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them to use lime, brick, and stone, some even to 40,000; an increase
and to build in a more comfortable which is by no means improbable,
manner, so that a surprising improve considering the extraordinary abun-
ment quickly took place. A cathe- dance of the means of subsistence.
dral and some churches have since This, at least, is the statement
been built, which are said to be lit- given by the Viagero Universal, a
tle inferior to the finest in Spain.- work published at Madrid in 1802,

The streets are ranged along the which is said to be very exact in many
bank of the river, and are straight, of its details with regard to the Spa-
bread, and tolerably equal in height nish colonies. The same work states
and dimensions. A large square the population of the country sub-
forms the residence of the principalject to its jurisdiction, at somewhat
inhabitants, adjoining to which is less than as many more.
the castle, where the governor re- very well with Sir Home Popham,
sides, and has the command of three who estimates the whole inhabitants
thousand troops, who compose the of the colony at 70,000. Admit.
garrison.

ting the above proportion to conti-
Writers seem at a loss for words nue, this will give nearly 18,000
to describe adequately the fertility Spaniards.
and beauty of the surrounding coun- Besides this city, the province of
try. I he plains are covered with Buenos Ayres contains also Santa
The richest verdure, and though no Fé, which lies to the westward, and
large timber has been planted, fruit, forms the channel of communication
trees of all kinds are in the highest with Chili, Tucuman, and part of
perfection. The waters of the great Peru. It is small, and considerably

wbere

pure and whole exposed to the incursions of the Income, and furnish a variety of the dians. Corrientes and Monte Video most delicate fish. The air, says lie on the opposite side of the river, Ulloa, vies with the earth in fertili- but are both inferior to Santa Fé, ty, yielding game of all kinds in the Assumption is the eapital of the provtmost abundance. Beef is to be had vince of Paraguay proper ; but tho' for absolutely nothing ; in purcha. very ancient, it has never attained sing an ox, the agreement is made any considerable magnitude. Yet only for the bide ; the carcase being all these cities have a corregidor, understood to go along with it. inferior magistrates, and a regular Game, fish, and poultry, in the great. militia, who have ofteu displayed tot abundance.

considerable courage in repelling the Ulloa says, that Buenos Ayres con- assaults of the savage Indians. tains 3000 houses; and other accounts The commodities suited to the make the number of inhabitants in colony must doubtless be nearly the 1730 amount to 16,000. (Hist. same as are required for the West InGen. des Voyages XIV. Charle- dia market; that is, European manu. voix.) Of these 4,000 were Spani- factures of almost every description. ards, all sunk in the most supioe in- We propose, in our next number, dolence. The majority of the rest to give a map of this country along consisted of negroes, by whom all with the Historical account ibe labour of the colony was per. formed; for the Indians, who com

* Ulloa's Voyage. Charlevoix's Hist. posed the remainir.g population, have tlements. Kaynal. Robertson. Brough

of Paraguay. 'Burke's European Setnever been inured 10 any regular in. am's Colonial Policy. Mod. Univ. Hist. dustry. The latest accounts have Edin. Rev. raised this number much higher,

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river are every

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IMPORTANT DISCOVERIES in Edu. Entering on my career with such CATION.

distinguished marks of celebrity, it

is hardly necessary to say I had a " Tempora mutantur, et nosi mutamur in throng school. Indeed my success illis.'!

in making classical scholars was alTo the Editor. 11

most unrivalled, and I actually rea

lised the sum of 601. sterling yearly. SIR,

Things had gone on much in tlie I have been a schoolmaster upwards of

same style for thirty years, and the fifty years, and have devoted my

whole young men, of the town and whole attention to the duties of that important office. If you think the neighbourhood, were of my rearing. annexed sketch of my history, with

The influence I possessed was consitie important discoveries therein con- derable, and I resolved to live and tained, of use to the world, you may die on the spot where so many pledges insert them in your useful miscellaný, of my literary labours existed, to and oblige, Sir, 14 s

render my declining years comfort. Pt Yours, & é. *

able and easy." MALCOLM MÓDOMINIE,

At illis juncture, provost It was my misfortune to be edu. died, and left his valuable and exten"cated at the free school of , sive property to his only soo,

who where I early discovered a stiong had been brought up with a rich propensity for classical attainments. batchelor uncle in London, and had Greek and Latin were as familiar to received a most fashionable and finishme as English, and I had the whole ed education. ''At his arrival bere, higher pårts of mathemnatics at my he was bailed by all ranks, and soon finger ends. Writing and accompis turned luis attention to tie improvewere at that time considered as infe- 'ment of the town, and (as le termed rior branches on which trò great it) to civilize the inhabitants. The stress was laid, but from a particular first improvement introduced was a bent in my genius that way, I was Frenchi dancing - master, who also reckoned nonstich even in these taught French ; the next was a sewbranches. diogu od 2.830

ing mistress, who taught the girls to Thus accomplished, at the age of read English grammatically; the twentytwo I was thought qualified third, a tailor; the fouth, a barber; to undertake the instruction of youth, and the fifth, a shoemaker; all from and had the good fortune to be chos. London. To be brief, the town of sen schoolimaster of the country burgh man was, in three years time, comof -, after a hard comparative pletely metamorphosed, and the imtrial, which lasted four days and a portant discovery was made, that I half. The circumstance which in. did not read with the English Ascent, duced ihê examinators "to preferime" as they termed it; that Greck and was this: 'the candidates were ordered Latio were don'd nonsense ; that to turn an Ace of the General Assembly Ruddiinin ought to be hanged, and into Greek, and strictly to observe Dunlop drawn and quartered, for the Ionic dialect; 'this task I not making such pahlavers of graminars only accomplished five minutes sooner tof torment boys, and cramp their than any of the rest, bot actually de- hopefl.genius, &c. &c. By means livered it rendered into Greek Pinda. of systems of geography for young rics. This circumstance put an end ladies ---English accents, and English to the trial, which might have lasted, grammars, the use of the globes -several days longer.

ready reckoners,-machines for makOct. 1806,

ing

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ing pens at one stroke,--systems for selves in my behalf, and in a fortnight teaching writing at one lesson, &c. I had the prospect, through their inthe town of rapidly became one terest, of a choice of the following of the best educated and politest appointments, viz. 1st, To be a twoplace in the island.

penny page writer. 20, To be clerk In short, within four years from to the Glasgow carrier. Or, 3d, To the arrival of said gentleman, sub- become a city watchman. The kind. scription schools were erected for ness of one of them shall never be for. all the modern and polite branches of gotten, who offered me a pair of old education, and my school reduced to pantaloons aud half-a-crown. Having ten pupils, whereas in former times I sauntered away, several days to very used to have more than a hundred. little purpose, I was at last acciden. There were indeed a few men in the tally recognized on the street by Mr town, who would have supported me, ---, one of my first pupils, lately but they durst not disoblige the Pro. returned from the East Indies, where vost, (for the said gentleman now fil. he had amassed a considerable forled that office.) I was in a great di. tune. He alighted from his curricle, lemma, which way to turn myself, shook me most heartily by the hand, when I received the following letter and having learned my unfortunate from the town clerk:

history, carried me directly to the SIR,

hotel where he lodged.

After a

comfortable dinner, to which I had 66 The Town Council have direct. " ed me to inform you, that your addressed meihus: “Mr MéDominie,

for some days been a stranger, he “ method of teaching, and antiquat nothing short of a classical education ,

can constitute either a gentleman or " nefit, are a serious injury to so.

a scholar. The miserable substitutes « ciety, in as much aa they impede invented to supply its place, are as 6 the labours of other teachers much s better adapted to the politeness candle, compared to the meridian

the gliminering light of a farthing " and refinement of the present age ; lustre of the sun. Whenever I meet “ and, provided you resign without

with man who extolls English “ putting the council to the trouble s of deposing you, as totally unqua. Cation, I note him down as a fool,

grammars, and decries a classical cdu“ lified, they have very generously who is acquainted with the merits of o come to the resolution of giving neither. They who have least to say, you 51. year, but on this

express and least reason on their side, are « condition, that you do not again always most clamorous and positive. « commence teaching any where

Solomon says, with great propriety, " within ten miles of the precincts of

" A fool is more wise in his own " this burgh. I am, Sir,

" conceit than seven men who can Yours, &c.

66 render a reason." This has alOn receipt of this letter, I thought ways been, and it is absolutely neit high time to decamp, which I did cessary it should be, the case, in order three days after, without tendering my to keep up the harmony of the uni. resignation, or accepting the annuity, verse ; and whatever is deficient in and trudged on foot to Edinburgh, solid learning is always made up by a where there were above fifty of my more than ordinary share of vanity quondam pupils in very respectable and self-conceit. The hunch-back, situations. The major part of them or dwarf, strut with more consehardly recollected me, though a few quence than the man of symmetry of them appeared to interest them. and just proportion. He who has

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dabbled in English grammar, is more fork, a la mode de Paris to read with
consequential than if he had com. the English accent, &c. &c.
posed the Cratylus of Plato. This, Thus accoutred I set forward for
as I said before, is absolutely neces. my final destination.
sary, for were either the one or the

(To be concluded in our next.)
other, to see themselves in the same
light in which they must be seen by
well-shaped and well-learned men, On the Changes which time has effected
their existence would be intolerable.
Commerce has turned every thing up-

on the face of the Country in the sided own. Icinstills mercenary views,

WEST HIGHLANDS of SCOTLAND. and is suited to the meanest capacity, SIR, It has eradicated every thing virtuous from the heart, and every thing solid THIS desultory paper is submitand substantial from the head. You ted to you from a belief that the have acted the fool long enough in principal subject of it--the surpriendeavouring to stem a torrent, to sing changes which time has effected which all the virtue and good sense upon the face of this country, have of the kingdom is inadequate. If hitherto escaped notice, the parents of the present day choose The wild magnificence of the sceto have their children made fools and nery of the West Highlands of Scotblockheads, it is no blame of yours.- land is peculiarly characteristic, and Come along with me to the town of exhibits an interesting series of phe

where there is a celebrated uni- nomena in the order of nature, of versity, and several academies, and complicated and multifarious arrangewhere I have some influence, and can put you on the plan of earning a com- The bold outline of the mountains fortable subsistence. To conclude, I forms the most striking feature of the must plainly tell you, unless you country, while the partially wooded adapt yourself to the present times, valleys and lakes with which it is inand particularly study that cardinal terspersed, the tumultuary streams virtue, which Thomson calls “ firm which roll along its surface, and the ““ but pliant virtue ;'' --which Swift castellated habitations of former calls "modern discretion;" and which haughty barons, variously disposed, I call “downright fraud and hypo- on steep promontories, or insulated crisy,you will never have it in your rocks, present to the eye an assempower to be of two-pence worth of blage of objects highly impressive and service to yourself or to any body picturesque. else.”

The excessive ignorance which forI was a good deal startled at the merly enveloped these regions was in concluding part of his speech, but a great measure owing to the differknowing of no decent alternative, a. ence of language, and to the total greed to accompany him. In ten days want of roads, two strong barriers, we set out for England. We stop which, skutting them up in their ped a month at a small town on the fastnesses, sequestered the natives frontiers of England, in order to qua- from the more enlightened parts of lify me for my new situation, and the kingdom; and while their ungo. here I learned to assume a look of vernable disposition, and rude manimportance to make an obsequious ners, were inimical to an intercourse bow-to open and shut a door grace with strangers, the country was un. fully--to hold my spoon, knife, and favourable to the researches of specu

ment.

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lative philosophy, and to the intro. risprudence, and produce a censura. duction of useful knowledge ; and on ble neglect of police. this account it has only recently at- Any account, therefore, which can tracted attention.

be collected of the subject of this The impenetrable obscurity in which communication, is from tradition, the history of the remote periods of which is always so dubious and fanthe Highlands is involved, has render. çiful as not to deşerve attention : ined it impossible to procure informa. deed the operations of nature, for the tion respecting the various natural most part, go forward by such siow and arrilicial changes which the sur- and imperceptible degrees, as, to esface appears to have undergone ; for cape the notice of man, as the time in those dark ages the lives of the requisite for effecting them must nenatives were individually a succession cessarily occupy a lapse of several of turbulent contention and rapacity, ages, while others of her phenomena and, collectively, were entirely dedi. proceed by such evanescent and ra. cated to predatory warfare, mutually pid steps, as equally to șlude obser: carried on by one clan upon another, yətion. so that ihere was left neither leisure The coast of the West Highlands nor inclination for observation or se. is exceedingly irregular, and greatly rious reflection, self preservation, the indented wiih arms of the sea, several strongest propensity of man, being in of which extend many leagues into a country constantly distracted by the interior of the country. The ex, the prosecution of such fierce and sa- třemities and borders of these lochs, vage practices, the predominant con- as they are called, receive a multiplisideration. To support the chief. çity of mountain streams of various tains in their extravagant and licen- sizes, which in their descent have octious plans, was the glory of their fe- casioned such amazing effects as could rocious followers. Those barbarous only be produced by the incessant associations led to all the mischief and irresistible force of water. which arose from private animosity Along the shore the land is in and partial war, and for centuries general high and rocky, often termi. irade the country the seat of merci nating in the sea in bold and precipi. less and sanguinary discord; but the tous promontories. calamities of that infamous systeni, In the interstices of the hills, termwhich in those days obtained so uni, ed glens, chiefly at the heads of the versally, are now happily done away, salt, and ends of fresh-water lakes, although it was unwillingly relin. since the abolition of the feridal sys. quished by those who proudly stiled tem, many of the modern houses of themselves Chiefs, some of whose de. the lairds are laid down, frequently scendants would still incline to assume without taste, and destitute of any such'an unjust superiority, were the other ornament than what nature has inhabitants of these mountains, for- sparingly bestowed upon the scenery. inerly denominated their vassals, but The receding of the sea from the now more rational and independent, coast is a curious and unaccountable disposed to submit to such illegal circumstance in the natural history and oppressive authority.' It is to of this country, and to whatever be regretted as an unfortunate cir. cause it is to be attributed, there is cumstance in the political economy of no. queștion as to the fact, as the the Highlands, that some antient most indubitable evidence of its hav. feudal antipathies and habitudes ing once covered some considerable should still prevail in such force as parts of the land is visible every sometimes to become injurious to ju. wliere.

That

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