« ZurückWeiter »
They, in general, maintain a high schools, of which there are at pre. sense of independance ; they scorn the sent thirty under the inspecting of this servile adulation of those who cringe institution ; which has subsisted for to the great. Many of them indeed eight years past, and much good bas run into the opposite extreme, and resulted from it, both in checking become insolent, proud, and turbu. the progress of vice, and in convey. lent. Some of them profess them- ing much important religious and selves to be deists, others appear to moral instruction to neglected chil. be enthusiasts ; but not a few among dren. There are likewise three schools them are to be found, whose conduct opened on the week evenings for and conversation are becoming that teaching those to read who are empure system of Christian doctrine ployed through the day, and cannot and morals, which they profess to obtain education otherwise. From believe.
the last account taken of the numThe Cotton spinning trade now bers attending these benevolent seestablished in this part of the coun- minarier, they amounted to about try is highly valuable, on account of twelve hundred. All the Sabbath such numbers of poor children and schools are taught gratis, and each women as are employed in its various of them is superintended by a suboperations, but it appears to have committee. The fund for providing no tendency to improve the morais books, fire, candles, and house-rents, of the country. The numbers collec- are collected at the church, where a ted in large Cotton-mills, from fami- sermon is preached about once in six lies immersed in ignorance and vice, weeks, by the ministers of the estabspread the contagion among such as lishment, and presbyterian dissenters, have been more regularly educated, in rotation. A dispensary for the and profligate conduct is the natural purpose of furnishing medical aid to result, Boys and girls receive for the poor gratis has been established their labour from two to five shillings many years, to the great relief of per week. They are received into numbers ; and of late a very convethis employ about eight years of age, nient building has been erected in a their attendance is from six in the healthy sitaation for the benefit of morning to eight at night ; but no such as are seized with contagious time is allowed for learning to read, fevers, &c. This institution promiand after parents begin to receive ses to be of great utility to the poor,
for their labour, few of them and has been the means under pro. think of sending them to school. It vidence to check the progress of inis likewise to be regretted that so fectious disorders in some recent ça. little attention 'is paid to cleanliness ses. in many of these public works. The The next branch of manufacture air they breathe is unfriendly to we have to notice is the silk gauze. health. The rancid smell from the It will be observed, that in 1784 it oil, and the effluvia of the cotton amounted in value to L.350,000, wool, combined 'with the numbers but in 1805 only to L.9600 ; So collected under one roof, render these changeable are fashions in this counmills injurious both to the health and try; but if silk gauze should once morals of those employed in them. come into fashion, the Paisley maIn order to counteract the baneful '
nufacture would possess advantages effects arising from want of education, in point of skill and workmen above a Society was formed at Paisley for all others in the island. And who maintaining and supporting Sunday can positively say it will not? It is
not the voice of reason that presides ticles that are expected to wear for over this coquettish dame. Changes any length of time; this is now beare frequently effected, not only to ginning to be found out by attentive please the young and volatile, but to housewives, and consequently cotton give employment to the multitude of thread is getting out of demand. milliners and mantuamakers depend. Paisley whisky is very generally ent on them. There is no fabric yet known. At one time it was much invented, more beautiful than silk and. justly esteemed.
Even now gauze.
it will bear a comparison with spiThe Thread manufacture has sub- rits distilled upon the same prinsisted in this place since its first in- ciples in other places. It has troduction into the country from been for many years well known, Holland, in the year 1722. Paisley that raw unmalted grain produces is now justly famed, both at hoine more spirits than when malted, and and abroad, for the quality of its there is, besides, a considerable duty threads, The kind or species of upon malted grain. This, of course, thread chiefly made here is ounce or determines the distiller to use unnuns. This article is regulated by malted in place of malted grain, and an act of Parliament passed in 1988, the result is, that he obtains a greatwhich' determines the number of er quantity but of a worse quality.. threads in each hank or skein, and It is highly to be regretted that the length of the reel employed in numbers injure their health, and even seeling the same; by this means nearly starve their families, in accusfrauds are prevented, and the con-toming themselves to this noxious sumers have a statute length and beveridge. It is very unaccountable number to trust to. Besides ounce that a law has not beep enacted to threads there is a considerable quan- prevent distillers from mashing untity of heddle twine made, not only malted grain; such a measure would to serve the weavers in Paisley and ipcrease the revenue. and Glasgow, but for those in Spital. consumers from the effects of a very fields and Coventry. Soft thread unwholesome liquor. It is necessary forms another article, for ornamento to mention, in justice to our distiling muslins, and this is likewise be- lers, that they make a considerable come a considerable branch. Lisle quantity of their spirits from maleed threads also constitute a small part grain, which sells at a higher price of this manufacture ; this species is than the common kind. This douan imitation of threads made at Lisle ble or rectified spirit is a very good in French Flanders. Some of this article indeed ; but the most fashion. thread of Scotch yarn made in Pais. able kind is that made in the highley is worth above ten guineas per land districts in small unentered stills. pound, which when spread out would This is preferred to all others, and is measure from Glasgow to Edin. distinguished by the smell communiburgh.
cated to it from the fuel in distillation, Cotton thread has been fashionable and commonly called peat reek; its of late; it is wound up by a ma- being smuggled, and scarce, makes it chine into little balls of a nice ap- the more relished. Whether the pearance, and well calculated to at whisky produced by large entered tract the attention of the ladies. stills is equal in quality to that works very pleasantly, and has only made in small stills is not very mate. one fault, which is want of strength. rial; but one thing is certain, that It may answer for sewing light fan- malted grain makes wbolesomer and cy muslins, but will not do for ara more palatable spirits than raw.
There was an act of parliament pas. some of the salutary effects expected sed last Session for forming a harbour from this canal. Its length from at Ardrossan, and there is a bill now Ardrossan to the Clyde at Trades. pending for cutting a canal from town, and from thence four miles said harbour to the Clyde at Trades- up the south bank of the Clyde, iš town, This line of Canal is to pass thirty.two miles. An estimate of the through one of the streets of Pais. work has been made up by Thomas ley. What vast improvements have Telford, Esq. Engineer, and the exbeen made in Great Britain by pence stated at L.134,500 ; and means of good roads and canals! the estimated revenue annually at What grand effects have they produ. L.13,699: 18:6. The harbour at ced by opening communications with Ardrossan was estimated by the same adjacent districts! These improve. gentleman at L. 40,000. expence, ments have pervaded a great part of The country is much indebted to the country, and have roused the in- the Right Honourable the Earl of habitants to active exertions, by Eglinton for his patriotic exertions which they might better their situa. for effecting this highly important ations, What important changes measure. As an evidence that the inhave they effected, especially in north habitants of Paisley bighly approve Britain, of late years! Who could of this undertaking, they have be. have foreseen that such improvements come subscribers to the amount of would be made in this part of the L. 20,000. country, that grain to the amount of The objects most worthy of a half a million sterling should be sent stranger's attention who visits Paisfrom Scotland to England, in the ley are, ist, The weavers shops and course of four months, in the year the warehouses of manufacturers. The 1806 ! Yet such appears to be the machinery used in weaving is brought fact.
to a high degree of perfection, and This Canal, if carried into effect, in some of the warehouses the great will incite some of the wealthy inha. variety of goods, of the most fashionbitants of Paisley to engage in those able and elegant patterns, is not only branches of trade which this improve- interesting to those who deal in artiment will bring more within their cles of that kind, but highly worthy reach. It will be highly beneficial the attention of the curious stranger. for the transit of grain from Ireland 2d, In the near neighbourhood is e. and Ayrshire, to supply the nu. rected a work by Mr John Gibb, at merous population of Renfrewshire which, by means of a steam engine, a and Lanarkshire ; for bringing into large stream of water is raised from competition the different qualities of the river Cart into a circular canal, coal, so abundant in this tract, and and from thence it filters through a by that means lowering tbe price.- layer of river sand into a large bason. How valuable must it be to the agri. It is then, in a pure
and wholesome culturist to procure limestone of the state, conveyed by pipes to a bleachbest quality in abundance, at a rate ing work on the premises ; part is greatly under the present, and to the conveyed to a long house erected for builders in Glasgow and Paisley, &c. the purpose of washing clothes, for to be furnished with the best materi- the convenience of the inhabitants, als,, viz. stone and lime, at prices and the remainder is carried in large greatly reduced ! And what a saving barrels, and sold to private families will it produce in the carriage of all at the rate of about twelve scots pints bulky articles, such as iron stone, and for a penny. The accommodation manure of all kinds! These are thus given to the public, of clear fil
tered water, fit for every culinary pur. tapt, he will find himself highly gra. pose, promotes both the comfort and
tified. Here is a most aucient and The health of the people.
extensive colliery, the property of the 3d, Mr John Love's cottage, cal- Earl of Glasgow, containing extealed Hope Temple, attracts the atten- sive seams of coal and limestone, and tion of many Ladies and Gentlemen schistus of great value, used in the who visit the place ; the tasteful ar. allum work erected at the same place, rangement of the gardens, the great which is the most productive of its variety of shrubbery collected from kind in Britain, and managed with the most distant parts of the world, great address. The construction of the green house, with the rich dis- this work is well calculated for the play of flowers and rare plants; and business, and proves a source of conthe obliging and communicative dis. siderable emolument to the partners. position of the wealthy proprietor, 6th, If the visiting stranger wishes all concur to render a visit to this to enjoy a full view of Paisley and the cottage peculiarly gratifying to those adjacent country, upon application who have a taste for gardening or bo- being made to the High Church offitany.
cer, he will be conducted up a good 4th, The abbey church is much ade stair-case to the first battlement of mired for its light structure and plea- the spire. There, in full security, a sing effect.
It was built about the prospect opens which is both grand same time with the cathedral at and extensive. This view is varied Glasgow. Great attention has been as the Spectator turns round the paid to preserve it in repair, and the battlements: the attention is alternatearrangement of the galleries and pews ly occupied by lofty distant mouris highly creditable to the Reverend tains, a rich well cultivated country, Robert Boog, first minister in this a distant peep of three rivers, with church. Every part of the ornament woods and gentlemen's seats, villages, and disposition within corresponds bleaching.grounds, bridges, villas, cotwith the Saxon architecture of the ton works, and distant pieces of wastructure without. There is like- If the view is directed to the wise an aisle, called the Sounding foot of the eminence, the whole towa Aisle, from a most remarkable sound of Paisley presents itself to the eye, or echo which is heard on making containing fifteen places of public the slightest noise within it. Here worship, three spires, and upwards are deposited the remains of Marjo. of thirty thousand inhabitants. ry Bruce, mother of the Stewart fa.
William Carlile. mily, and likewise those of her son, the first king of that ancient house. It is now the burying vault of the Memoirs of Dr ALEXANDER PENNEAbercorn family, in which was in- CUICK of New HALL, terred the body of the late venerable and worthy Earl. The echo in this (Continued from p. 251.) vault, or rather chapel, for it was ori. ginally consecrated as such, produces AS his son relates in bie Descrip,
tion of Tweeddale, having married mind, which is heightened if a tune the only child of the proprietor, a of church music is well sung, or per descendant of the Murrays of Philipformed on the flute or violin.
haugh, in Selkirk-shire, into which 5th, If the traveller have any taste family it had come by marriage, alfor mineralogy, by walking to the so from the original proprietors, the Hurlet works, about three miles dis. Romaonos of that Ilk, our author's
father, after the purchase of New. Gool,” it is evident, had spent a part Hall, acquired the estate of Roman. of his time abroad, and had acquired no, within a few miles of it, on the his knowledge of the world beyond other side of west Linton, in the the limited shores of the island that county of Tweeddale or Peebles-shire. gave him birth. Although farther distant from Edin.
“Now by thy answer, Pedant, thou dost burgh, and in another county, during the latter part of his life, both “ That Spaniards wear mustachios, but himself, and his son, seem to have
beards want. been tempted by the greater prox
“ Peace! Peace! fool Andrew, let that
theme alone, imity to Linton, and a more popu
" I've seen five hundred Spaniards for thi, lous neighbourhoud, to reside chiefly at Romanno, between the villages of
“And yet, I swear, of all that sunburnt Linton and Newlands, both in Pee
“ I saw not one had thy dark hideous The father is said to have been
hue," buried in the church-yard of New
Indeed, from his father's public lands. In what year, however, he character, as “ Chirurgion to Genedied, is uncertain; but in the poem ral Bapnier in the Swedish Wars ;'' by his son, “ Upon the Death of Alex and afterwards, as - Chirurgeon Geander Pennecuick of New Hall," it is neral to the auxiliary Scots army in mentioned that
England;" it is unlikely his youth Death, at length, hath shulled was spent in his native country, then, from the stage
comparatively, so unsuitable for his " The oldest Esculapius of our age;" education in the bighest department That
of the same profession. “ Torice thirty years do now these hands In the latter, and declining days destroy,
of his father, be appears to have “ That cured our maladies, and caused taken a most affectionate care of our joy;"
him, and to have resided almost conthat
stantly with him in the country, to 4 Five mighty Kings, from his birth to
which he seems to have had a vio
lent « The Caledonian scepter swayed have.
predilection. In one of the best “ Four times his eyes have seen, from of his poems, the “ Answer to his cloak, to gown,
brother T. P.'s many letters, dissuada " Prelate, and Presbyter, turn upside ing bim from staying longer in the down;"
country, and inviting him to come and and, that
settle bis residence in Edinburgh," he “ From old Forbeirs, much worth, he did gives a very natural and agreeable inherit,
account of his rural occupations, and * A Gentleman by birtb, and more by amusements, with their superiority
over those of a town; and declares From these rough touches, the
to his brother, who seems to have great age, the period in which he lived near
6 Libberton's," or “ Foslived, the antiquity and respectabili. ter's Wynd,” that he will not be so ty of his family, and the intrinsic
" graceless," or " bold," as to bring worth of the elder Doctor Penne. the aged gentleman his father to the cuick, are ascertained with some de.
of satisfaction. Our author himself, in early life, “ To stifle him with smoke, tho' he be from the following assertion, in his
old;" Reply to the scurvy lines of one Mr
nor, says he,