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66 Treatise on Materia Medica,” in 4 the university of Edinburgh. It is at vols. 8vo.
present filled by Dr Coventry, whose Messrs Baillie and John Bell, are lectures are attended by a great numalso raoked among the most esteem. ber of students. His course em. ed anatomists. The former has pub- braces, not only agriculture properly lished the “Anatomy of the most so called, that is to say, the art of delicate parts of the human body, in multiplying and improving the pro. 8vo.” To the second we are indebt. ductions of the soil; but also the art ted for “ The Anatomy of the hu- of planting and preserving forests, and man body,” in 3 vols' 8vo. with embellishing the country: lastly, poplates well engraved, and a volume litical agriculture, that is, the rela. of discourses on the nature and treat- tion between the mode of cultivating ment of wounds.
the soil, the state of cultivation, and Though the British school of sur- the progress of luxury and of divers gery is not so celebrated as that of me- branches of industry, dicine, yet it contains many esteemed The " Farmer's Magazine," a surgeons ; of this number is Mr journal which appears in Edinburgh, Benjamin Bell, who has published tends also to prove how much agri. 66 A complete System of Surgery,” culture is studied in Scotland. It is in 6 vols. 8vo. a " Treatise on Ul. chiefly compiled by practical far. cers," in 1 vol. 8vo, a “ Treatise on the Venereal Disease,” in 2 vols. 8vo. AGRICULTURL.
IMPORTANT DISCOVERIES IN EDU. Sir John Sinclair is known as one of the best informed men on the sub. ject of political economy which Bri
(Concluded from p. 739.) tain has produced. He is not .com- ON my arrival at the town of parable, as a writer, to the Smiths, where there are several universi. the Stewarts, &c. but he has been no ties, and many academies, and other less useful to his country. His polite seminaries of education, my “ History of the Public Revenue of patron did not immediately launch the British empire,” contains a num. me, as the phrase is. On the conber of unknown or forgotten facts, trary, he carried me every where with and a great many useful views, which him in his carriage, introduced me have been turned to account.
The to the magistrates, professors, and «« Statistical account of Scotland" most respectable inhabitants, and rewill henceforth be a model for those commended me as a man of prodi. who write on such subjects. The gious literary acquisitions, who had rules he has given, while they facili- made my fortune by teaching, and re. tate this labour, secure its exaot. tired from business.
That it was a ness
national loss, for such prodigious abi. Scotland, less favoured by nature lities as mine to lie dormant, &c. &c. than England, needs more the as- In about three months, in consesistance of art to enrich its soil. Ac- quence of the pressing solicitations cordingly agriculture is very careful of my patron, and the most respectar ly studied, and receives every kind of ble inhabitants of the place, I agreed encouragement. It has been thought to devote six hours of the day io the necessary above all, to enlighten the private assistance of young gentlecultivators, and even the proprietors; men attending the universities, proand, in this view, a professorship of vided they attended ine at my own agriculture has been established in lodgings. In a few days I had thirty at one guinea per month; and might tainly the most judicious, step that have had double that number, but could be taken. In a word, the in.. positively refused to admit more, as fatuated father, having hired a man I was teaching for amusement rather to think and act for his boy while at than emolument, and wished to act a sehool, must do the same for him at conscientious part to my constitu. the university, or let him stick; and ents.
it is ten to one if the unfortunate Such was my ignorance of the youth do not need some person to world, that I fancied my present si- render him the same friendly offices tuation would be both easy and a. for life. greeable ; nor did it ever enter into You may well imagine it cost me my head, that boys attending the many a pang to bring my mind to university could need much assistance, relish this new situation, and in fact or indeed any assistance at all. In so it did. I did not know whether this, however, I was completely mis. most to admire the address of my taken, as you will see by the sequel
. friend, in introducing me to business I found my pupils in general, from as an independant man who under. ten to twelve years old, smart, polite, took it solely for amusement, and the little fellows, who could hand a tea benefit of mankind, or the stupidity kettle, make a bow, enter or quit a and credulity of those who believed room, &c. as gracefully as any man him. In less than three days after in the kingdom. Their effrontery my arrival, the whole town knew and assurance might have done credit the exact amount of my fortune, viz, io Bonaparte himself, and their fluency L.20,000. It was in vain for me to of speech was really astonishing. So deny, for the more I denied tbe more expert and docile were they, that firmly it was believed. I never got most of them had been brought for- at the bottom of this secret till late. ward to the university in two years, ly. My friend, it seems, had digestand the most tardy of them in three. ed the whole plan, unknown to me; But the only loss was, that these great and on first taking me into his charge, efforts had been made by their teach. had got L. 20,000 of his own bankers, and not by themselves. The stock transferred to me, merely to teacher had done every thing, and create an imaginary fortune, and justhe pupil nothing. They had merely tify what he had said about the state a smattering, which served to render of my finances. The very day of them ridiculous in the
any our arrival, the mayor of the town real judge, or (to give the thought wrote to his friend Abraham Newlands an allegorical turn) they had only as to know what bank-stock stood in much light as tended to render their my name, and received for answer, darkness more conspicuous.
L.20,000. Knowing nothing of this The reason of an assistant at the matter, my denial confirmed the opi. nniversity now became self-evident. nion that I was a good sort of moThe judicious parent had stuck at dest man. no expence to make his boy a block. I mentioned the above circum. head, by hurrying him through the stance, merely to shew of what imforms of a classical education, in less mense service this device was to me, than half the time oecessary to make for the very first week I commenced à tailor or a shoemaker ; and the farce business, iwo accidents happened having been thus begun, must be which must have proved fatal to me; correspondently conducted, or dropt had I not been a man of independent at once, by sending the young gen- fortune. Ist, Bully Daisy stumbled ilcman back to school, which is cer. on a hole in my carpet, and sprained
his ancle, 2il, Jack Boltsprit, in Mr M‘Dominie to widen his door on going down stairs, reddere wrinaria, purpose for their reception.” Forcaught a severe cold, which lasted ivnately my door was wide enough, three days and a half.
The whole and needed no alteration. town was ja commotion before I was
very sensible of the justice and equity aware of the matter, The common of this decision, as it determined the cart was, " that no man qualified to matter so satisfactorily, that the conduct the potite education, of youth young gentlemen miglit enter with or would be so scandalously inattentive without precedence as the humour. to the health and morais of his pupils, might take them. as to have a ragged carpet in his house, These, and a few other incidents or want a water.closer." My friend equally important, were the only came to me in a great bustle, and told difficulties I had to encounter, for, me, he had got the matter settled ; on the score of education, both paadvising me at the same time to pay rents and children were easily satis. all attention to the convenience of the fied. My business was to explain the boys, for if they kept healthy, and tasks, and write out the exercises prebehaved politely, it was of no conse. scribed ; while the young gentlemen quence whether they spoke Greek were busy making wry faces behind and Latin or not.
my back, or twisting papers into the Hardly was the old carpet dis- curls 'of my wig. But it was to carded, and the water closet erected, keep them idle that their parents when a new difficulty occurred.- paid me so liberally; and every genDick Addlepate and Anthony tleman who has children, or cash, Numskull fell into a dispute about has a right to educate the one, and precedence, and each insisted that he expend the other, exactly as he pleases. had the best right to enter my house Men are solely led by appearances, first; and so far did they carry the and it is a fact, that the boys, who matter, as to roll one another in the have the least capacity to learn, are kennel. The ladies screamed and by far most expert at the showy acfainted, and the town's officers were coinplishments. One pupil of mine called io part the fray, as the young who had not capacity even to learn gentlemen were high spirited, and the multiplication table, understood had noble blood in their veins, no the whole round of etiquette so well, unofficial man durst meddle with that he actually opened and conducthem, for fear of after consequences. ted a ball at the age of twelve, to On the first alarm I went to the the universal satisfaction of a polite mayor, and requested the magistrates and numerous' assembly. The Earl would in their great wisdom fall upon of
came up to his mosome method to settle this matter of ther, and thus addressed her: “Egad, etiquette betwixt the two gentlemen, madam, you have the cleverest boy which might otherwise end in a duel. in Europe." The magistrates, after deliberating Not to be too tedious, Mr Editor, a whole day, came to the following I remained ten years in this situation, resolution : *! The magistrates find and actually saved L.3,000. Had I the rank of the disputants in all points acted the part of an honest man, I equal, and can therefore found no pre- could not have saved 3d. ; and what cedency on that head. Decern the dis- is still more extraordinary, had it putants to march a-breast of each o- been known that I was really a poor iher into Mr M.Dominie's house each destitute animal, I am morally certain day,if the door is wide enough to ad- I could not have procured a single mit both at once; and if not, ordain pupil. Such is the penetration and
generosity of mankind. With this
cuse me for not being more explicit competence I have retired to my na
at present. tive spot, where I intend to spend As to the lower ranks of mankind, the residue of my days. I have had I would propose not to admit them more experience in education than
to a participation of the above divine generally falls to the lot of any indi- discovery, but would manage their vidual. The result of my whole ex. educarion much in the same style as perience is, that no person has more formerly, only I would recommend a ignorant children, than the man who little more attention to the classics. i; at most fuss and expence about They are the people who must do their education, That an honest the drudgery of life, and it is neces- . man may be the noblest work of sary they should be qualified for the God, but totally unfit to act any important task. I appeal to your- . useful part in this world, at least for self and the nation at large, what himself; and I have certainly great would be the consequence, if a gen. cause to bless the day I was turn. tleman could not occasionally get ed adrift from the burgh of
one of his domestics or dependents as it made me acquainted with the to decypher an old Latin charter, or world, and enabled me to make my explain the motto of his coat of fortune.
arms, I have, during my leisure hours, digested a plan of polite education exclusively suited to the higher ranks, as a mark of gratitude for
THOUGHTS on two IMPORTANT QUES. former favours, by which I hope to
TIONS.--1. Which is the most miser. be rendered ten times more immortal
able ? and 2. Which the bappiest than Dr Jenner, who has done much
animal in the Creation ? to improve their looks, by eradicating the small pox, bat whose merits
By Sir JOHN SINCLAIR. and exertions are but like
drop in the bucket,” when compared to 1. The miserable Animal. mine. In fact, it is my'intention to begin my system of education, even
Fall animals, there is none that previous to the birth of the pupil, leads a life so utterly useless and by administring such potions to both contemptible, as the common cottage the parents, and particularly to the cock. mother during her state of preg- Though of the feathered tribe, nancy, as cannot fail to instill, such yet he is unable to fly to any propensities and ideas into the factus tance, and far less, like the cagle
, while in its embryo state, as will to- to soar aloft into the air; nor can he, tally supersede the necessity of all like others of thc same species, dive education whatever posterior to the into another element, but, unhappy birth.
wretch, he is chained like a kind of The nostrums I intend chiefly to fixture to the earth. make use of, are a decoction of English The food he lives on is the most grammar-Elixir of young gentle. nauseous that can be conceived, prinmen and ladies geography-Quintes. cipally consisting of the most odious sence of dancing Compound tincture insects, or of grain or seeds picked of politeness, &c. &c. But as I ex.
out from the excrements of other pect not only to receive a national domesticated animals.
Even this reward for this rare discovery, but food could not be digested, (owing 150 to be knighted, you will ex- to the natural defects in the forma.
tion of this most contemptible crea. is carried
is carried to the village fete, where ture,) if it were not that instinct he is compelled to fight for the a. pointed out the necessity of taking, musement of a cruel multitude, and with its food, gravel or small stones, perhaps perishes in the bloody conto assist in the process of digestion. test ; at other times he is suddenly · In a wild state, the cock wanders seized by his relentless mistress, and about wherever his fancy leads him. consigned to destruction. At night he roosts on lofty trees, and enjoys, both by day and by night,
2. The Happy Animal. all the invigorating influences of a
Perhaps there is no animal, who pure atmosphere. In its domesti- enjoys, on the whole, more real percated state, what a change! He is sonal comfort, with less anxiety and confined unpitied to one miserable care, than the domesticated cottage spot. If tempted to stray out into cock. a-field, where some ripening grain is
At his first bursting from the to be found, he is driven from it by shell, he is a perfect creature, and violence; and at night he is forced partakes in a superior degree all the into a cold comfortless hovel, where usual pleasures of early life, withoat his peace is disturbed by the cries of much dependence on the aid of oth. helpless children, or the clamours of ers, He is not, like the helpless in. a scolding housewife.
fant, for many weary months and If any thing could alleviate the seasons, distresses of such a scene of misery, * Muling and puking in his nurse's arms." it would be the comfort of having a On the contrary, he at once partichearful companion. But of all cipates all the comforts of an active beings, the dunghill hen is the most state of existence. stupid. Unless when roused to tem. All animals must for some time porary exertion, for the protection remain under the guardianship of of its helpless offspring, it is at other their parents. The little chicken times perfectly callous, receives with enjoys this useful protection with a cold indifference the caresses of its peculiar advantage. During the day male associate, and hardly seems pos- the parent hen guards her offspring sesed of any feeling or animation with anxious care, and with a fiercewhatever.
ness hardly to be paralelled ; and at Perhaps it is impossible to witness night they repose in safety and coma more disgusting spectacle than to fort, under the shelter of her wings. sce the common cottage cock, at- In the case of man, no sooner tended by his stupid companions, does the infant exhibit the appearwandering over a nauseous dunghill, ance of reason, than he is immediateand regaling himself with its contents, ly subjected to all the horrors of the Not satisfied with scraping the sur- severest discipline ; to learn some unface, and searching, as far as his, wholesome and laborious trade, or to strength will permit, the centre of acquire the knowledge of some an. this mass of corruption, he mounts cient or modern language, from which to the top, and loudly proclaims his he may not afterwards derive
any soexultation, glorying in what he ought lid advantage. How different is the to consider his shame, and trumpet. fate of the young cock, who learos ing forth his own infamy and dis- all that is necessary for his comfort, grace.
without stripes, confinement, or trouSuch a life, fortunately for the ble. wretched being doomed to spend it, As soon as this fortunate animal is of short duration. Sometimes he reaches maturity, every rival is re