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subject in so profound and extensive the historical compositions of the aria a manner as Mr Mitford : his work cients, is, in a manner, only an abridgement, Mr Somerville has given the "hisyet it contains all that is most inter- tory of-political transactions and
par: esting in the history of Greece. ' He ties, from the restoratiou of Charles is now employed in the continuation. II. to the death of King William”. of this history, which he intends to His style is vot so brilliant.asibat of bring down to moderiv times. On many of his cotemporaries, but it is the death of Frederic the Great, digoified, simple, and agreeable. He King of Prussia, Mr Gillies, who is exact in his narratives, impartial in had visited his court, wrote a paral. his judgments, and liberal in die opi. lel, equally interesting and instruc-:- nions. The same qualities are found live, between that monarch and Phi. 'in his “ History of Great Briiain unlip King of Macedon, as a politician der the reign of Queen Aune," and a warrior. Mr Gillies writes" "Mr Heront in his new ? General an elegant and agreeable style; bůr History of Scotland, from the most it is thought too luxuriant, and Iris oro' ancient uimes to the period of the naments are sometimes misphieed! abolition of hereditary jurisdictious" He seeks to imitate the manner of has followed in part the plan adoptedy . Gibbon, forgetting that it is not style by Dr Henty ni his History of Eng. which forms the chief merit of"thač land ; he has, like him; the merit of celebrated historian...
presenting an interesting and curious, Dr Watson published the history picture of the manners, customs, laws, of the reign of Philip 11. as a sequél &c. of the people wbose history he ; to that of Charles V. by the celebran writes, in’times of ignorance and barra brated Robertson ; "he meant also to barism. Mr Pinkercom has written, give the history of Philip III. whose the History of Seat land, faoin the reign forms the æra of the décline of accession of the House of Stuart till the Spanish monarchy; but he had the reign of Marys? 1. His work do only begun his work, when he died." forms a sequel to that of David Dal-'sa Drs and Blair, being in. rymple, and closes at the period 19 trusted manuscripts of Wát1*" which that of Robertsou beginses Mrr son, chose Mr William Thomson to 'Pinkerton's style has great merits hea continue this history. In the bpi." 'has been reproachelb asongtexempt
i nion of the best critics the contact from pedantry i causticity, and bad nuator is superior to Watson. Metaste 5 But he hafla profound knowe. Thomsoo has also continued Gold-bledge of his subjecty and much lepers
o smith's History of Greece, ** from gy in his style. EeI" 1,31419, ,, Alexander the Great till the taking
MORAL Purloschut: M is yn. ,
** 107# Srbons4 National history employs a num
Among those who have created. ber of writers. First in this class the theory of selviss science ye may we may place șir John Dalrymple, "distinguish Di Adam Fergusonda ly author of Memoirs of Great Britain the year 1770 he published his sin, i and Ireland, which is regarded as stitures of Moral Philosophys which one of the best productions of the were only the tøyhabuss of the boom kind waich exist
in the Eastern lan haures which he delivered in the upiga
English synig guage He goes to the fountain":"verbity of Edinburg hat His igneat
ghasi head, and, wrices only upon authen.. "work, intitled * Priociples of Mocal
6 tic information. in His and Political Seienee? didmot appear work, that simplicity and selection will 1792. Dr Ifergūšon's plailosophy srircumstances, which distinguish is characterised by his never losing
of Constantinople is a pun.
sight, in his theories of mån, such as chief author of the Mirror and Loun. history displays him. He has con- ger. The first of these works aptested the principles of De Price, peared at Edinburgh, in 1779 and and some other philosophers, upon 1780, and the second in 1785 and civil and religious hberty, because he 1786. Mr Mackenzie, already dis. does not believe them applicable to tinguished by his romance entitled the actual condition of Society. Dr “ The Man of Feeling," was assisted Dugald Stewart has succeeded Mr only by Scotsmen, among whom we Ferguson in the chair of moral philo. may distinguish Messrs Craig, Aber. sophy in the university of Edinburgh. cromby, Frazer. Tytler, Herry, Cui. Few writers of the present day are len, &c. but it is to him that these so celebrated in England. The Ele works are indebted for their success, ments of Moral Philosophy, which as he has written the greatest and he 'illustrates in his lectures, have best part. The Mirror and Lounger proved him worthy of supplying the contain little that is original, connecplace of Mr Ferguson. Dr Johnted with the knowledge of the huBruce, another professor in the Uni. man keart, and the precepts of mo." versity of Edinburgh, has published rality. Neither have the fictions two esteemed works, the “ Elements which are employed in diffusing of Morality, and the “ First Princi- variety over the portrait of manners, ples of Philosophy.” Dr Beattie, and characters, much merit in point professor in the University of Aber. of novelty. The critical and philo. deen, has published “ Elements of sophical papers are often deficient in Moral Science," in 2 vols. 8vo. ; an precision and depth, through the neelementary work, which contains little cessity of being understood by all that is new, but has the merit of cor. readers. The success of these works rectness in the thought, and elegance has been produced chiefly by the pain the style. Dr Beattie has, in his pers on pathetic and sentiinental sub“ Dissertations Moral and Critical, jects, and by those of gay and delicollected whatever was most interesting cate pleasantry. The story of " La and o:iginal in his Lectures on Mo- Roche," the object of which is to ral Philosophy The Dissertations, convert a Deist by the mere force of and particularly those relating to sentiment, is one of the most affecting criticism, are full of taste, of inge. that it is possible to read. The lei. nions and original observations. The ters signed Homespun may be comUniversity of Aberdeen numbers also pared to the best humorous pieces among its professors, Dr James Dun. inserted in the Spectator by Addison, bar, author of a very ingenious moral and in the World by Chesterfield. work, entitled, “Essays on the His. These essays, in such various styles, tory of Mankind."
are all by Mr Mackenzie. Periodical works of morality, of
METAPHYSICS. which the Spectator presented the Locke threw the same light upon first model, are always suited to the Metaphysics, that Newton did upon English taste. Although this kind Natural Philosophy; he has disciples of writing has become more difficult who have gloriously followed his since Addison has found successful steps, though sewer among his counimitators in the authors of the World, trymen than among the French. An the Rambler, the Connoisseur, and Englishman has even attempted to the Adventurer, yet many living revive the errors of ancient Metaphy, writers have attempted to follow his sics, and to combat the principles of footsteps, and several with success. Locke. Happily the works of Lord of this number is Mr Mackenzie, the Monboddo, who is lately dead, are so oa. 1806.
and a year after," Essay
ull of extravagance, that they have some principles relative to the human made no disciples, though they con. understanding, on which Berkley tain a number of ingenious and pro and Hume have founded a systein of found thoughts, of just observations, scepticism. In 1785, Dr Reid puband learned researches The works lished " Essays oo the intellectual of this celebrated 'Scotchman are, powers of man,
19 in one volume 4to. " The Origin and progress of lan
on the ac. guage,
” in four vols. 8vo. and “. An. tive powers," in one voluine 410, cient Metaphysics," in 5 vols, 4to,
in 5 vols. 410. He refers the first to the understand? In this last work he maintains that ing, and the second to the will, esthe orang outang belongs to the sential and distinct faculties of our human species, and is destitute of soul. Dr Reid is at once a good speech only through mere accident : moralist and a sound metaphysician. he attempts also to prove that the Dr Beattie, in his “ Essay on the syrens, the cyclops, the satyrs, men immutability of truth," proposes to with
eyes in their breast, men with refute Hume ; he follows the princi. the heads of dogs, &c. arę noc fäbu- ples of Reid, whose disciple he is, lous beings; that Egypt was, in an- and combats'the sceptics still mure cient times, governed and taught by successfully than his master. His demons, &c.
“Essay on the Theory of Language,'! Dr James Hutton, lately dead, is has the merit of being written in a well known on the continent as a very clear and agreeable manner; but natural philosopher, particularly by contains little novelty. It bas been his. Theory of the Earth, in 2 vols. semarked, that in many of his essays, 8vo. ; but he deserves still more cele particularly those on memory and brity by his great metaphysical work, imagination, he has been sometimes entitled, " Inquiry into the Princi- led astray by the fear of meeting with ples of Knowledge and the Progress Hume, which is neither just nor phiof Reason, &c. 3 vols. 4to. 1796. losophical. He there treats, l. Of the natural Dr James Gregory, who had the progress of knowledge, or of the facul- honour of succeeding the illustrious ties of instinct which lead to science. Cullen as professor of medicine in 2. Of science, or of the principles the university of Edinburgh, cultiwbich conduct to wisdom. 3. Of vates philosophy and literature with wisdom or philosophy, or of the pro. no less success. His philosophical and per end of science, and of the means literary essays prove him to be a of happiness. Under these three good writer and a profound thinker ; divisions, Dr Hutton treats all the he has applied, in a new manner, maquestions which relate to the human thematical demonstration to meta. understanding; he shews much sa physics; his opinions upon the liberty gacity and depth, and strikes out and necessity of human actions have many new and original ideas." Some given occasion to long and animated principles of his theory are contrary discussions. No family perhaps has to that of Locke, and seem to ate produced a greater number of learned tack the theological system.
men than that of Dr Gregory. For Among living metaphysicians we two centuries, it has constantly conmay distinguish Mr Thomas Reid, tained celebrated mathematicians and Professor of Moral Philosophy in medical practitioners ; his father, the university of Glasgow." His first well known in the learned world, by work, entitled, " Inquiry into the hus medical works, which have contribus man“ mind upon the principles of ted to the fame of the university of common sense,” is intended to refute Edinburgb ; is also the author of a
moral work, translated into almost essay ; and on his return expressed in all languages, entitled “ A Father's person his obligations to Mr Clerk. Legacy to his daughters.".
It is probable that this classical work The “ Elements of the Philosophy will be soon translated into French, of the Human Mind," by Mr Du. and that we will avail ourselves of gald Stewart, another professor in the Mr Clerk's ideas. university of Edinburgh, will trans
(To be continued.) mit his name to posterity as a man, who, with profound metaphysical genius, combines faucy and taste , Anecdotes of the Life of Mr Fox. whose knowledge embraces the whole
: circle of philosophy and literature, THE family of Fox was originalwho is acquainted with the under- liam Fox, of Farley, in that county,
ly seated in Wiltshire, and Wil. standing and passions, who considers is the first of whom any mention has the character of man in his general na,
been made. His youngest son, Sir ture, and such as it is presented by the Stephen, appears to have 'residied manners existing in imodern society.
abroad during the exile of the Stuart MATHEMATICS, &c.
family; and when the restoration The university of Edinburgh, which took place, his merits and services has been rendered illustrious by the were not overlooked. He attained Maclaurins, the Gregories, and the the honour of knighthood, then not Napiers, now contains few mathema. so lavishly bestowed as at present, ticians of distinguished merit: Mr and became, in succession, a clerk of Jahn Playfair is one of the number; the Green Cloth, a Lord of the he has published Elements of Geometry Treasury, &c. but the most remarka containing the six first books of Euc. able incident of his life, perhaps, is lid, in the view of adapting the prin. the circumstance of his becoming a ciples of ancient geometry to the ac. fåther when almost an octogenarians tual'state of the mathematical sciences, for at this late period he married' a and to shew the advantages of the second time, and was not only the modern calculas. Mr Playfair has also founder of liis own fortune, but also written " Memoirs upon the astrono- of two noble houses-ihose of Jelchesmy and trigonometry of the Bramios," ter and Holland. Nor ought it to where he shews that these people must be forgotten, that Chelsea Hospital, have made great progress in calcula. that noble and munificent asylum for lion from the most remote antiquity, our soldiers, is chiefly indebted to
Mr John Clerk is the author of the him for its existeocer best work on naval tactics which has , Such was the grandfather of the been written in England ; it is entit. subject of this memoir. Henry Fox, led, " Essay, systematical, historical, his father, embarked at an early peand practical, upon Naval Tactics," riod of life in the ocean of politics, in 2 vols. 46o. ; the first volume ap- and made prizes of some of the best peared in 1782, and was reprinted offices in the gift of the crown. He with additions in 1790: the second was Secretary at War, Secretary of appeared in 1797. The celebrated State, and then Paymaster General Rodney set the greatest value upon of the Forces ; the last of which em. this work, and even wrote sume re. ployments rendered him obnoxious to marks upon the first volume, which censure, for being unpopular on ache conmunicated to the author. count of his parliamentary conduct, Admiral Duncan, in the action which which was of a high Tory complex he had in 1798 with the Dutch ficet, ion, the city of London was pleased followed a plan marked out in this to term him, in one of its addresses,
" the defaulter of unaccounted mil. the dead languages at an early period
account liops Hexis, vallowed, however, to of his life, so it was the wish of Lord have been a man of great talents and Holland (For he had obtained a peercloquence, and it is but justice to obd age soon after the accession of his server that the immense emoluments present Majesty) that his son should which he derived from his' situation, be instructed at one and the same being, on one hand, restricted by nó time in two livin
two living ones is he was acpositive law, and, on the other, coun. 'cordingly tauglit French from liscra. tenanced by uniform custom, weré "dle; and spoke it while a boy, with generally considered as the fair and still greater fluency than English. regular perquisites of office*.
As he was intended for public life, Charles James Fox, the third son so he received
so he received a public education, of Henry Fox, afterwards Lord Hot
sent to Etong whed that land f, by Georgina, eldest daughter school had attained a high degree of
t. of the late Duke of Richmond, was celebrity, under the auspices of Edborn on the 13th of January, 0. S. ward Barnard, M. A. who became in the year: 1748.
From his birth head master in 1754 - og he was the darling of his father, and
At the age of thirteen, de distinthe family having just lost his elder guished himself by his exercises, which brother
, Henry, he, of course, expe reflect great credit on his precocious rienced much indulgeuce. Indeed, talents, and some of his juvenile friends this partiality was carried to a great, even chen contemplated him as a fu. and perhaps an unpardonable length; ture statesman
man and orator de sus for nothing was refused to him, and From Eton Mr Fox,removed to all the servants of the family were at' Hertford College, Oxford, where he length accustomed to pay the most also distinguished himself, by abis ta. obsequious obedience to his com- lents; and Dr Newcame big stor, mands, however whimsical or cápri. was afterwards rewarded with the
Primacy of Ireland for his services Notwithstanding this, hiş educa- Ôn this occasion, i After remaining tion was not neglected ; and as Mose there some time, he was immediately taigne's father was particularly anxi sent on his travels, according to the ous that he should be instructed in absurd custom of
an Englishnan was bound to be bet. Fenry Fox, Lord Holland, like his
acquainted with the mannersofa.
shions, son Charles, cultivated the Muses, and a 7 to die is 't fo *** we have seen “ Verses to a Lady with Fordi Carlislerz"auguries may be an artificial Rose," which do bim great consittered as strictly prophetical, and it credit.---The following is the first stan
- Qught not to be forgotren, that, unlike
some other, prophecies, they avere pro. $« Fair copy of the fairest flower,
nounced long anterior to the eventsorea
* WHow will my Fox, alone from strepgth Art full as pleasing to the view :
Shake the loud Senate, animate the hearts Go thou to Chloe's lovely breast, Whose sweetness can give all the Of fearful Statesinent ! ivhülé around you
stand og 151"1S rest," &c.
Both Peers and Commdas dist'ning your * Lady Georgina Carolina Fox was command.
Wr's nito at created Baroness of Holland in 1767. What praise to Pitt, to Townshend eler and her husband Baron Holland, of Foxqey, in the courty of Wilts, April 16, In future times, my Fox, shall wait on 1763
i. p,p' you."
om of that day, by which
I was dues