charged at 71 per throne, and collecting all his forces, cent. exclusive of the loss and delay he abandoned Bussorah, in which occasioned by their being obliged to the grand seignior's authority is pow send every thing to the customhouse. re-established. The government is The Turks maintain a fleer here, administered by an officer called the consisting of three ships, carrying Musalum, appointed by the basbaw of about twenty guns, and a number of Bagdad, and is by no means an op- Gullivates, wbich are of great use in pressive one, in consequence of which preventing the incursions of the Choub the city begins again to rise from its Arabs (an independent tribe on the ruins, and is cow said to contain opposite side of the river) who used about one hundred and forty thousand very

troublesome. inhabitants ; I believe this computa.

(To be continued.) tion to be much too great for the size of the place. I imagine also that View of the POLITICAL STATE OF the accounts of the former grandeur of the city must be greatly exag

BRITISH INDIA at the breaking out of the last war.

In a letter from gerated, as the mosques (which were

the MARQUIS WELLESLY LO GEN. not destroyed by the Persians) are of

ERAL WELLESLY. a very mean structure ; the streets

From Asiatic Annual Registsr.

O person unburned brick and mud, and with.

the true nature of the British out windows to the streets, must

inter * Interpreter.

to be

interests and power in India, the possessions of Agra, Delhi, and the north-western frontier of Hindus. western and southern banks of the tan must have long appeared to pre. Jumna, enable him to command sent the most vulnerable point of our nearly the whole line of the western extensive empire.

frontier. The condition of the power of In the event of any considerable the Seiks, as well as that of the accession to Scindia's power, or in Mahrattas, of the Rajpoots, and the event of his forming any connecother petty states, offers consider- tion with France, or with any enemy able advantage to an invading ene. to the British interests, the actual my from the more remote north. position of his territories and forces western countries of Asia, or from in Hindustan would furnish

great the banks of the Indus ; and it is advantages to him in an attack' upon unnecessary to remark to your the Company's dominons. Excellency's judgment, experience, Formidable as the power of Scinand knowledge, that the violence dia might have become in the event and rapacity of the Afghan tribes, of any accession to his strength, a or of the Asiatic nations johabit- danger more urgent and more direct ing the northern and -western coun.

in all its consequences, has grown tries of Asia, 'might have pursued out of the decline of Scindia's local objects of invasion in that quarter authority in Hindustan, and has rewhich might have occasioned consi- cently assumed a more alarming asderable embarrassment to the Bri- pect in proportion to the accumutish power in India.

lated embarrassments of Scindia's A sense of this danger concurred, circumstances in the Deccan, and to with other motivés, to induce me to the general decay of his resources and conclude those arrangements with power, the Nabob Vizier, which terminated The regular infantry in the service in the treaty of Lucknow, and which of Scindia, under the command of secured a considerable augmentation European officers, is supported by of the military, political, and finan- funds derivable almost exclusively cial resources and power of the Bri- from the territorial possessions of tish nation on the north-western fron. that chief situated between the Jum. tier of Oude.

na, the Ganges, and the mountains of The result of that happy settle- Cumaion. ment has certainly afforded a great A considerable portion, if not the accession of security against the dan- whole of this territory, has been aš gers which menaced the stability of signed to M. Perron, a French officer, our empire on that side of India. who has succeeded M. Deboigne in

But ihe local position of Scindia’s the chief command of Scindia’s reguterritories, the condition and nature lar infantry. of Scindia's niilitary force in Hin- M. Perron has formed this terridustan, and the corrupt and profli. tory into an independent state, of gate councils of that weak, arrogant, which Scindia's regular infantry may and faithless chief, still constitute a be justly termed the national army. serious danger to the British inter. That force is now stated to amount ests. The territories of Scindia be. {ween the Jumpa and the Ganges in- The iphabitants of the districts terrupt the line of our defence in comprehended in M. Perron's Jagthat quarter, and some of his princi. hire, consider that officer as their pal posts are introduced into the immediate sovereign ; while the centre of our dominions, while the troops, supported from the revenues


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Political State of British India
Ti'i 78 yorkert se

33 32 G4 J ) { ?
of; thencountry, uregard M. Perron or officer who may be enabled to
as the immediate executive authority complete such a purchase.
from włrich the army is to receive Thus the coincidence of' valibus
orders, subsistence, and pay:Pos extraordinary and uncontroulable ae-
sessings such means; M. Perron dic. cidents, the weakness of Scindia's
tate si avát hijabe authority of a sove personal character, the rapacity and
reign state fol superiores sank, and profligacy of his ministers, who have
with the vigoury of efficient military engaged him. in pursuits of aggran-
power, &

to the petty states occupy- dizement, avarice, and ambition, at a ing the country to the south-ward distance from Hindustan in the of the Jumna, and, by the terror Deccan, at Poona, and in the auth. of his name and arns, holds in ab- ern provinces of the Mahratta em. ject submission tbe Rajpoot states of pire; the treachery of many of his Jynagur and Jeypour, together with chiefs, whose interests consist in dithe Ghauts and the state of Gohud, verting his atiention from the affairs extending his influence even to Ban. of Hindustap to those of the Deccan, delkund, and to the country occupied and the recent stock which his

, pow. by the Seiks.

er has received from Holkar, Have Scindia retains, no efficient con. contributed to found an independent troul over M. Pevron, of over bis French state on be inosti i vulner. regular troops ; various instances able part of the Company's fron. must be familiar to your Excellency's tier. 11.00 knowledge, iņowhich M. Perron has Under the influence of a succes. either openly disobeyed or systema. sion of French adventurers, this state sically evaded the orders of Scindia, must be exposed to every intrigue especially in the late crisis of that of the French in India, and even to chief's affairs.


the ambition and hostile M. Perron has : for: spme time Fréoch nation ; or could an' inpast manifested a systematic dispo- strument of destruction, more kusition to remove all British officers fully adapted to wound the heart of from the command of Seiadia's re- the British empire in India, be iprė. gular infantry, and tol introduce sented to the vivdictive hands of the French officers under his own imme. Chief ConguPof France. 074 Yith diate patronageais. I foi

This Drench-state aetually holds M. Perron is supposed to have possession of the person and wominal amassed a considerable, fortune, and authority of the Mogul, maintains your Excellency is intimately sae. the most efficient army of regular

quainted with his anxious desire to wative infantry, and the most powerretire to Europe, and to dispose of fal artillery how existing in India, his actual con

mand, and of Isis ter with the exception of the Company's eritorial possessions, foisomes person troops, and exercises considerable in

of the French nation.d 10 000 Huence over the neighbouring states, as to these considerationsioit is im- from the banks of the Indus" to the portang

to ads, xhat M Perron is in confidence lofthed Juminatoand possession of the person of the. un- Ganges. I to nosaubsets 231197 tortunate emperor, Sbah Aulum, and 9. In the sapposition of the mose'in. consequently is master of the nomi- timate and established connector of rial authority of that sandappy prince; amay and alliance between Scindia M. Perron, therefore, may transfer and the British power, in the event this y valuable.d possession, together even of Scindia's accession to the treawith bis property of any other dis- ty of Bassein, and to the general de. cription, to any French adventurer fensive alliance with the Company,



t of the

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The Nizam and the Peishwa, it is niecessity

im, alliance with Scindia, the possible to suppose that this French necessity of providing for our own state, would co operate with cordia, security would justify formaldelity in suppoit, of the Beitish inte mand for stue temd val i lafiwn danger restsey the aim of this state could be so imminents from the frontierofound least dexpected in the case which donjinions. The rofasal tof Scindia would pont ugently demand its and to comply within such as deniand which would require the most active would saffords ia just ground of war operation of the principals of the gea against that chief; and any structor neral defensive ai by evas false pleas of inability on the part of

In the event of an attack from Scindia to controut the movements Frange upon the British dominions on to: reduces the power of this ar power in Indianis could not be French state, would authorise land expected that a French-staiga gerected requirezithe: British government to under the nominal and estensible line assume tbe a protedtion of its own pices of Scindia in llindustan, would territories, and to remove, with its afford any substantial aid to the ally own hand, the proximate cause of of the British power in a contest insecurity and alarm. Your Excel. against France, even if that: ally lency. Will therefore be pleased to in

psed to assist, us in derstand, that the most desirable obsuch a crisis in the Io souditing jest im prosecuting hostilities against

Qe the other hand, no doubt ex. Scindia on the north-western frontier ists, that Scindia would receive the of Hindustan, appears to me to be, most zealous aid from the same state the elitire reduction of M. Perron's in any attempt which he might be regular corps This operation necesdisposed to make, hither for the re- sarily includes the capture or destrucduction of the Britisha or for the ag- tion of all his artillery and military graydizement of the French power stores, and especially of all arms of in ladia.

European construction." In addition to these remarks, - Connected with this object, and your Excellency is apprized tisat the with every principle of security bearvicinity of M. Perron's regular in- ing relation to it, is the occupation fantıy: operates as a constant drain of the whole 'tract of country formupog the population of the Com- ing the Doab, between the Jamna pany's provinces, and diminishes the and Ganges to the mountains of sources of our agriculture, manufac- Cumaon, and similar considerations [ure, commerce, and revenue, as well will require the occupation of Delhi as of our recruits for the a

e army in that and Agravand of a chain of posts on quarter.

the western and southern banks of Io the present crisis, when every the Jumpa, from the mountains of circumstance announces the proba- Cumaon, to Bundelkund, sufficient. bility of a renewal of the war with to secure to the British power the France, and urges the necessity of free navigation of the Jumna, and the resorting to every practicable mea- possession of both banks of that river. sure of precaution and security, the It is not my desire to extend to acsafety of the British domisjonis re- tual possessions of the Company bequires the reduction of M. Perron's yond the line of the Jamna, including military resources and power, inde- Agra and Delhi, with a continued pendently.cob any question which chain of posts to the westward of the mighe exist between Sgindia and the Jumma, for the purpose already de.

British gavernment. ieiunat. Dia scribed. 910411 111). con a state of, profound peace, and within the describaldied my wish ! '*13**** bulbe patient at

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