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pace with all times, and is adequate consideration. In it, we see man in to all emergencies. A lease on such every stage of society; and a view terms might endure from the first of the steps by which a savage na. dawn of time, to the final extinction
tion arrives at civilization and opu. of it, without deranging the equili. lence, and their consequent deviations brium of the interest of the proprie into luxury and licentiousness, while tor or tenant, and without furnish. it arrests the attention by the en. ing even a plausible ground of dissa- tertainment it affords, is at the tisfaction to either.
same time fraught with the most impostant instruction. It strengtbens our attachment to the cause of vir.
tue, by painting the salutary effects On the Advantages of the Study of which Aow from an obedience to its HISTORY.
dictates; and the horrid consequences
produced to a nation, by the vicious A Desire of mental improvement, behaviour of its inhabitants as indi.
or a wish for present gratifica. viduals. tion, are, in general, the stimuli of such It has been justly observed, that as devote a portion of their time to without mixing in society, and the reading. The latter of these being most attentive observation, we will the motive by which the greater have very inadequate ideas of the paspart of mankind are actuated, those sions and affections of the human who aim at the benefit of their fele mind; that the speculations of the solilow creatures in the different depart. taire concerning human nature, inments of literature, find it necessary stead of having any foundation in to blend entertainment with instruc. the constitution of man, are little tion. There are, indeed, some whose better than idle dreams of imagina. attention to an abstract subject may tion. This remark will equally apbe detained by their curiosity, and ply to those who are conversant with whose entertainment is estimated by a small circle; whose observation is their progression, but the greater bounded by the limits of the king. part, rather than submit to the inces. dom in which they are placed, and sant labour attendant on the success. whose curiosity has dever prompied ful cultivation of such arduous stul. them to explore the history of dis. dies,' relinquish, in a great measure, tant ages. These having no idea of those habits on which the acquisi. manners and customs different from tion of knowledge greatly depends, their own, are led to discredit every and grant full indulgence to those account of them, or attribute them propensities which, when they be. to the caprice of the inhabitants.come habitual, incapacitate the mind History, however, by shewing man for more strenuous exertions. To in every situation, under every presuch, those writings which are not judice, and under every form of go. so irksome as to become a task, por vernment, enlarges our ideas, and so romantic as to captivate the ima- renders us capable of tracing many gination and foster in the mind, a actions to their real causes, which, ta reluctance to the discipline of reason, a superficial and uninformed obser. are calculated to be highly beneficial.
ver, appear as the effects of a differ. Of all the writings of this kind, ent constitution, or the genuine conhistory, on account of the dignity of sequences of intellectual derange the subject, and the advantages to be ment. derived from a careful study of its But it is the peculiar advantage of contents, deserves our most attentive history to add to our stock of useful
knowledge, and, at the same time, to statesman and philosopher. If it be furnish the most exquisite entertain. 'granted, that to experience we are ment.
indebted for a very valuable and uses It is a generally received max. ful part of our knowledge, it will im, that instruction can never be naturally follow, that those writings communicated with such success as which are the professed records of by example: we easily imbibe and the accumulated wisdom of ages are readily practise those virtues, when peculiarly valuable. Now history, associated with some living charac- being a record of the transactions of ters, which, when recommended men in a collective capacity, in evemerely as duties, though enforced ry age of the world, is the only by the most weighty considerations sure foundation on which the politiof interest, fail to make any impres. cian can rear those theories which sion by which our future conduct is have for their object the aggrandise. affected. A narration of events, ment and happiness of his country : which are the effects of prior causes, what happened in former times, will, and also the causes of events still in similar circumstances, still contimore considerable, while it possesses nue to happen; and, making due al. the merit of initiating the mind in lowance for any difference that those habits, by which we arrive at may subsist betwixt the circumstana satisfactory and rational solution ces which, at a remote period, affecof any phenomenon, arrests our at. ted any measure, and those which tention by the interest. it excites in in present times influence it, he will us for the fate of those who are its be able to foretell its probable conobjects.
sequences. We rejoice with the hero who To the philosopher, a knowledge
enjoys a triumph, and we sympa- of history will appear equally requihis thize with him, when, after every hu. site, when we consider that it con.
man effort, he meets with discomfi. tains a transcript of the human mind ture and disgrace : We follow with in various stages, from rudeness to mingled admiration and esteem the refinement, pourtrayed in the actions upright statesman in his opposition of those who are its subjects. The to peculation and injustice, and mourn philosopher, by a careful attention to with the patriot the fall of his coun: the workings of his own mind, and try. Our attention is kept awake a strict observation of others, may go by the varidus pieces of information, a great way in the developement of which it is the province of history to many of the intellectual phenomena, record, and by the great consequen- and from a particular detail arrive at ces with which every event is fraught: general conclusions ; but from the The variety also with which history complexity of the subject, and the abounds, keeps the mind from falling different lights in which parts of it into that insipid listlessness, which a may be viewed, the certainty of them long continuance of the subject sels depends, in a great measure, on the dom fails to produce.
number of facts by which they are But while this species of writing supported. Besides, there are seve. is a fund of entertainment and in. ral latent principles of action which struction to every class of readers, cannot be called forth but in certain there are particular classes to whom situations, and others so modified by a thorough knowledge of history is particular circumstances, that the absolutely necessary. It will readily philosopher who writes solely from be perceived that I allude to the an attentive observation of the opera
tions of his own mind, will be expo. To the Patron of Literature, the Editor sed to the danger of mistaking and of the Scots Magazine;—The Petition omitting many of the simple ele, of the distressed Fraternity of Newve
papers If history be compared with any of the sciences which are so greatly
HUMBLY SHEWETH, cultivated, its advantages will appear THAT it is now 155 years since mal declaration in its favour. If titioners made his appearance in they be estimated according to their Scotland ; since that, we have been comparative tendency to meliorate yearly amending. And although we our condition in life, I make no
sometimes condescend to be venal, doubt but that the verdict will be in
yet our use and influence have been favour of history. There are none generally acknowledged. We fly to of the sciences without their parti- the remotest corners of the kingdom, cular uses; but there are some which, diffusing information and amusement on a strict comparison with others, in our progress. And if preserved aehave more the appearance of being cording to our merits, we would form food for curiosity than conducive valuable sources of reference to the to any good end.
The science, historian and the curious. But, alas which embraces the developement of few, comparatively few of us, survive the nature of man, and the deduc: the week which gives us birth.tion of his duties, must, in the eye of Doomed to the most servile uses : every candid and judicious man, be instead of forming a valuable acqui of greater importance, than that sition to the library, we are employed which has for its object the proper. in singing fowls, in packing snuff
, of vegetables. And even in the
sugar, tea, and tobacco : sometimes higher branches of natural philoso- we are subservient to the purposes of phy, the conclusions at which we tbe milliner, and incluse many a fine arrive, when considered with regard thing destined to decorate our fair to their practical utility, are seldom readers : we sometimes convey novels worthy of the labour bestowed on for their perusal; and, what is not them. In every addition we make more strange than true, most of those to our knowledge of the laws of novels round which we arę wrapped nature, an additional proof is sup- to protect them from harm, would (if plied of the vast powers of the hu- weighed in the scales of the candid man mind. But knowledge is valu. be found egregiously wanting in true able only in proportion to its useful- value. Shocking to tell, we are of. ness. Now, many of those discover ten employed in services the most de ies which have astonished mankind, grading : such as wiping the lather and are justly acceunted as the high. from the razor of a country barber, est exertions of the human intellect, punctured by the new-mown bristles have litele to recommend them, on of some rustic ploughman. One use the score of usefulness. As specula- to which we are often applied, is so tions, which enlarge the mind, they degrading that it cannot be so much merit all the attention and praise as mentioned. which have been bestowed upon them, One of our predecessors conveyed never be recommended as
a very accurate abstract of the trial studies from which the greatest ad. of Viscount Melville; and wondervantages accrue to mankind.
ful it is, that interesting as the conR. gents of that paper were, no favour
was shewn, it was doomed to the same Bingraphical Account of the late LORD servile purposes with those who had
THURLOW. It seems as if a perse. cution were waged against our unfor. THIS Nobleman was born in 1735. rare to see a thousand of us in a re. Thurlow, rector of Ashfield, in Suf. gular series.
folk. The family had not 'formerly Antiquarians and historians, when risen to any distinction, and was wishing to elucidate, some point in rather in narrow circumstances, nothistory, feel the want of informers withstanding wbich his father found like and is it not odd that we are means to send two of his children to thus doomed to oblivion as soon the university. Edward, the subject read? The benefit which future ages of this memoir,was sent to Cambridge, would reap from us, were we preser- and placed under the inspection of ved, would be incalculable. We Dr Smith. Here however his escenform faithful recorders of the history, tricities are said to have been such, taste, amusements, and opinions of the as to make it expedient for him to times in which we exist : we may be quit the university, in order to shun stiled Epitomes of life : philosophers, rustication, of which he was in danger. by recurring to us, would be able to This circumstance prevented him bring the manners of one age into from attaining any, either of the honcontrast with those of another, thus ours or emoluments which the college giving useful lessons to mankind. had to bestow. And many of those phenomena of Mr Thurlow, on throwing off the nature and art which surprize, are academic gown, entered himself of treated of hy us with a minuteness the Society of the Inner Temple, and which in a treatise would seem trif- assumed that of a student of law, aling.
bout the year 1753. In this new There can be no saving in applying situation he appears to have kept us to any of the uses before com- his terms, and to have eat his complained of. Will our readers consider mons, to have been called to the that they pay 6d. for one of us ? coun. bar, and to have paid his fees, in try readers pay the postage extra ; exact conformity to ancient usage whereas there is a sort of paper in 1758. He was now, according to made for the very uses and purposes the phraseology of the Conrts, arto which the complainers are applied. prenticius ad legem, and if we are to
As the extensive circulation and believe the reports of his co-temporacharacter of the Scots Magazine are ries, like many other apprentices, he well known ; by appearing in it our at times played truant, though we petition will acquire a degree of con. doubt not that he addicted himself fidence which it would otherwise by starts to professional studies, and want, and tend to make an old it appears evident that a strong and newspaper more respected than it has vigorous mind like his was enabled, hitherto been.
even by occasional application, to atWe hope, Mr Editor, you will give tain a thorough knowledge of the our humble petition a place in your fundamental principles of our municiMagazine, and, by publishing our pal laws.
* This gown is now wore only in the
Hall, during the time of dinner, but it And your petitioners will ever formerly served as a passport to the
Courts of Justice.
Having attained the degree of The Douglas cause, on which oc. Utter Barrister, as by that time he casion Mr Thurlow happened to be was twenty.three years of age, it on the fortunate side, opened a still may be supposed by those who have wider field for his talents and abilities. witnessed the latter part of his ca.
He had then to contend in a great seer, that Mr Thurlow must have and popular cause, in behalf of the soon distinguished himself both as a claims of a minor, in opposition to lawyer and an orator. But, on the one of the most illustrious families in contrary, he remained during a long North Britain, and he acquitted him. period in obscurity, and seemed to self in such a manner as to enhance be consigned to pass silently down the his reputation in no common degree. stream of oblivion, when he was rescu. He deemed it necessary, however, in ed from the reproach of mediocrity, vindicating the legitimate pretensions both in respect to talents and prac. of his noble client, to attack a gen. tice, by the lucky coincidence of one tleman *, engaged on the other side, or two fortunate events.
with some degree of asperity, and a Sir Fletcher Norton, afterwards challenge, followed by a meeting in Lord Grantley, at this period was the field, was the consequence. the most prominent lawyer at the The reputation of Mr Thurlow English bar. As his old antagonist, was thus raised suddenly, yet his pracSerjeant Davy, was no more, and Mr tice was not, at that or any other Dunning (created in due time Lord time, considerable ; and he would ne. Ashburton) had scarcely yet disclosed ver have attained, perhaps, the hothose great talents which at length nours that now awaited him, but for placed him at the top of the profes- the political influence of the Bedford sion, it was difficult, in the language party, then paramount to all other in. of the day, to pit any one against terests. him. Thurlow, who was better
He had just received a silk gown, known at this period at Nando's than when he obtained the favour of Lord at Westminster Hall, had, however, Weymouth, who then occupied the found means to distinguish himself important station of Secretary of among his friends ; and as his figure, State. In consequence of the patronhis voice, and his manner, age of that nobleman, with whom known to be efficient, it was at last he spent many a social hour, Mr determined by a resolute attorney to Thurlow, in March 1770, became isentrust the conduct of an important
vested cause to his care.
It was on this occasion, which pro- * The person in question was the late bably proved decisive of his fate, that Andrew Stuart, Esq. a descendant from be entered the lists with a veteran,
a very ancient family in North Britain, who had hitherto been considered as
and who, on the demise of the late Pre. the boldest practitioner at the Eng-sentative of that Illustrious family, which
tender, considered himself as the reprelish bar, and came off victorious ; for had given so many kings to Scotland after having given cut for cut, and and England. He had been, we believe, blow for blow, he gained the battle, what in the Scotch law is called one of to the great joy of the bar, and of the tutors and curators, or, in other words, the bench too, perhaps, neither of guardian to the Duke of Hamilton, and, which was displeased to behold a ju.
as such, took an active part in the Dou.
In addition to a challenge nior member contending for, and ob- glas cause.
to Mr Thurlow, he addressed a series taining the well-merited applause of of letters to Lord Mansfield, who was the public, by defeating a champion also supposed to have treated him cava. of such renown.
erly on the same occasion.