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troops, by an attack upon the Castle of DEFEAT OF THE FRENCH IN CALABRIA,
Amanthea, a fortress to the northward
of St Euphemia, and inaccessible on the In our last Mag.(p. 635.) it was short. land side. It was attacked whilst our ly stated, that a body of British troops army was landing, and taken with a. from Sicily had landed in Calabria, for bout 400 prisoners, and a large quantity the support of the Neapolitans who had of arms and ammunition. taken up arms, and that the French Of the subsequent operations of our Generals were not strong enough to op- army, the following accounts were pub. pose them. The French official jour. lished in a London Gazette Extraordinary. nal preserved a profound silence respec. ting this event,--while the other prints
Camp on the Plain of Maida, acknowledged some advantage to be
July 6. 1806. gained by the British, who had taken a It is with the most heartfelt satis. French General and about 300 prisoners. faction that I have the honour of repor--Ollicial accounts having been recei- ting to you, for the information of his ved from Gen. Sir John Stuart, we are Majesty, the particulars of an action in now enabled to relate the particulars of which the French army quartered in this expedition, which has proved high- this province have sustained a signal dely successful and honourable to the Bri. feat by the troops under my command. tish arms.
General Regnier, having been appri. Our troops landed on the ist July to sed of our disembarkation at St Euphe. the southward of St Euphemia, in the mia, appears to have made a rapid march Bay of that name.-No opposition was from Reggio, uniting, as he advanced, made to their landing, and a reconnoit. his detached corps, for the purpose of ring party was immediately pushed for- attacking, and with his characteristic ward, who dislodged a body of 400 confidenee, of defeating us. French troops from a wood, making a- On the afternoon of the 3d inst. I rebout 200 of them prisoners. The hardy ceived intelligence that he had that day Calabrian peasants flocked in crowds to encamped near Maida, about ten miles our standards. Upwards of 3000 embo. distant from our position, that his force died themselves in less than two days. consisted at the moment of about 4000 Provisions were brought in in plenty, and infantry and 300 cavalry, together with the peasants refused to receive payment four pieces of artillery, and that he was for them, alledging that they could not in expectation of being joined within a suffer those to pay them who came to day or two by 3000 more troops, who rescue them from the hateful tyranny of were marching after him in a second the French.
division. General Stuart published a Proclama- I determined therefore to advance totion to the Calabrians, inviting them wards his position, and, having leit four to shake off the yoke of French tyranny companies of Watteville's regiment unShe promised them protection for their der Major Fisher, to protect the stores, persons, property, laws, and religion and occupy a work which had been he offered arms to the loyal and the thrown up at our landing place, the bobrave, and pardon to those who had dy of the army marched the next mornbeen debauched from their allegiance ing, according to the following detail :.. by the Usurper--honourable and grati. Advanced Corps--Lieut. Col. Kempt, fying contrast to the conduct of the ene- with two four-pounders ; Light Infan. my, who have sent forth Massena, to try Battalion, Detachment Royal Corenforce submission by fire and sword, and sican Rangers, Detachment Royal Sici. to punish with death those who will not lian Volunteers. forfeit their allegiance and their fidelity ist Brigade-Brig. Gen. Cole, with to their lawful Sovereign: The hardy three four-pounders ; Grenadier BattaCalabrians needed not any other incen- lion, and 27th regiment. tives than their own hatred and detes. 2d Brigade-Brig.-General Ackland, tation of the French. The red cockade, with three four-pounders ; 78th and the cockade of the King of Naples, sist regiments. was seen every where. Meanwhile, Sir 3d Brigade--Col. Oswald, with two Sid. Smith aided the operations of our four-pounders ; 58th regiment, and Wat
ring the action.
teville's regiment, five companies—20th mentous crisis the enemy became ap." regiment, Lieut.-Col. Ross, landed du- palled. They broke, and endeavoured
to fly, but it was too late ; they were Reserve of Artillery, Major Lemoine overtaken with the most dreadful slaugh--4 six-pounders and 2 howitzers.
ter Total-Rank and file, including the Brigadier-General Ackland, whose Royal Artillery, 4795.
brigade was immediately on the left of General Regnier was encamped on the light infantry, with great spirit a. the side of a woody hill, below the vil. vailed himself of this favourable molage of Maida, sloping into the plain of ment to press instantly forward upon Sť Euphemia; his flanks were strength. the corps in his front; the brave 78th ened by a thick impervious underwood. regiment, commanded by Lieut.-Col. --The Amato, a river perfectly ford. Macleod, and the sist regiment, under able, but of which the sides are extreme. Major Plenderleath, both distinguished ly marshy, ran along his front; my ap- themselves on this occasion. The eneproach to him from the sea side (along my filed with dismay and disorder before the borders of which ! directed my them, leaving the plain covered with march, until I had nearly turned his their dead and wounded. left), was across a spacious plain, which The enemy being thus completely gave him every opportunity of minute. discomfited on their left, began to make jy observing my movements.
a new effort with their right, in the Had General Regnier thought pro- hopes of recovering the day. They per to remain upon his ground, the dif- were resisted most gallantly by the ficulties of access to him were such that brigade under Brig..Gen. Cole. NoI could not possibly have made an im. thing could shake the undaunted firmpression upon him. But quitting this ness of the grenadiers under Lieut.. advantage, and crossing the river with Colonel O'Callaghan, and of the 27th his entire force, he came down to meet regiment under Lieut.-Colonel Smith. us upon the open plaina measure to The cavalry, successfully repelled from which he was no doubt encouraged by before their front, made an effort to turn a consideration of his cavalry, an arni their left, when Lieut.-Colonel Ross, with which, unfortunately, I was alto. who had that morning landed from gether unprovided.
Messina, with the 20th regiment, and After some loose firing from the flan- was coming up to the army during the kers to cover the deploiements of the action, having observed the movement, two armies, by nine o'clock in the morn- threw his regiment opportunely into a ing the opposing fronts were warmly small cover upon their fiank, and by a engaged, when the prowess of the rival heavy and weil-directed fire, entirely nations seemed now fairly to be at trial disconcerted this attempt. before the world, and the superiority This was the last feeble struggle of was greatly and gloriously decided to the enemy, who now, astonished and be our own.
dismayed by the intrepidity with which The corps which formed the right of they were assailed, began precipitately the advanced line was the battalion of to retire, leaving the field covered with light infantry commanded by Lieut. carnage. Above seven hundred bodies Col. Kempt, consisting of the light of their dead have been buried upon companies of the 20th, 27th, 35th, 58th, the ground. The wounded and prison. 6 ist, 81st, and Watteville's, together ers already in our hands (among whom with 150 chosen battalion men of the are General Compere, and an Aid-de35th regiment, under Major Robinson. Camp, the Lieutenant Colonel of the Directly opposed to them, was the fa-- Swiss regiment, and a long list of offivourite French regiment ist Legere. cers of different ranks), amount to above The two corps, at the distance of about one thousand. There are also above 150 yards, fired reciprocally a few rounds, one thousand men left in Monteleone when, as if by mutual agreement, the and the different posts between this and firing was suspended, and in close com- Reggia, who have mostly notified their pact order, and awful silence, they ad- readiness to surrender, whenever a Brivanced towards each other until their tish force shall be sent to receive their bayonets began to cross. At this mo- submission, and to protect them from the fury of the people. The peasantry bave greatly favoured us, had events oba are hourly bringing in fugitives, who liged us to retire. The solicitude howdispersed in the woods and mountains ever of every part of the navy to be of after the battle. In short, never has use to us, the promptitude with which the pride of our presumptuous enemy the seamen hastened on shore with our been more severely humbled; nor the supplies, their anxiety to assist our superiority of the British troops more wounded, and the tenderness with which gloriously proved, than in the events of they treated them, would have been an This memorable day.
affecting circumstance to observers even His Majesty may, perhaps, still deign the most indifferent. To me it was to appreciate more highly the atchieve- particularly so. I have the honour, &c. ments of this little army, when it is
J. STUART, Major Gen. known that the second division, which the enemy were said to be expecting, Return of Killed and Wounded of the had all joined them the night before the British troops under the command of action; no statement that I have heard Major General Sir John Stuart, in of their numbers places them at a less the battle on the plains of St Euphecalculation then yoou men.
mia, near Maida, July 4. 1806. Our victorious intantry continued the Royal Artillery-2 horses killed; 3 pursuit of the routed enemy so long as gunners wounded. Grenadier Battalion they were able ; but as the latter dis- 4 rank and file killed ; 1 officer, i serpersed in every direction, and we were jeant, 25 rark and file wounded. Light under the necessity of preserving our Infantry Battalion-I officer, 7 rank order, the trial of speed became unequal. and file killed; I officer, i drummer,
The total loss occasioned to the ene. 41 rank and file wounded. 20th Foot,' my by this conflict cannot be less than -í rank and file killed; I drummer, 5 4000 men, When I oppose to the a. rank and file wounded. 27th Foot, ist bove our own small comparative loss, Bat.—6 rank and file killed; i serjeant, as underneath detailed, his Majesty 46 rank and file wounded. 58th Foot, will, I hope, discern in the fact, the Ist Bat.--2 rank and file wounded. happy effects of that established disci. 78th Foot, 2d Battalion-4 rank and pline to which we owe the triumphs by file killed; 7 officers, 4 serjeants, i which our army has been latterly so drummer, 69 rank and file wounded. highly distinguished.
Sist Foot, ist Battalion—3 serjeants, I am now beginning my march south- 16 rank and file killed; 2 officers, i ser. ward, preparatory to my return to Sicily, jeant, 62 rank and file wounded. Refor which station I shall re-embark giment of Watteville-3 rank and file with the army, as soon as his Sicilian wounded. Royal Corsican Rangers-3 Majesty shall have arranged a disposi- rank and file killed; five rank and file tion of his own forces to secure those wounded. Total-i officer, 3 serjeants, advantages which have been gained by 41 rank and file killed; 11 officers, & the present expedition.
serjeants, 2 drummers, 261 rank and There seldom has happened an ac- file wounded. tion in which the zeal and personal ex. Names of Officers killed and wounded. ertions of individuals were so imperious- Killed--Light Infantry Battalionly called for as in the present; seldom Captain M.Lean, of 20th foot. Woundan occasion where a General had a fair- ed-Grenadier Battalion-Major Hamer opportunity of observing them. mill, of Royal Regiment of Malta. Light
(After an animated eulogium on the Infantry Battalion-Major Paulett, of conduct of the officers and men com- the 44th Foot, severely, 38th Foot, 2d manding the different divisions of the Battalion-Lieut. Col. M'Leod; Major army, &c. the General adds)
D. Stuart ; Captains D. M'Pherson and The scene of action was too far from D. M'Gregor: Lieut. James M'Kay; the sea to enable us to derive any di. Ensigns Colin M'Kenzie and Peter rect co-operation from the navy : but M'Gregor. 81st Foot, ist BattalionAdmiral Sir Sidney Smith, who had Capt. Waterhouse ; Lieutenant and Adarrived in the bay the evening before jutant Ginger. Staff--Lieut. Col. Moore, the action, had directed such a disposi- of 2 3d Light Dragoons, acting Aid de tion of ships and gun boats as would Camp to Major Gen. Sir John Stuart.
Extract of a dispatch from Major: General enemy's rear, and this his sole remain
Sir John Stuart 10 Hugh Elliot, Esq. ing depot, would induce him to divide
dated Messina, 3d August, 1806. his force, and of course make it so much Having occasion to send an express the more easy for the Chiefs of the to my Aid-de-Camp, Capt. Bulkeley, Masse to succeed in their projected atat Palermo, I avail myself of the oppor. tacks on his position at Catanzaro. Turity to acquaint you with another for- The fleet got under weigh accordingtunate result of our auspicious day at ly at eight o'clock, P. M. and the followMaida.- Cotrone, with all its störes, ing morning (although a considerable magazines, &c. and 600 troops (now distance from the shore) I had the satis. prisoners), capitulated on Wednesday faction to observe the French army in evening last, to the land and naval for- full retreat towards Cotrone. As their ces of his Britannic Majesty, under route or road appeared to run nearly Lieut.-Col. M.Leod, of the 78th re- parallel to, and within gun-shot of the giment, and Capt. Hoste, of his Majes- beach, and to be bounded on the oppoty's frigate Amphion, who werea sșisted site side by a chain of mountains, no in their operations against that place, better opportunity could be offered, apanu u pon the adjacent coasts, by the parently, for an effectual co-operation gun-boats of his Sicilian Majesty. Three with the Masse. With this view Capt. hundred prisoners, who prove to be sure Hoste made a prompt disposition of his vivors of the wounded, after the action frigate and small craft, while the transof the 4th ult. are already arrived in ports were directed to make sail to
wards a point considerably in front of Gen. Regnier, who had endeavoured the enemy's column, and to make a deto hold his position, under much embar- monstration of landing there. This aprassinent for some time past, between pearance occasioned, in the first instance, Cotrone and Catanzaro, has retreated a halt of the enemy's column ; and in precipitately towards Tarento; and it the next, a change of its direction towas reported when the transport left wards the mountains.' Capt. Hoste was Cotrone, that he had been attacked by enabled, however, to open a brisk canthe masse, and had lost 6 or 700 of his nonade on bis centre and rear, which flying people.
appeared to be immediately affected by I am now to congratulate you on the to. it; and in an hour's time, occasioned talevacuation of Calabria Ultra, in which those parts of his column to break and single province, previous to the action disperse in the mountains. of the 4th, we have every certainty that The enemy's loss in this affair amounthe enemy had a distributed force of at ted to about 50 or 60 wounded, who Jeast 9000 men ; these, when Gen. were brought in waggons to Cotrone Regnier quitted his position near Cot- this morning. After the dispersion of rone, certainly not 3000 remained. The the enemy in the mountains, the fleet losses of the French in upper Calabria made sail towards this place, his suphave also borire a proportion).
posed destination, where the frigate and A great deal of heavy ordnance, late. transports came to an anchor, after exly transported by the French to Cotrone, changing a few shot with the citadel, besides what was found mounted on the at eight o'clock the evening. In the Castle, amounting in the whole to about morning we discovered that the eneforty pieces, have fallen into our hands. my's army had not yet arrived, but unExtract of a Letter from Lieut. Col. Mac- der an anxious expectation for their ap
Leod, to Major General Sir John Stuart, pearance, a disposition was made with dated Amphion Frigate, of Cotrone, 27th the transports and ment of war to give July, 1806.
him every possible annoyance; and acBy the letter I had the honour of ad. cordingly, having permitted him quietdressing to you on the 24th inst, accom- ly to take up his position within gun. panying the duplicates of my letters of shot, the frigate's broadside was brought the preceding evening, you will be a. to bear upon him, and, in the space of ware that it was my intention to move half an hour, completely dislodged and in conjunction with Capt. Hoste's squa- obliged him to take up a new position dron, to this place on the following day, without the range of her guns, in the under an impression, that a feint on the mountains. Sept. 1806.
Several appearance in
Amphion Frigate, off Cotrone, 6 P. M. The number of prisoners and deser.
this fleet amount to aFrench en. bout goo, of which number one half and campment, concurring with other infor- upwards are sick and wounded. mation I had received on the evening The enemy being, I believe, now com. of the 27th, that the enemy meditated a pletely driven from the Lower, if not move, I thought it proper to detain a both Calabrias, I cannot resist this opcommunication I had prepared for you portunity of offering my congratulations on that day, until I could convey more on gwbrilliant a result to the expedition decided intelligence on this important undertaken by the army under your imsubject. I have now the utmost satis. mediate command, which cannot fail to faction in acquainting you, that the be recorded in the British annals as an greatest part of the French army retreat. atchieveinent of the first order. I have .ed in a northerly direction from Co- the honour to be, &c. P. M'LEOD. trone, just before daylight on the morning of the 28th ult.
After the defeat of the French army, Immediately on obtaining this infor- Sir John Stuart issued ia sedond promation, I dispatched expresses to the clamation, to the following effect : different Chiefs of the Masse, requiring Aftersannouncing the victory, he holds them to concert arrangements for a out the example of such Thappy success close pursuit, and pointed out the many as a farther incitement to the Calabrians advantages they must consequently have to join in establishing the authority of over a flying and dispirited enemy in their legitimate Sovereign: he offers their mountains.
them arms and ammunition, not to be Our information of yesterday stated used for private vengeance, but against that 1000 men had been left to garrison the common enemy; and while the brave the town and city of Cotrone. But seve- General congratulates them on the forral deserters, who joined us this morn. tunate success of the British arms, he ing, having mentioned that the greatest expresses his, anxiety that humanity part of this force had marched to join should accompany their progress.com their army in the course of the night, “ Above all," says he, "" } charge you to Capt. "Hoste agreed with myself in the treat the prisoners, that may fall into propriety of summoning the town and your power, well. I further command citadel to surrender to the forces under you to send out constant parties of paour orders, conceiving that the immedi. troles, to collect the stragglers and ate possession of what we understood wounded in your mountains and forests. to be the enemy's sole depot, and der. For every prisoner that you couduct in nier resort in Lower Calabria in point safety to the British army you shall be of position, together with the removal rewarded. I promise to give you six bf his stores, &c. might contribute to ducats for each private, and twenty du. prevent his attempt to enter the Pro. cats for each officer.". vince.
In order to put a stop to the barbari.. I have now the pleasure to inclose ties exercised by the French upon the copies of the summons, and of the terms Calabrian royalists, Sir John issued a of Capitulation finally agreed upon. third proclamation on the 18th July, in
I shall find it however necessary to which, after a fair statement of facts, he disembark a considerable part of my reminds the French Commanders, that battalion this day to cover the evacua- not only many of their declared and tion of the town and citadel, and to known partizans were in his power, but superintend the completion of the other that the signat sucress of the army unArticles of the Capitulation. After which der his command had placed in his hands I shall immediately re-embark, and pro- above three thousand prisoners. " If, pose to make the best of my way to therefore," he concludes, such violence Messina on the ed or 3d of August, un- is not put an end to in future, I shall less previously I may receive such in. not only deem myself justified, but even formation as may alter my opinion, that compelled by my duty, to have recourse the French have completely evacuated to the severe, but indispensible law of Lower Calabria for the present.