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that as any objection, As to quacks, no pleasure in hearing this music. I despise them : they may kill you Many pieces of it are mere composi. indeed, but cannot injure me.
And tions of tricks. I have sometimes, as to regular physicians, they are at at a concert, attended by a common last convinced, that, the gout in such audience, placed myself so as to see a subject as you are, is no disease, all their faces, and observed no signs but a remedy ; and wherefore cure of pleasure in them during the per. a remedy--but to our business- formance of a great part that was There.
admired by the performers them: Franklin---Oh! Oh!--for heav. selves; while a plain old Scotch en's sake leave me ; and I promise tune, which they disdained, and faithfully never more to play at chess, could scarcely be prevailed on to but to take exercise daily, and live play, gave manifest and general detemperately.
light. Give me leave, on this occa. Goul.--I know you too well. You sion, to extend a little the sense of promise fair ; but after a few months your position, that “ melody and of good health, you will return to harmony are separately agreeable, and your old habits; your fine promises in union delightful," and to give it will be forgotten like the forms of as my opinion, that the reason why the last year's clouds. Let us then the Scotch tunes have lived so long, finish the account and I will go. But and will probably live for ever (if I leave
with an assurance, of vi. they escape being stifled in modern siting you again at a proper time and affected ornament) is merely this, place ; for my object is your good, that they are really compositions of and you are sensible now, that I am melody and harmony united, or ra.
ther that their melody is harmony. I mean the simple tunes sung by a
single voice. As this will appear On the HARMONY and MELODY of paradoxical, I must explain my meanthe Old SCOTCH Tunes, ing. In common acceptation, indeed,
only an agreeable succesion of sounds In a Letter from Dr Franklin to Lord is called melody, and only the co-exKaimes.
istence of agreeable sounds, harmo. IN my passage to America I read my
ny. But since the memory is capa. your excellent work, the Elements ble of retaining for some moments a of Criticism, in which I found great perfect idea of the pitch of a past entertainment. I only wished you sound, so as to compare with it the had examined more fully the sub- pitch of a succeeding sound, and ject of music, and demonstrated that judge truly of their agreement or disathe pleasure artists feel in hearing greement, there may and does arise much of that composed in the mo- from thence a sense of harmony be. dern taste, is not the natural plea. tween the present and past sounds, sure arising from melody or harmony equally pleasing with that between of sounds, but of the same kind with two present sounds. Now the conthe pleasure we feel on seeiog the struction of the old Scotch tunes is surprising feats of tumblers and rope. this, that almost every succeeding dancers, who execute difficult things. emphatical note is a third, a fifth, an For my part I take this to be really octave, or in short some note that is the case, and suppose it the reason in concord with the preceding note. why those who are' unpractised in Thirds are chiefly used, which are music, and therefore unacquainted very pleasing concords. I use the word with those difficulties, have little or emphatical to distinguish those notes
your real friend.
which have a stress laid on them in panes appear dark, and the cross bars singing the tune, from the lighter of the sashes, with the window frames connecting notes, that serve merely, and walls, appear white or bright; like grammar articles in
still add to the darkness speech, to tack the whole toge. in the eyes by covering them with ther.
your hand, the reverse instantly takes That we have a most perfect idea place, the panes appear luminous of a sound just past, I might appeal and the cross bars dark. And by to all acquainted with music, who removing the hand they are again know how easy it is to repeat a
This I know not how to sound in che same pitch with one account for. Nor for the following ; just heard. In tuning an instrument, a that after looking long through good ear can as easily determine that green spectacles, the white paper of two strings are in unison by sound. a book will on first taking them off ing them separately, as by sounding appear to have a blush of red; and them together; their disagreement after long looking through red glasis also as easily, I believe I may say ses, a greenish cast; this seems to more easily and better distinguished, intimate a relation between green and when sounded separately ;. for when red not yet explained.
Farther, sounded together, though you know when we consider by whom these anciby the beating that one is higher ent tunes were composed, and how than the other, you cannot tell which they were first performed, we shall is. I have ascribed to memory the see that such harmonical successions ability of comparing the pitch of a of sounds was natural and even ne. present tove with that of one past.
in their construction. They But if there should be, as possibly were composed by the miostrels of there may be, something in the ear those days to be played on the harp similar to what we find in the eye, accompanied by the voice. The harp that ability would not be entirely ow. was strung with wire, which gives a ing to memory. Possibly the vibra. sound of long continuance, and had tions given to the auditory nerves by no contrivance like that of the mo. a particular sound may actually con. dern harpsichord, by which the tinue some time after the cause of sound of the preceding could be those vibrations is past, and the a. stopt the moment a succeeding note greement or disagreement of a sub- . began. To avoid actual discord, it sequent sound become by comparison was therefore necessary that the sucwith them more discernible. For ceeding emphatic note should be a the impression made on the visual chord with the preceding, as their nerves by a luminous object will con- sounds exist at the same time. Hence tinue for twenty or thirty seconds.- arose that beauty in those tunes that Sitting in a room, look earnestly at has so long pleased, and will please the middle of a window a little while for ever, though men scarce know when the day is bright, and then why. That they were originally
. shut your eyes; the figure of the win-composed for the harp, and of the dow will still remain in the eye, and most simple kind, I mean a harp so distinct that you may count the without any half notés but these in panes.
A remarkable circumstance the natural scale, and with no more attending this experiment, 'is, that than two octaves of strings, from
, the impression of forms is better C to C, I conjecture from anoretained than that of colours; for af. ther circumstance which is, that ter the eyes are shut, when you first not one of those tunes, really andiscern the image of the window, the cient, has a single artificial half
note in it, and that in tunes where drawing near the term of life, wishes it was most convenient for the voice before that period to see them joined to use the middle notes of the harp, in the holy bonds of matrimony, but and place the key in F, there the chiefly the young lady, for wbom B, which if used should be a B fal, she wishes to find a husband of cha. is always omitted, by passing over it racter; and a batchelor would be pie. with a third. The connoisseurs in ferred, between the age of thirty and modern music will say I have no forty, of a mild and religious turn, taste, but I cannot help adding, that irreproachable conduct, and an inI believe our ancestors, in hearing a come between four and five thousand good song, distinctly articulated, francs a year. The lady is twentysung to one of those tunes, and ac- four years of age, of an elegant per. companied by the harp, felt more son and agreeable countenance, and real pleasure than is communicated a serious and solid character. Her by the generality of modern 0- fortune consists in thirty-six thou-' peras, exclusive of that arising from sand francs of patrimonial inheri. ihe scenery and dancing. Most tance, free of all debts ; with altunes of late composition, not hav. most as much more on the death of
ng this natural harmony united her mother. The son is five years with their melody, have recourse to older, with an equal fortune, and ae the artificial harmony of a bass, and honourable situation." other accompanying parts. This " An amiable lady, entering into support, in my opinion, the old tunes the autumn of her age, of a lively do not need, and are rather confused disposition, good education, and irhan aided by it. Whoever has reproachable manners ; now at the heard James Oswald play them on head of an establishinent adapted to liis violoncello, will be less inclined her sex, and worth between twentyto dispute this with me. I have five and thirty thousand francs ; more than once seen tears of plea. wishes to marry a batchelor aged slire in the
eyes of his auditors, and between forty and Efty, with a reyet, I think, even his playing those venue between three and four than. tunes would please more, if he gave sand francs, health, and good morals.” them less modern ornament.
“ A lady of twenty-seven years I am, &c.
of age, of irreproachable conduct, Franklin's works. B. FRANKLIN. and an education above her situation
in life, which, without being unbap
py, nevertheless obliges her to have PARISIAN MARRIAGES.
recourse to her talents for a decent From Pinkerton's Recollections of Paris.
subsistence, yet, having withal, some
neat furniture, and some sparings THERE are at Paris three or four from her gains, desires to unite her
offices for marriages ; and large destiny by the religious bonde of masheets are pasted up in the public trimony to that of a man of sense, of places, containing the advertisements a mild character, who has some emto this effect. At the same offices ployment, or trade, independent of a may also be had housekeepers of all wife. His age would be a matter' denominations, and sometimes ser- of complete indifference.” vants. Some advertisements for mar. “ A young lady, in the spring of riage may amuse.
her age, living with her father, who “ The mother of two charming has no other child, desires to be un. children, a boy and a girl, to whom ited in marriage to a batchelor of she has given a good education, now a mature age, who unites a decent
income to a person full of health, of of similar inclinacions, either
dated from the banks of tbe Marne “ A batchelor aged forty-nine, of near Paris. " Far froin the noise an agreeable and very healthy person, of the city, in a retreat which the lively character, and fond of the plea- presence of my loved parents rendersures which decency permits, enjoy- ed agreeable to me, I have attained ing ten thousand francs of territorial my twenty-sixih year without thinkrevenue, wishes to marry a young ing of hymen; but the tribute lady of good birth, aged between which every mortal must pay to paeighteen and twenty-five, of sweet dis- ture having for ever separated me position, similar taste, and income be from those who alone received my iween two and three thousand francs. care, and occupied my thoughts, this His intention is to make a contract of retreat, formerly so pleasant, appears marriage to the last liver.”
a desart, and I feel the necessity of " A young man of twenty-nine" repairing the void which that loss years, of good birth, and belonging has occasioned. After having borne, to a respectable family, which has beyond the term exacted by decency, procured him a careful education, so but surpassed by my grief, the that he profits of several agreeable mournful marks, the tears and regret talents which produce a decent sub. which I owe to their memory, I wish sistence, can only offer them, togeth. to divert my mind from the melaner with his person, which, without choly which has overwhelmed me vanity, may please a reasonable wo. for fifteen months, and to unite myman, such as he would desire, who self with a prudent man of a mild must be amiable, and possess an easy and complaisant character, holding an income. Her age is wholly indiffer- honourable situation in the capital,
so as to maintain a house above the “ A widower aged forty-three, middling rank. The heiress of five without any incumbrance, of a handa thousand francs a year, I offer him some stature, oval face, brown hair this patrimony. He will find my and beard, florid complexion, every person rather plump than delicate, appearance of health, large black eyes rather fresh than beautiful, with announcing the mildness of his cha. more good sense than wit, more of racter, mouth of a middle size, white practical philosophy than of science; teeth in perfect preservation ; born of but a good heart and flexible chahonourable parents, and having re. racter. It is to your sagacity, Mr ceived an education in the liberal Mediator, that I entrust this restudies, of a very easy character, search, begging you to place me on though reserved till he know his the list of your subscribers." company, lively, and not fond of ex. “ A young man, without actual pensive and noisy pleasures, but of fortune, but having a person and e. ihose which he finds at a charming ducation fit to appear in any comcountry house, where he lives in the pany, and an amiable character, such neighbourhood of Versailles, and pos. as may please any reasonable and sen- . sessing a clear income of three thou. sible woman ; of respectable parents sand francs, wishes to marry a lady who were formerly very rich, and are between thirty and thirty-six years still at their ease, but liave a nume.
rous family ; aspires to hope that he healthy constitution, with a decent may find, by the means of this Jour. income, and sufficient gaiety to drive nal so fertile in propositions of all away care in the long winter evenkinds, a lady generous enough to ings.” seek his acquaintance, choose him as a husband, and share her fortune with him."
Account of the CLIMATE of the Mo“ A batchelor aged sixty, but as
REA, and CHARACTER of its prefresh and healthy as possible at his
Sent INHABITANTS. age, having a character and education which render him still amiable
From Pouqueville's Travels in society, desires to marry a lady between the age of twenty and this
: THE Morea
possesses a great varie.
. ty-five, of an person, that ty in its , is to say a genteel figure, regular the configuration of its soil ; insofeatures, beautiful eyes, a pietty much, that Providence seems in a mouth, adorned with fair teeth well thousand ways to have diversified arranged and very white, in fine a rosy 'her benefits on this small part of the complexion, and free of all bodily de globe. The climate io general seems fects. This batchelor will pay no to hold a middle rank between that attention to fortune, his own being of Egypt and the temperate zones. fully sufficient to procure for a belov. We do not see in it those livid clouds ed companion all the comforts that which conceal for a length of time, a solid education, virtuous soul, and the azure of the sky and the rays of grateful beart can require.”
the sun ; nor that arch of brilliant “ A young woman aged seventeen, light, deprived of moisture, on which beautiful, fresh, well educated, rather the sun ascends and inflames the dein a solid manner than in the taste of
A refreshing dew falls in the the present day, but in consequence carly days of spring, and the ground of the revolution, absolutely without is covered with snow, or moistened fortune. She would prove a prize by torrents of rain, according to the to a man of mature age, who would difference of the seasons : but the prefer to fortune with a taste for dis- mourning of nature is of short dura. sipation, pure manners, a charming tion ; for each night discloses to the person, and an inclination for the admiring eye, the firmament sparkcares of a household. This young ling with its brilliant constellations. woman belongs to one of the best fa- The woods, so necessary for promilies formerly eminent in the law." ducing rain, which covered most of the
A young lady aged eighteen, mountains, and were consecrated by fresh and beautiful as a new.blown the religion of the ancients, no longer flower, and endowed with all the exist; and since their destruction, graces and ralents which increase the the vallies in their vicinity have becharms of beauty, but without for- come barren while the extermination tune, in consequence of disasters of the inhabitants by their barbarous which have happened to her parents, invaders, has left to the feeble genis offered by them to a man of sensi- erations that have succeeded nothing bility who would share with her a but disorder and insalubrity. decent existence."
The winter generally begins in the “ A lady aged forty, enjoying Morea with abundant rains, and the good health and an income of iwo mosi dreadful thunder; and never thousand francs, wishes to marry a was the voice of Jupiter more impobatchelor about her own age, of a sing; than when it resounds through