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ull of extravagance, that 'they have some principles relative to the human made no disciples, though they con understanding, on which Berkley tain a number of ingenious aod pro and Hume have founded a system of found thoughts, of just observations, scepticism. In 1785, Dr Reid puband learned researches The works lished “ Essays on the intellectual of this celebrated Scotchman are; powers of man,' in one volume 4to. " The Origin and progress of lan and a year after, " Essays on the acguage," in four vols. 8vo. andisk An. tive powers,” in one volume 410, cient Metaphysics,” in 5 vols. 4to. He refers the first to the understand? In this last work he maintains that ing, and the second to the will, esthe orang outang belongs to the sential and distinct faculties of our human species, and is destitute of soul. Dr Reid is at once a good speech only through mere accident : moralist and a sound metaphysician. he attempts also to prove that the Beattie, in his " Essay on the syrens, the cyclops, the satyrs, men immutability of truth,"? proposes to with eyes in their breast, men with refute Hume; he follows the princi. the heads of dogs, &c. arę noc fäbu- ples of Reid, whose disciple he is, lous beings; that Egypt was, in an and combats'the sceptics still mure cient times, governed and taught by successfully than his master. His demons, &c.
“Essay on the Theory of Language,'! Dr James Hutton, lately dead, is has the merit of being written in a well known on the continent as a very clear and agreeable manner ; buc natural philosopher, particularly by contains little novelty. It has been his. Theory of the Earth, in 2 vols. remarked, that in many of his essays, 8vo.; but he deserves still more cele particularly those on memory and brity by his great metaphysical work, imagination, he has been sometimes entitled, " Inquiry into the Princi led astray by the fear of meeting with ples of Knowledge and the Progress Hume, which is neither just nor phiof Reason, &c. 3 vols. 4to. 1796. losophical. He there treats, l. Of the natural Dr James Gregory, who had the progress of knowledge, or of the faculo honour of succeeding the illustrious ties of instinct which lead to science. Cullen as professor of medicine in 2. Of science, or of the principles the university of Edinburgh, cultiwhich conduct to wisdom. 3. Of vates philosophy and literature with wisdom or philosophy, or of the pro. no less success. His philosophical and per end of science, and of the means literary essays prove him to be a of happiness. Under these three good writer and a profound thinker ; divisions, Dr Hutton treats all the he has applied, in a new manner, maquestions which relate to the human thematical demonstration to meta. understanding; he shews much sa physics; his opinions upon the liberty gacity and depth, and strikes out and necessity of human actions have many new and original ideas. '* Some given occasion to long and animated principles of his theory are contrary discussions. No family perhaps has to that of Locke, and seem to ate produced a greater number of learned tack the theological system. men than that of Dr. Gregory. For
Among living metaphysicians we two centuries, it has constantly conmay distinguish Mr Thomas Reid, tained celebrated mathematicians and Professor of Moral Philosophiy in medical practitioners ; : his father, the university of Glasgow." His first well known in the learned world, by work, entitled, “. Inquiry into the hué medical works, which have contribuman“ mind upon the principles of ted to the fame of the university of common sense,” is intended to refute Edinburgb ; is also the author of a
moral work, translated into almost essay; and on his return expressed in
The“ Elements of the Philosophy will be soon translated into French,
(To be continued.)
ly scated in Wiltshire, and Wil-
liam Fox, of Farley, in that county,
is the first of whom any mention has
been made. His youngest son, Sir
Stephen, appears to have 'resided
abroad during the exile of the Stuart MATHEMATICS, &c.
family; and when the restoration
Mr John Clerk is the author of the him for its existencer
of the Forces ; the last of which em.
ingly taughe French from hiscra.
an Englisbrann pound to be bet, Anecdotes of the Life of Mr Fox. " the defaulter of unaccounted mil
. the dead languages, ay an early period lions." Henis vaHowed, however, td of his life, so it was the wish of Lord have been a man of great talents and Holland (For he had obtained a peerclegiience, and it is but justice to obd age soon after the accession of his server that the immense emoluments present Majesty that his,
his son should “which he derived from his' situation be instructed at one and the same being, on one hand, restricted by no two living one is ac
, tenanced by uniform custom, weré dle, and spoke it while a boy, with generally considered as the fair and still greater fluency than English. regular perquisites of office *.
As be was intended for public life, Charles James Fox, the third son so he received a public education, of Henry Fox, afterwards Lord Ilol- and was sent to Eton, whes that land t, by. Georgina, eldest daughter school had attained a high degree of of the late Duke of Richmond, was celebrity, under the auspiges of Edborn on the 13th of January, 0. S. ward Barnard, M. A. who became in the year 1749. From his birth head master 17541d det he was the darling of his father, and At the age of thirteen he distin . the family having just lost his elder guished himself by bisexercises, which brother Henry, he, of course, expe reflect great credit on his precocious rienced much indulgence. Indeed, talents,
and some of his juvenile friends this partiality was carried to a great; even chen contemplated him as a fuand perhaps an unpardonable length; ture statesman and orator as 250, for nothing was refused to him, and From Eton Mr Fox,removed to all the servants of the family were at Hertford College, Oxford, where he length accustomed to pay the most also distinguished himself, by abis taobsequious' obedience to his com- lents; and Dr Newcome this intor, mands, however whimsical or cảpri. was afterwards rewarded with the
Primacy of Ireland for his services Notwithstanding this, his
educa on this occasion, After remaining tion was not neglected ; and as Mos there some time, he was immediately taigne's father was particularly anxié sent on his travels, according to the ous that he should be instrucied in absurd custom
ustom of that day, by which
acquainted with the Henry Fox, Lord Holland, like his a son Charles, cultivated the Mises, and we have seen “ Verses to a Lady with 7 Lord Catlistes auguries may ba an artificial Rose;" which do bim great considered as strictly prophetical, and it credit.---The following is the first stan
qught not to be forgotten, that, unlike
some other prophecies, they were pro. *“ Fair copy of the fairest forver,
nounced long anterior to the eventsoteThy colours equal Nature's power;
corded: Thou-bast the Rose's blushing hue,
w How will my Fox, alone from strength
of parts, Art full as pleasing to the view:
Shake the foudSenate, animate the hearts Go thou to Chloe's lovely breast, Whpse sweetness can give all the Of fearful Statesınen! (vkile around you
stand og i 1$'is rest," &c.
Both Peers and Commdas diss'ning your Lady Georgina Carolina Fox was command.was_0950 2t w created Baroness of Halland in 1767. What praise to Pitt, to Townshend .cler and her husband Baron Holland, of Foxey, in the courty of Wilts, April 16, In future times, my Fox, shall sait on 1763
shions, and productions, ofevery other ciples of liberty, while his assertion
country in Europe than his own. It "sthat the voice of tlie people was ice will be scarcely supposed, by those only to be heard in the House of
who have seen Mr Fox, or examined Commons," was controverted by the
On the death of Lord Holland, ia fact is, that at this period he was one 1774, a new land mentorable epoch w of the most fashionable young men oecurred in this life of his son. At abont town, and there are multitudes the age ofią wenty-six, ke now felt I now living who still fecollect his char bimself completely freed from all re. peau bras, his red-heeled shoes, and his straint, in the possession of an ample blue hair-powder.
patrimony to which was added the 957 Meanwhile, his. 'father, still keep reversion of a profitable place to I ing the original object in view, deter... The reign of the passions now com: mined to inspire him with a taste for menced, and swept away his fortune public business, and accordingly, in in the tortent ; he was also doomedo
the beginning of 1768, he was re- nearly at the same time, to be de* turned for Midbarst, in the county prived of his employment : 'for hav.
O of Sussex. Two things are remarking giver offence to Lord North,
became a Member of the House of chequer, that nobleman formed a new
very boroughs which ed, somewhat wonically, that he @ike himself seets afterwards to bave did not see Mr Fox's nanae in the lisé
considered a nuisance in a free coun of members."
Anterior to this period, the extra LoAs Lord Holland possessed the ordinary talents of Mr Fox had only favour of Lord Buite, and enjoyed been known to his particular friends,
the confidence of his present Majesty, but“ a field was, 'from-tbis momeet,
end er af the Treasury.
FU At this period his political ptinci. ples appear to have been strictly in * The chiet part of it, situated at anison with those of his father, and Kingsgate, Dandelion, and Quiks, in he was often afterwards reminded by the of Tine, was sold to M1 his adversaries, that the doctrines ad Poet, 1:5 134 page under his vanced by him in the
the elérkškip of the Paris in Ire. printers who had been imprisoned, land; this sinecure was purchased by the were rather anfavourable to the prin present Earl of Liverpool
end of a free goverv ment, in a politi- cause, on the present occasion, origical point of view ; and on this occa nated in friendship to the Duke of sion the author of the “ Sublime and Portland, then a very popular noble. Beautiful,” then in the Lenith of his man, whose exclusion had produced talents, was his monitor.:
the most fatal jealousies among the Mr Fox obtained the office of Se. best friends of liberty. cretary for Foreign Affairs, in the Mr Fox now resumed his old seat, spring of 1782, while the Marquis of facing the Treasury bench, while his Rockingham, he most uniform, ho. former colleague, the Earl of Shelnest, and upright statesman, whom we burne, was, busied in concluding a have possessed since the revolution, peace with France, Spain, Holland, was nominated First Lord of the and the United States of America. Treasury. Much was expected from, This nobleman, although possessed and much, it must be owned, was of great talents, forgot to adopt the performed by a ministry, the most most obvious means for ensuring his respectable of any that has been seen own safety. In the first place, he in England during the present reign. did not call a new parliament, and in But the sudden death of the voble. the next, he omitted to secure the man just mentioned, at once afflicted immense advantages resulting from the nation and divided the friends of the press, which, is a free country, liberty: while the ex-minister and his will always influence, if not govern, adherents knew how to derive advan. the nation. But even as it was, he tage from the storm, and reap benefit would have triumphed, but for a most from the dismay that unhappily eng odious as well as impolitic coalition, sued.
supposed to be bottomed on 'ambi. A dispute, as had been foreseen, 'tion alone, and destitute of any comimmediately took place about who mon principle of union. should succeed as First Lord of the The political success of Mr Fox Treasury. The candidates were, Lord and Lord North was, however, epheShelburne, afterwards Marquis of meral. While they agreed in no one Lansdowne, and the present Duke of great measure, for the common good, Portland; the favour of the King the nation seemed to unite as one made the interest of the former
pre man against them; and the King ponderate, and a schism having ensu. having become jealous of his prero. ed, Mr Fox retired in disgust. As gative, on the introduction of the the Earl of Chatham was accustom, 64 East India Bill," they were obli. ed to bbserve " that he would never ged to retire, but not until means had be responsible for actions which he been resorted to, which no friend of did not direct ;" so the Secretary of the constitution could either advise State, when he withdrew, remarked, or practise. " that he had determined vever to Mr Pitt now came into power ; connive at plans in private, which he while Mr Fox placed himself at the could not publicly avow.”
head of the opposition, and a long What those plans may have been, contest took place between these two we are left to guess.
We have rea
illustrious rivals. The events of the son to believe, that the only ostensi. subsequent part of Mr Fox's life are so ble dispute in the cabinet was rela. public, and to recent, that there can tive to the independence of America, be little occasion for recalling them which Mr Fox wished to grant as a
to the recollection of our readers. boon, while Lord Shelburne desired In.1788, Mr. Fox, worn out, and to confer it in the manner of a bar- perbaps disgusted with public busigain : the secret, and perhaps leading ness, repaired to the continent, in