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was shewn, it was doomed to the same
servile purposes with those who had Biographical Account of the late LORD

THURLOW.
It seems as if a perse.
cution were waged against pour unfor. THIS Nobleman was born in 1735.
tuvate fraternity, insomuch that it is He was son of the Rev. Thomas
rare to see a thousand of us in a re. Thurlow, rector of Ashfield, in Suf-
gular series.

folk. The family had not 'formerly Antiquarians and historians, when risen to any distinction, and was wishing to elucidate, some point in rather in narrow circumstances, nothistory, feel the want of informers withstanding which his father found like us; and is it not odd that we are means to send two of his children to thus doomed to oblivion as soon the university. Edward, the subject read? The benefit which future ages of this memoir,was sent to Cambridge, would

reap from us, were we preser- and placed under the inspection of ved, would be incalculable. We Dr Smith. Here however his escenform faithful recorders of the history, tricities are said to have been such, taste, amusements, and opinions of the as to make it expedient for him to times in which we exist : we may be quit the university, in order to shun stiled Epitomes of life : philosophers, rustication, of which he was in danger. -by recurring to us, would be able to This circumstance prevented him bring the manners of one age into from attaining any, either of the hon. contrast with those of another, thus ours or emoluments which the college giving useful lessons to mankind. had to bestow. And many of those phenomena of Mr Thurlow, on throwing off the nature and art which surprize, are academic gown, entered himself of treated of hy us with a minuteness the Society of the Inner Temple, and which in a treatise would seem trif- assumed that of a student of law*, a. ling.

bout the year 1753. In this new There can be no saving in applying situation he appears to have kept 18 to any of the uses before com- his terms, and to have eat his complained of. Will our readers consider mons, to have been called to the that they pay 6d. for one of us ? coun. bar, and to have paid his fees, in try readers pay the postage extra ; exact conformity to ancient usage whereas there is a sort of paper in 1758. He was now, according to made for the very uses and purposes the phraseology of the Conrts, anto which the complainers are applied. prenticius ad legem, and if we are to

As the extensive circulation and believe the reports of his co-temporacharacter of the Scots Magazine are ries, like many other apprentices, he

, well known ; by appearing in it our at times played truant, though we petition will acquire a degree of con. doubt not that he addicted himself fidence which it would otherwise by starts to professional studies, and want, and tend to make an old it appears evident that a strong and newspaper more respected than it has vigorous mind like his was enabled, hitherto been.

even by occasional application, to atWe hope, Mr Editor, you will give tain a thorough knowledge of the our humble petition a place in your fundamental principles of our municiMagazine, and, by publishing our pal laws. distressed state to the world, pro

Having cure us a redress of those grievances

* This gown is now wore only in the ụnder which we now labour.

Hall, during the time of dinner, but it And your petitioners will ever formerly served as a passport to the

Courts of Justice.

a

pray, &c.

Having attained the degree of The Douglas cause, on which oc. Utter Barrister, as by that time he casion Mr Thurlow happened to be was twenty.three years of age, it on the fortunate side, opened a still may be supposed by those who have wider field for his talents and abilities. witnessed the latter part of his ca.

He had then to contend in a great seer, that Mr Thurlow must have and popular cause, in behalf of the soon distinguished himself both as a claims of a minor, in opposition to lawyer and an orator. But, on the one of the most illustrious families in contrary, he remained during a long North Britain, and he acquitted him. period in obscurity, and seemed to self in such a manner as to enhance be consigned to pass silently down the his reputation in no common degree. stream of oblivion, when he was rescu. He deemed it necessary, however, in ed from the reproach of mediocrity, vindicating the legitimate pretensions both in respect to talents and prac. of his noble client, to attack a gen. tice, by the lucky coincidence of one tleman *, engaged on the other side, or two fortunate events.

with some degree of asperity, and a Sir Fletcher Norton, afterwards challenge, followed by a meeting in Lord Grantley, at this period was the field, was the consequence. the most prominent lawyer at the The reputation of Mr Thurlow English bar. As his old antagonist, was thus raised suddenly, yet his pracSeijeant Davy, was no more, and Mr tice was not, at that or any other Dunning (created in due time Lord time, considerable ; and he would ne. Ashburton) had scarcely yet disclosed ver have attained, perhaps, the ho. those great talents which at length nours that now awaited him, but for placed him at the top of the profes- the political influence of the Bedford sion, it was difficult, in the language party, then paramount to all other inof the day, to pit any one against terests. him. Thurlow, who was better He had just received a silk gown, known at this period at Nando's than when he obtained the favour of Lord at Westminster Hall, had, however, Weymouth, who then occupied the found means to distinguish himself important station of Secretary of among his friends; and as his figure, State. In consequence of the patron. his voice, and his manner, age of that nobleman, with whom known to be efficient, it was at last he spent many a social hour, Mr determined by a resolute attorney to Thurlow, in March 1770, became inentrust the conduct of an important

vested cause to his care.

It was on this occasion, which pro- * The person in question was the late bably proved decisive of his fate, that Andrew Stuart, Esq. a descendant from be entered the lists with a veteran, a very ancient family in North Britain, who had hitherto been considered as

and who, on the demise of the late Pre. the boldest practitioner at the Eng- sentative of that Illustrious family, which

tender, considered himself as the repre. lish bar, and came off victorious ; for had given so many kings to Scotland after having given cut for cut, and and England. He had been, we believe, blow for blow, he gained the battle, what in the Scotch 'law is called one of to the great joy of the bar, and of the tutors and curators, or, in other words, the bench too, perhaps, neither of guardian to the Duke of Hamilton, and, which was displeased to behold a ju.

as such, took an active part in the Dou. nior member contending for, and ob- glas cause. In addition to a challenge

to Mr Thurlow, he addressed a series taining the well-merited applause of of letters to Lord Mansfield, who was the public, by defeating a champion also supposed to have treated him cava. of such renown.

erly on the same occasion.

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vested with the office of Solicitor Ge. royal prerogative, and create a new neral, in the place of John Dunning, power in the constitution. Esq. and in January 1771 he suc- Mr Pitt, who had before acted as ceeded William Delpey, Esq. after. Chancellor of the Exchequer under wards created Lord Walsingham, as Lord Shelburne, now became first Attorney General.

Lord of the Treasury and Premier, The Bedford, or Bloomsbury party, on which occasion he selected Lord then supported Lord North, and as Thurlow for the great seal, and that very warm debates soon after a rose on nobleman accordingly resumed his the subject of the American war, in seat on the woolsack, on the 23d of which the minister was 'combated December 1783, after a short inter. by the eloquence of Savile, Burke, val of eight months and a fortnight. and Fox, he found great advantage After his resumption of the seals, from being supported by the abili. Lord Thurlow continued for some ties of Thurlow, who zealously es. time to support the administration, poused that side of the question.

of which he himself constituted a Such zeal, joined to such abilities, conspicuous portion. He had now could not long pass unrewarded ; and attained the summit of his ambition, accordingly, on the 28 of June 1778, for indeed he could climb no higher. he was appointed Lord High Chan- and having received the reversion of cellor of Great Britain, by virtue of a tellership, which soon after dropwhich office, he, at a single bound, ped, he was become perfectly indebecame the second subject in the pendent, in point of fortithe. He kingdom. On the next day he was did not always accord, however, with created a Peer of Great Britain, by the Premier; and as neither of these the title of Lord Thurlow, Baron of celebrated men was famed for a conAshfield, in the county of Suffolk, ciliatory spirit, it is not at all surpriwith remainder, in case of default sing that they should have, at length, of issue male, to his nephews. agreed to separate. To those who

He continued to fulfil the duties were personally acquainted with them of his arduous and important situa. the wonder indeed was, that they tion for five years, and during that should have remained so long as period raised his second brother froin nine or ten years in the same cabinet. an humbly rectory to the episcopal At length, in 1793, Lord Thurlow dignity. But when Lord North and resigned the high and important Mr Fox united, and formed the coa- functions of Lord High Chancellor, lition administration, he was obliged and was succeeded by Lord Lough. to retire, and on the oth of April, borough, afterwards Earl of Rosslyn. 1783, the scals were put in commis- From that period his Lordship sion.

frequented the House of Peers but This state of affairs, however, seldom, and his health having become proved but of short continuance ; for very precarious, the air of the town the new administration was not sup. was supposed to be hurtful, so that, ported by the voice of the people, even during the winter, he seldom of and it so happened, by a coincidence never slept in his house in St James'srather unusual, that the king was of square. the same mind. His Majesty was

Meanwhile, having purchased an indeed peculiarly averse to the con. estate in the neighbourhood of Dultinuence of the junto in office, as the wich, Lord Thurlow ordered a house project of the East-India Bill seem. to be built on a rising ground for his ed to be calculated to abridge the accommodation. A regular estimate

was

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was accordingly made out by an emi- them, although they were far less nent architect, and the mansion com. common than at present. He was pleted, but the final charge was so particularly severe in the case of such disproportionate to the sum originally adventurers as had carried off the proposed, that the noble lord ex.

wards of his court ; and in respect claimed “ that he would never either to another class of persons, who were cnter or pay for it, but remain in his also under the immediateguardianship farm-house to the day of his death.” of the Chancellor, his conduct has

As he had exhibited great attach- been recently quoted with great apment to the King, during the dis. plause by Lord Erskine. It was he cussion of the Regency Bill *, so he indeed who first instituted the rule, afterwards enjoyed the intimacy and that in respect to supposed lunatics, the confidence of the Prince of Wales, the onus probandi should attach to the and is supposed to have been the ad- plaintiff; whereas, when a statute viser of his Royal Highness on many had been once obtained, the proof of critical and important occasions. He sanity was to rest with the defend. was accustomed to meet him at the ant. hospitable house of the late Mr Mac. The conduct of Lord Thurlow namara, of Streatham, and was per- on the woolsack was dignified, yet suaded to sit to Rossi for a bust, the impatience of contradiction, or which is now in Carleton House. the access of disease, would some. For several years past his Lordship times produce irritation. But it is has divided his time between Dul. wonderful with what cordiality the wich and Brighton, at the latter of public took his part, when a noble which he usually spent some of the Duke, who had alluded to new famisummer months ; during which he lies and upstart lawyers, was remindrode on the fine Sussex downs, enjoy- ed of the meretricious claims of one ed the bracing air of the sea, and oc- of his own ancestors, in a dignified casionally saw and conversed with the and manly speech delivered by the heir to the crown.

subject of this memoir. In summing up the character of During the first time that he held Lord Thurlow, it will be found that the seals Lord Thurlow was accused this nobleman was entitled to much of treating the gentlemen of the bar praise as a Chancellor. The inflexi- with a degree of roughness and seve. ble integrity that governed his deci- rity, at which he himself, while ia sions was never once called in ques. their situation, would have been the tion, while the wisdom by which first to spurn. We have some rea. they were regulated has been always son to suppose, however, that on his admired. He was eager to detect, return to office he altered his conduct to expose, and if possible, to punish in this instance, and ever after disthe mal.practices of low attoroies, played more urbanity to that reand other retainers of the law, who spectable class of men, out of which are a disgrace and an opprobrium to his own successors were destined to the profession. He saw, and he la- be chosen. mented the frauds and chicanery fre.

It is well known, that the patron. quently arising out of commissions of age of an English Lord Chancellor, bankruptcy, and wished to restrain in respect to ecclesiastical affairs, is

extensive. All vacant livings under * His celebrated exclamation of

a certain amount are in his gist, and " When I forsake my King in the hour his voice is, at the same time, at. of his distress, may God forsake me!" tended to in respect to the disposal produced a wonderful effect.

of the dignities of the church.

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Through his influence his brother vast extent appears to rest upon a obtained two lucrative sees in suc- base of calcareous stone, covered by cession, and by his liberality a no- a stratum of vegetable mould, which minal Dean of Caius was rendered a varies in its composition, and is from real one, cum cura animarum. Hor. several inches to ten and even fifteen sley also, on account of his coutro. feet thick. The limits of the im. versial talents, was by his means meuse stone-bank have not yet been seated on the Bishops bench; but accurately ascertained; but its thick.

' not withstanding this, it is on record ness muse be very considerable, from that he was unable to obtain for Dr the appearance it exhibits at the riJohnson such an increase of his pen. veis, the banks of which, particularsion as would have enabled him to ly those of Kentucky, and Dick Ri. endeavour to repair a broken consti- vers, rise in some parts perpendiculartution, by flying to the genial climate ly to the height of three hundred of Italy.

feet, in which space nothing but this Edward Lord Thurlow died at stone is perceptible. The soil of the Brighton in Sussex, on the 12th of Kentucky, though irregular, is not September, 1806, in the 71st year of hilly, except in some few parts near

He had three daughters the Ohio, and on the side of Virginia. by Miss Hervey, one of whom, Mrs Calcareous stone, and abundant mines Brown, who had married in opposi- of unexplored coal, are the only mition to his wish, was present at his neral substances observable. Iron demise.

mines are scarce, and, as far as I He is succeeded in his Barony by can recollect, one only is worked, Edward, now Lord Thurlow, the which is by no means sufficient for eldest son of his brother, the late the wants of the country. Bishop of Durham, with remainder, In 1782, the number of inhabit. in case of default of issue male, to ants in Kentucky did not exceed Edward South Thurlow, M. A. one three thousand ; but in 1790, it a. of the six prebendaries of Norwich. mounted to one hundred thousand ;

and in the general census of 1800, it is computed at two hundred and twenty thousand.

At the time of Account of the AMERICAN Settlement my journey to Lexington, in Auof KENTUCKY.

gust, 1802, they calculated its popula.

tion to amount to two hundred and From MICHAUX'S Travels.

fifty thousand ; including about two

thousand negro-slaves. Hence in TH HE State of Kentucky is situa. this State, where perhaps there can.

ted between 36° 30' and 39° 30% not be found ten individuals twentylat, and between 28° and 29° of long. five years of age, who were born Its boundaries are, to the N. W. che there, the number of inhabitants is Ohio, for an extent of about seven already as great as in seven of the hundred and sixty miles; to ihe E. old States, while there are only two Virginia, and to the S. the State of whose population is twice as numerTennessee. It is separated from Vire This rapid increase might ginia by Sandy River, and the Lau. have been much greater, but for one - sel-hills, one of the principal chaing particular circumstance, which preof the Allegany Mountains. The vents emigration to those districts : extreme length of this State is about I allude to the difficulty of establishfour hundred miles ; and its greatest ing claims to landed property : for of

i width nearly two hundred. This all the States of the Union, it is in Nov. 1806.

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