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metal, it may be carried in one hand ficient to cover the whole. Boil therit with impunity. The hand does not together for two or three hours, adfeel any commotion when another in. ding more water from time to time, sulated person irritates the fish, al. to supply the place of what is wasted though convulsive motions of its by evaporation. Take out the cloth breast-fins indicate the strongest dis.. thus prepared, wring it, and bang it charges of its electrical matter.com up to dry without rinsing. When On the contrary, if the plate on the cloth is to be dyed, it must be which the fish lies be held in one rinsed carefully in cold water and hand, and the upper surface of the put into a well-tianed copper with electrical organ touched with the cold water, and a small quantity of other, a vehement shock is felt in brazil, and then boiled gently for both arms.
The result will be the half an hour or more, according as same if the fish be laid between two the tint is to be deeper or lighter. metal plates, the edges of which do If too much brazil be used, the dye pot join, and the plaies laid hold of will have a violent bue. When it is with both hands at once. But if taken from the fire, the cloth is to be there be an immediate communica. rinsed in cold water. Care must be tion between the edges of the two taken that none of the common mor. plates, no shock is communicated. dants, either saline or astringent, are From experiments made with the elec. used, for they would alter the co. trometer and condensator, it appear. lour. ed that flame is not a conductor of Dr Westring has found that the the electricity of the torpedo.
bark of the Scotch for is an excellent Gum Arabic is successfully used tonic, and may be successfully used as a remedy in France for pulmona. in several convulsive discases, even ry complaints.
epilepsy, and that it may be substiM. Guyton gives the following as tuted for the cinchona. lo some a sure specific against the effects of parts of Sweden it is made into bread, contagion :-Take four ounces of which is said to be nutritious and salt, six grains of oxide of manganese, palatable. water two ounces, and sulphuric acid Mr Nicholson has in his Journal two ounces. The manganese in pow. given directions by which a person der is mixed with the salt in an may save himself from drowning, if carthen vessel, the water is then adı he chance to fall into the water. The ded, and afterwards the sulphuria results of Mr Nicholson's reasonings acid. One fumigation is sufficient if are, that if a man fall into deep wa. the chamber be not inhabited; butter, he will rise to the surface by if there be patients, it must be repeat- floatage, and will continue there, if ed three or four times.
he does not elevate his hands, and that Dr Westring, physician to the the keeping them down is essential King of Sweden, has obtained excel. to his safety. If he move his hands lent dyes from different species of under the water in any way he pleases, club-moss, lycopodium. The follow. his head will rise so high as to allow ing is the method which he has him free liberty to breath. And if found to be the most simple :- Take in addition, he move his legs exactly a quantity of this moss, dried and as in the action of walking up stairs, chopped, nearly double the weight his shoulders will rise above che va. of the cloth to be dyed. Put them fer, so that he may use less exertion into a proper vessel, a stratum of the with his hands, or apply them to other moss between
every fold of the cloth, purposes. He has himself been wit. and pour on a quantity of water suf Aess to the success of the experiment.
Ceremonies observed at opening the It is ordered there be no shooting,
Je Scottish Parliament. under the highest pains and penalties ulong
that day, neither displaying of en1991
From Scotiæ Indiculum, 1682. signs, nor beating of drums, during WHEN the day comes in which the whole cavalcade: the officers of
the first sessions of each par- state (roto being noble meo) ride in liament, is to be held, the regalia, the their gowns the whole members crown, scepter, and sword of state, ride covered, except those that carry which are kept in the castle of Edin. the honours. The highest degree, burgb, are brought down'in state to and the most honourable of that de: the king's palace, the coach in which gree, ride last. they are, being well guarded by a Every duke hath eight lackeys, file of musqueteers, every one who every marquess six, every earl four, pass the coach being uncovered ; and every viscount three, every lord three, are carried by three of the aptientest every commissioner for shires two, es earls that are upon the place, bare very commissioner for burroughs one, headed, before the king or his com- every noble man to have a gentleman missippers. In the great court, be to hold up his train: they may have fore the king's palace all the men their pages also. bers in parliament do mount on horse- The two archiphops to bave each back with foot cloathsa The bur- of them eight lackeys; every other gesses side, first, being allowed one bishop three, and if they please they lackey: a-piece ; two trumpeters in may have a gentleman to hold up their coais, bare headed; two ipurse their trains. vants in their coats bare headed usher The noble mens lackeys have over the way is the commissioners from their liveries, short velvet coats, with shires two and two, į The officers of their badges, crests, and mottos, done state, (pot noble men) are next in in plate or embroidered, on their back order. The lords and barons of pars and breast.
liament, the bishops, the viscounts,
The great officers of state, ride up the earls, and the two archbishops;. from the abby, the king's palace, all of them, 1W9 and two : Next are about half an hour before the caval. four trumpeters in their coats bare. cade, in their robes, attended with headed, two and two six heralds in their friends on horseback, waiting theię coats, bare headed, two and
in the parliament.house : when the the gentleman usher bare headed; Lyon commissioner enters the house, the king at arms, with luis coat, and robes, lord chancellor takes his own purse, and foot mantle, and his baltoon in his and ushers him from the bar to the hand, bare-headed; the sword of state, throne : when the king is present, the scepter, and the crown, carried the lord chancellor receives bis majes
, by three of the anzientest of the nobi- ty at the door of the parliamento lity'; on each side the honours, three house, and ushers him up to the mace-bearers bare headed ; a noble throne. man bare beaded, with a purse, and
The whole members of parliament in it the lord high commissioner his wait on the high commissioner in commission, Then last of all the the great hall; the noble men in their lord high commissioner, with the robes. dukes and marquesses on his right. They return in the same order back and left hand: When the king to the palace ; only the constable and present, the master of the horse rides mareschal ride on the commissioners casie, but a little aside.
right and left hand, with caps of perSept. 18.6.
mission : the lord chancellor and bare headed : but when a commissionlord privy seal stay behind, until all er represents him, he is in an ordi. march away, and then return in the nary sute, and stands and speaks also same state to the palace, as they bare headed : (nor is the commission. ride to the parliament house. er covered when there is pleading at
When the king rides in person, the bar, but continues bare-headed the lord chancellor rides, bearing the as all the members are) and tells great seal: but this is not done before them the reason for which they are a commissioner.
called together, which is enlarged by When the king is present, the the lord chancellor, marquesses aod dukes' ride after the The next thing to be done, is the earls; but if his majestie's commis. chusing of the lords of the articles, sioner be present, they follow him at which is a matter of great impor. some distance, or on his right and tance, who are eight of every state, left hand. After the king or his who have been chosen different ways ; commissioner is received by the lord sometimes the bishops did chuse the chancellor, be is seated on a throne, eight lords, and sometimes the nosix steps high with a state over it : bility the eight bishops. At other And in the first step under him, in a times the nobility did chuse their bench, sits the lord chancellor, with
own eight, and the bishops their other officers of state, on both hands eight: but now it is settled by an act of him: in the next step under these, of parliament, that the king, or his sit the lords of sessions, or judges : commissioner, 'names eight of the on the right hand of the throne is the bishops ; the lords chuse eight for bishops bench, that rises up in two themselves ; and these sixteen do rows of benches : on the highest the chuse eight commissioners for the two archbishops sit, and on the lower shires, and eight for the burroughs ; sit the bishops, according to the dig- these thirty-two are the committee nity of their sees.
of parliament, to prepare matters : On the left hand of the throne when a bill is drawn by them, it is there is another great bench, of three brought into the parliament: antient. steps, and rows of benches, on which ly all these bills were brought in the sits the nobility, according to their last day of the parliament, on which precedency.
the members ride in the same state In the middle of the four there are as they do the first, and the bills be. two tables ; on the one whereof the ing read, they were put to the votes regalia are laid, and in two great of the parliament, and then were apchairs by them sit the constable and proved, or not; being approved, mareschal; at the other table sits
were presented to the king, who by the lord clerk of registers, with his touching with the scepter, gives his deputy clerks, who are the clerks of assent to them, which is done by his the parliament,
commissioner in his absence ; if he There are also forms placed on the refuse to touch them, they are of no floor ; these on the right side are for force : matters have been fully 'and the commissioners of the shires ; and freely debated in parliament : sitting these on the left for the commission. all in one house, every one answers ers of the burroughs. When all are distinctly to his name, and gives his placed, the parliament is fenced (as vote, which is in these terms, I apthe phrase is) in the king's name : prove, or not approve ; only these who then the king speaks to them, if he are not satisfied one way or another, be present, in his robes with the say non liquet, which is a great case crown on his head, all standing up to those who are consciptious, and a
common refuge to the cunning poli. had suffered considerably. Among the tician : the major vote carries it : no
measures adopted for that purpose, dissents or protests are allowed in it was resolved, in the first place, to publick acts; these are accounted vest in the Crown the estates of ireasonable ; but in private acts that those who had been attainted in conrelate to mens properties and rights, sequence of their having engaged in any one may protest for his interest. that rebellion ; and afterwards these After all business is ended, the king estates were unalienably annexed to or his commissioner makes a speech the Crown, and the rents and profits to the parliament assembled, after thereof were directed to be applied which they are dissolved.
“ for the better improving the HighSometimes the king his majesty lands of Scotland, and preventing makes use of a convention of estates,
disorders there for the future." which can make no laws; only by These estates accordingly contithis meeting impositions are laid up-nued annexed to the Crown, and the on the subjects : they do not sit in rents were applied for the purposes state ; and have been most in use be. intended, until the year 1784, when fore the kings were crowned. an act was passed, enabling his Ma. Whatever acts are passed in par.
jesty to grant to the heirs of the forliament, or convention of estates, are mer proprietors, upon certain terms to be proclaimed soon after the dis- and conditions, the forfeited estates solution, at the publick market-cross in Scotland, and repealing the last of Edinburgh, by the lion king at arms, recited act, by which they had been with a great deal of state and cere. unalienably annexed to the Crown. mony; after which they are obliga- Among the conditions to which tory on the subjects : and it is enact- the restoration of these estates was ed, that none of the lieges shall pre made subject, the principal was the sume to impugn the dignity and au • repayment of certain sums paid by thority of the three estates, or any
the public on account of the debts of them in time coming, under the due by the persons whose estates had pain of treason ; the authority of the been forfeited, amounting in all to
; parliament being the supreme court. 90,2341. 125. 5d. His Majesty was
also authorised to grant the superio
rity of certain estates to the Dukes Report from the Committee on the of Argyll and Atholl, on the pay.
Funds arising from tbe Forfeited ment of certain sums into the exche-
quer, to the amount of 32481. 169.
4d. Out of any payments thence a. IT: T was in the year 1745 that the rising, all engagements entered into
adherents of the House of Stuart by the Board of Annexed Estates made their last attempt to place that were to be defrayed. family upon the throne of these The rents arising from these eskingdoms.
tates having been unalienably approWhen the rebellion which they priated to public purposes in Scot- . had raised was quelled by the deci- land, it necessarily followed, that sive victory of Culloden, the atten- any sums arising from the restoration of government was directed to tion thereof should be applied to the the best means of preventing in fu- same objects, Hence, by the disan. ture the return of internal disorders, nexiog act, 15,ocol. was granted for by which the public at large, as well completing a repository for the re
, as the districts where they prevailed, cords of Scotland, and 50,000l. for
completing the Forth and Clyde na- By these various grants the bą. vigation. By the same act, “ the lance at the disposal of Parliament balance of money to be paid in was would have been considerably redu. to remain under the care of the ced, had not the Forth and Clyde Court of Exchequer in Scotland, navigation repaid the 50,000l. it had subject to the future disposition of borrowed from the fund. In conseParliament."
quence of that payment, Parliament It appears that out of the said ba- was enabled to lend that sum for lance several additional søms were promoting two important public un. granted by successive acts of Parlia. dertakings, namely, 25,000l. to the ment, for public purposes in Scot. proprietors of the Crigan Canal, for land; namely 2000l. "to the Society completing the same, and the like in Scotland for propagating Chris
. sum to the Magistrates of the city of tian Knowledge ; 3000l. to the High. Edimburgh, for enlarging and im. land Society in Scotland ; 1oool. to proving the harbour of Leith. the building a jail at leverness; and The following is a state of the 1000l. for building a bridge over the fund now at the disposal of Parlia. Pease or Pass of Cockburns-path in ment : Berwick shire.
1. Balance in the hands of the Royal Bank of
Scotland, bearing an interest of 3 per cent. L. 22,329 18 f
payment of the annuities to the Officers of the
city of Edinburgh, towards defraying the ex:
L. 46,454 18: 4 Besides the above sum, the Magi. exclusive of the principal and the in. strates of the city of Edinburgh will terest of the sum lent out to the have to pay 1250l, of interest on the proprietors of the Crinal Canal, who, 6th July next; and the Royal Bank it is to be hoped, will be enabled to of Scotland will be indebted, on the pay the same out of the income pro29th of June next, to the amount of duced by that undertaking when the 8921. for interest on the above ba- work is completed. lance of 22,3291. now in its hands. Upon ascertaining the state of this
By transferriog the payment of fund, your Committee were natural. these annuities from the fund of ly led to inquire to what useful pur15,1251. which bears an interest of poses in Scotland the same could be only 4 per cent. to the 25,000l. due applied ; and they have the satisfacby the city of Edinburgh, which is tion of stating to the House, that, at sl. per cent. the said capital of by a proper distribution of the capi15,1251. would become immediately tal, and the interest: above mention. disposable ; and as the annuities to ed, a number of most important pubthese officers are now reduced to lic objects may be obtained, which, 460l. per annum, there remains a they are satisfied, will prove of infifree disposable income of nearly 350l. Dite advantage to that part of thę