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and intention is to establish the force would afford us the means of system of the Company's government forming alliances with all the inferior in all its branches ; but whatever states beyond the Jumna, for the pure connections may be formed beyond pose of enabling us, in the first inthat line to the westward and south- staoce, to prosecute the war with the ward of the Jumpa must be regulated greatest advantage; and finally, by on the principle of defensive alliance formiog a barrier composed of these or tributary dependence, in such a states, to exclude Scindia and the manner as shall form between the Mahrattas altogether from the north, actual possessions of the Company ern districts of Hindustan. and the Mahrattas, a barrier of petty It is extremely desirable that Ban. states exercising the internal govern- delkund should be ultimately placed ment of their respestive dominions in under the immediate authority of alliance with the Company, and un- the British government ; such an arder the protection of our power. rangement would afford great addi

In drawing this line, I am aware tional security to the rich province of the position of the Jaghires of and city of Benares, and would ef. Sumroo's Begum, situated between fectually check whatever power the Jumna and the Ganges. For might remain to the Rajah of Berar, this special case I have accordingly or to any other Mahratta chief in provided in my instructions to Mr that quarter. Mercer.

It is certainly necessary Reviewing these statements, your that the Jaghires of Surroo's Begum Excellency will observe, that the should ultimately be brought under most prosperous issue of a war against the immediațe government of the Scindia and the Rajah of Berar on Company

the north-western frontier of Hin. It is highly important to secure dustan, would, in my judgment, com. the possession of the person and no prize,-minal authority of the Mogul a. First, The destruction of the French gainst the designs of France. The state now formed on the banks Mogul has never been an important cthe Jumna, together with all or dangerous instrument in the hands its military resources. of the Mahrattas, but might become Secondly, The extension of the a powerful aid to the cause of France Company's frontier to the Jum. in India, under the direction of na, with the possession of Agra, French agents.

Delhi, and a sufficient chain of The person and authority of that

posts on the western and southunhappy monarch have been treated ern banks of the Jumana. by the Mahrattas, and by M. Perron, Thirdly, The possession of the with the most barbarous indignity nominal authority of the Mo. and violence; and it would contri- gul. bute to the reputation of the British Fourthly, the establishment of an

to afford an honourable and efficient system of alliance with tranquil asylum to the fallen dignity all the petty states to the south. and declining age of the King of ward and west ward of the JumDelhi. It would also be necessary na, from Jyrcgur to Bundel. to extend our protection to his kund. Majesty's. Heir Apparent, and to Fifthly, The annexation of Bun. any of the royal family who might delkund to the Company's do. otherwise fall into the hands of minions. France.

The result of such an arrangement The reduction of M. Perron's would destroy the influence of the




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French and of the Mahrattas in the Eaglish; from a two-penny deal
northern districts of Hindustan, and board painting of ducks and drakes,
would enable us to commence the to the elegant paintings of a Lorraine
foundation of such an intercourse or a Zophani; and from a little dirty.
with the Seiks, and with the tribes Paper lantern, to inirrors and lustres
inhabiting the Punjab and the banks which cost 2 or 3000l. each.
of the Attock, as might furnish suf. Every year he expendo about
ficient means of frustrating any at.. 200,000). in English goods of all
tempt of an invading enemy from

He has above 100 gardens, the western side of the Indies. 20 palaces, 1,200 elephants, 3000

fine saddle horses, 1500 elegant

double-barrel guns, 1700 superb Anecdotes of the late NAWAB of OUDE.

lustres, and 30,000 shades of various From the same,

kinds and colours ! Sone hundreds
Lucknow, March 1. 1795. of large mirrors, and clocks, and gi-
N this letter I will give you an randoles : he lately bought four mir-

historical sketch of the present rors, which were the largest that had Nawab of Oude, called Asuf-ud. ever been made in Europe, of course Dowlah. He is the eldest son of in the world ; they were ordered exthe famous, or rather infamous, pressly for him, and were made up Shujab ud Dowlah, the former Na- in London, where they cost 8cool. wab of Oude, who was conquered they were 12 feet long and 6 feet by the arms of the British East India broad within the frame, of single sheets Company, directed by the invincible of glass in clegant gilt frames; he Clive. The founder of the family bought them and sent them to his that reigns at present in Oude, was repository, where they will repose Sadut Khan, a Persian soldier, who in peace and unnoticed, until the came to Delhi to seek his fortune, time of the religious feast called and who raised himself to rank, the Mohurrum, when they will be riches, and power, by his sword and displayed with the rest of his mirhis policy. Shujah-ud-Dowlah was rors, lustres, and girandoles, &c. the son of Sufdur Jung, who was in the grand hall of a grand religimarried to this Sadut Khan's daugh ous edifice, called the Emambarra, ter, and I believe was of the family , which cost a million sterling in of Sadut Khan. Shujah ud Dowlah building, and which is the largest died in 1775, leaving the character of building in Lucknow. Some of his a bold, cruel, enterprising, and rapa- clocks are curious; richly set with cious prince. Asuf-ud-Dowlah, his precious stones, which play tunes son, succeeded to the government, by every hour, and having figures in the assistance of the East India Com- them in continual movement ; pany; he is mild in manners, gene- pair of these clocks cost him rous to extravagance, affably polite, 30,000l. His museum is curious, and

engaging in his conduct ; but he rich, and ridiculously displayed ; has no great mental powers, though you see a wooden cuckoo clock, his

heart is good, considering the edu. which perhaps cost a crown, along cation he has received, which instil. side of a rich superb clock which led, the most despotic ideas; he is cost perhaps the price of a diadem; fond of lavishing his treasures on an elegant, landscape of Lorraine gardens, palaces, horses, elephants, beside a deal board painting of and above all, on fine European guns, ducks and drakes ; a superb lust;e hustres, mirrors, and all sorts of Euro- of 40 or so lights, which cost perPean manufactures, more especially haps 4 or soool. hung up near a July 1806.


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His reve

paper lantern of two pence. Asuf. ly to he was onee fond of ud Dowlah is absurdiy extravagant drinking European liquors to excess, and ridiculously curious; he has especially claret and cherry brandy, no taste and less judgement. I have but he has lately foresworn it, and seen him more amused with a tito. now intoxicates himself with large tum than with electrical experi quantities of opium, and a green inements; but he is nevertheless ex- briating leaf called Subzee, which is tremely solicitous to possess all that pounded, diluted in water and sugar, is elegant and rare ; he has every in. and drank; he is very fond of the strument and every machine, of eve- English and English manners; be ry art and science, but he knows at table with them without

His Haram is grand, and the silly superstitious repugnance of contains above 500 of the greatest other Mahomedans, and he relishes beauties of Hindustan, who are a good dish of tea and hot rolls.immured in high walls, never Once he was at table, and a roasted leave it except on their biers. He pig by mistake was placed before has large carriages drawn by one. him; he smiled and said, thongh I. or two elephants, in which he may am forbid to eat that animal, I am give a dinner to 10 or 12 persons

not forbid to look at it. at their ease ; he has an immense nues amount to about three millions number of domestic servants, and a sterling, and he is generally in debt. very large army, and he is always at He never troubles his head about the peace with his neighbours ;, more- government of his country, which is over he is fully protected from hos- generally entrusted to rapacious micile invasions by the Company's sub- nisters; all he looks to is, that there sidiary forces, for which he pays be money sufficient for his private goo,oool. per annum. Such is old expences. His jewels amount to aAsuf ud. Dowlah, as he is generally bout eight millions sterling ; I saw the called, though he is now only 47 ; whole the day before the marriage of a curious compound of extrava. his eldest son Vazeer Allee; he had gance, avarice, candour, cunning, them collected from all parts, from lenity, cruelty, childishness, affabi- his own garderobe, his women, &c. lity, brutish sensuality, good bu. they were accumulated since the mour, vanity, and imbecillity: in time of his grandfather Sufdur Jung his public appearance and conduct to his own; I never saw such a prehe is admirably agreeable. In short, cious sight, the good-humoured Nahe has some qualities to praise, some

wab was in the midst of them handto detest, and many to laugh at: he ling them as a child does its bau. has many adopted children, but bles.--Yours, &c. none of his own; he was married when

young to one of the finest women in India, of high birth and SCOTTISH REVIEW. high character ; but for these 16 years

he has not seen her; and re- The Poetical Works of Sir David port says he has never fulfilled the Lyndsay of the Mount, Lyon duties of a husband. Asuf-ud-Dow. King at Arms, under James V. lah allows me 1800l. a year, and no- A new edition, corrected and en. thing to do but to enjoy his frequent larged: With a life of the Auentertainments of shooting, hunting, tkor ; Prefatory Dissertations ; slancing, cocklighting, and dinners : and an appropriate Glossary. By he is very affable, polite, and friend. George Chalmers, F. R. S. S. A.

3 vols,

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3 vols. Crown 8vo. il. 16s. Con- which he wrote ; and he found that stable and Co. Edinburgh ; Long- this undertaking would afford him man and Co. London.

an opportunity of illustrating some

of the curious speculations which he NOTHING can be more remark

can be more remark. had formed upon these subjects. To able than the revolutions of these circumstances we are indebted taste at different, and those not very for this valuable edition of our andistant periods. Perhaps not one

cient Scotish poet. in fifty of our readers has ever peru- Mr Chalmers begins by gleaning, sed a poem of Sir David Lindsay: with his usual industry, all that has many, it is probable, till this edition been handed down by tradition conwas announced, may not have heard cerning the biography of our bard, of his name.

Yet the time has been which is not only scanty in itself, when these poems were read by eve- but darkened by ignorant and carery man, woman, and child, through- less biographers, on whom our auout Scotland'; when they formed the thor fails pot to bestow due castigatask of the schoolboy, and the plea- tion. The following extract com. sure of the man in advanced years; prises all that can be made out of his when they were read by the grave birth, parentage, and education. for edification, by the gay

for musement.

The progenitors of Sir David Lynd. While only twelve edi.

say of the Mount were undoubtedly tions of Chaucer were printed in

descended from the family of Lord 127 years, of Lindsay there were

Lyndsay of Byses, in Hadingtonshire, prinied fourteen in less than half The Erst cadeë was probably William that time. Works so generally re- Lyndsay, who, bring the second son, ceived must needs have been well obtain.d Garin ylton, in that county,

for his appanage.

William leit a son suited to the genius of the time. They must exhibit a correct view of David, who apptars to have acquired

the Mount, in Fifeshire, from Pitbiado what were the tastes, and what the

of that ilk; as we know from the pubmanners of our ancestors in the days lic archives. of Sir David Lindsay. As there- David Lyndsay, the poet, was probafóre a laudable curiosity has lately bly born about the year 1490, though I arisen on these subjects, a new edi. know not by what mother. He retion of his poems became extremely ceived his earliest education, as desireable, and Mr Chalmers was

may easily suppose, at the neighbourlooked to as the person, of all o.

ing school of Coupar. After receiving

at this seminary such instruction as it thers, who was best qualified for

could then supply, our young lion was rendering such

service to the pub- sent to the university of St. Andrew's, lic. Apprebensions were however in 1505, the year of Knox's birth *. He entertained, that amid the great un

lost dertakings in which that gentleman was engaged, he might have been

* Mackenzie says, “ that our poet. unwilling to employ his talents in

“ had his education at the university of editing the works of another. For.

“ St. Andrew's." The late biographer tunately, however, in the course of of Lyndsay professes his ignorance how those important enquiries into the Mackenzie knew where the poet was Scottish language, and Scottish his educated. But it is more easy to catory, of which the public is soon to

vil, than to enquire. Sir Robert Sibreap the benefit, Mr Chalmers had in his listory of Fire, 1912, that Sit Da

bald was, perhaps, the first, who said, been led to pay particular attention vid was one of the learned men who to the writings of Lindsay, and to were educated at St. Andrew's.. Some every thing relating to the period in years ago, I requested the late Mr pro



young Mo.




P. 2.

lost his father in 1507 f. From the de- About the age of 30, Lyndsay fect of the registers, it cannot now be was introduced into the service of ascertained, who were the actual mas-,

King James V., then a minor. He ters of Lyndsay, at this university; did not, however, occupy the dignibut, it is certain, that the reverend Da.

fied situation to which his talents vid Spens, the parson of Comech, which is now the parish of Kemback, was an

would seem to entitle him. The nually chosen rector of this university, care of instructing the from the year 1504 to 1509, being the

narch entrusted Gawin whole period of Lyndsay's studies ; and Douglas, a learned ecclesiastic ; to him young Lyndsay made his spoil. while Lyndsay's duties, according to sio, or solemn promise of obedience, his own account, consisted in carryand attachment to his alma mater f. lle

ing him about

his back, or beft the university in 1509, probably, when he was nineteen. At this age,

is stridlingis” on his oeck ; in hapMackenzie sent the object of his admi. ping him well in the night.cime; in ration to travel over all Europe ; as it playing tunes to him on the lute, was the fashion, in his tine, to

And ay quhen thou come from the send boys abroad, to learn the vices of

scule, every other country, before they knew

Then I behuffit to play the fule. the virtues of their own.

So that the occupations of the fu. fessor Baron to search the registers of

tire lion king seem to have borne. that university, for some information,

a very close resemblance to those of about Lyndsay: and he informed me, Archy Armstrong, whom we had that, “'in 1508, it appeared David lately orcasion ta introduce to the

Lyndsay is in the list of Incorporati, notice of our readers. However, he “ who, as stadents of three years stand

appears to have rendered himself in 4 ing, had a right to vote.” By cou. pling the tradition with the register; his royal pupil.

this capacity extremely agreeable to

On James's prewe obtain sufficient evidence of the truth. We thus also perceive, that

mature advancement to the throne, Lyndsay must have entered the uni- indeed, he was separated, by those versity in 1505: and, if he were eigh. who had usurped the chief authority, teen in 1508, when he voted as one of from bis amusing favourite ; but he the Incorporati, he must have been born setiled a pension upon him, and

took care that it should always be f Among the Eart of Wemyss's Ti. tle Deeds, there is a charter by Patrick regularly paid. On the King's eLord Lyndsay to David Lyndsay, the mancipation, four years after, from son and heir to umzubile (the late) Da. the tyranny of the nobles, Lyndsay, vid Lyndsay of the Mount, of Garwyl mindful that in the court men gat con- Alexander, dated the 19th of Octo. nothing without opportune asking, prober, 1507. This was followed by an duced his Dreme, and his Complayot, instrument of sasine, dated the 6th of in which he reminds the King of his April, 1508. In this manner, did our

services and his sufferings. The la. David Lyndsay make up his title to his estate of Garmıylion, after his father's

mentation was not made in vain; death, as the Scottish lawyers say.

for in the subsequent year, at the | I owe this information, from the age of forty, he was inaugurated university register, to the obliging Lion King at Arms, and incidentalsearcb of the reverend Dr George Hill, ly became a knight. The origin of the principal of St. Mary's college. this office is involved in much obscuWhile Lyndsay studied at St. Andrew's, rity; the first authentic information there existed only the old college of St. which Mr C. has discovered of it, Salvadores. St. Leonard's college was founded in 1512 ; and St. Mary's col.

was at the coronation of Robert II. lege was established in 1552.--Sibbald's in 1371. His employment in it led , 135.

him not only to regulate the ceremo

in 1490.

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