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shew of their affected contempt. racter will always revolt against such
But did the opulent men of France a diversion.
go to expend their revenues in Eng. Cock fightings also are very much
land ? Generally speaking, when we followed in England ; they give oc.
travelled abroad, even in England, casion to very considerable wagers.
notwithstanding the attentions which They arm these aniinals with long
were paid to us, and which were due spurs of iron ; they make them fight
to the pleasures afforded by our so- in arenas surrounded by amphithea.
ciety, did we not tire to return to tres; the interest of the wager is
our homes ?

not that which animates the specta. The nature of public shews con- ters, they attend to the animals chemtributes not a little to determine the selves ; to the degree of their courage progress of civilization among a peo. and address. These sort of spectacles ple. I shall enter into some detail are not suited either to our tastes or on this subject.

our characters. The spectacles which charm most I do not mean to depreciate Engthe English people, and in which land; I know that great knowledge rich men throw away enormous sums, may be acquired by travelling thro' are those of horse-racing; it draws that country, and frequenting the sotogether an immense crowd, and ciety of tbe learned men, whom it lasts commonly eight successive days: possesses in very great number. I in France, before the revolution, and have even done to its adınioistration at Paris only, some wished to intro. the justice which is due to it under duce this kind of amusement ; they many relations. The multiplicity of could not succeed, for though they the canals and roads of this country, took care to announce it several days the perfection of its industry and before, the spectators were much agriculture, the extent of its conless numerous there than in England. merce, its public spirit, the gence Truth however obliges me to admit, rosity of its inhabitants towards the. that these races, so long as they do unhappy, the general abundance difnot degenerate into a vain show of fused among a laborious and instructa barren luxury, are in the eyes of ed people, are advantages peculiar well-informed men, a means not to to it, and which cannot be too much be rejected of rearing valuable horses; admired and even envied. But its an object which in France demands civilization in certain particulars is all the care of administration, not carried so far as ours; they have

But scenes much more blameable, not yet in their cities multiplied enand which also attract many specta- joyments for all classes of society, as tors in England, are the different we have done in France ; its climate kinds of fighting. Pride, and a sort is not so agreeable as ours ; it does of susceptibility arising from it, mul. not engage the foreigner to make sa tiplies duelling in the higher classes, long a stay. and boxing in the lower.

They have finally come to make of this last a sort of game, equally Description of an EAST INDIAN Thea. repugnant to reason and humanity; trical R:presentation. By J. LISabove all, when its object is only a CALLIER, simple wager, and its effect often cruel and coostant sufferings, or death.

(From Memoires de l'Institut National) he people flock in crowds to these I Shall give the description of these sort of spectacles, which appear to spectacles so far as I could judge be their delight. The French cha- of them, without kuowing the lan.


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guage of the actors, and with only an ed on an ox, with his wife before imperfect explanation by interpreters him. The head of this ox is artifiof the words of their songs.“

cial, with an oval frame or sash, The scene is in the open air : the which supports a long muslin petti. whole labour and expence of its con- coat, and forms the rump of the struction consist in a great cloth, or ox; the whole fixed to the body of curtain, which two men hold extend. the two actors; the limbs of the two ed to the height of their head, to actors form those of the animal ; conceal the performers during the in- they thus ride rapidly about, and tervals between the acts, and while make various evolutions upon the they are changing their dress. They stage, accompanied by a thousand lay this cloth or curtain flat upon grimace the ground, when the actors are to In another scene, the great Mo. appear upon the scene.

gut appears in all his splendour ; he These representations take place arrives, wearing the aspect of domi. during the night, and are lighted by nion and severity ; a dancing girl ap. two men carrying each a torch or pears and displays her talents and flambeau, at the side of the perform- graces before him. The monarch is ers, advancing or retreating along affected, insensibly loses his dignity, with them, and following rapidly all and, to please the fair one, he sends their movements, so that a bright her first a shawl, then his own girlight may be constantly thrown upon dle, and concludes by stripping himthem.

self entirely in her favour. His va. The parts of the women were play, let also gives all the effects of his ed by men in disguise, and loaded master to second his generous dispofrom head to foot, with all the orna- sition.. ments of pearls and trinkets, which Another time, we see a governor are worn by opulent women and dan- arrive to take possession of his emcing girls.

ployment. He makes an account of These performers are of the cast the territorial revenues be given to of the Bramins; and as they mingle him by the receiver or farmer ; he always something of their religion in blames them for having given half of these farces, the condition of an ac- the produce to the cultivator, and tor is very much respected among for having paid that part which, acthese people, because it belongs to cording to the law of the country, the first cast, to many individuals of belongs to the pagoda. You should which it furnishes a means of subsist. have taken the whole, says be. But

women are spoken of, or they apAt these plays and spectacles, pear on the scene; then this man, there appear through different inter- lately so covetous, spares nothing to rupted scenes, women who advance obtain or to satisfy them. Some time and fall back, perform the circuit of after, the conduct of this governor the stage with a rapid motion, which draws upon him the reproaches of is a kind of dance, singing words ae- his sovereign : he is degraded and companied by music. Sometimes a arrested, and falls into a state of disdistracted woman, who comes to seek grace, meanoess, and contempt. Then a lover whom she has lost, or to de. (doubtless by means of money) he plore his infidelity and injustice : succeeds in justifying himself, and farcical characters are mixed to enli- in being restored to his place. He ven the scene.

then resumes bis empire, his insoAnother time appears Siven, one lence, and his severities. of the gods of the Gentiles, mount- A young princess, loaded with all



a 'lash.

she suc.

the ornaments, jewels, necklaces, and A fourth woman comes up; she rings, which are used in the country, is the first, the most beautiful ; she appears on the scene, apparently ex- is the most frequent and constant fatended along a bed ; but there is invourite ; she has just quarreled with fact only the upper part of her body her divine husband ; she laments her which has the attitude of a person fate ; she uses every means of per. extended on cushions; and though suasion. Finding mildness unsuccessthe bed appears to be carried, it is ful, she at last begins to threaten and herself who walks.*

reproach her rivals, she even whips She laments, singing and gesticu. them with a long tail or tress of her lating : she has been carried off by a hair, which she wears tucked up uprobber whom she does not know, on her shoulder, and which serves as from the castle of her father, who is a powerful king; she was shut up Her divine 'lord and master is in. there in a tour, within seven enclo- sensible to all her attempts ; she at sures, rising in stages above each o- last spares neither reproaches, nor inther. Yet, notwithstanding her be sults, nor threats to himself ; and ing so well guarded, means were driven, as a last resource, to employ found to surprize her, in her sleep; the mediation of a Bramin, and of she was transported into a solitary some other ludicrous agents, wood without knowing how, nor ceeds at length, after many difficul. where she is, nor the name of her ra- ties, delays, and different trials, in visher! her complaints turn upon recovering the good graces of her the happiness which she enjoyed, and dear Vichngu. upon the dishonour which her mis

These plays last commonly whole fortune will cause to her father, and nights, in consequence

of frequent to all her family.

repetitions, and of the slowness and At every change of actors, the patience which form the basis of the cloth is raised; it is lowered at eve. Indian character. ry new appearance of them ; and to cause more lustre, and produce an illusion, they throw upon the two Tlambeaux, then very near to one an.

The PETITION of PETER, JAMES, other, and to the cloih; an inflamma. and John, in behalf of themseives, tory powder, which inflames the air, and as representing the whole body and makes the actors shine with light of Christian names now used in the at the moment of their entrance op BRITISH EMPIRE, the scene. The most beautiful, the longest,

HUMBLY SHEWETH, and the most complicated of these

*HAT it has been the common scenes or acts, is when Vichnou, practice and custom, for consitheir god, appears with three of his derably upwards of ioco years, to wives, of whom he is said to have prefix some of your petitioners or sixteen thousand. One of them is iheir constituents to the family dis. jealous of the caresses which he tinctions called surnames; that this makes to the other ; he seeks to practice has been attended with the calm and re-assure her; and to pre- most beneficial effects to all parties serve peace between them (a difficult concerned, and has been the cause, in business, he lavishes on them alter: particular, of much good in many nately the most eager caresses, families. In illustration of their which delight and enrage them by claims the petitioners shall beg your turns.

patient hearing of the following facts. Sept. 1806.




It is well known, that the intro. These men, while living, did not duction of your petitioners as appel. think the addition of Robert or Wil. latives into this country has afforded liam to their other name any derofamilies an easy and familiar method gation of their dignity; and posteriof distinguishing their different off. iy, just in this instance, seldom or nespring. In the ages alluded to, we ver mention the one without the other, beg leave to observe, that your an. Why this rule should not be extended cestors lay under the greatest bard- to every case, or why your country, ships in this respect. Not being ablemen prefix the name only in particuto write up any number above one, lar cases, the petitioners are at a and indeed having no knowledge of loss to conceive. The prince and the numbers at all, they were obliged to peasant, the two extremes of society, distinguish their progeny by terms are-now almost the only persons to such as Great-head, Little-head, Red. be seen in your petitioners' company, baired, or Black-baired. Your peti- Honest Peter, or Honest John, King tioners, pitying their ignorance, and Charles or King William, only regard feeling for the wretched shifts to us with a steady friendship. Indeed which they were reduced, came at the latter (to their honour be it menthis time to their aid, and for a long tioned) sensible of the luştre they de. time were treated with the marked rive from our family, take their de respect which their services merited. nominations from them alone. Of late however your petitioners are The petitioners do not urge this sorry to observe, that that respect question merely in the form of supfor their usefulness has been laid plication, they demand it as their una. aside, and chiefly by those from whom lienable right. It is not from such as they had reason to expect a very dif- shopkeepers and merchants that they ferent conduct. We mean here those derive any honour ; nor should they whom the world have agreed to call once obtrude themselves on your notice great or celebrated characters. But for the sake of these. Let them put your petitioners would observe, that P.J.J. for Peter, James, and John, as the laying them aside (after having they please. Let them endeavour to passed the years of childhood and demonstrate, by this affected mutila. youth in the strictest intimacy) when tion of their Christian names, that they these persons have no further' occa. pay no regard to the doctrines or presion for their services, or think them- cepts of our holy religion, and wish selves toò high to be seen in their to sink its characteristic signature ;company, has the appearance of a their blood be on their own heads. false pride, affectation, and even in. What we regret chiefly is, that most gratitude, which we should be sor- of the public characters (kings exry to lay to their charge on slight cepted) discharge us their service soon grounds.

after they come from school. For That your' petitioners never diş. instance, instead of William Shake. graced any families with whom they spear, John Milton, or Joseph Ad. formed a connection, they trust will dison, it is now only Shakespear, readily be allowed. The most ample Milton, and Addison, with every proof might be led on this point, did person who has occasion to mention your honour require it. But it will their names. be only necessary to mention the The petitioners beg leave to obnames of King Robert Bruce and Sir serve, that the mutilations and desWilliam Wallace, two of the greatest truction of their family had scarcely characters your country bas produ. begun at the period when the aboveçed in illustration of their claim.- mentioned characters fourished ; and

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pray, &c.

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they have reason to believe, that, being excluded for ever from all reli-
were they alive, they would not wish gious and moral society; and also,
to see one half of their names obliter. that your honour shall publish a de-
ated ; -- that part too by which they claratory act, ranking all persons,
were wont to be most frequently and who associate or give countenance to
familiarly distinguished. It is only this mutilation or abbreviation, infi-
a conspiracy among infidel moderns dels and enemies to our holy relia
to rob your petitioners of their just gion.
right, a right which should be held And your petitioners shall ever
sacred for its antiquity, its utility,

PETER. and its religious importance.

JAMES. The first persons who introduced

John. this infidel practice, were the pretended friends of religion ; we mean the reformed clergy. Before the Re. VINDICATION of BOOKSELLERS. formation, your petitioners flourish

To the Editor. ed; and Friar Peter, or Father John, were as common then as daisies are SIR, now in summer. After that event, MANY, and indeed almo* unihowever, their family declined, chief versal, are the complaints aly by the persecutions of their preten. gainst Booksellers ; a body of men, ded friends. It is a well-known fact, if not the most respectable, although that Bishop, Archbishop, and Dean, in in general I deem them such, perthe sister kingdom ; and Doctor, and haps the most useful, for a variety Rev. Mr in this part of the empire, of reasons, to mankind in general, of have among the clergy almost obli- any society of merchants. Freterated the Christian signature. By quently have my cars been assailed stating this fact, we

with violent exclamations against say, that the clergy are not Chris- the immense price which they put tians; though they sink the name upon books, and the extravagant emphatically called the Christian, yet profit which many, persons' (and they have still the substantial part of here I may remark that authors that character their livings. are generally the most severe in their

Upon the whole, the petitioners outcry in this point) suppose they hope, that what they have advanced must of course derive from them ; in support of their right, will meet and as frequently have I endeavours with your approbation, and with that ed to repel the opinions of such of every lover of virtue and religion : persons, by those arguments which and induce those in particular who appeared to me consistent with comare its directors, to set that example mon sense. in again assuming your petitioners But by inserting in your useful into their service.

miscellany the following letter, which May it therefore please your ho. I discovered in the 15th vol. page nour, to order and enact, that all per. 172. 3. 4. 5. and 176. of a neat edia sons, of whatever description, pre- tion of the celebrated Dr Johnson's tending to be Christians, and who works, printed at Edinburgh this have been honoured by their parents year, I have no doubt many will see with the company of your petitioners, their error, and cease exclaiming ashall forth with and immediately re- gainst things the real causes of which sume them as their signatures, with. they don't know, and are incapable of out abbreviation or mutilation of any forming an opinion upon. Altho' Dc sort, under she' pains and penalty of Johnson apparently handles this sub

mean not to


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