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Character of the most eminent Scots your Wully Shakspur now ?" Mr
WRITERS of the present day.

Home's other four tragedies, entitled
Translated from a French work entitled, Agis, the Siege of Aquileia, the Fa-
Londres & les Anglais ;" by Terri de St

tal Discovery, and Alonzo, are all Constant. (Continued from p. 747.)

inferior to his first play. Mr Home, POETRY.

being a minister of the Presbyterian in DR James Beattie, celebrated as a church, was censured for writing a

moral philosopher, was no less sb play, by the clergy, who affect in as a poet. Themost considerable of many points a puritanical rigour; he his poetical works is the poem entit

was even deprived of his church, but led the Minstrel : his object is to

the Ministry indemnified him by a trace the progress of a poetical ge

nius born in times of ignorance, from

the first dawn of imagination and Mr Henry Mackenzie is one of the
reason, till he is capable of appearing · best writers whom Great Britain at
in the world as a Minstrel; that is to present posseses. He is chiefly known
say,as an itinerant poet and musician; on the continent by his romance en-
a character which, in the idea of the titled the “ Man of Feeling.” There
ancient Britons, was not only respec. is none who has not read this mas-
table, but sacred. Dr Beatrie's taste terpiece in sentimental writing, and
is pure, his versification elegant, and has not compared it to the most per-
in the choice of expressions and im. fect productions of Sterne.

ages he yields to none of his co-tem. severest English critics acknowledge
poraries. The English regret that that its style is pure, free of Scotti.
he has not, like Pope, cultivated the cisms, easy, dignified, and elegant,
muses to his old age.

without pomp, and without study.
Mr Thomas Campbell has sung They reproach him with sometimes
the “ Pleasures of Hope.” His poem using gallicisms, for which there may
wants a regular plan, but contains a be some foundation, as Mr Mackenzie,
number of images, full of force, ima. like other celebrated Scotch writers,
gination, and interest; and breathes has studied very much the French
throughout the enthusiasm of the authors. They affirm also, that the
generous sentiments.

Mr characıer of the Man of Feeling had
Campbell's first work has given been partly formed upon that of St
ground to hope that he will one day Preux in the New Heloise. Mr Mac-
among the most celebrated Eng- kenzie afterwards published the Man

of the World, which forms as it were
Mr John Home, a Scotsman, is the second part of the “ Man of
the author of_five tragedies. The Feeling." In this last he had ima-
first, entitled Douglas, was first re. gined a person who constantly obeys
presented with much success at E. all the impulses of the moral sense,
dinburghi, and then, on the recom. and is indebted to it for all the plea-
mendation of the celebrated Hume, sures and pains of life. In the Man
at London, where it was no less of the World, he represents a man
successful. It was considered as the abandoning himself to every kind of
best tragedy that had appeared in disorder, spreading misfortune, and
the English theatre since the time rendering himself unhappy, by pur-
of Rowe. A Scotsman, who was in suing a happiness which he 'hopes to
the pit at Drury Lane while Doug- obtain, although he never follows the
las was acting, cried out in a trans- moral sense. Mr Mackenzie tras also
port of national vanity, and in the introduced the system of Shaftsbury,
accent of his country : “ Whar's of Hutcheson, and of Smith, their
Noo, 1806.



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pupil. This second work was well vols. 8vo. 1774. They contain sore received by the public, though not new views, ingenious reflections, and with the same enthusiasm as the first. a spirit of analysis ; but the national The latter offered a new character ; taste has a great infuence on the the Man of the World had been al. judgment, and even on the principles ready drawn with more depth and of these writers. energy. Mr Mackenzie's third ro

Dr James Beattie, in bis “ Essay mance, intitled “ Julia de Roubigne," on Poetry and Music,” considered in is in the form of letters. It is written, relation to the affections of the soul

, like the others, with an elegant simpli- has done little more than unfold the city, and is very interesting : but the ideas of writers who have treated these characters are not very natural, nor subjects. It is observed that he af

. the incidents very probable. Mr fects to quote none, because most ef Mackenzie published also a poem en.

them are French titled “ The Pursuit of Happiness ;''

CHEMISTRY. two tragedies, " The Prince of Tunis,” and “The Fatal Curiosity;" able chemists, among whom we may

Edinburgh, as well as London, has and a comedy entitled “the Hypo- mention Messrs. Hope, Thomson, crite." These works have not met with the same success as his romances

Kennedy, Hall, &c. A learned man and moral essays.

has called Dr Kennedy the Vauque. CRITICISM.

lin of Edinburgh; that is to say, Dr Blair is no less celebrated in

the greatest talents for demonstrat. England as a critic, than as an ora.

ing, he unites that of making discotor,

He was twenty years professor veries. Sir Hall, the disciple of Hurof rhetoric and belles lettres in the ton, author of a theory of the earth

founded on the igneous system, has lished an abridgement of his lectures in part adopted the theory of his in three volumes. His work is far master, and made new experimenti from being original throughout, as

to support it. he himself allows in his preface.

MEDICINE. He has borrowed much from the Dr Alexander Monro, son to the French writers, but discovers much , celebrated anatomist of that name, taste and critical method, and a style has supplied his place in the chair as much embellished as didactic wri-, of medicine and anatomy at Edin. ting admits of.

This work, the ina. burgh, and supports the celebrity of nuscript of which was sold for 15001.

He has published several sterling, is extremely well fitted to esteemed works: “Observations upgive correct ideas of literary compo- on the structure and functions of the sition and delicate criticism. Dr

nervous system,” in one volume folio, Blair's dissertation on Ossian's poems, with plates : “ The structure and though useful as the prece- physiology ef fishes, explained and ding, does him still more honour. It compared with that of men and other is perhaps the best critical work animals." The Description of all which exists in the English lan. the Bursæ Mucose of the humao boguage.

dy,” &c. Dr Donald Monro, broThe English reckon among their ther of the preceding, enjoys also good critical works, Mr Alison's much reputation. He has published « Essays on the Nature and Principles a " Treatise on medical and pharmaof Taste,” in 4to, 1790, and Mr ceutical chemistry :" " Observations Ogilvie's Critical and Historical on the means of preserving the health Observations on Composition, in % of soldiers", in 2 vols. 8vo, and a


his name.

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** Treatise on Materia Medica," in 4 the university of Edinburgh. It is at vols. 8vo.

present filled by Dr Coventry, whose Messrs Baillie and John Bell, are lectures are attended by a great numalso ranked among the most esteem.

ber of students.

His course

em. ed anatomists. The former has pub-braces, not only agriculture properly lished the “, Anatomy of the most so called, that is to say, the art of delicate parts of the human body, in multiplying and improving the pro. 8vo.” To the second we are indebt. ductions of the soil, but also the art ted for “ The Anatomy of the hu. of planting and preserving forests, and man body," in 3 vols 8vo. with embellishing the country : lastly, poplates well engraved, and a volume litical agriculture, that is, the relaof discourses on the nature and treat- tion between the mode of cultivating ment of wounds.

the soil, the state of cultivation, and Though the British school of sur. the progress of luxury and of divers gery is not so celebrated as that of me- branches of industry, dicine, yet it contains many esteemed The "Farmer's Magazine," a surgeons ; of this number is Mr journal which appears in Edinburgh, Benjamin Bell, who has published tends also to prove how much agri. 6 A complete System of Surgery,” culture is studied in Scotland. It is jo 6 vols. 8vo. a “ Treatise on Ul. chiefly compiled by practical far. cers,” in 1 vol. 8vo. a " Treatise on the Venereal Disease,” in 2 vols. 8vo. AGRICULTURL.

IMPORTANT DISCOVERIES IN EDU. Sir John Sinclair is known as one of the best informed men on the sub. ject of political economy which Bri

(Concluded from p. 739.) tain has produced. He is not com- ON my arrival at the town of parable, as a writer, to the Smiths, where there are several universi. the Stewarts, &c. but he has been no ties, and many academies, and other less useful to his country. His polite seminaries of education, my “ History of the Public Revenue of patron did not immediately launch the British empire," contains a num. me, as the phrase is. On the conber of unknown or forgotten facts, trary, he carried me every where with and a great many useful views, which him in his carriage, introduced me have been turned to account. to the magistrates, professors, and 6 Statistical account of Scotland" most respectable inhabitants, and re. will henceforth be a model for those commended me as a man of prodi. who write on buch subjects. The gious literary acquisitions, who had rules he has given, while they facili- made my fortune by teaching, and re. tate this labour, secure its exaot. tired from business.

That it was a

national loss, for such prodigious abi. Scotland, less favoured by nature lities as mine to lie dormant, &c. &c. than England, needs more the as- In about three months, in consesistance of art to enrich its soil. Ac- quence of the pressing solicitations cordingly agriculture is very careful of my patron, and the most respectar ly studied, and receives every kind of ble inhabitants of the place, I agreed encouragement. It has been thought to devote six hours of the day to the necessary above all, to enlighten the private assistance of young gentlecultivators, and even the proprietors ; men attending the universities, proand, in this view, a professorship of vided they attended me at my own agriculture has been established in lodgings. In a few days I had thirty at one guinea per month; and might tainly the most judicious step that have had double that number, but could be taken. In a word, the in.. positively refused to admit more, as fatuated father, having hired a man I was teaching for amusement rather to think and act for his boy while at than emolument, and wished to act a sehool, must do the same for him at conscientious part to my constitu. the university, or let him stick; and ents.


it is ten to one if the unfortunate Such was my ignorance of the youth do not need some person to world, that I fancied my present si- render him the same friendly offices tuation would be both easy and a. for life. greeable ; nor did it ever enter into You may well imagine it cost me my head, that boys attending the many a pang to bring my mind to university could need much assistance, relish this new situation, and in fact or indeed any assistance at all. In so it did. I did not know whether chis, however, I was completely mis. most to admire the address of my táken, as you will see by the sequel. friend, in introducing me to business

I found my pupils in general, from as an independant man who under. ten to twelve years old, smart, polite, took it solely for amusement, and the little fellows, who could hand a tea benefit of mankind, or the stupidity kettle, make a bow, enter or quit a and credulity of those who believed room, &c. as gracefully as any man him. In less than three days after in the kingdom. Their effrontery my arrival, the whole town knew and assurance might have done credit the exact amount of my fortune, viz, io Bonaparte himself, and their fluency L.20,000. It was in vain for me to of speech was really astonishing. So deny, for the more I denied the more expert and docile were they, that firmly it was believed. I never got most of them had been brought for- at the bottom of this secret till late. ward to the university in two years, ly. My friend, it seems, had digestand the most tardy of them in three. ed the whole plan, unknown to me; But the only loss was, that these great and on first taking me into his charge, efforts had been made by their teach. had got L.20,000 of his own bankers, and not by themselves. The stock transferred to me, merely to reacher had done every thing, and create an imaginary fortune, and justhe pupil nothing. They had merely tify what he had said about the state a smattering, which served to render of my finances. The very day of them ridiculous in the eyes of any our arrival, the mayor of the town real judge, or (to give the thought wrote to his friend Abraham Newlands an allegorical turn) they had only as to know what bank-stock stood in much light as tended to render their my name, and received for answer, darkness more conspicuous.

L.20,000. Knowing nothing of this The reason of an assistant at the matter, my denial confirmed the opi. nniversity now became self-evident. nion that I was a good sort of moThe judicious parent had stuck at dest man. no expence to make his boy a block. I mentioned the above circum. head, by hurrying him through the stance, merely to shew of what imforms of a classical education, in less mense service this device was to me, than half the time oecessary to make for the very first week I commenced a tailor or a shoemaker ; and the farce business, iwo accidents happened having been thus begun, must be which must have proved fatal to me; correspondently conducted, or dropt had I not been a man of independent at once, by sending the young gen- fortune. Ist, Billy Daisy stumbled human back to school, which is cer. on a hole in my carpet, and sprained

I was

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his ancle. 2.1, Jack Boltsprit, in Mr M'Dominie to widen his door on
going down stairs, reddere urinar, purpose for their reception.” For-
caught a severe cold, which lasted iunately my door was wide enough,
three days and a half. The whole and needed no alteration.
town was in commotion before I was

very sensible of the justice and equity aware of the matter,

The common of this decision, as it determined the cant was,

" that no man qualified to matter 50 satisfactorily, that the conduct the potite education, of youth young gentlemen miglit enter with or would be so scandalously inattentive without precedence as the humour. to the health and morais of his pupils, might take them. as to have a ranged carpet in his house, These, and a few other incidents er want a water.closet.My friend equally important, were the only came to me in a great bustle, and told difficulties I had to encounter, for, me, he had got the matter settled ; on the score of education, both paadvising me at the same time to pay rents and children were easily satis. all attention to the convenience of the fied. My business was to explain the boys, for if they kept healthy, and tasks, and write out the exercises prebehaved politely, it was of no conse. scribed ; while the young gentlemen

. quence whether they spoke Greek were busy making wry faces behind and Latin or not.

my back, or twisting papers into the Hardly was the old carpet dis- curls 'of my wig. But it was to carded, and the water closet erected, keep them idle that their parents when a new difficulty occurred.- paid me so liberally ; and every genDick Addlepate and Anthony tleman who has children, or cash, Numskull fell into a dispute about has a right to educate the one, and precedence, and each insisted that he "expend the other, exactly as he pleases. had the best right to enter my house Men are solely led by appearances, first; and so far did they carry the and it is a fact, that the boys, who matter, as to roll one another in the have the least capacity to learn, are kennel. The ladies screamed and by far most expert at the showy acfainted, and the town's officers were coinplishments. One pupil of mine called io part the fray, as the young who had not capacity even to learn gentlemen were high spirited, and the multiplication table, understood had noble blood in their veins, no the whole round of etiquette so well, unofficial man durst meddle with that he actually opened and conducthem, for fear of after consequences. ted a ball at the age of twelve, to On the first alarm I went to the the universal satisfaction of a politę mayor, and requested the magistrates and numerous' assembly. The Earl would in their great wisdom fall upon of

came up to his mosome method to settle this matter of ther, and thus addressed her : “Egad, etiquette betwixt the two gentlemen, madam, you have the cleverest boy which might otherwise end in a duel. in Europe." The magistrates, after deliberating Not to be too tedious, Mr Editor, a whole day, came to the following I remained ten years in this situation, resolution : -" The magistrates find and actually saved L.3,000. Had I the rank of the disputants in all points acted the part of an honest man, I equal, and can therefore found no pre- could not have saved 3d. ; and what cedency on that head. Decern the dis- is still more extraordinary, had it putants to march a-breast of each o- been known that I was really a poor Ther into Mr M.Dominie's house each destitute animal, I am morally certain day,if the door is wide enough to ad- I could not have procured a single mit both at once; and if not, ordain pupil. Such is the penetration and


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