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Viceroy in his flight, have been taken, and be, there is no great danger from any hosarms, &c. received : – Brass ordnance 7 tile intentions against us : and Captain pieces, 139 muskets with bayonets, 71 mus. Arbuthnot reports rather favour:id of the kets without bayonets, 85 pouches, and 39 general dispositions of the people. The swords.
country to Luxan, as I have ready repre
sented, in general the whole of it, is a per Extract of a letter from Major-General fect fat, and the view of the horizon obBeresford to Lord Castlereagh, dated
structed by nothing but the immense herds Fort of Buenos Ayres, Isth July 1806.
of horses and cattle--but principaily horn
ed cattle. I trust the conduct adopted towards the
Luxan is situated on a river of the same people here has had its full effect, in impres
name, and where there is a bridge over it, sing upon their minds the honour, genero.
and the route leading to all the interior sity, and humanity of the British character. provinces, and I racher think it will be adHis Majesty's '?inisters will see by the de visable on many accounts that I possess my. tail of our proceedings, that after the army self of it, which I can do by a small detachhad passed the Rio Chuelo, the city of Much of the treasure was caught Buenos Ayres remained at our mercy, and actually going to Cordova, and the rest, that, in fact, the only conditions on which 'but for the opportune arrival of the party, I entered were such as I pleased to offer ; would have been piilaged.---The w.ggons and which humanity, and a regard to our conveying this treasure may be expected national character, would naturally induce here to-niorrow. Those with the Royal me to give under any circunstances. How
treasure, and that of the Philippine Comever, to quiet the minds of the inhabitants, pany, arrived some time since, and is al. we not only consented to put in writing ready embarked. The tion. Major Deane, my promises, but acceded to many condi who is the bearer of these dispatches, will tions not expected by them; and, contrary give any further information to his Majesto direct stipulations, gave up to the pro ty's Ministers that they may desire; and I prietors all the coasting vessels captured, beg to recommend him as an officer deserwith their cargoes, and of which I annex a
ving of any mark of favour that his Majesty return *, and the value of which amounted
may be graciously pleased to bestow on to one million and a half of dollars, and him. which being done with the views already (Then follows a Proc!amation, issued by exposed, will, I trust, meet with his Ma
Gen. Beresford to the inhabitants, invijesty's approbation.
ting them to shew their allegiance to their I have the honour to inform his Majes
new Sovereign, and repeating the offers of ty's Ministers, that I had detached Cap- protection held out in the terms of the tain Arbuthnot, of the 20th Light Dra- Capitulation.) The Proclamation thus congoons, on the 3d inst. wirh a party consis
tinues--- The Major-General thinks it neting of seven dragoons, and twenty infan.
cessary to acquaint the general and conztry, (the whole mounted) to a place called mercial interest of the country, that it is his Luxan, fifty miles distant. My principal Majesty's most gracious intention that a object was to have the country reconnoit. free trade shall be opened and permitted red, and to see what were the dispositions to South America, similar to that enjoyed of the inhabitants; but with the avowed by all others of his Majesty's colonies, partiobject of escorting back some of the trea
cularly the island of Trinidad, whose inhasure which had been taken from hence, and
bitants have felt peculiar benefits from beto prevent its following the Viceroy, which ing under the government of a Sovereign I had reason to suspect was intended, powerful enough to protect them from any though it was said to be all private proper; insult, and generous enough to give them ty; and, in which case, we had declared, if such commercial advantages as they could brought back, it should be given to its
not enjoy under the adninistration of any owners, if of this city. Captain Arbuthnot
other country."-(It concludes with invifreturned last night; and I am glad to say ting the farmers to supply the markets with information of a pleasing nature; for with provisions, for which they shall be your Lordship will see, by this detachment immediately paid; and it adds a promise, passing so easily thro' the country, that that such duties as are found to bear too Whatever their present inclinations may hard on the enterprize of commerce shall
be taken off.) * It has been found difficult to procure (This Proclamation is followed by anthe return of vessels here alluded to, at other, giving up to the inhabitants all the least the names of all. They are of various ships, barges, and craft: and calling upon classes, from 150 tons downwards, and a the owners to see that no imposition is mount in the whole co 180 in number. practised on the captors for their liberality.
Extract of a Dispatch from Major-Gen. Plata. I have, therefore, only to give you
Beresford to Lord Castlereagh, dated a short detail of the proceedings of the Fort of Buenos Ayres, 16th July, 1806. squadron, previously congratulating their
I am now able to transmit nearly an ac- Lordships on his Majesty's forces being in count of the money which has been recei- full possession of Buenos Ayres, and its de. ved as prize under the terms of my agree. pendencies, the capital of one of the richest ment with the Acting Governor of the and most extensive provinces of South place, previous to my entering the town.
America. To the commerce of Great BriThe statement shews the various depart- tain it exhibits peculiar advantages, as well ments and public bodies whence the sum
as to the active industry of her manufactu. forming the total has been derived. The ring towns. And when I venture, in addisum of 1,086,208 dollars is going home in tion, to assure their Lordships of the exhis Majesty's ship Narcissus, and Sir Honie treme healthiness of the climate, I trust Popham and myself have thought it right
I only hold out a consolation that the friends to reserve here, for the exigencies of the of every person enıployed on this expedi. army and navy, a considerable sum; and tion are justly entitled to, and which I am for the purpose of keeping down the ex
satisfied will be equally gratifying to the change on bills drawn by the respective feelings of every British subject. services, and which would otherwise bring
As I considered it an object of material the dollar to an enormous price. It is es
consequence to obtain the earliest local intimated that the merchandize in the King's formation in the river, I placed the squastores, principally Jesuit’s bark and quick dron under the direction of Captain Rowsilver, and which is in the Philippine Com- ley on the 2-th of May, and preceded it in rany's stores, with the little that is retained the Narcissus for that purpose. On the of floating property, will amount, if it can
8th uit. we anchored near the island of he disposed of, to between two and three Elores; and after passing Monte Video the millions of dollars.
following day, we detained a Portuguese Of the bullion delivered in, some is schooner, by whom the intelligence we had claimed as private property, and which shall formerly received was generally confirmed. be delivered in the same spirit of liberality On the rich we fell in with the Encounwith which, we trust, it will be considered ter and Ocean transports, near the South we have acted here. The sum of 61,797 dol
coast of the river; and the 13th we joined Zars were yesterday delivered to the Con- the squadron. It was immediately deter. sulada, on their assurance only that it be
mined to attack the capital; and no time longed to the people of this town, and they
was lost in removing the marine battalion have a claim upon forty or fifty thousand
to the Narcissus, the Encounter, and the dollars more, which will be settled this transports, for the purpose of proceeding day.
to Buenos Ayres, while the Diadem block.
aded the port of Monte Video, and the Total amount of monies, &c. received Raisonable, and Diomede, by way of de
in consequence of an agreement on the monstration, cruized near Maldonado and 28th June, 1806.
other assailable points. Our progress up Embarked on board the Nar
the river was very much retarded by the cissus,
1,086,208 shoalness of the water, adverse winds, and Remain in the Treasury, 205,115 currents, continual fogs, and the great inac. Total, 1,291,323 dollars.
curacy of the charts; but by the unremit
ting and laborious exertions of the Officers Admiralty Office, September 13. and me! I had the honour to command, Captain Donelly, of the Narcissus, ar these difficulties were surmounted, and the
rived last night at this Office, with a squadron anchored on the afternoon of the
approach the shore on account of the shoalNarcissus, of Buenos Ayres, ness of the water, the Encounter was run in July 6. 1806.
so close as to take the ground, the more efSIR,
fectually to cover the debarkation of the ar. In the letter which I had the honour to my in case of necessity: the whole, however, address you from St Helena, on the 30th was landed in the course of the evening of April, 1 fully explained, for the informa. without the least opposition ; consisting of tion of my Lords Commissioners of the the detachment of troops from the Cape, and Admiralty, the motives that induced me that from St Helena, with the Marine to press so strongly the urgency and expe. Battalion under the orders of Captain King, diency of undertaking an expedition against of the Diadem, which was composed of the the enemy's settlements in the Rio de la marines of the squadron, augmented by the
incorporation of some seamen, and three where he could promote the objects of the companies of Royal Blues from the same Expedition :--and as he is charged with source of enterprise, which had been regu this dispatch, I take the liberty of recomJarly trained for that duty, and dressed in mending him to their Lordship’s protecan appropriate uniform. The enemy was tion, under a full conviction they will obposted at the Village of Reduction, which tain, through him, every information which was on an emmence about two miles from they have a right to expect from an oxithe beach, with the appearance of a fine cer of great intelligence and long meriton plain between the two armies ; which, how rious service. ever, proved on the following morning to I consider Captain King, with the Ollibe only a morass in a high state of verdure. cers of the Marine Battalion, so completeThis, in some measure, checked our ad ly under the report of Gen. Beresford, that vancement; nor did the enemy open his I shall only state to their Lordships my exfield train till the troops were nearly in the treme satisfaction on hearing personally middle of the swamp, from whence he from the General how higlıly he apprecia. thought it was inipossible for them to be ted every part of their conduct, particular. extricated.
ly the celerity with which they transported The able and excellent disposition of the artillery and troops across the Rio General Beresford, and the intrepidity of Chuelo after the bridge was burnt by the his army, very soon however satisfied' the
enemy. enemy, that his only safety was in a pre Lieut. Talbot of the Encounter manifes cipitate retreat, for we had the satisfaction ted great zeal in every instance where it of seeing from our ships near 4000 Spanish was necessary to call on him; Lieut. Groves? cavalry flying in every direction, leaving of the Diadem was also very active in their artillery behind them, while our troops landing the ordnance and ordnance stores, were ascending the hill with that coolness and I think it highly proper to state to their and courage, which has on every occasion Lordships, that the Masters and Crews of marked the character of a British soldier, the different transports behaved with great and has been exemplified in proportion attention during the whole of this service. to the difficulties and dangers by which he By the terms granted to the inhabitants was opposed.--I have probably trespassed 'after the capture of the city, their Lordon a line that does not immediately belong ships will see that the coasting vessels in to me, but I could not resist the gratifica- the river, supposed with their cargoes to tion of relating to their Lordships what I amount to one million and a half of dollars, saw ; assuring myself, at the same time, were restored to the proprietors; for an they will be convinced, if the enemy had early record to the country of the greac given the squadron an equal opportunity, I liberality of his Majesty's Government. should have had the pleasing duty of re
I have the honour, &c. porting an honourable issue to the effect of
H. POPham. Their zeal and exertions. On the 26ch, in
I have sent Lieut. Groves to take possesthe morning, we saw some firing, near the banks of the River Chuelo, but it blew so
sion of Ensenaba de Baragon, a port to the hard that it was totally impracticable to
eastward of Buenos Ayres, where I underhave any communication with the shore
stand there are two gua-vessels and two
H, P. during that day.
merchant ships. Early on the 28th, a royal salute was fired from the Castle of Buenos Ayres, in Buenos Ayres is situated on the south honour of his Majesty's colours being hoist. side of the celebrated river la Plata, about ed in South America, and instantly return 150 miles from its mouth. The river at ed by the ships lying off the town.-I now that city is about 20 miles broad. The consider it to be a proper moment for ac province of la Plata is of immense extent, knowledging, in terms of the sincerest gra- being 1500 miles in length, and 1000 in titude, my high sense of the zealous and breadth. It is one of the most fertile animuted conduct of every officer and man countries in the world, and the climate is in the squadron which I have the extraor delightful. The capital city of Buenos dinary good fortune to command.---Capt. Ayres lies in 96 degrees, south latitude, and Kowley, with Capt Edmonds under his or. is said to contain 70,000 inhabitants, who ders, continued as long as the weather are a mixture of Spaniards and native Amewould permit an advantageous demonstra
It is the greatest trading town in tion off' Maldonado.-Capt. Donelly, who South America, being the mart of burodid me the favour of requesting. I would pean merchandize, and fron whence the go up the river in the Narcissus, and to treasures of Chili, Peru, a la Plata, are whom, from his rank, no specific service exported to Europe. could be assigned in our small scale of ope. , The conquest of this capital of one of rations, applied himself on every occasion the richest of the Spanish South American
settlements, which has been effected with The articles of British manufacture most a bravery and humanity equal to the judg- in demand in the Spanish West Indian ment with which it was planned, probably Empire are, will be the most important that has ever “ The light western woollen cloths, been atchieved by this country. It will printed linens, the articles usually made up at open to us a considerable part of the Con- Birmingham for the African trade, Daniely, tinent of South America, and when con
hardware. rings of small value, and buenected with the enterprize of General Mi- tons, with a metal buckle of enormous size, randa, affords a prospect of wresting from universally worn throughout Spanish AmeSpain the whole of her invaluable posses- rica; the placed Sheffield goods; and a knife sions in South America, the finest countries of a particular make,made at the latter place, in the world, of establishing new markets in universal use in these provinces; flower. for our commerce, and of creating a new ed cotton and Manchester velvets are also and boundless field for the industry and peculiarly adapted and in request for this enterprize of this country.
market; and universally the muslins, caliSeveral conferences have been held at
coes, cottons, and printed linens, the manu. the Board of Trade, to consider of proper facture of England and Scotland.". measures for facilitating a commercial in The value of the exports of hides and tercourse between this country and the tallow alone from Buenos Ayres, is estimanewiy acquired possessions. Several mer.
ted at from three to four millions Sterling, chants, principally those concerned in Spa- and the other exports at an equal sum ; in nish houses, attended. One of the first exchange for which, the inhabitants will points suggested by the merchants was, that henceforth receive British manufactures. the trade with Buenos Ayres should be Orders to the amount of several millions thrown open to neutrals; but upon mature are already announced as ready for execuconsideration, the idea was abandoned; as
tion, and ships are loading with the greatest it would throw the trade, in a great degree, activity. into the hands of the Americans. It was
On the 9th of October, the armed brig therefore determined, that it should be car.
Garland, Capt. Gordon, sailed from Greeried on exclusively in British bottoms.
nock for Buenos Ayres, with a valuable The London Gazette of Sept. 20. accord
cargo, being the first vessel that has cleared ingly contains an order in Council allow out from Britain for that colony. ing his Majesty's subjects to trade to
The specie brought home in the Narcis. Buenos Ayres, in British ships, under the
sus from Buenos Ayres, has been landed at same conditions and restrictions as to our
Portsmouth, and arrived on Sept. 20. in colonies in the West Indies, and South London. It was conveyed in 8 waggons, America ; and also to allow the importa-. each containing near 5 tons of dollars, un. tion of all goods and commodities the
der the charge of 30 sailors, dressed in the growth of Buenos Ayres, under the same uniform which they wore when they atrestrictions; and the Commanders who tacked the Spaniards on shore. The Bricaptured Buenos Ayres having reduced the tish colours were hoisted on the waggons, duties on importation from 344 to 124 per with the Spanish underneath. cent. his Majesty confirms the same, except with regard to German linens, and pro
MIRANDA'S EXPEDITION. hibits the importation of slaves into Buenos Accounts from Trinidad inform us of Ayres.
the sailing from thence, on the 24th of The commercial part of the community July, of this bold and enterprising chieftain, are under the highest obligations to Sir on his long projected scheme of revolution. Home Popham. This gallant and patrio- ising South America, by breaking the yoke tic Commander has sent a circular letter of Spanish oppression in that extensive and to all our principal manufacturing towns, valuable country. His force has been conpointing out the importance of this new siderably augmented at Trinidad; where, acquisition, and giving an account of its besides upwards of 300 volunteers who joinproductions, and of the articles of British ed his standard, he obtained several expemanufacture that may be most wanted. rienced officers, and carried on such a comThe productions of the country are, munication and intercourse with his ad
Indigo, tobacco, Vicuna wool, cotton, herents on the Main, as give sanguine hopes tyger skins, seal skins, copperas, figs, dried of hisțultimate and ample success. tongues, dried beef, hams, saffron, cochi. da has assumed the title of " General in neal, cocoa, hemp, hair, wheat, guns, drugs, Chief of the Army of Columbia," and issued besides gold, silver, and precious stones, all his commissions under it. The British exclusive of hides and tallow, which he con. sloop of war, Lilly, and brigs Express and siders the great staple, one million four Attentive, with the Prevost, Mosambique; hundred thousand being annually exported. and Trimmer schooners, and three gun.
boats, constitute his naval force; and when information which he possessed respectthe last accounts left Trinidad, they had ing Miranda's plans. The Colonel, in arrived at Guaira, within the Gulph of his reply, after stating, that the perParia, from whence it was thought Miranda would march across the Cuuiana, and Leander, were not informed of his pro
sons accompanying Miranda, in the from thence to Barcelona, expecting the jects and plans, and expressing his hopes country through which he passed to join that the dignified character of the Spahim, as be was assured of their being well affected to his cause, and was anxiously ex
nish nation would not be tarnished by pected at Caraccas.
acts of passion and barbarity, in the ina The American papers contain a letter fliction of harsh unmerited punishment from an officer in this expedition, which upon any person taken in the schooners, states that Sir J. B. Warren had brought which might have the effect of rousing orders to the Governors of tbe British is a spirit of indignation and resentment, lands, to render Miranda every assistance which could not fail of being attended in their power. Another letter from Tri
with strong marks of just revenge nidad states, that, according to informa- thus, with Spartan resolution, proceeds: tion received there from the Main, Don
“ With respect to my son, he was Pedro Minto, the particular friend of Miranda, and his most powerful partizan, not made acquainted with the plans of was advarscing towards Caraccas, with an
General Miranda ; he went with him army of 15,000 men, and impatiently wait as a young companion, to share his fored for the General to commence more ef tune and fate; he was accompanied by fectual operations. Not a doubt was enter some of his friends capable of deeds of tained of his success, to which the intelli- bardship and valour--worthy their leadgence of the capture of Buenos Ayres, er--worthy his cause.-Whatever may should it have preceded his debarkacion, be the situation and fate of the persons would essentially contribute. Twelve of taken on board the schooners, I can nethe officers on board Miranda's captured schooners are stated to have been executed
ver tacitly sanction the lash of tyranny al Porto Cavallo.The heads of the offi
on his associates, and snatch my son cers were afterwards exposed on poles in
from a participation in their fate, whatthe town. There were amongst them se
ever it may be. Nothing but the Marveral of the most respectable families in quis's want of an acquaintance with me New-York and Philadelphia.---The crews
can plead his cause for the indelicacy of have been sent to the mines !
his propositions. Do me the favour, By posterior accounts received from Ja- my friend, to assure him, that were I maica, we learn that Miranda had entered in my son's situation, I would not comthe Golph of Venezuela, and had actually ply with his proposals to save myself, landed, and taken possession of Coro in the and I would not cast so great an indig. Carracas; that he had been successful in nity upon my son, my family, and myseveral engagements with the Government self, as to shelter him under the shield forces, and was penetrating into the coun.
of infamy and disgrace." try. AMERICA.
It is too generally believed that the
young gentleman above alluded to is We meet with a correspondence, some among the unfortunate sufferers. what interesting, in the American Pa The trial of the persons implicated pers, on the subject of the above expedi- with Miranda commenced at New York, tion, which is in substance as follows: before the Circuit Court of the United
" The son of the American Colonel States, on the 15th of July. Several Smith, and grand-son of Mr Adams, the of the principal Officers of the Amerilate President of the United States, ac can Government had been subpænaed as companied General Miranda, and was witnesses on behalf of the defendants, taken in one of the schooners. The Messrs Ogden and Smith; but had re. Spanish Ambassador in America wrote fused to attend the Court. The trial to a friend of the Colonel, stating that excited much interest, and continued all the persons taken in the schooners several days, when the Jury returned a would be executed as pirates ; that he verdict of Not Guilty. was desirous of saving the life of the A transaction not very honourable to Colonel's son, but would only interfere the United States has been disclosed, upon condition that Col. Smith would which has occasioned another ferment make a full disclosure te himn of all the among the people.--It appears that BoOct. 1806.