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The old part of the city af that time the families there are; and it has been consisted only of the above six parishes, reckoned nearer the truth to take five of consequence the foregoing list con- as the average number of a family. tained every family then living in what This, adding 1400 før the Castle, &c. was properly to be called the city of would bring the number of inhabitants Edinburgh. Supposing that there were in the city and suburbs, including Leith, at that time six individuals in every fa- in 1775, to 70,430.
P. 458. mily, and this has not been thought by The enumeration in 1791 made some an average too great for Edin. the inhabitants of Edinburgh and burgh,) the total number of persons Leith amount to 84,886, That of would amount to 19,998. If the suburb of Canongate is reckoned to have con
1801 gave a diminution of 2,500 ; tained 2500 inhabitants, the parish of which is notoriously impossible, and St Cuthbert's 7000, and those of South must diminish greatly our confidence and North Leith 6000 persons, the tu. in such statements. tal number of individuals in Edinburgh For a subject like this, so great and its neighbourhood was, in the year elevation of style was required ; and · 1678, 35,500.
in a paper communicated by the late that of the author is in general plain Dr Blair, and copied into the “ Statis.
and perspicuous. There occur how. tical Account of Scotland," containing ever, occasionally, a few instances of an enumeration of families and exami. unaccountable negligence. The folnable persons in the city of Edinburghi, lowing sentence is particularly bad. apparently taken in the year 1722, the numbers, including the usual propor. the arts, soon after their revival in Italy
Notwithstanding of these advantages, tion of one fourth of the examinable
in the middle of the thirteenth century, persons for children, amounted to 25,420; and more recently in the sixteenth cen. and if 15,000 is allowed for the suburbs and the environs, the total number of tury, when many of its most celebrated inhabitants would be 40,420.
masters flourished, the art of design Maitland, in his “ History of Edin. however rude, penetrated to Scotland. burgh,” founding his computation on
P. 263. the register of burials, makes the num- There may be errors of the press ber of inhabitants in the city to amount here, though it seems difficult to conto at least 48,000 in 1758. But that ceive any which would produce an calculation is not much to be regarded, as, in 1755 an enumeration was made, approach to grammatical correctness. at the desire of the late Dr Webstex, In reading over the volume, we met when the numbers appeared to be as
with a few other instances of careless. follows:
ness, though none which can be at all In the Old Town of Edinburgh, -31,122 compared to this: and indeed the In the Canongate,
4,500 general style is sufficiently good. In the parish of St Cuthberts, 12,163 Upon the whole, we remember to In South Leith,
7,200 have met with few books which conIn North Leith,
2,205 tain, in the same compass, such a vaTotal,
riety of information. We can hard
57,195 Mr Arnot's computation in 1775 is ly discover any thing of importance still more considerable. According to
to have been omitted. Perhaps a his account, the number of families in greater exteosion might have been Edinburgh, Leith, and the environs, given to the commercial part; a amounts to 13,806, which, calculatirg more detailed statement of the at the rate of six persons to each fami. produce of our different manufactures ly, makes the number of inhabitants to might have been both interesting and be 82,336, which, added to 1400 for the Castle, Hospitals, &c. amounts in all to
easily procured. This might be 84,236. But six to a family has been done in a second edition, which we Teckoned by some too large an average have no doubt will be called for in even for Edinbnrgh, large in general as due time.
II. The Poetical Works of Sir David • He gives also an interesting ac
Lyndsay of the Mount, Lyon count of his own feelings, at seeing King at Arms under James V. James prematurely brought forward A new edition, corrected and en- to the head of public affairs. larged : With a life of the Au- I prayit, daylie, on my kne, thor ; Prefatory Dissertations ; My young maister, that I micht se, and an appropriate Glossary. By Of eild in his estait royall, George Chalmers, F.R.S.S.A. Havand power imperiall; 3 vols. Crown 8vo. il. 16s. Con.
Than traistit I, without demand, stable and Co. Edinburgh; Long. Bot, my asking, I gat over sone,
To be promovit, to súm land ; man and Co. London.
Because ane clips fell in the mone,
The qubilk all Scotland maid on steir; (Continued from $. 529.) Than did my purpose ryn arreir,
The quhilk war langsum till declair, ΤΟ
enforce still farther his claim And als my hart is wounder sair, On his royal master, Lyodsay soon
Quhen I have in remembrance, after produced his Complaynt. He The king was
bot twelf yeiris of age,
The suddand change, to my mischiance, represents himself as both grieved
Quhen new rewlaris came, in thair rage; and ashamed, at never having got For common-weill makan na cair, any reward for his services.
Bot for thair profyte singulair.
Imprudently, lyke witles fulis, my freindis bene eschamit, And with my fais, I am defamit;
Thaytuke the young prince fra the sculis
Quhare he, under obedience, Seand, that I am nocht regardit,
Was leirnand vertew, and science, Nor, with my brether, in court, rewardit :
And haistely pat in his hand, Blamand my sleuthfull negligence,
The governance of all Scotland ; That seikis nocht sum recompence;
As quba wald, in ane stormie blast, Quhen divers men dois me demand,
Quhen marinaris bene all agast,
Throw danger of the' seis rage, Quhy gettis thou nocht sum pece of
Wald take ane chylde of tender age, land, Als weill as uther men lies gottin:
Quhilk never had bene upon the sye, Than, wis I to be deid, and rottin,
And to his bidding all obey, With sic extreme discomforting,
Gevyng hym haill the governall,
Of schip, merchand, and marinall.
To put the ruther in his hand :
Without Goddis grace, is na refuge :
Gif thare be danger, ye may juge, How as ane chapman beris, his pack,
I geve thame to the devill of hell, I bure thy grace upon my back!
Quhilk first devysit that counsell; And sumtymes, stridlingis, on my nek,
I will nocht say, that it was treson, Dansand with mony bend, and bek :
Bot, I dar sweir, it was na resoun : The first sillabis, that thow did mute,
I pray God, lat me never se ring, Was pa, da, lyn, upon the lute;
Into this realme, so young ane king. Than playit I twentie springis per.
queir, Quhilk was greit plesour for to heir : The account of the arts employed Fra play, thow leit me never rest, in the King's seduction is curious, Bot gynkertoun thow luffit ay best ; and throws great light on the man. And ay, quhen thow come fra the
ners of the age, but is too long for scule,
insertion. At last, he comes to the Than I behuffit to play the fule; As I, at lenth, into my Dreme,
grand object. My sundry servyce did expreme. I wat thy grace will nocht misken me;
Bot, thow will oather geve, or lenme : August 1806.
P. 258. landt,
Wald thy grace len me, to ane day, Thair just decreitis defende, and fortifie, Of gold, ane thousand pound or tway. But gude counsall, may na prince lang And I sall fix with gude intent
indure; Thy grace ane day of payment, Wyrk with counsall, than sall thy wark With seillit obligatioun,
be sure: Under this protestatioun,
Cheis thy counsall of the maist sapient, Quhen the Bas, and the Ile of May *, Without regarde to blude, ryches, or rent. Beis set upon the Mont Sinay : Quhen the Lowmound besyde Falk- Amang all uther pastyme and plesour,
Now, in thy adolescent yeiris ying, Beis lift it to Northumberland :
Wald thow ilk day studie bot half ane
hour, Quhen kirkmen yairnis na dignitie,
The regiment of princely governing, Nor wyffis na soveranitie.
To thy pepill, it warane plesand thing :
Thare micht thow fynd thy awin vocaSir David's complaint having
tioun, brought him an office and pension, How thou suld use thy sceptour, swerd,
and croun. he determined to proceed in the same strain ; and next year produced The Cronikillis, to knaw, I the exhort, the “ Complaint of the Papingo"or
Quhilk may be mirrour to thy majestie ;
Thare sall thou find baith gude, and parrot. This bird having set out
evill report, along with the author on a pleasure of everilk prince, efter his qualitie : excursion into the fields, imprudent. Thocht thay be deid, thair deidis sall ly got up on a tree, and having, in nocht dee; spite of every warning, mounted too Traist weill thow sal be stylit, in that high, was blown over, and received storie, a mortal wound in her fall. She As thow deservis, put in memorie. then begins her dying lamentation, Requeist that roy, quhilk rent wes on but, instead of her own sufferings,
the rude. she dwells altogether upon the mis
The to defend, from deidis of defame. fortunes of the kingdom and the That na poeit report of the bot gude ; vices of the clergy. She begins, how. For princis dayis induris bot ane drame:
Sen first king Fergus ire ane dyadame, eyer, with addressing some very Thow art the last king of fyve score wholesome advices to the King.
And all ar deid, and pane bot thow on -sen the definitioun of ane king Is for to haif of pepill governance,
lyve. Addres the first, abufe all uther thing, Of quhose noumer fyftie and fyve bene Till put thy bodye till sic ordinance, slane, That thy vertew, thyne honour, may And most part, in thair awin misgover
nance *: Fór how suld princis governe greit re- Quhare for, I the beseik, my soverane, gionis,
Considderof thairlyvis the circumstance; That can nocht dewlie gyde thair awin personis ?
* The fact is, that few of the Scotish And, gif thy grace wald leif richt ple. kings died quietly in their beds : But, sapdlie,
it was the fault of the constitution, and Call thy counsall, and cast on thame not of their awin misgovernance ; Lynd. the cure :
say only retailed the fictitious cant of Boece, whose Chronikillis were transla
ted by Bellendene, for the use of James * The Bass and the Isle of May are V. Lidgate, and the other old English well-known islets in the Frith of Forth. poets, had shown Lyndsay the way to
+ The Lowmond hill near Falkland, instruct living kings, by raking up the in Fife,
misdeeds of dead,
And quhen thou knawis the cause of play, playit besyde Edinburgh, in thair mischance,
1554, in presence of the quene reOf vertew than, exalt thy saillis on hie, gent; lestand fra nyne houris afoir Traisting to chaip that fåtall destenie. none till sex houris at evin.” But, Treit ilk trew barron, as he war thy
what is this length of representation to
the length of the English mysteries, brother, Quhilk mon at neid, the, and thy realme
during the persevering curiosity of andefend,
tient times? In 1391, as we learn from
honest Stow, Quhen suddandlie ane doeth oppres ane
a play was playde by
the parish clerks of London, which con. utber,
tinued three days together, the king, Lat justice mixit with mercy thame amend:
quene, and nobles of the realme, being Have thou thair hartis, thow hes yneuch
present : And, another was plaide, in to spend ;
1409, which lasted eight daies, and was
of matter, from the creation of the And be the contrair, thow art bot king
worlde, whereat was present most of of bune,
the nobilitie and gentrie of England.” From tyme thyne lieiris hartis bene from the gone,
The characters are chiefly allegoShe gives the history of the cala- rical, as the oral virtues and vices, mities which had befallen Scotland the church, the commonwealth, with under a succession of Kings, begin. a sparing mixture of real personages. ning with Robert the Third. She It does not the less however exhibit the proceeds to the corruption of a correct view of the reigning style the church, which had taken its rise of conyersation ; for these imaginary from the banishment of poverty, and characters are as homely, and as coarse had now come to the greatest height, in their dialect, as the lowest of the Dame Chastitie had been banished others. from all the convents in Scotland, We have, first, a king Humapitas, except one, " besouth Edinburgh on who by the arts of three noted perthe Burrow muir, among the sis- sonages, called Falset, Dissait, and teris of the Schenis," though it is Flattery, and by the allurements of alledged, that if they were “ assail. a fair lady, ycleped Sensuality, is zeit," they would "render" like the led into a course of irregular indulrest. The poem closes with the death gence. Verity is then introduced, of the Papingo.
by which it appears that the reformWe come
now to the most re. ed religion is understood. She atmarkable of all Lyndsay's produc- tempts to obtain access to his Mations, the Satyre of the Three jesty, but is speedily driven off by his Estates. It is a morality, or drama- new attendants. For her’ farther tic composition, intended for the correction the parson is sent for, who “ commendation of verteu and vitu. thus addresses her ; peration of vyce.”
The Satyre of Lyndsay was acted at Lustie lady, we wald faine understand Coupar in Fife, in 1535; at Linlith. Quhat errand ye haif in this regioun ? gow,
in 1539; and at Edinburgh, in To preich, or teich, quha gaif to yow
day, with patient expectation :" It And syne renunce your new opinionis,
fiesche, Charteris, the bookseller, who saw
tells his story;
pious and discreet persons, without I will recant nathing that I haif schawin, the least seeming consciousness of I haif said nathing bot the veritie : Bot, with the king,'fra ty me that I be
The second part of the Satyre is I dreid, ye spaiks of Spritualitie
almost entirely against the Romish Sall rew, that ever I came in this cuntrie: church. The most striking figure For, gif the veritie“ planelie war pro. here is a poor man who had been Glamit,
stript by them of his all. He thus And speciallie to the kingis majestie,
: For your traditionis ye wil bei all de
My father was anė auld
and ane Quhat buik is that, harlot, into thyhard? And was of age fourscore of yeiris, and
hoir, (hoary) Out! walloway! this is the New
moir. Testiment, In Englisch toung, and printit in Eng. And Mald, my mother, was foursccre land:
and fyftene, Herisie ! herisie! Gre! fire! incontinent.
And with my labour I did thame baith
sustene. P. 426.
Wee had ane meir, that caryit salt, and The affair ends by Veritie being coill, put in the stocks. Chastity then And everilk yeir, scho brocht us hame appears with a similar intent, but after having applied for reception in
Wee had thre ky, that was baith fat, and
fair various quarters, and been every where Nane tydier into the toun of Ait. rejected, she finally shares the same
My father was sa 'waik of blude, and fate. At last comes Correction, who 'bane, seems to be a very potent personage; That he deit, quharefur my mother for by his sole authority he sets free
maid gret inane ; Veritie and Chastitie, leads them to
Then schu deit, within ane day, or two; the king, whom he obliges to acknow. And thare began my puvertie, and wo;
Our gude gray meir was baitand on the ledge' his fault, to bạnish his vicious
feild, companions, and receive these in their And our lands-laird tuke hir, for bis stead.
'heryeild, One of the most striking things in Thevickar tuke thebest cow be the heid, this play is the gross indecency of Incontitient, quhen my father was deid. the dialogue, such as would not now And quhen the vickar hard tel how that be endured in an assembly of the low. Was deid, fra hand, he tuke to him ane est vulgar. Yet this seems to be
uther: more a breach of taste than of mo. Then Meg, my wife, did murne baith rality; for the play is expressly writ- evin, and morrow, ten with a religious and moral inten. Till at the last scho deit, for verie sortion, and the indecent expressions
row; are sometimes used by persons of the And quhen the vickar hard tell my wyle most correct characters.
The thrid cow he cleikit be the heid, prove bowever' of Mr Chalmers re.
Thaif upmest clayis, that was of raploch taining these passages, as they shew
gray, the coarseness of that period, and to The vickar gart his clark bere thane a reader of the present day are not away. likely to be at all seductive. The Quhen all was gane, I micht, mak na dialogue is no less distinguished by
debeat, the profuse and continual use of Bot, with my bairns, past, for till beg
my meat. paths, of which Mr Co has counted Now, haif I tald yow the black veritie, about forty or fifty, and yet these How I am broché into this miserie. too are familiarly used by the most
Vol. II. P. S.