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settlements, which has been effected with The articles of British manufacture most a bravery and humanity equal to the judg. in demand in the Spanish West Indian ment with which it was planned, probably Empire are will be the most important that has ever “ The light western woollen cloths, been atchieved by this country. It will printed linens, the articles usually made up at open to us a considerable part of the Con- Birmingham for the African tráde, namely, tinent of South America, and when con- hardware. rings of small value, and burtnected with the enterprize of General Mi- tons, with a metal buckle of enormous size, randa, affords a prospect of wresting from universally worn throughout Spanish AmeSpain the whole of her invaluable possese rica; the placed Sheffield goods; and a knife sions in South America, the finest countries of a particular make, made at the latter place, in the world, of establishing new markets in universal use in these provinces; flower. for our commerce, and of creating a new ed cotton and Manchester velvets are also and boundless field for the industry and peculiarly adapted and in request for this enterprize of this country.
market ; and universally the muslins, caliSeveral conferences have been held at
coes, cottons, and printed linens, the manu. the Board of Trade, to consider of proper facture of England and Scotland.”. measures for facilitating a commercial in
The value of the exports of hides and tercourse between this country and the tallow alone from Buenos Ayres, is estima. newiy acquired possessions. Several mer.
ted at from three to four millions Sterling, chants, principally those concerned in Spa. and the other exports at an equal sum ; in nish houses, attended. One of the first exchange for which, the inhabitants will points suggested by the merchants was, that henceforth receive British manufactures. the trade with Buenos Ayres should be Orders to the amount of several millions thrown open to neutrals; but upon mature are already announced as ready for execuconsideration, the idea was abandoned; as tion, and ships are loading with the greatest it would throw the trade, in a great degree, activity. into the hands of the Americans.
It was On the 9th of October, the armed brig therefore determined, that it should be car.
Garland, Capt. Gordon, sailed from Greeried on exclusively in British bottoms.
nock for Buenos Ayres, with a valuable The London Gazette of Sept. 20. accord
cargo, being the first vessel that has cleared ingly contains an order in Council allow
out from Britain for that colony. ing his Majesty's subjects to trade to
The specie brought home in the Narcis. Buenos Ayres, in British ships, under the
sus from Buenos Ayres, has been landed at same conditions and restrictions as to our
Portsmouth, and arrived on Sept. 20. in colonies in the West Indies, and South London. It was conveyed in 8 waggons, America ; and also to allow the importa.. each containing near 5 tons of dollars, untion of all goods and commodities the
der the charge of 30 sailors, dressed in the growth of Buenos Ayres, under the same uniform which they wore when they atrestrictions; and the Commanders who tacked the Spaniards on shore. The Bri. captured Buenos Ayres having reduced the tish colours were hoisted on the waggons, duties on importation from 344 to 124 per with the Spanish underneath. cent. his Majesty confirms the same, except with regard to German linens, and pro
MIRANDA'S EXPEDITION. hibits the importation of slaves into Buenos Accounts from Trinidad inform us of Ayres.
the sailing from thence, on the 24th of The commercial part of the community July, of this bold and enterprising chieftain, are under the highest obligations to Sir on his long projected scheme of revolutionHome Popham. This gallant and patrio. isiny South America, by breaking the yoke tic Commander has sent a circular letter of Spanish oppression in that extensive and to all our principal manufacturing towns, valuable country. His force has been conpointing out the importance of this new siderably augmented at Trinidad; where, acquisition, and giving an account of its besides upwards of 300 volunteers who joinproductions, and of the articles of British ed his standard, he obtained several expe. manufacture that may be most wanted. rienced officers, and carried on such a comThe productions of the country are, munication and intercourse with his ad.
Indigo, tobacco, Vicuna wool, cotton, herents on the Main, as give sanguine hopes tyger skins, seal skins, copperas, figs, dried of his}ultimate and ample success. Miran. tongues, dried beef, hams, saffron, cochi. da has assumed the title of “ General in neal, cocoa, hemp, hair, wheat, gunis, drugs, Chief of the Army of Columbia,” and issued besides gold, silver, and precious stones, all his commissions under it. The British exclusive of hides and tallow, which he con- sloop of war, Lilly, and brigs Express and siders the great staple, one million four Attentive, with the Prevost, Mosambique; hundred thousand being annually exported. and Trimmer schooners, and three gun. boats, constitute his naval force; and when information which he possessed respectthe last acrounts left Trinidad, they had ing Miranda's plans. The Colonel, in arrived at Guaira, within the Gulph of his reply, after stating, that the perParia, from whence it was thought Miranda would march across the Cuviana, and Leander, were not informed of his pro-,
sons accompanying Miranda, in the from thence to Barcelona, expecting the country through which he passed to join jects and plans, and expressing his hopes him, as he was assured of their being well
that the dignified character of the Spaaffected to his cause, and was anxiously ex
nish nation would not be tarnished by pected at Caraccas.
acts of passion and barbarity, in the inThe American papers contain a letter fiction of harsh unmerited punishment from an officer in this expedition, which upon any person taken in the schooners, states that Sir J. B. Warren had brought which might have the effect of rousing orders to the Governors of tbe British is- a spirit of indignation and resentment, lands, to render Miranda every assistance which could not fail of being attended in their power. Another letter from Tri
with strong marks of just revenge nidad states, that, according to informa
thus, with Spartan resolution, proceeds : tion received there from the Main, Don
“ With respect to my son, he was Pedro Minto, the particular friend of Miranda, and his most powerful partizan, General Miranda ; he went with him
not made acquainted with the plans of was advarícing towards Caraccas, with an army of 15,000 men, and impatiently wait- as a young companion, to share his fored for the General to commence more ef- tune and fate; he was accompanied by fectual operations. Not a doubt was enter- some of his friends capable of deeds of tained of his success, to which the intelli- hardship and valour--worthy their leadgence of the capture of Buenos Ayres, er--worthy his cause. Whatever may should it have preceded his debarkacion, be the situation and fate of the persons would essentially contribute. Twelve of taken on board the schooners, I can nethe ofhcers on board Miranda's captured
ver tacitly sanction the lash of tyranny schooners are stated to have been executed
on his associates, and snatch my son al Porto Cavallo. The heads of the offi cers were afterwards exposed on poles in
from a participation in their fate, whatthe town. There were amongst them se
ever it may be. Nothing but the Marveral of the most respectable families in quis's want of an acquaintance with me New York and Philadelphia.-The crews
can plead his cause for the indelicacy of have been sent to the mines !
his propositions. Do me the favour, By posterior accounts received from Ja. my friend, to assure him, that were I maica, we learn that Miranda had entered in my son's situation, I would not comthe Golph of Venezuela, and had actually ply with his proposals to save myself, Janded, and taken possession of Coro in the and I would not cast so great an indigo Carracas; that he had been successful in nity upon my son, my family, and my, several engagements with the Government self, as to shelter him under the shield forces, and was penetrating into the coun.
of infamy and disgrace." try. AMERICA.
It is too generally believed that the
young gentleman above alluded to is We meet with a correspondence, some- among the unfortunate sufferers. what interesting, in the American Pa- The trial of the persons implicated pers, on the subject of the above expedi- with Miranda commenced at New York, tion, which is in substance as follows:- before the Circuit Court of the United
The son of the American Colonel States, on the 15th of July. Several Smith, and grand-son of Mr Adams, the of the principal Officers of the Amerilate President of the United States, ac- can Government had been subpoenaed as companied General Miranda, and was witnesses on behalf of the defendants, taken m one of the schooners. The Messrs Ogden and Smith; but had reSpanish Ambassador in America wrote fused to attend the Court. The trial to a friend of the Colonel, stating that excited much interest, and continued all the persons taken in the schooners several days, when the Jury returned a would be executed as pirates; that he verdict of Not Guilty. was desirous of saving the life of the A transaction not very honourable to Colonel's son, but would only interfere the United States has been disclosed, upon condition that Col. Smith would which has occasioned another ferment make a full disclosure to himn of all the among the people.-It appears that BoOst, 1806
naparte, through the medium of his mi. were published. In the beginning of litary ambassador, Gen. Turreau, has April, the United States sloop of war, extorted from the Government two mil. Hornet, Captain Skipwith, sailed from lions of dollars, as the price of his me- New York for France, with the whole diation to settle the differences betwixt treasure on board, (60 tons of precious Spain and the States. “Will the world silver); but how far this goodly portion
believe, (says the Boston Centinel), that of tribute money will go to mollify the · the Emperor of the French had the in- haughtiness of Spain's master in Paris,
solence to inform our Government, that, time only will discover. unless we sent him, to help to support The printing office of the New York the pomp and parade of his Throne, Gazette was totally destroyed by fire, Two Millions of 'Dollars, in specie, with all the materials, on the ist Sept. Spain should go to war with the United It is singular that, for some days previ. States repecting Louisiana, and that, ous to this calamity, a series of essays France, as her ally, would assist her in had appeared in that paper, on the prethe war? Yet such is the fact. And cautions to be taken againsi fire, and more : Such has been the trepidation the propriety of insuring. with which the whiskers of this Warrior Letters from Charleston state, that a Minister have struck the Administra- violent tornado was experienced there tion of our Government, that Congress on the 20th of August. The wind be. has complied with the demand, and the ing to the northward, the damage on parasites of the Executive have been shore was confined to the destruction of called upon to close the doors of Con- several trees and fences. Several ships gress, to vote this immense sum of mo- in the harbour were wrecked. ney in secret Divan, and send it off to The late hurricane on the coast of France-not to Spain-with most in America, which proved so disastrous to famous haste :- Tell it not in Europe !- Sir R. Strachan's fleet and the jamaica publish it not in the streets of America ! convoy, has done infinite damage 10 -Lest we become a bye-word and a the American traders. The New York reproach among the nations. Let the papers teem with losses of this kind, word Independence be erased from our even before their own harbours; and in records, and the declaration thereof very few instances were the crews saved. sent off with our tribute money." This extraordinary and degrading
RUSSIA. measure is attributed to the President The Treaty concluded by M. d'Ouand the Secretary of State, who recom- bril at Paris, has been published by the mended it to be done under the head of Russian Government: Its provisions a bill “ for making provision for defray- are in substance as follow : ing any extraordinary expences attend- “ Russia was to give up Cattaro and ing the intercourse betwixt the United Dalmatia, and France was to restore States and foreign nations.” It was first Ragusa to its former independence to be introduced in the House of Represen- under the protection of the Porte. The tatives, and was discussed and passed independence of the Ionian Republic with shut doors. From thence it was was to be acknowledged by both Powers: transmitted to the Senate, with a mes- The Russian troops were to remove to sage importing the secrecy of the com the Seven Islands, and only 4000 men munication, and stating it to be a bill to be kept there, who were to be with6 to enable the President to commence drawn when his Imperial Majesty judgwith more effect the negociation for the ed necessary. The independence of the purchase of the Spanish territories on Porte and the integrity of its territories the Gulph of Mexico, and eastward of were to be guaranteed; the French troops the river Mississippi,” (meaning the were to retire from Germany, and in two Floridas). The Senate passed the three months were all to have returned hill in the same secret manner, and the to France, Russia was to mediate a President put his signature to it on the peace between Prussia and Sweden; and 13th of February.
Bonaparte consented to accept the meOn the 31st of March, the injunction diation of Russia to restore peace beof secrecy was removed on the motion tween Britain and France." of Dr Leib, and the whole proceedings These terms, as we have already sta
ted, have been declared by the Court of
There now remains no doubt of the the principles on which his Majesty, renewal of the war on the Continent. the Emperor of Russia, was willing to
The accumulated insults and encroach. conclude Peace, but directly contrary length exhausted the patience, and rous,
ments of the French Ruler have at to those principles. His Imperial Majesty has also issued a
ed the spirit of the Prussian Monarch, Manifesto, reiterating his determination and Gen. Knoblesdorff was sent to Paris to consent to no peace that shall be in to remonstrate and demand. The cou. consistent with bis faith towards his al. rier who was sent by the General, lies, with his own dignity, and with the with the Answer to the propositions general security of Europe. This Ma
of which he was the bearer, arrived at nifesto shall appear in our next.
Berlin on the 17th September. It is The new Russian levies, amounting asserted he has brought a demand from to 200,000 men, are nearly completed.
Bonaparte of the cession of the whole
of Westphalia, with the county of New IMPERIAL EXCHANGE. Mark-a cession which Prussia has in A letter from Petersburgh contains
the most decisive manner refused. the following statement:
All hopes of an accommodation havA scene truly gratifying to the En. ing thus failed, his Prussian Majesty has glish merchants here recently took place. left his capital to place himself at the On the occasion of laying the first stone head of his army. On the 20th Sept. of a new Exchange, every English mer. accompanied by the Queen, he set off chant in the place was invited. This from Potsdara for Magdeburgh, and proceremony being concluded, our 'mer: ceeded to Halle, Meresburg, and Nauen. chants were invited to a splendid enter. burg, the head-quarters of the army. tainment, at which the Emperor presid- The Queen returned immediately to ed in person. The ease and affability Berlin. The Prussian army, increasing displayed in his Majesty's deportment in strength daily, is advancing. General was the theme of admiration amongst Kalkreuth has taken the position of his guests. Every delicacy that could General Blucher; his right posted tobe procured, was spread on the tables; wards Munster; his left on the side of cherry-trees in full bearing on each side East Friesland. General Blucher, who of the table, and the choicest wines gave has joined General Kalkreuth, has mov. a zest to the treat.-During the desert, ed more to the left, and occupies the the Emperor took the opportunity of territory of Waldeck, opposite to the presenting to every British merchant a Hessian frontier. General Ruchel, whose gold medal, of the value of about six head-quarters are at Gottinger, has ad. guineas, having on one side a striking valced his position in a right line partlikeness of the Emperor, and on the re- ly towards General Blucher.--The verse an elevation of the Imperial Ex- Grand Army is commanded by Marshal change, as intended to be built. His Mollendorf and bis Majesty in person, Majesty at the same time desired them and is computed at 70,000 infantry and to preserve it as a memorial of his re- 16,000 cavalry. Its present station is spect for the first commercial nation in in the vicinity of Erfurth.—To the the world, and as an indication of that left are the troops in Silesia, uvder the strict friendship which he always wish. Prince Hohenlohe, to which 20,000 Saxed to manifest towards England. After ons are to be added. The Prussian drinking several appropriate toasts, the troops thus occupy a line extending company departed at a late hour, highly from Munster, on the Ems, to Meresdelighted with their entertainment, and burg on the Saale. the attentions with which they had been The army of reserve, which had aš. honoured by his Majesty. Only 250 sembled at Custrin, under Prince Eu. medals were distributed, and the dye gene of Wirtemberg, has advanced by from which they were taken was imme- forced marches towards Berlin, in order diately destroyed.
to support the grand army, if necessary.
Part of the army of General Blucher The movements on the part of France had entered Cassel, but, on the arrival are not less strongly indicative of apof the Elector, from the Prussian head- proaching hostility. Bonaparte left Paris quarters, on the 5th October, was with
on Wednesday Sept. 24. to put binnseli drawn to its former position. They had at the head of his army. He was folmarched from Munster on the same day, lowed by Talleyrand on the Friday fol. conducted by the Hereditary Prince of lowing. Previous to his departure, a Hesse, and are said to have evacuated meeting of the Conservative Sertate was the Hessian territory, in consequence of held, in which, besides other affairs, the recognition of the neutrality of that communication was made of a leiter Electorate ,by his Majesty Frederick froin the Emperor, to the King of Ba. William.
varia, informing h!m that in spite of The Elector of Hesse Cassel is also certain Court intrigues, his Majesty still said to have obtained the consent of Bo- hoped to be able to preserye peace with naparte to remain neutral.
Prussia ; but that in case the latter The whole military force of Prussia did not give a prompt and categorical at present is rated at 190,000 infantry, answer to the explanations demanded, 41,000 cavalry, and 13,000 artillerymen his Majesty was ready to enter Ger. and engineers. That of Saxony, at 22,000 many with 300,000 men.-Communica. infantry, 9000 cavalry, and 2000 artil. ţion was at the same time made of a lerymen and engineers. That of Hesse, letter to the Prince Primate, in which at 24,000 infantry, 4000 cavalry, and Bonaparte labours to impress a belief, 11,000 artillerymen and engineers. that he has no intention of exercising any
The highest enthusiasm pervades the super ority over the members of the Prussian army. Nor is this feeling con- Rhenish Confederacy; he has, however, fined to the troops it has spread to the taken the necessary measures for the provinces, and extends to every part of organization of the Contingents of his the kingdom. Several of the principal new vassals, cities have already demanded permission Bonaparte arrived at Mentz on the to raise regiments at their own expence ; 2$th of September. On the ist of Oct. and subscriptions are opened to reward he set out for Wurtsburgh, and on the those who shall distinguish themselves 6th was at Bamberg, his head quarters, in the field, and to provide for the fa- where all his generals, guards, &c. were milies of those who may fall.
assembled. The head-quarters of his Prussian All the troops that were encamped at Majesty were at Erfurth on the oth of Meudon have left Paris, together with October. The Prussian envoy at Paris, a part of the garrison. The camp at Gen. Knoblesdorff, left that city on the Boulogne has broken up, and the troops 30th of September, to join the grand ar- have marched, either for the grand ar. my at Erfurth.
my in Germany, or for the protection The Swedish army, about 25,000 of Holland; the third battalions and strung, will no doubt co-operate with fourth squadrons of all the French regithe Prussians; it in the mean time re- ments in Bavaria have been ordered to mains in Pomerania, and the duchy of Strasburgh, to receive, and organize Lauenburgh.
50,000 conscripts, whom they are to As to the Russians, it is not probable convoy to the grand army in Germany: that they will be able to take part in The divisions of the French army the first operations of the war; but they were coming up every day, and the are on their march, and 80,000 are al whole concentrating on the northern ready arrived at Brodi and Belitz; they frontier of Franconia.--The first diviare to cross the Oder at Brieg, Breslau, sion of the Imperial Foot Guards arrivand Gros Glogau. The amount of the ed at Wurtzburgh before Bonaparte'; the Russian troops, from the confines of second was expected to arrive on the Courland, through the whole of Rus 5th October, and the cavalry in a few sian Poland, and to Oczakow and Cher- days after; so that it is not likely that - son, is stated to be 250,00n men. Six- the French would be in a condition to ty thousand Russians will, it is said, be begin offensive operations before the disembarked in Pomerania.
joth or 12th. According to the intest