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such, that I was under the necessity of go- Kennet of the Engineers, to reconnoitre ing directly to his front ; and to make my the sides of the river, and found that on line as much as I could equal to his, I for- our side we had little or no cover to promed all the troops into one line, except the tect us, whilst the enemy were drawn up St Helena infantry of 150 men, which I behind hedges, houses, and in the shipping formed 120 yards in the rear, with two on the opposite bank, the river not thirty field pieces, with orders to make face to the
As our situation and circumright or left, as either of our flanks should stances could not admit of the least delay, be threatened by his cavalry. I had two I determined to force the passage, and for six pounders on each flank, and two how- that purpose ordered down the field-pieces, itzers in the centre of the first line. In which, with the addition of those taken this order, I advanced against the enemy, from the enemy the day before, were eleven and after we had got within range of his (one I had spiked and left, not being able guns, a tongue of swamp crossed our front, to bring it off,) to the water's edge, and and obliged me to halt whilst the guns ordered the infantry to remain under coter, took a small circuit to cross, and which except the light company and grenadiers of was scarcely performed, when the enemy the 71st. As our guns approached, the opened their field pieces on us at first well enemy opened a very ill-directed fire from pointed, but as we advanced at a very quick great guns and musquetry; the former rate, in spite of the boggy ground, that very soon ceased after our fire opened, the latsoon obliged us to leave our guns behind, ter was kept up for more than half an hour, his fire did us but little injury. The 71st re- but though close to us, did us but little or giment reaching the bottom of the heights no injury, so ill was it directed. We then in a pretty good line, seconded by the found means, by boats and rafts, to cross a Biarine battalion, the enemy would not few men over the Rio Chuelo, and on orwait their nearer approach, but retired dering all fire to cease, the little of them from the brow of the hill, which our troops that remained ceased also. gaining, and commencing a fire of small The troops which opposed us during arms, he fled with precipitation, leaving to these two days appeared to have been alus four field pieces and one tumbrill, and most entirely provincial, with a considerwe saw nothing more of him that day. able proportion of veteran Officers. The
I halted two hours on the field to rest numbers that were assenabled to dispute our the troups, and to make arrangements for passage of the river, I have been since intaking with us the enemy's guns and our formed, were about 2000 infantry. I had own, which had now, by the exertions of no reason from their fire to suppose their
apt. Donelly, of the Narcissus, been ex- numbers so great; the opposition was very tricated from the bog - He had acciden- feeble; the only difficulty was the crossing tally landed, and accompanied the troops on the river to get at them, seeing them advance to the enemy, and I I cannot omit reporting to you that I had am much indebted to him for his voluntary the most just cause to be satisfied with the assistance. I then marched in hopes of conduct of every Officer, and all the troops preventing the destruction of the bridge under my command. To Lieutenant-Co. over the Rio Chuelo, a river at this season lovel Pack of the 71st every praise is due, of the year not fordable, and which lay as well as to that excellent regiment. The between us and the city; distant from it Battalion of Marines, commanded by Capabout three miles, and eight from our then tain King of the Royal Navy, not only besituation, and tho' I used every diligence, I haved with the utmost good conduct, but had the mortification to see it in flames with a discipline in the field much beyond long before I could reach it. I halted the what could have been expected, though etroops for the night a mile from it, and very exertion to effect it had been used by pushed on three companies of the 71st, un- Commodore Sir H. Popham, and every der Lieut.-Col. Pack, with two howitzers, Officer of the Royal Navy during the pasto the bridge, to endeavour to prevent its sage. total destruction. I accompanied this de. A corps of seamen, who had been drilled tachment, but on reaching the bridge, found to small arins, were also landed; they it entirely consumed ; and as the enemy were between 80 and 90 in number, and I during the night was heard bringing down was under the necessity of attaching them guns, I withdrew the detachment before to draw the guns, which they did with a light, as their position was thought too cheerfulness and zeal that did them great open and exposed to the enemy's fire, who credit ; and I was under great obligations had at nine o'clock, on hearing some of our to Captain King for his activity in preparsoldiers go to the river to get water, open- ing rafts, boats, &c. to pass the Rio Chuelo. ed a fire from their guns, and a considerable Lieutenant-Colonel Lane, and the St. line of infantry.
Helena troops, also merit ny thanks for As soon as it was light, I sent Captain their good conduct; as does Captain Ogil.
vie, commanding the Artillery, for the Ensigns, 1 Paymaster, 1 Adjutant, i Quare
. manner in which the guns were conducted termaster, 1 Surgeons, 4 Assistant Sur. and served. Captain Kennet, of the Royal geons, 72 Serjeants, 27 Drummers, 1 166 Engineers, was particularly serviceable by effective rank and file, 16 effective horses, his intelligence and Zeal; as were the I wheeler, I collar maker, 4 artificers, % Honourable Major Dean, my Brigade Ma- five and half-inch howitzers, 4 light sixjor, and the Honourable Ensign Gordon of pounders, and 2 light 3. pounders. the 3d Guards, my Aid-de-Camp.
W. C. BERESFORD, Maj.-Gen. By eleven o'clock A. M. I had got some guins and the greatest part of the troops Return of the killed, wounded, and misacross the river, and seeing no symptoms sing, of the Troups under the command of further opposition, and learning that of Major Gen. Beresford, on the 26th the troops in general had deserted the city, and 27th June, 1806. motives of humanity induced me to send, St Helena Artillery, I rank and file by the Hon. Ensign Gordon, a summons wounded. -7th Reg. i Officer, I serjeant, to the Governor to deliver me the city and s rank and file wounded-St Helena In. fortress, that the excesses and calamities fantry, 1 rank and file wounded; 1 Officer which would most probably occur, if the missing.Royal Marines, 3 rank and file troops entered in a hostile' manner, might wounded.--Corps of Şeamen, í rank and be avoided; informingphim, that the Bri- file killed. tish character would ensure to them the Names of Officers wounded and missing. exercise of their religion, and protectiquz to Capt. Le Blanc, of the 71st Regiment, their persons and all private property; He shot in the lég; since amputated above returned to me an officer to ask some hours the knee. Assistant-Surgeon Halliday, of to draw up conditions; but I could not the niedical Staff attached to St Helena consent to delay my march, which I com- Regiment, nissing, menced as soon as the whole had crossed the Rio Chuelo ; and, on arriving near the Terms granted to the inhabitants of Buenos city, an officer of the Governor again
Ayres and dependencies, by the Com. met me with a number of conditions, to manders in Chief of his Britannic Ma. which I had not then time to attend; but
jesty's forces. said I would confirm by writing what I
These consist of 10 articles. (After the had promised, when in possession of the city : and the terms granted and signed by the troops, &c. and the marching out of the
usual stipulations respecting the entrance of Sir Home Popham and myself. I have the prisoners with the honours of war, they state, honour to annex. I also transmit a return of the killed, wounded, and missing, on the that all bona fide private property, whether 26th and 27th of June, as well as the re
belonging to the people, the churches, or turn of the ordnance taken." I cannot con.
the public institutions, shall be unmolested;
that all the inhabitants shall receive proclude without assuring you of the unwearied
tection ; that the different taxes shall be zeal and assiduity of Commodore Sir Homė
collected by the Magistrates, &c. as usual, Popham, in whatever could contribute to the success of this expedition, and of the
until his Majesty's pleasure be known; that cordial co-operation and great assistance
every protection shall be afforded to the
exercise of the Catholic religion ; that the which I have received from him.
coasting vessels in the river shall be deli. I have the honour to be, &c.
vered to their owners; and that all public W. C. BeresFORD, Maj.-Gen. property shall be surrendered to the cap. Maj. General Sir D. Baird, Goma
tors.) manding in Chief, Dr.
Return of ordnance, ammunition, and arms Actual state of the Troops under the com
captured at Buenos Ayres, and its depenmand of Major-Gen. Beresford, at 'the
dencies, viz. Point de Quilmes, on the 26th June, Iron ordnance, of different calibres, from 1806.
18 to 3-pounders, 45 pieces.- Brass ord.
nance, from 32 to 3-pounders, including After specifying the number of officers
mortars and howitzers, 41 pieces.-- Total 86. and men in each corps, the following is
Five hundred and fifty whole barrels of given as the total.-1 Major-General, i
powder, 2064 muskets with bayonets, 616 Major of Brigade, 1 Aid de Camp, ! As
carbines, 4016 pistols, 31 musketoons, 1208 sistant Quarter-Master-General, i Assis
swords. tant-Commissary; 1 Surgeon and i Assis.
(Signed) J. F. Ogilvie, Capt. tant Surgeon (of the Staff); 1 Captain, 3 Lieutenants, and 4 Midshipmen (of the
commanding Royal and St Helena. Irtillery. Royal Navy); 2 Lieutenant-Colonels, 2 Since the above return was sent to Sir Majors, 15 Captains, 20 Lieutenants, 7 D. Baird, the following guns, left by the
Viceroy in his flight, have been taken, and be, there is no great danger from
hosarnis, &c. received : – Brass ordnance 7 tile intentions against us : and Captain pieces, 139 muskets with bayonets, 71 mus. Arbuthnot reports rather favouri:Wly of the kets without bayonets, 85 pouches, and 39 general dispositions of the people. The swords.
country to Luxan, as I have ready repre
sented, in general the whole of it, is a per Extract of a letter from Major-General fect fat, and the view of the horizon obBeresford to Lord Castlereagh, dated
structed by nothing but the immense herds Fort of Buenos Ayres, Isth July 1806.
of horses and cattle--but principaily horn
ed cattle. I trust the conduct adopted towards the Luxan is situated on a river of the same people here has had its full effect, in imprese name, and where there is a bridge over it, sing upon their minds the honour, genero.
and the route leading to all the interior sity, and humanity of the British character. provinces, and I racher think it will be adHis Majesty's '!inisters will see by the de
visable on many accounts that I possess mytail of our proceedings, that after the army self of it, which I can do by a sniall detachhad passed the Rio Chuelo, the city of
Much of the treasure was caught Buenos Ayres remained at our mercy, and actually going to Cordova, and the rest, that, in fact, the only conditions on which 'but for the opportune arrival of the party, I entered were such as I pleased, to offer ; would have been piilaged. The w.ggons and which humanity, and a regard to our conveying this treasure muy bu expected national character, would naturally induce here to-niorrow. Those with the Royal me to give under any circumstances. How
treasure, and that of the Philippine Com. ever, to quiet the minds of the inhabitants, pany, arrived some time since, and is als we not only consented to put in writing ready embarked. The Hon. Major Deane, my promises, but acceded to many condi- who is the bearer of these dispatches, will tions not expected by them; and, contrary give any further information to his Majesto direct stipulations, gave up to the pro- iy’s Ministers that they may desire; and I prietors all the coasting vesseis captured, beg to recommend him as an officer deserwith their cargoes, and of which I annex a ving of any mark of favour that his Majesty return *, and the value of which amounted
may be graciously pleased to bestow on to one million and a half of dollars, and him. which being done with the views already (Then follows a Proclamation, issued by exposed, will, I trust, meet with his Ma
Gen. Beresford to the inh-bitants, invijesty's approbation.
ting them to shew their allegiance to their I have the honour to inform his Majes
new Sovereign, and repeating the offers of ty's Ministers, that I had detached Cap
protection held out in the terms of the tain Arbuthnot, of the 20th Light Dra- Capitulation.) The Proclamation thus congoons, on the 3d inst. wirh a party consis
tinues“ The Major-General thinks it neting of seven dragoons, and twenty infan.
cessary to acquaint the general and comtry, (the whole mounted) to a place called mercial interest of the country, that it is his Luxan, fifty miles distant. My principal Majesty's most gracious intention that a object was to have the country reconnoit. free trade shall be opened and permitted red, and to see what were the dispositions to South America, similar to that enjoyed of the inhabitants; but with the avowed by all others of his Majesty's colonies, partiobject of escorting back some of the trea. cularly the island of Trinidad, whose inhasure which had been taken from hence, and
bitants have felt peculiar benefits from beto prevent its following the Viceroy, which
ing under the government of a Sovereign I had reason to suspect was intended, powerful enough to protect them from any though it was said to be all private proper insult, and generous enough to give them ty; and, in which case, we had declared, if
such commercial advantages as they could brought back, it should be given to its not enjoy under the administration of any owners, if of this city. Captain Arbuthnot
other country."-(It concludes with invia returned last night; and I am glad to say ting the farmers to supply the markets with information of a pleasing nature; for with provisions, for which they shall be your Lordship will see, by this detachment immediately paid; and it adds a promise, passing so easily thro' the country, that that such duties as are found to bear too kvhatever their present inclinations may hard on the enterprize of commerce shall
be taken off.) It has been found difficult to procure (This Proclamation is followed by anthe return of vessels here alluded to, at other, giving up to the inhabitants all the least the names of all. They are of various ships, barges, and craft : and calling upon classes, from 150 tons downwards, and a- the owners to see that no imposition is mount in the whole to 180 in number. practised on the captors for cheir liberality.
Extract of a Dispatch from Major-Gen. Plata. I have, therefore, only to give you
Beresford to Lord Castiereagh, dated a short detail of the proceedings of the Fort of Buenos Ayres, 16th July, 1806. squadron, previously congratulating their I am now able to transmit nearly an ac
Lordships on his Majesty's forces being in count of the money which has been recei. full possession of Buenos Ayres, and its de ved as prize under the terms of my agree. pendencies, the capital of one of the richest ment with the Acting Governor of the and most extensive provinces of South place, previous to my entering the town.
America. To the commerce of Great BriThe statement shews the various depart
tain it exhibits peculiar advantages, as well ments and public bodies whence the sum as to the active industry of her manufactuforming the total has been derived. The ring towns. And when I venture, in addi. sum of 1,086,208 dollars is going home in tion, to assure their Lordships of the exhis Majesty's ship Narcissus, and Sir Home
treme healthiness of the climate, I trust Popham and myself have thought it right I only hold out a consolation that the friends to reserve here, for the exigencies of the of every person eniployed on this expedi. army and navy, a considerable sum; and tion are justly entitled to, and which I am for the purpose of keeping down the ex
satisfied will be equally gratifying to the change on bills drawn by the respective feelings of every British subject. services, and which would otherwise bring
As I considered it an object of material the dollar to an enormous price. It is es
consequence to obtain the earliest local intimated that the merchandize in the King's formation in the river, I placed the squastores, principally Jesuit’s bark and quick- dron under the direction of Captain Rowsilver, and which is in the Philippine Com- ley on the 24th of May, and preceded it in jany's stores, with the little that is retained the Narcissus for that purpose. On the of floating property, will amount, if it can
8th uit. we anchored near the island of be disposed of, to between two and three Elores; and after passing Monte Video the millions of dollars.
following day, we detained a Portuguese Of the bullion delivered in, some is schooner, by whom the intelligence we had claimed as private property, and which shall formerly received was generally confirmed. be delivered in the same spirit of liberality On the sth we fell in with the Encounwith which, we trust, it will be considered ter and Ocean transports, near the South we have acted here. The sum of 61,797 dol
coast of the river; and the 13th we joined Jars were yesterday delivered to the Con- the squadron. It was immediately deter. sulada, on their assurance only that it be
mined to attack the capital; and no time longed to the people of this town, and they
was lost in removing the marine battalion have a claim upon forty or fifty thousand
to the Narcissus, the Encounter, and the dollars more, which will be settled this transports, for the purpose of proceeding day.
to Buenos Ayres, while the Diadem block.
aded the port of Monte Video, and the Total amount of monies, &c. received Raisonable, and Diomede, by way of de.
in consequence of an agreement on the monstration, cruized near Maldonado and 28th June, 1806.
other assailable points. Our progress up Embarked on board the Nar
the river was very much retarded by the cissus,
shoalness of the water, adverse winds, and Remain in the Treasury, 205,115 currents, continual fogs, and the great inac. Total, 1,291,323 dollars.
curacy of the charts; but by the unremit
ting and laborious exertions of the Officers Admiralty Office, September 13. and men I had the honour to command, Captain Donelly, of the Narcissus, ar- these difficulties were surmounted, and the
rived last night at this Office, with a squadron anchored on the afternoon of the
approach the shore on account of the shoalNarcissus, of Buenos Ayres, ness of the water, the Encounter was run in July 6. 1806.
so close as to take the ground, the more efSiR,
fectually to cover the debarkation of the ar. In the letter which I had the honour to my in case of necessity: the whole, however, address you from St Helena, on the zoth was landed in the course of the evening of April, 1 fully explained, for the informa. without the least opposition ; consisting of tion of my Lords Commissioners of the the detachment of troops from the Cape, and Admiralty, the motives that induced me that from St Helena, with the Marine to press so strongly the urgency and expe- Battalion under the orders of Captain King, diency of undertaking an expedition against of the Diadem, which was composed of the the enemy's settlements in the Rio de la marines of the squadron, augmented by the
incorporation of some seamen, and three where he could promote the objects of the
ly the celerity with which they transported The able and excellent disposition of the artillery and troops across the Rio General Beresford, and the intrepidity of Chuelo after the bridge was burnt by the his army, very soon however satisfied the
enemy. enemy, that his only safety was in a pre- Lieut. Talbot of the Encounter manifesa cipitate retreat, for we had the satisfaction
ted great zeal in every instance where it of seeing from our ships near 1000 Spanish was necessary to call on him; Lieut. Groves? cavalry Hlying in every direction, leaving of the Diadem was also very active in their artillery behind them, while our troops landing the ordnance and ordnance stores, were ascending the hill with that coolness and I think it highly proper to state to their and courage, which has on every occasion Lordships, that the Masters and Crews of marked the character of a British soldier, the different transports behaved with great and has been exemplified in proportion attention during the whole of this ser vice. to the difficulties and dangers by which he By the terms granted to the inhabitants was opposed.--I have probably trespassed 'after the capture of the city, their Lordon a line that does not immediately belong ships will see that the coasting vessels in to me, but I could not resist the gratifica- the river, supposed with their cargoes to tion of relating to their Lordships what I amount to one million and a half of dollars, saw ; assuring myself, at the same time, were restored to the proprietors; for an they will be convinced, if the enemy had early record to the country of the great given the squadron an equal opportunity,l liberality of his Majesty's Government. should have had the pleasing duty of re
I have the honour, &c. porting an honourable issue to the effect of
H. POPHANI. Their zeal and exertions.--On the 26ch, in
I have sent Lieut. Groves to take possesthe morning, we saw some firing, near the
sion of Ensenaba de Baragon, a port to the banks of the River Chuelo, but it blew so hard that it was totally impracticable to
eastward of Buenos Ayres, where I underhave any coinmunication with the shore
stand there are two gua-vessels and two merchant ships.
H, P. during that day.
Early on the 28th, a royal salute was fired from the Castle of Buenos Ayres, in Buenos Ayres is situated on the south honour of his Majesty's colours being hoisto side of the celebrated river la Plata, about ed in South America, and instantly return- 150 miles from its mouth. The river at ed by the ships lying off the town. I now that city is about 20 iniles broad. The consider it to be a proper moment for ac- province of la Plata is of immense extent, knowledging, in terms of the sincerest gra- being 1500 miles in length, and 1000 ir titude, my high sense of the zealous and breadth. It is one of the most fertile animuted conduct of every officer and man countries in the world, and the climate is in the squadron which I have the extraor- delightful. The capital city of Buenos dinary good fortune to command.--Capt. Ayres lies in 56 degrees south latitude, and Rowley, with Capt Edmonds under his or- is said to contain 70,000 inhabitants, who ders, continued as long as the weather are a mixture of Spaniards and mitive Amewould permit an advantageous demonstra
It is the greatest trading town in tion off Maldonado.-Capt. Donelly, who South America, being the mart of Eurodid me the favour of requesting. I would Pean merchandize, and fron whence the go up the river in the Narcissus, and to treasures of Chili, Peru, aki la Plata, are whom, from his rank, no specific service exported to Europe. could be assigned in our small scale of ope- , The conquest of this capital of one of rations, applied himself on every occasion the richest of the Spanish South American