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nies at home, but also to accompany he was a zealous supporter. He had the most distinguished foreign em- already sown the seeds of it, by his bassies. He was first sent to Ant- perpetual invectives against the diswerp, for the purpose of renewing solute lives of friars and nuns, and the treaty of commerce with the Ne- against the abuses that had crept intherlands. He went afterwards to to the church. And it is remarkthe Emperor, in order to demand in able, that his play, in which he marriage some of the Princesses of enlarges greatly on these subjects, his house. They were well received was acted at court with universal by that Monarch, and returned with applause : so much did amusement

pictures of all his nieces, that James prevail over policy. Our poet does - might make his choice between them. not appear to have ever been pre

But he, either not captivated with sent at the meetings of the refor. their beauty, or preferring the alli- mers, when they began to defy the ance of France, determined upon established power; not probably going thither in person, and choosing out of fear, for he put his name to his Queen. He sent Lyndsay, how. his books, even when they were most ever, some time before to conciliate obnoxious; nor does he seem to have the French court to this proposal, ever suffered any punishment, exand that they might be making up cept that of a short banishment from an assortment of Princesses to se. court, to which he was soon after lect from. He chose Magdalene of recalled, when his services were wan. France. The ceremonies attending ted. We cannot help thinking our her marriage and first arrival in Scat. author too severe in his animadverland gave full employment to the sions on this part of Lyndsay's conheraldic powers of our Lion King, duct. No doubt, it proceeds from and these were soon'afterward called his zeal for order and good govern forth on

a more melancholy occa- ment; yet even the best things may sion by the Queen's death, which be carried too far; and considering happened forty days after her land- how much the church stood in need ing. James lost no time in procu- of reformation, we cannot but ho. ring another wife from France ; but the memory of those who Sir David was not sent abroad on brought it about, at their own imthis occasion, though he acted a minent danger, notwithstanding any conspicuous part in the ceremonial partial violence into which they may of her reception. Şir David went have been hurried. also embassies to England and The greatest obscurity rests upon Denmark. He continued in favour the period of our poet's death, during the whole reign of James V., and, in October 1542obtained an

Whether he were alive, on the 3d of increase of salary. There was set

December 1557, when the congrega

tion took a formal shape, by the signatled on him, during all the days of

ture of a bond of association, is uncerhis life, two chalders of oats, for tain. I believe, that he died, about horse corn, out of the King's lands that time; though there are some, who of Dynmure, in Fyfe.”

say that he lived till 1967. With all James V. died in 1542, after his celebrity, our poet and reformer which, we do not, find Lyndsay's died obscurely.

Nor is there any traname so often mentioned, nor does dition when, or where he was buried; he appear to have enjoyed the same

though a very intelligent husbandman, favour at court. This indeed is not

of the age of eighty-three, who farmed

the Mount for forty years, says, he has to be wondered at : for the reforma- always heard, “ that Sir David was a tion began about this time, of which

great poet and preacher, a warrior

as and

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2. The

“ and scholar: and that he was killed, tain were originally settled by the same “ either at Flodden-field (1513) OT

Gaulish tribes. The descendants of the “ Pinkie (1548,) or in some other hat- original colonists continued to speak " tle with the English.” Such is tradi- the Cambro-British tongụe till the abtion! We know, however, that Sir dication of the Roman government in David was alive in 1555; and that a Britain : and, in topographical lanman of his years, and character, must guage, the people of Edinburgh, uncon. have died quietly in his bed. He must scious of the fact, speak the aboriginal of course have been inhumed among British to this day. The descendants his fathers, in the family vault, within of the first colonists acquired the name the church of Céres. Yet, as I am as- of Picts, during the fourth century ; sured by my active and intelligent enjoyed this name, at the epoch of friend the reverend J. Macdonald, who their conquest in 843, and have even made enquiries on the spot," the fami. transmitted their name to the present “ ly vault, at Ceres, has not a single times, though their language was early

inscription, nor is there any legible merged in a cognate tongue. “ tombstone, in this churchyard, older middle of the fifth century may be as“ than 1669." Such is the fare of sub.. signed, as the epoch of the settlement lunary things! The dwelling of Sir of the Anglo-Saxon people on the David is down; and his family is ming- Tweed, and the Forth. The descenled with the undistinguishable mass. dants of those settlers gradually over

P. 42. spread the country, which, from them, Besides the life of the author, which extended from the Tweed to the

acquired the name of Lothian; and Mr Chalmers gives also, 1. The Avon, and from the hills to the Forth, chronology of his poeris, 2. An ac.

while proper Scotland, lying northward count of their successive editions, of the Frith, was inhabited by the Sco3. An enquiry who were the licensers to-Irish conquerors of the Cambro-Briof the press, while his works were tish Picts. The Saxon language contisuccessively printed, 4. What were nued to be spoken, in Lothian, from the writings of Lyndsay, 5. Av his

that epoch to this day, intermixed, torical view of his character as a

however, with cognate Danish, from

the mouths of the Danish people, who writer, 6. Of the epochs of the settled among the Anglo-Saxons, dudifferent people who successively ring the ninth and tenth centuries. settled in Scotland, 7. A philologie 3. The commencement of the sixth cal view of the Teutonic language century is the epoch of the arrival of of Scotland, from the demise of the Irish settlers in Cantyre; and they Malcolm Canmore to the age of overran Argyle, and the ample extent

of Western-Scotland, from the Clyde to Lyndsay, 8. An examination of the

Cape Wrath'; imposing every where language of Lyndsay. We would

new names on places, in their own lanstrongly recommend the perusal of guage, which was cognate with the ori. all these to the curious reader, tho'ginal Cambro-British. 4. A new colo. they abound with such a variety of ny of Irish arrived in Galloway, tofacts and discussions as makes it im- wards the end of the eighth century, possible to attempt any analysis of who overspreading the whole country them. We cannot forbear, however, impused new names on places, in their

to the Nith, and Clyde, every where to present our readers with the fol.

own descriptive speech. 5. The year : Jowing view of the different people 843 is the epoch of the conquest of the who have settled in Scotland ; which Picts, by the Scots, a congenial people, contains the result of twelve years who overspread the whole country, duinvestigation, and the outline of what ring the effluxion of two centories, e. will be illustrated at greater length mine from the Gallic names, which

ven up to the Tweed, if we may deterin Mr Ci's “ Caledonia.” 1. It is demonstrable, as

may be even now traced along the

a moral Tweed, and the Merse. 6. Some of certainty, that South and North Bri- the descendants of the aboriginal Bri


It was

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P. 115

tons remained, as a distinct people, in English writers of the South were den
Strathclyde, and Peebles shire, even to parting from the Saxon form of Wre
the twelfth century. 7. At the demise words, the English people of the North,
of Malcolm Ceanmore, ia 1093, the with the Scotish, retained them una
common language of Scotland, wiñh the changed; and most of the dialects,
exception of Lothian, and a corner of both of the north of England, and of
Cathness, was Gaelic, or Scoto-Irish, Scotland, continued to use the Saxon
which was spoken by the descendants words, in their original forms. 'P. 151.
of those Irish emigrants, who settled in We shall now proceed to give
Ceantyre, at the beginning of the sixth,
and Galloway, at the end of the eightli

, which are, 1. The Dreme. This was

some account of Lyudsay's poems, centuries. $. The colonization of proper' Scotland, by the Anglo-Saxons, the first of his productions. and other people of a Gothic race, who composed, as we had occasion to ob. mingled with them, began at the com- serve, immediately after the king, by mencement of the twelfth century, and humbling the nobles, had established has not yet been quite completed.

himself in secure possession of the

supreme power; and Lyndsay's ob. The following passage throws ject seems to have been to remind light on a remarkable difference be. his Sovereign Lord of the services tween - the Scotish and English lan- he had formerly rendered him at a guages,

very early period of life. He begins

by enumerating them, One of the most remarkable varieties, in the orthography of the Old English, Quhen thou wes young, I bure tlie in and Scotish writers, was the different

myne arme, use of the o and a. This appears in

Full tenderlye, till thow begouth to very ancient writers of the vulgar And in othy bed, oft happit the full

gang : tongue. Many Saxon words, in Lye's

warme, Dictionary, are indifferently written

With lute in hand, syne, softlye to the with an a, and an o, according as the manuscripts, from which they were

sang: taken, were composed, in the southern, And sumtyme, playand farsis, on the

Sumtyme, in darsing, feirelie, i fang: or in the northern dialect; as hand, or hond; hangen, or hongen; land,

fure, lond; lang, or long. Thụs, the o pre

And sumtyme, on myne ofiice takand
vailed, in the South, while tbe a was
used, in the North : and hence, the o And sumtyme, lyke ane fiend, trans-
is more frequent, in the writings of R. figurate,
of Glo'ster, Wiclif, and Chaucer, while And sumtyme, lyke the grislie gaist of
the a is more used in R. of Brune, and


Even Chaucer writes many in divers formis, ofty mes disfigurate, words with the a, in the pure Saxon And sumtyme, disagysit full plesandlye, form, as the same form continued to be So, ser thy birth, I have continuallye, used by Lyndsay, and other Scotish Bene occupyit, and ay to thy plesour, writers of his age, and by those, who And sumtyme, Sewar, Coppar, and wrote in the dialect of the North of

Carvour; England, even to the present day. On Thy purs maister, and secreit thesau. the other hand, Chaucer writes several rare, words with o, where the Scotish speech, Thy ischar, ay sen thy nativitie, as well as the modern English, have And of thy chalmer chief cubiculare, retained the a, as in hong, hond, lond, Quhilk, to this hour, hes keipit me lawsond, for hang, hand, land, sand. As tie. the English of the South gradually sub- Loving be to the blessit trinitie ! stitute o, for a, in a great many words, That sic ane wrechit worma hes maid this formed the cbief point of differenc so habill, between the English, and Scottish lan- Till sic ane prince to be so agreabill. guages, in ʼLyndsay's age. While the

P. 186.


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P. 227

He then describes himself as fall. though the ancient Apostles and ing asleep, and, in his dream, being Martyrs have places of high honour, accosted by a fair lady, called Dame there is no mention of any order of Remembrance, who desires him to churchmen subsisting in his own

gang anone" with time. Having thus seen all the oher.

ther parts of the universe, he at last So, war we baith, in twinklyng ofane ee,

expresses a wish to be favoured with Doun throw the erth, in middis of the

a view of the earth, in which, his center,

courteous guide readily gratifies him. Or ever I wist, into the lawest hell; Our poet then makes a copious disAnd to that cairfull cove, quhen we did play of his geographical knowledge, enter,

in enumerating all the different reYowting, and yowling, we hárd, with gions of the globe ; though he has

mony yell, In famme of 'fyre, richt furious, and strangely enough confounded the anfell,

cient and modern divisions. Thus, Was cryand mony cairfull creature, And was in four devydit Italye, Blasphemand God, and wariand nature:

Tuscane, Hethruria, Naplis, and ChamThare, sawe we divers paipis, and emp- panye.

P. 226. riouris,

And France, we sawe devydit into thre, Without recover, mony cairfull kingis; Belgica, Celtica, and Aquitane; Thare, sawe we mony wrangous con- And subdevydit, in Flanderis, Picardie, querouris,

Normandie, Gasconye, Burgunye, and Withourtin ' richt, reiffaris of utheris


P. ib. ringis; The men of kirk lay bundin into bingis; Cyper, Candie, Corsica, Sardane, and Tiere, sawe we monv cairfull cardinall. Crete, And archebischopis, in thair pontificall;

After a short description of ParaProude, and perverst přelatis, out of dise, the poet then proceeds to Scot.

land, And here, says he, nummer, Pryour's, Abbattis, and fals, Alatterand freiris ;

I did prepone, ane lytill questioun,

Beseikand hir, the same for till declare, To specifie thame all, it wer ane cum

Quhat is the cause our boundis bene sa mer ;

bare? Regulare channonris, churle monkis, Quod I, or quhat dois move our miseand chartereiris,

rie, Curious clerkis, and preistis seculeiris ;

Or quhareof dois proceid our povertie? Thare was sum part of ilk religioun, In haly kirk, quhilk did abusioun.

For throw the support of your



dence, After having enlarged for some Of Scotland, I persave the properteis ; time on the clergy, he enumerates

And als considderis, be experience, the other descriptions of persons who

Of this cuntrie the greit commoditeis: were found there, King, Nobles, First, the aboundance of fischis, in our

seis, Ladies, / whom he treats of very am. And fructuall montanis, for our bestiall, ply) and in fine men of all ranks and

And for our cornis, mony lusty vaill. professions. The poet is then conducted through the planets, whom The riche riveris, plesand and proffithe considers partly as heavenly bo- abill, dies, and partly as heathen gods. At The lustie lochis, with fische of sindry

kyndis, last, he mounts to the firmament it. self, of which he gives an elaborate

Huntyng, halkyng, for nobillis conven

abill, though not very poetical descrip- Forrestis full of da, ra, (doe, roe) hartis, gion ; but we must observe, that and lyndis,


P. 195.

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P. 241.

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The fresche fontanis, quhose harlsum Pryde hes chaist far from thame humi-
cristal strandis,

Refreschis so the fair Hureist grene 'Devotioun is filed unto the freiris,

Sensual plesour hes baneist chaistitie,
So, lak wę na thing, that to nature Lordis of religioun thay go lyke secu.
neidis :

leiris, Of everilk mettell, we have the riche Takyng mair compt, in telling their

deneiris, mynis,

Nor thay do of their constitutioun; Baith gold, silver, and stanis precious :

Thus ar thay blyndit be ambitioun.
Howbeit we want the spycis, and the

Our gentill men ar all degenerate,
Or utber strange fructis delicious,
We have als gude, and mair neidfull for. Liberalitie, and lawtie

, baith ar lost,

And cowardice, with lordis, is laureate, us,

And knichtlve curage changeit in brag, Meit, drink, fyre, claiths, thare micht

and boist, be gart abound

The çivill weir misgydis everilk oist; Quhilkis ellis is nocht in all the mapa. Thare is nocht ellis bot ilk man for him mound.

self, Mair fairer pepill, nor of greiter ingyne,

That garris me ga thus baneist lyke ane

Nor of mair strenth, greit deidis till in-
dure ;

The poem concludes with some Quharefore, I pray yow, that ye wald very judicious exhortations to the defyne,

King, to do justice, take good counThe principall cause, that we ar so

sel, and set an example to his peopure.

ple. It is answered, that all this hap

To be continued. pens through want of justice, policy, and peace. The question then comes, Why are these things more wanting in Scotland than in other Journal of the Transactions in Scot

land during the contest between the countries? This gives an excellent opening for throwing abuse upon

adherents of Queen Mary and those

of her Son, 1570, 1971, 1572, the nobles and clergy, who are re. presented as the cause of all this

1573. By Richard Bannatyne, mischief. Ihone the Commonwealth

Secretary to John Knox. Edited

by John Graham Dalyell, Esqr. makes his appearance, and declares

Advocate, large 8vo. 155. Con. his grievances.

stable and Co.
Into the south, I was, allace ! neir slane,
Over all that land I culde find na releit

, IN a preface to this volume, Mr Almaist betuix the Mers, and Lochma- Dalyell gives some iotices of the bane,

manuscript, from which it is printed, I culde nocht knaw, ane leill man be He observes,

ane thief, Til schaw thair reif, thift, murthour, Two things, the most important, in and mischief,

my opinion, respecting Bannatyne's JourAnd viciousnes, it wald infect the air, ngl, can admit of little dispute : First, And als langsum, to me, for till declair, that it is an original work ; and, Second

P. 2

. 239. ly, that it has been written during the I have socht throw all the spirituall stait, identical period to which it relates ; that Qahilk tuke na compt, for to heir me the events recorded have frequently complane:

been engrossed on the very day when Thair officiaris, thay held me at disdane, they occurred. For symonie, he rewlis all that rout, Little is known of the author; so And covetice, that carle, gart bar me little, that it is unworthy of repetition out.

here : for I cannot descend to trilling July 1806.


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