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other age.

had ren

them to march by in open order, wishes, finally and rapidly led to the and face the statue, which, he said overthrow of the emperor. Under represented one of the greatest and their tuition, a French actress was 'bravest generals of his own or any jątroduced on the boards of the

French theatre at Petersburgh, and Notwithstanding the important placed in such situations of allureservice which PZ

ment, that the eye of the emperor dered him, the emperor could never could not but notice her. The ruin separate him, in his mind's eye, from of domestic happiness furnished these che caresses of his mother, and speedi. politicians with the means of their ly became disgusted with him ; spoke success. A French actress was desof him with great asperity to his tibed to estrange the emperor from friends, and at length, converting, his family, and to create a temporary the bounty of Catharine into a rob. and terrible change in the affairs of bery, he denounced him as a defaulter Europe. Madame Chevalier possesto the imperial treasury of half a sed ibat style of face which, without million of rubles; and, convinced of being regularly handsome, was more the justice of the allegation, proceed-sweet, expressive, and captivating, ed, without loss of time, to sequester than the exact symmetry of a finishthe vast estates which belonged to cd beauty. Her person was small him and his two brothers. Driven but delicate, and rather en bon point : to desperation by such conduct, one her manners were of the highest orof the sufferers, the second brother, der, and enchanted every one who one day boldly walked up to the em. 'approached her. The emperor was peror upon the 'parade, and, with fond of music; Madame Chevalier manly eloquence, represented the in- excelled upon the harp, and sung to justice of his measures. Paul receive it some sweet and crafty verses, comed him without anger, heard him posed by one of her three employers, without interruption, reflected, and and wbich she herself had set to murestored the property : but the ori. sic ; the subject, of which was, the ginal disgust rapidly returning, he martial skill, valour, and generosity, ordered P Z- to reside up of the emperor.

She had not spread on his estate, to which he submitted her witcheries long, before an evening foi a considerable time. But the mind was appointed for a private gratificaof the exile was too ardent to en- tion of the musical taste and passion dure seclusion; ambitious, bold, ac

This syren very tive, and enterprizing, he determined soon became the sole idol of his shat. upon releasing himself from the un- tered mind, which she moved accord. just constraint imposed upon him by ing to the direction of her secret bis sovereign, the delirium of whose principles, until the em.peror with. mind now frequently burst forth drew himself from his alliance with with all the fury and desolation of a Austria, recalled Suvaroff and his convulsed volcano. Messrs. Otto, army covered with glory, crowded Sicyes, and Talleyrand, who at that the roads to Siberia with British time formed a diplomatic trio, or subjects, and filled with terror and rather were spies, at the court of consternation the Exchange of the Petersburgh, with the dexterity of British empire. I mean not to enu. talent, and the subtilty of French- meratę all the calamities which fol. men, resolved to turn the gathering lowed ; they were too signal not to storin to the advantage of their own be widely known, too recent not to country, by means, which, extending be well remembered ; and, from their beyond their calculation and their very nature, incontestibly proved the Sept. 1806.

of the emperor.

abermined governor

aberration of those faculties which whom he was graciously received, and could alone, by their presence, ren. from whose presence he withdrew to der the emperor responsible for all present his fair advocate with the stithe misery, dismay, and ruin, which pulated reward, a magnificent aigrette threatened the very existence of the of diamonds, valued at sixty thousand empire. Po-Zresolved upon rubles. Whatever private pique 2availing hiinself of the influence of might have cherished against his imthe fair favourite, to whom he ad- perial master, I believe that it was dressed himself with all the insinua. wholly lost in his review of the detetion of person, manners, wit, and riorated and dreadful condition of the money : having engaged her in his empire, and in those awful measures favour, he made her acquainted with of restoration which were afterwards Count K—, a man who, from having resorted to. Z-gradually and been about the person of Paul in the warily unfolded his mind to Kmenial capacity of a valet, at last ob. who as cautiously entered into his tained a high place in his affection, views, until their-confidence was comdistinguished honour, and great wealth. pletely established. The result of The more firmly to bind K- to his their deliberations was, that to save interest, P-Z-- feigned an honour. the empire, it was necessary that the able passion for the daughter of emperor should be removed. They the former, who was, like all the sud-' next prevailed upon Count Pden favourites of fortune, much pleas- the governor of the city, and Count ed at the prospect of an alliance with P--, a very young nobleman, but of a very distinguished family. Count considerable family interest, the son K-and Madame Chevalier conceived of the celebrated general, Count Pmany plans for prevailing upon his P-, who so eminently distinguished majesty to restore Z- to his favour. himself in the Turkish war, and also At length, one evening, when she the prince Y—-, and some other perhrad tranquillized the mind of the em. sons of great rank and conseqnence. peror, and excited in him an appear- All of these soblemen were actuated ance of gaiety by the vivacity of her by no other motive, than to prevent wit, and some of her most successful the final ruin of their country, and songs, she artfully insinuated that for this purpose they determined to PZ was the most unhappy place in peril their lives and their man alive in being deprived of the fortunes. emperor's favour, and of the power In their conferences, which were of promoting the interests of one of managed with admirable discretion, the greatest geniuses that ever mount. it was resolved that Paul should die ; ed the Czarian throne, to whom he and, like Cæsar, it was destined that was most inviolably attached. The he should perish in the ides of March, emperor paused, and expressed some on the festival called Maslaintza. doubt of the truth of the statement; The emperor, from an aversion he but upon her reassuring him of its had taken to those palaces which sincerity, accompanied by some of formed the favourite residence of those little blandishments which no Catharine, resolved upon building a woman ever knew how to display palace for himself. The gorgeous with more finished address than Ma- magnificence of Zarsco Zelo, and of dame Chevalier, Paul granted her the winter palace, and all the Oriental petition and recalled to the voluptnousness of the Hermitage, were residence, where he flew with the hatelul to him ; indeed to such an celerity of a courier, and threw him. elevation had his abhorrence of these self at the feet of the emperor, by places attained, that he had deter


mined to reduce them to the dust. impression, which added fuel to his His fate, which was fast approaching, burning brain, he ordered a secret prevented the accomplishment of to be constructed, which this irretrievable act of delirium. The leading from his own chamber, passed emperor and his family resided, at under a false stove in the anti-r

room, the time when the confederacy had and led by a small door to the ter. resolved upon his removal, in the new palace of St Michael. It is an It was the custoni of the emperor enormous quadrangular pile, of red to sleep in an outer apartment next Dutch brick, rising from a massy to the empress's, upon a sopba, in basement of hewn granite ; it stands his regimentals and boots, whilst the at the bottom of the Summer Garn Grand Duke and Duchess, and the dens, and the lofty spire of its Greek rest of the Imperial family, , were chapel, richly covered with ducat lodged at various distances, in apartgold, rising above the trees, has a ments below the story which he ocbeautiful appearance.

cupied. On the teath day of March, As Paul was anxious to inhabit 0. S. 1801, the day preceding the this palace as soon after he was fatal night, whether Paul's apprehencrowned as possible, the masons, the sion, or anonymous information, suge carpenters, and various artificers, toil. gested the idea, is not known, but ed with incredible labour by day and conceiving that a storm was ready to by torch-light, under the sultry sun burst upon him, be sent to Count of the summer, and in all the severity P, the governor of the city, one of a polar winter, and in three years of the noblemen who had resolved this enormous and magnificent fabric on his destruction. “ I am informed was completed. The whole is mvated P," said the emperor,

" that round, and when the stranger surveys there is a conspiracy on foot against its bastions of granite, and numerous me; do you think it necessary to draw.bridges, he is naturally led to take any precaution ?" The Count, conclude, that it was intended for the without betraying the least emotion, last asylum of a prince at war with replied “ Sire, do not suffer such his subjects. Those who have seen apprehensions to haunt your mind ; its massy walls, and the capaciousness if there were any combinations formand variety of its chambers, willing against your Majesty's person, I easily admit that an act of violence am sure I should be acquainted with might be committed in one room, it.” " Then I am satisfied,” said and not be heard by those who occu. the emperor, and the

with. py the adjoining one ; and that a drew. Before Paul retired to iest, massacre might be perpetrated at one he unexpectedly expressed the most end, and not known at the other. tender solicitude for the empress and Paul took possession of this palace his children, kissed them with all as a place of strength, and beheld it the warmth of farewell fonduess, and with rapture, because his imperial remained with them longer than umother had never even seen it. Whilst sual; and after he had visited the his family were here, by every act of centinels at their different posts, he tenderness, endeavouring to soothe retired to his chamber, where he had. the terrible perturbation of his mind, oot long remained, before, under some there were not wanting those who ex- colourable pretext, that satisfied the erted every stratagem to inflame and men, the guard was changed by the increase it. These people were con- officers who had the command for the stantly insinuating, that every hand night, and were engaged in the conwas armed against him. With this federacy. An hussar, whom the emperor had particularly honoured by and indeed so high was it from the his notice and attention, always at ground, that had he succeeded, the night slept at his bed-room door, in expedient would only have put a more the anti-room. It was impossible to instantaneous period to his misery. remove this faithful soldier by any In the effort he very severely cut his fair means. 3


At this momentous pe- hand with the glass ; and as they riod silence reigned throughout the drew him back he grasped a chair, palace, except where it was disturbed with which he felled one of the as. by the pacing of the centinels, or at, sailants, and a desperate resistance a distance by the murmurs of the took place. So great was the noise, Neva, and only a few lights were to that notwithstanding the massy walls, be seen distantly and irregularly and thick double folding doors, which gleaming through the windows of divided the apartments, the empress this dark colossal abode. In the dead was disturbed, and began to cry for of the night, and his friends, help, when a voice whispered in her amounting to eight or nine persons, ear, and imperatively told her to repassed the draw-bridge, easily a- main quiet, otherwise if she uttered scended the stair case which led to another word, she should be put to Paul's chamber, and met with no instant death, resistance till they reached the anti- Whilst the emperor was thus mak. room, when the faithful hussar, awa. ing a last struggle, the prince Ykened by the noise, challenged them, struck him on one of his temples with and presented his fusee: much as his fist, and laid him upon the floor ; they must have all admired the brave Paul recovering from the blow, again fidelity of the guard, neither time implored his life: at this moment the not circumstances would admit of an heart of P. Z relented, and act of generosity, which might have upon being observed to tremble and endangered the whole plan. Z

ole plan. 2- hesitate, a young Hanoveriao resodrew his sabre and cut the poor fel- liitely exclaimed, “We have passed low down. Paul, awakened by the the Rubicon : if we spare his life,

from his sopha ; at this before the setting of tomorrow's sun, moment the whole party rushed into we shall be his victims !" Upon his room ; the unhappy sovereign, which he took off his sash, turned it anticipating their design, at first en. twice round the naked neck of the deavoured io entrench himself in the emperor, and giving one end to 2-, chairs and tables, then recovering, he and holding the other himself, they assumed a high tone, told them they pulled for a considerable time with all were his prisoners, and called upon their force, until their miserable sothem to surrender. Finding that vereign was no more ; they then re. they fixed their eyes steadily and tired from the palace without the fiercely upon him, and continued ad. least molestation, and returned to vancing towards him, he implored their respective homes. Wbat octhem to spare his life, declared his 'curred after their departure can be consent instantly to relinquish the better conceived than depicted ; mesceptre, and to accept of any terms dical aid was resorted to, but in vain; which they would dictate. In his and upon the breathless body of the raving, he offered to make them emperor fell the tears of his widowed princes, and to give them estates, and empress, and children, and domestics; titles, and orders, without end. They nor was genuine grief ever more fornow began to press upon him, wbea cibly or feelingly displayed than by he made a convulsive effort to reach him on whose brow this melancholy the window : in the attempt he failed, event had planted the crown. So


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passed away this night of horror, and had been given by Peter I. to a thas perished a prince, to whom na. branch of the imperial family, and ture was severely bountiful. The a- on that account much esteemed: it cuteness and pungency of his feeling was to recover this that the officer was incompatible with happiness : was sent, who obtained it, after the unnatural prejudice pressed upon the most indecent and unprincipled resisfibre too finely spun, and snapped it. tance on her part. Passports were

The sun shone upon a new order of then granted to Madame Chevalier things. Al seven o'clock the intelli. and her brother. Thus terminated gence of the demise of Paul spread this extraordinary and impressive trathro' the capital. The interval of time gedy. from its first communication to its diffusion over every part of Petersburgh, was scarcely perceptible. At the parade Alexander presented him. BEATTIANA, or Extracts from the Let. self on horseback, when the troops,

ters of Dr BEATTIE.
with tears rolling down their rugged (Continued from p. 569)
and sun-browned faces, hailed him
with loud and cordial acclamations. Comparative advantages of Public and

Private Education.
The young emperor was overwhelm-
ed, and at the moment of mounting WH

CHILE I lived in your neighthe throne of the most extensive em

bourhood, I often wished for pire under heaven, he was seen to turn an opportunity of giving you my ofrom the grand and affecting spec. pinion on a subject, in which I know tacle, and weep.

you are very deeply interested ; but What followed is of very

subordi. one incident or oiher always put it nate consideration ; but perhaps it out of my power. That subject is will be eagerly asked, to wbat extre. the education of your son, whom, if I mity did the avenging arm of justice mistake not, it is now high time to pursue the perpetrators of the deed ? send to some public place of educaMercy, the brightest jewel of every tion. I have thought much on this crown, and a forlorn and melancholy subject ; I have weighed every arguconviction, that the reigning motive ment that I could think of, on either was the salvation of the

empire, pre. side of the question. Much, you vented her from being vindictive.--- know, bas been written upon it, and Never upon the theatre of life was very plausible arguments have been there presented a scene of more af- offered, both for and against a pubfecting magnanimity; decency, not lic education. I set not much value revenge, governed the sacrifice. P- upon these ;- speculating men are conZwas ordered not to approach the tinually disputing, and the world is imperial residence, and the governor seldom the wiser. I have some little of the city was transferred to Riga. experience in this way; I have no As soon as Madame Chevalier was hypothesis to mislead me ; and the informed of the demise of her impe. opinion or prejudice which I first rial patron, she prepared, under the formed upon the subject was directly protection of her brother, a dancer, contrary to that, which experience for flight, with a booty of nearly a has now taught me to entertain. million of rubles. A police officer « Could mankind lead their lives was sent to inspect and report upon in that solitude which is so favouraher property: amongst a pile of valu-. ble to many of our most virtuous afable articles, he discovered a diamond fections, I should be clearly on the cross of no great intrinsic value, which side of a private education. But

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