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whether we consider what he felt are both used to denote the speech here, or what he hoped for hereafter, of the Scotch Highlanders ; and are we must admit, that no man ever as much synonimous (at least in many had more reason to wish for a dismis- parts of the kingdom,) as Scotch and sion from the evils of this transitory Scottish. Irish is generally thought life. His Lordship died, as he lived, the genteeler appellation, and Earse a most illustrious example of every the vulgar and colloquial. His reChristian virtue. His last breath was marks on the trees of Scotland must spent in comforting and instructing greatly surprise a native. In some his friends. “ Be good and virtui. of our provinces, trees
cannot be ous," said he, to Lord Valencia *, reared by any method of cultivation " for know that to this you must we have yet discovered ; in some, come.” The devout and chearful where trees flourish extremely well, resignation, that occupied his mind they' are not much cultivated, because during his illnesss, did not forsake they are not necessary : but in others, him in the moment of dissolution, we have store of wood, and forests of but fixed a smile on his lifeless coun. great extent, and of great antiquity. tenance. I sincerely sympathise with I am sorry to see in Johnson some your Lordship on the loss of this asperities, that seem to be the effect excellent man. Since I came last to of national prejudice. If he thinks town, I have had the honour and himself thoroughly acquainted with happiness to pass many an hour in his the character of the Scots as a nacompany, and to converse with him tion, he is greatly mistaken. The on all subjects: and I hope I shall Scots have virtues, and the Scots be the better, while I live, for what have faults, of which he seems to I have seen, and what I have heard, have had no particular information. of Lord Lyttelton."
I am one of those who wish to see
the English spirit and English manJOHNSON'S JOURNEY.
ners prevail over the whole island : I have just finished a hasty perw. for I think the English have a genesal of Dr Johnson's journey. It rosity and openness of nature, which contains many things worthy of the many of us want,' But we are not author, and is, on the whole, very all, without exception, a nation of entertaining. His account of "the cheats and liars, as Johnson sems Isles" is, I dare say, very just : I ne. willing to believe, and to represent ver was there, and therefore can say
Of the better sort of our peonothing of them, from my own ple, the character is just the reverse. knowledge His accounts of soine I admire Johnson's genios; I esteem facts, relating to other parts of Scot. him for his virtues ; I shall ever land, are no: unexceptionable. Ei. cherish a grateful remembrance of ther he must have been misinformed, the civilities I have received from or he must have misunderstood his him: I bave often, in this country, informer, in regard to several of his exerted myself in defence both of remarks on the improvement of the his character and writings : but there country. I am surprised at one of are in this book several things which his mistakes, which leads him once I cannot defend. His unbelief, in or twice into perplexity, and false regard to Ossian, I am not surprised conjecture :--he seems not to have at, but I wonder greatly at his creknown, that, in the common lan. dulity in regard to the second sight. guage of Scotland, Irish and Earse I cannot imagine, on what grounds
he could say, that, in the universities * His son in law, of Scotland every master of arts may
be a doctor when he plases.
cal discipline, and at a distance from ver heard of such a thing, and I have their parents or guardians, are too apt been connected with our universities, to forget, that it was for the purpose ever since I was a boy. Our method of study, not of amusement, they of giving doctor's degrees I do not were sent into this country. approve of; but we proceed on a All, or most of these inconvenienprinciple quite different from what cies, may be avoided at an English Dr Johnson mentions,
university, provided a youth have a
discreet tutor, and be himself of a SCOTS AND ENGLISH UNIVERSITIES. sober and studious disposition. There,
I must confess, I am strongly pre- classical erudition receives all the atpossessed in favour of that inode of tentions and bonours it can claim; education that takes place in the and there the French philosophy, of English Universities. I am well
course, is seldom held in very high aware, at the same time, that in those estimation : there, at present, a reseminaries there are, to some young gard to religion is fashionable; there, . men, many more tenptations to idle- the recluseness of a college-life, the ness and dissipation, than in our col. wholesome severities of academical leges in Scotland ; but there are also, discipline, the authority of the unis if I mistake not, better opportunities versity, and several other circumstanof study to a siudious young man,
ces I could mention, prove very and the advantages of a more respec- powerful restraints to such of the table and more polite society, to such youth as have any sense of true ho. as are discreet and sober. The most
nour, or any regard to their real in. valuable parts of human literature, I terest. mean the Greek and Latin classics, We, io Scotland, boast of our are not so completely taught in Scot- professors, that they give regular lecland as in England ; and I fear it is no tures in all the sciences, which the advantage, I have sometimes known students are obliged to attend ; a it a misfortune, to those young men part of literary ceconomy which is of distinction that come to study with but little attended to in the univera us, that they find too easy, and too sities of England. But I will ven. favourable an admittance to balls, as- tore to affirm, from experience, that semblies, and other diversions of a like if a professor does no more than de. kind, where the fashion not only per. liver a set of lectures, his mits, but requires that a particular at- dience will be little the wiser for tention be paid to the younger part
having attended him.
The most of the female world. A youth of profitable part of my time is that fortune, with the English language, which I employ in examinations, or and English address, soon becomes in Socratical dialogue with my pu. an object of consideration to a raw pils, or in commenting upon antient girl; and equally so, perhaps, though authors, all which may be done by a not altogether on the same account, tutor in a private apartment, as well to her parents. Our long vacations as by a professor in a public school. too, in the colleges in Scotland, Lectures indeed I do, and must give; though a convenience to the native in order to add solemnity to the student, (who commonly spends those truths I would inculcate ; and part. intervals at home with his parents) ly too, in compliance with the fashion, are often dangerous to the students and for the sake of my own cha ca from England; who being then set ter; (ior this, Though not the most free from the restraints of academi. dificult part of our business, is chat
which shows the speaker to octavo volumes. He appears to have advantage) but I have aways found arrived in the French capital in the other methods, particularly the 1802, and to have left it in 1805.-Socratic form of dialogue, much During three or four years residence more effectual in fixingthe attention, from home, it would be difficult al. and improving the faculties of the
any man not to have obserstudent.
ved scmething, tho' we must confess that Mr Pinkerton's memory, what. ever he himself may think of it, has
not been so tenacious on this occaSCOTTISH REVIEW.
sion as we could have wished ; and Recollections of Paris in the years
we regret that it should have enabled
him to recollect so little of what his 1802.-3.-4 and 5. By John Pin,
readers would have been most desirous kerton, Esq. 2 vols. 8vo. Long
to have known. man and Co. London 1806.
He complains, (vol. 1. p. 74.) that
the Apollo Belvidere is only visible IN be an irresistible propensity for from one who had been so long in
in front. This is a singular remark every man to tell his travels; and from Paris, and who must have visited the the days of Sir John Mandeville to those of Mr John Pinkerton incle- gallery of the Louvre a hundred sive, hardly a mortal is to be found
times.' If Mr Pinkerton had been
the little who has crossed the channel, but permitted to step over seems to have been impatient to com
semicircular rail which partly inclo. municate, on his return, the strange found, that in the lower part of the
ses that divine statue, he would have things he has seen,-To tell of
back there was inserted a bar of iron, Moving accidents by flood and field; which is fixed to a large stone be" The Anthropophagi, and of men
hind. The statue is collóssal, being • Which each other eat.”
just seven foot high, and if Mr PinOur countryman, Mr Pinkerton, it kerton had been a little better skilmust be acknowledged, seems to have led, either in statuary or in anatomy, run no risks of this sort. He ap. he would have known, that nothing pears to have eaten of every thing at but a living creature with muscular Paris, but men, although he assures strength could possibly stand upon us chat both men and women are its legs in the attitude of the Apollo, eaten there; and to have been in whose left arm is advanced supportmuch greater danger from Paris ca. ing part of his robe, and who is steppons and French wines, than from ping forward, after his arrow. bayonets and grape shot. Not that
He says, (p. 76.) “ that the ladies he run no hazard on such “ solemin' " of Paris found that the face of the occasions, for we mean not to under- " Venus of Medici was' void of ex. value his social spirit ; and "plus oc- pression by those who admire the “cidit gula quam gladius” is an an- « shade of changing passions and the eient observation, though a modern " play of feature which captivate a French logician of the St Cloud " lover of sensibility." But is it school might perhaps be inclined to possible that any thing of this sort dispute the axiom.
could be expected in a block of Mr Pinkerton's “ Recollections of marble? The actor can vary the Paris” consist of no less than about expressions of his countenance from a thousand pages, forming, what is the beginning of the scene to the stiled by the trade, two handsome end. But the painter, or statuary, can
only seize one transient passion, and nor did she procure any indemnifiupon which he must for ever rest. “cation!" He does not tell us for
Mr Pinkerton has been co obli- how many months or years this lady's ging as to hint occasionally it politics, imprisonment lasted. He inentions and which, indeed, on such a sub- it dryly as a common occurrence at ject as Parisian Recollections, was Paris. But if any thing of this, not easily avoided. He 'facetiously sort had happened in Britain. either tells us. (p. 451.) “ that it may be to a lady or a gentleman, it is pro. 66 a foir question, Whether the bable that they would receive some conscience of a King, or his little indemnification, and that the in.
of conscience, do most carcerator, (Mr Pinkerton slides over “ harm to his people !" From his name,) would also hear of it. several internal marks, it would ap
From the law, Mr Pinkerton steps pear that Mr Pinkerton has it in over to religion. He says, (p. 503.) contemplation to revisit the French " That the transition (of the Excapital at some more convenient sea. “ change of Paris) from a church to son. And with this view, he seems, a theatre, are truly emblematical of upon every occasion, to have expres- “ French commerce, which begins sed himself with the utmost caution * with idle declamation, and ends and reserve of the present ruling
" in jest.?' We forbear making any powers there. In the
remark commentary on this indecent passage just now quoted, no allusion is made in the writings of a Scotsman. to the conscience, or want of con- He says, (p. 14.) speaking of St science, in an upstart, or an Em. Cloud, “ At present, ambition here peror, or any enquiry instituted by a “ disposes of the destinies of Europe; fair question on the quantum of
The loves and pleasures are not harm that the alternative might pro
“ unknown, for Mademoiselle George duce to his pe-sple. This was high
“ solaces the toils of war." This is ly commendable. Like Butler's hes the first time we ever beard it surmixo, perhaps Mr Pinkerton
sed that Bonaparte had the smallest
inclination to the sex ; and we could Thought it no mean part of civil have wished to have known upon, So State prudence to cajole the devil;
what grounds Mr Pinkerton has “ And vot to handle him too rough
mentioned this fact. " When he's got you in his cloven hoof,"
Speaking of the hymn of the Mar
sellois, Mr Pinkerton says (vol. 2. From politics, Mr Pinkerton pro. p. 78.) “ Like Dryden's Ode, it was ceeds to the law; and after some com. is said to be written in one night.”. pliments not worth quoting, to the Who it was that said to Mr Pinker, French jurisprudence, he informs us ton, that Dryden's Ode was written (p. 474.) “ Nor is a poor man (in in one night, he has not informed us. " that country) sentenced to long But Doctor Johnson, in his life of “ imprisonment, because he gets drunk Drydery has told us on the authority " and curses the magistrate, a cruelty of Doctor Birch, that this wonder. "s worthy of little minds, which are ful ode was written in a fort-night. “afraid of little things.” This al. Johnson's Lives of the Poets, Vol. 1. p. jusion to a late trial in England is 300. If it would be hard to connbvicus. But what is singular, in demn man for a word, it would be ibe very same page, Mr Pinkerton still more severe to punish him for says,.“ I knew a lady (in Paris ) who half a word. Yet this is the “head “ was imprisoned because her name re. o and front" of Mr Pinkerton's · so seimbled that of an Italian Countess; " offending here.”
After talking with great pomp of tality. But besides this remarkable the National Library, and the pro. simplicity of the Parisian hearse, Mr digious collections of all the objects Pinkerion has here omitted a little of natural history to be met with at circumstance. For we have seen fu. Paris and Versailles, and which is nerals pass along the streets of Paris, very just, Mr Pinkerton sinks down and much about the time too when with assuring his readers, (vol. 2. p. Mr Pinkerton was there, when the 263.) that there is an interesting se- simplicity was so remarkable, and inries (of fossils) “ in the cabioet of an deed so refined, that there was no " excellent friend of his in life. cofin at all; and where the body 66 shire!"
was merely covered with a clo!h unHaving favoured us with many ex- der the bare polls of the corbillard, cellent observations and sly hints, on, drawn by one horse, and followpolitics, law, and religion, Mr Pinker. ed by one man, in a dark-coloured ton bestows some strictures on the coat, with a silver medal at the bus. Parisian notions the subject ton hole on his breast. Wood is of medicine. He assures us, that much too expensive in Paris, to afford there are in that most enlightened to every one the luxury of a coffin.capital, still superstitious practices. Nor is too much time lost by that “ A carpenter, in a paralytic com- lively
lively · laughing' people, between < plaint, was regularly attended by death and burial. If a person dies in “the public executioner, who pre. Paris to-day, he is buried to-morrow "s tended to cure him by the use of
To this rapidity, a witty “ human fat; of which he was the sole allusion is made by liere's Blunder“ vender and administrator. As I er, Act '2. Scene 3.
Whether in a employed the carpenter, the fact hearse, cumipactness is to be preferred “ may be regarded as certain, how. to elegance, or vice virsa, we for our
ever singular it may appear in the parts do not wish to have an oppor“ nineteenth century." (Vol. 1. p. tunity of ascertaining, for a long (297.) As Frenchmen, at least when while. alive, are commonly not very fat, In describing the magnificent stathis information may be a seasonable bles at Chantilly, Mr Pinkerton bas hint to any of our plump British, made no mention of a circumstance male or female, who may be dispo. wbich we confess struck us very much, sed to view the curiosities of this re- That over every stall the Prince nowned metropolis. For they may
For they may of Condé had had the figure of a be assured, that as they pass along deer, or boar, or some beast of the in their fiacres or cabriolets, the chace, in stone or wood, as large as mouths of all the paralytic in Paris, the life, and in a running attitude, as to say nothing of that of the public coming towards the spectator. All executioner, on the score of his pa- these yet remain, but each has its tients, will be watering at the sight head cut off just below the ears, of thein.
in remembrance, as if that were ne“ The corbillard, or Parisian bearse, cessary, of the fate of the unhappy “is remarkably simple. The coffin family.
The coffin family. Neither has Mr P. taken “ is only covered with a cloth expo. any notice of the column on “ sed to the weather. The London height in the centre of the village, "hearse is more compact, but the the first monument, if we recollect
Edinburgh, of all otbers, the most well, in commemoration of the Re" elegant." (Vol. 2. p. 178.) volution, on the road southwards
This last piece of information was from Calais, most acceptable to our national para The hospital of the Salpetriere,