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wild dogs which make dreadful ha- great number of carcases these hunts. vock among them. The Spanish go. men leave behind them, would, if vernment once sent out a paity of permitted to rot, cause an infection soldiers to kill as many as possible of in the air, which might be attended these animals; but the poor men, on with very disagreeable consequences ; returning from this expedition, in but clouds of vultures, as large as stead of meeting with the gratitude eagles, and other birds of prey, soon of their countrymen, were received fall upon them, so that in a few days. with shouts of derision and contempt, nothing remains but the bare bones. and branded with the appellation of The horses are taken with nooses ; dog.killers : in consequence of which and as they are born and bred wild, absurd and ungracious reception no. and of Spanish origin, they are very body could ever be prevailed upon to handsome and swift-footed. The set out a second time on a similar er. Indians, however, who are also very raod.
nimble, contrive to turn them to. Charlevoix gives the following ac wards places where they know they count of the manner in which they must meet with obstacles to stop hunt the horned cattle, for which their flight, and as soon as they get they have no other name but that within reach of them, cast nooses aof Matança, or Butchery ; “ About their legs, leap upon them with. number of huntsmen gather together, out any further ceremony, and have and repair on horseback to some soon tamed them. There are, adds great plain entirely covered with he, a great many mules in Paraguay, these animals. They then separate, and they must be
very useful in a and with a kind of hatchet, whose country where there are few beaten edge resembles a crescent, lay about roads, a great deal of up and down them with all their might, aiming at hill, and here and there a great the hind legs of the animals, in order many bad steps." to hamstring them; for this once ef- Next to hides, the great wealth of fected, the animal falls to the ground, this country consists in the herb of without being able to rise again, so Paraguay. This is an article of uni. that the huntsmen may continue their versal demand throughout South game, till of many hundreds they have America, both as a medicine and a Rot left a single beast standing; and luxury. Though called an herb, it some people pretend that a good is the leaf of a tree, which, in size hand will in this manner disable eight approaches to a middling apple tree, hundred oxen in an hour ; but this and whose taste resembles that of account appears
exaggerated. mallows. There are three kinds of In the consternation which at first it, which however are only different seizes these animals, they crowd to- ways of preparing the same leaf.-gether in such confusion as to im. The first, called Caacuys, is the bud pede each others flight, and thereby when it has scarce begun to open its afford the huntsmen an opportunity leaves; the Caamini is the full-grown of taking from time to time a little leaf, which is first stript of its rest and refreshment. At last, after leaves, and then roasted. The Caa. some days spent in this violent exer. guazi, the third kind, is formed by cise, they return the same way they the leaves roasted, without any precame, find their oxen where they left vious preparation. The leaf, after them, dispatch them at their leisure, being pulverised, and reduced into and carry off as much of them as
paste, is then boiled in water, and they can.
sucked through a pipe. When taWe may well imagine that the ken in excess, it produces intoxica
tion, and has, sometimes, deprived extent of the country must leave people of their senses for several room for the almosc indefinite ex. davs.
tension of its culture. This herb is not produced in the There seems also some reason to neighbourhood of Buenos Ayres, but think that this country may be capaupon the mountains at a considerable" ble of producing wine. Vines, indistance. The place where it grows deed, are said not to thrive in the In greatest quantity, and in highest neighbourhood of Buenos Ayres, on perfection, is at New Villarica, a set. account of a particular species of ant ilement in the mountains of Mara. which devours them, and which the cayo, which lies to the east of the Spaniards have hitherto found out Rio de la Plata, in about i wenty-five nó effectual means of extirpating.degrees of south latitude. A hun. With regard to the remoter parts, dred thousand arrobes are sometimes we shall give the statement of Charsent to Peru alone, each of which is levoix in his own words : -- Some worth a guinea and a half of our have planted vines liere, which do not money.
thrive equally in every district ; but Paraguay produces also wax and
a great deal of wine is made at Rioga honey, in great abundance and per. and Cordubà, two towns in Tucuman. fection. Every forest abounds with That of Corduba is greasy, strong, bees, which make their hives in the and heady ; that of Řioga has none hollow of trees, and of which ten dif. of these faults; but at Mendoza, a ferent species are reckoned.
town in the government of Chili, But besides the commodities which and situated in the Cordillera, about Paraguay actually produces, and twenty-five leagues from Corduba, which are almost all spontaneous, they make a wine very little inferior we must consider also those, (pro- to that of Spain." bably of much greater importance) Buenos Ayres is by far the most which, in the hands of an active and considerable town in Paraguay. It is commercial people, it might be capa. situated to the south of the Rio de la ble of yielding. The climate and soil Plata, and is built along the banks are the same with those of the most of a small river which falls into it.com southern American,
and would This city was founded by the Spani. doubtless yield" the same valuable ards' in 1536, but was so harassed products. The Citton tree is a native by difficulty of subsistence, and by of this country, and a considerable the attacks of the savages, that they quantity is gathered, especially in were forced to abandoo it. About the missions, but the produce might forty years after, however, when they doubtless bé vastly augmented.- 'had extended their settlements in the Tobacco thrives equally, and, even in other parts of Paraguay, extreme the hands of the Spaniards, was be inconvenience was experienced from coming an article of considerable im- the wảnt of a port near the mouth portance. "Hemp is cultivated also in of the river. Birenos Ayres was pretty large quantities; and there therefore rebuilt, though it remained seems no reason why flax should not long in a very poor condition. The be equally successful.“ We have not houses were constructed of earth, seen rice mentioned among its pro- only one story high, and interspersed ducts; but there seems every reason,
with large fields and gardens. Most from analogy, to suppose that the of them were lighted only by tbe soil will be well fitted for it. We door, and none had more than one have seen sugar also mentioned ; and window. Some Jesuits, however, if the soil be capable of it, the vast who came over from Spain, taught
them to use lime, brick, and stone, some even to 40,000; an increase and to build in a more comfortable which is by no means improbable, manner, so that a surprising improve. considering the extraordinary abunment quickly took place. A cathe. dance of the means of subsistence. dral and some churches have since This, at least, is the statement been built, which are said to be lit- given by the Viagero Universal, a ile inferior to the finest in Spain.-- work published at Madrid in 1802, The streets are ranged along the which is said to be very exact in many bank of the river, and are straight, of its details with regard to the Spabread, and tolerably equal in height nish colonies. The same work states and dimensions. A large square the population of the country subforms the residence of the principal ject to its jurisdiction, at somewhat inhabitants, adjoining to which is less than as many more.
This agrees The castle, where the governor re- very well with Sir Home Popham, sides, and has the command of three who estimates the whole inhabitants thousand troops, who compose the of the colony at 70,000. Admit. garrison.
ting the above proportion to contiWriters seem at a loss for words nue, this will give nearly 18,000 to describe adequately the fertility Spaniards. and beauty of the surrounding coun
Besides this city, the province of try: I he plains are covered with Buenos Ayres contains also Santa The richest verdure, and though no Fé, which lies to the westward, and ,
, large timber has been planted, fruit, forms the channel of communication trees of all kinds are in the highest with Chili, Tucuman, and part of perfection. The waters of the great Peru. It is small, and considerably river are every where pure and whole- exposed to the incursions of the In, come, and furnish a variety of the dians. Corrientes and Monte Video most delicate fish. The air, says lie on the opposite side of the river, Ulloa, vies with the earth in fertili. but are both inferior to Santa Fé. ty, yielding game of all kinds in the Assumption is the capital of the pro. utmost abundance. Beef is to be had vince of Paraguay proper; but tho' for absolutely nothing ; in purcha. very ancient, it has never attained sing an ox, the agreement is made any considerable magnitudea Yet only for the bide ; the carcase being all these cities have a corregidor, understood to go along with it. inferior magistrates, and a regular
. Game, fish, and poultry, in the great- militia, who have ofteu displayed ist abundance.
considerable courage in repelling the Ulloa says, that Buenos Ayres con- assaults of the savage Indians. tains 3000 houses; and other accounts The commodities suited to the make the number of inhabitants in colony must doubtless be nearly the 1730 amount to 16,000. (Hist. same as are required for the West In. Gen. des Voyages XIV, Charle- dia market; that is, European manu. voix.) Of these 4,000 were Spani- factures of almost every description. ards, all sunk in the most supine in- We propose, in our next number, dolence. The majority of the rest to give a map of this country along consisted of negroes, by whom all with the Historical account*. The labour of the colony was per. formed; for the Indians, who com
* Ulloa's Voyage. Charlevoix's Hist. posed the remaining population, have tlements. Kaynal. Robertson. Brough
of Paraguay. Burke's European Set. never been inured 10 any regular in. am's Colonial Policy. Mod. Univ. Hist. dustry. The latest accounts have Edin. Rev. caised this number much higher,
insert them in te word, von
able and easy.
IMPORTANT DISCOVERIES in Edu.' Entering on my career with such CATION.
distinguished marks of celebrity, it
is hardly necessary to say I had a * Tempora nutantur, et nos mutamur in throng school. Indeed my success illis.'
in making classical scholars was alTo the Editor,
most unrivalled, and I actually rea
lised the sum of 601. sterling yearly. SIR,
Things had gone on muc in the I have been a schoolmaster upwards of
same style for thirty years, and the fifty years, and have devoted my
whole young men, of the town and whole attention to the duties of that important office. If you think the neighbourhood, were of my rearing. annexed sketch of my history, with The influence I possessed was consithe important discoveries therein con- derable, and I resolved to live and tained, of use to
may die on the spot where so many pledges
, of my literary labours existed, to and obligé, Sir, 404s
render my declining years comfort. 7 Yours, & će te servis MALCOLM MÓDOMINIE..
At this juncture, provost IT. 'T was my misfortune to be edu. died, and left bis valuable and exten
cated at the free school of Lady sive property to his only soo, who where I early discovered a strong had been brought up with a rich propensity for classical attainments. batchelor uncle in London, and had Greek and Latin were as familiar to received a most fashionable and finishme as English, and I had the whole' ed education. ''Ar his arrival bere, higher pant Writing and accompts turned liis attention io the improve
mathematics at my he was hailed by all ranks, and soon were at that time considered as infe- ment of the town, and (as he termed rior branches on which to great it) to civilize the inhabitants. The stress was laid, but from a particular first improvement introduced was a bent'in' my genius that way, I was French dancing a master, who also reckoned a nonstich even in these taught French ; the next was a sewbranches.
ing mistress, who taught the girls to Thus accomplished, at the age of read English grammatically ; the
ibe twentytwo I was thought qualified third, a tailor; the fourth, a barber; to undertake the instruction of youth, 7 and the fifth, a shoemaker; all from and had the good fortune to be chos. London. To be brief, the lown of sen schoolmaster of the country burgli was, in three years time, comof -, after a hard comparative pletely metamorpliosed, and the imtrial, which lasted four days and a portant discovery was made, ihat. I half. The circumstance which in- did not read with the English Ascent, , duced ihe examinators to preferi me as they termed it; that Gresk and was ibis: the candidates were ordered Latin were d 2 nd nonsense ; that to turn an Act of the General Assembly Ruddim:n ought to be banged, and into Greek, and strictly to observe Dunlop-drawn and quartered, for the Ionic dialect ; "this task I not making such pallavers of grammars only accomplished five minutes sooner to torment boys, and cramp their than any of tlre rest, but actually de. hopeful.peius, &c. &c. By means livered it rendered into Greek Pinda- of system's of geography for young rics. . This circumstance put an end ladies-English accents, and English to the trial, which might have lasted, grammars, the use of the globes--several days longer.
reauy reckoners,--machines for mak08. 1806,
ing pens at one stroke,--systems for selves in my behalf, and in a fortnight teaching writing at one lesson, &c. I had the prospect, through their inthe town of rapidly became one terest, of a choice of the following of the best educated and politest appointments, viz. lst, To be a twoplace in the island.
penny page writer, 2d, To be clerk In short, within four years from to the Glasgow carrier. Or, 3d, To the arrival of said gentleman, sub- become a city watchman. The kind. scription schools were erected for ness of one of them shall never be for. all the modern and polite branches of gotten, who offered me a pair of old education, and my school reduced to pantaloons aud half-a-crown. Having ten pupils, whereas in former times I sauntered away several days to very used to have more than a hundred. little purpose, I was at last acciden. There were indeed a few men in the tally recognized on the street by Mr town, who would have supported me, ~, one of my first pupils, lately but they durst not disoblige the Pro. returned from the East Indies, where vost, (for the said gentleman now fil. he had amassed a considerable forled that office.) I was in a great di. tune. He alighted from his curricle, lemma, which way to turn myself, shook me most heartily by the hand, when I received the following letter and having learned my unfortunate from the town clerk:
history, carried me directly to the
hotel where he lodged. After a SIR,
comfortable dinner, to which I had " The Town Council have direct.
for some days been a stranger, he " ed me to inform you, that your addressed meihus: “Mr M Dominie, “ method of teaching, and antiquat- nothing short of a classical education . ed notions, instead of being a be
can constitute either a gentleman or “ nefit, are a serious injury to so.
a scholar. The miserable substitutes “ ciety, in as much aa they impede invented to supply its place, are as 6 the labours of other teachers much s better adapted to the politeness candle, compared to the meridian
the glimmering light of a farthing ro and refinement of the present age; lustre of the sun. Whenever I meet “and, provided you resign without
man who extolls English “ putting the council to the trouble
grammars, and decries a classical edu" of deposing you, as totally unqua- cation, I note him down as a fool, “ lified, they have very generously who is acquainted with the merits of
come to the resolution of giving neither. They who have least to say, you
51. a year, but on this express and least reason on their side, are o condition, that you do not again always most clamorous and positive. " commence teaching any where
Solomon says, with great propriety, " within ten miles of the precincts of
“A fool is more wise in his own “ this burgh. I am, Sir,
« conceit than seven men who cao Yours, &c.
66 render a reason.” This has alOn receipt of this letter, I thought ways been, and it is absolutely neit high time to decamp, which I did cessary it should be, the case, in order three days after, without tendering my to keep up the harmony of the uniresignation, or accepting the annuity, verse ; and whatever is deficient in and trudged on foot to Edinburgh, solid learning is always made up by a where there were above fifty of my more than ordinary share of vanity quondam pupils in very respectable and self-conceit. The hunch-back, situations. The major part of them or dwarf, strut with more consehardly recollected me, though a few quence than the man of symmetry of them appeared to interest them and just proportion. He who has