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cording to the professed object of its dily make its appearance, written by writer, and every writer shall be candid- gentleman some time resident in that ly judged according to his own princi- island. To give a more complete view ples.

of the present state of that valuable co. 5. Issuing from a seat of learning, lony, the author has written separate which has als ays been justly regarded dissertations on the climate and soil, toas the bulwark of the Church and Stare, pography, laws, trade, natural and comthis review will be stedfast y devoted to mercial productions, state of the negroes, the interests of the estab ished religion and proposals for the amelioration of and governmeni of the country. their condition, diseases of Europeans

6. Every book which appears in the and negroes, and the customs, manners, British Empire, and which has been pub- and dispositions of the inhabitauts. licly advertised, or has been communi- Mr Burney, the eminent conductor of cated to the editors, shall, without excep- the Naval Academy of Gosport, will tion, be noticed in this review within publisn, in a few days, two works calcuthree months after its appearance. lated to increase that thirst for glory

7. The reviewed works shall be clas- which has already rendered our navy in. sed systematically, under the general vincible. One of them is a succinct acheads of literature to which they respec- count of the lives and actions of all iltively belong.

lustrious admirals and commanders, to 8. Notices of foreign literature shall appear under the title of “Naval Heform a regular portion of every Number, roes;" and the other is a complete his. and arrangements have been made by torical view of the rise and progress of which they will be early and compre- the navy to the present time, under the hensive.

title of the “ British Neptune." Kotzebue has lately published at Ber. Mr Thornton, who has resided many lin some volumes of Tales, Episodes, years in Turkey, is preparing for publi. and Nouvellettes, a translation of which cation an Account of the Government, has been undertaken, and will speedily Religion, Manners, military and civil appear, in three volumes, corresponding Establishments of that country. with his various travels. This gentle- Early in November will be published, inan and M. Muller are understood to in three large volumes, royal octavo, be the authors of the admired and spi- The Political Life, and Speeches at sited Manifesto of the King of Prussia. large, of the late Mr Pitt. The Life is

Sir William Young, Bart, and M. P. composed from authentic documents, in: has just completed an arrangement of terspersed with his correspondence. His facts aid documents relative to the West speeches in Parliament, as well as on India Islands, which he intends to pub- other occasions, are given at length, Lish under the title of The West India Mr Walpole, a relative of the cele. Common Place Book. This work will brated writer of that name has just cominclude all that it can be desirable to pleted, under the title of Recollections, know relative to the commerce, pro. a biography of that distinguished statesduce, and other interests of the West man, Mr Fox. It will contain a great India Islands,

number of curious and interesting anecDr Cogan, of Bath, is preparing for dotes, and will be comprised in the comthe press an Ethical Treatise on the pass of a neat pocket volume. passions. The first part, which will ap. Mr Dallas has a new romance in the pear in the course of the winter, will press, under the title of The Knights. treat of the agency of the passions in the Mr Barclay's new work on the Mus. pursuit of well-being; of the intellectual cles may be shortly expected. powers, as directories in the pursuit; Mr Vetch is preparing a new work and of the nature and sources of that on Ophthalmia. well-being of which the human species A second volume of Mr Manning's is susceptible.

History of Surrey is in considerable forMr Davis, author of Travels in Ame. wardne:s, edited by Mr Bray, the Trearica, has nearly ready for publication, in surer of the Society of Antiquaries. ove volume octavo, Memoirs of the Life A beautiful monument, to the memoof Chatterton the Poet.

ry of Schwartz, the German missionary, A new History of Jamaica will spec. has been just finished by Mr Flaxman,

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intended for India. The subject is a Italy has founded an annual competition
bas relief, representing the Rajah of for one heroic drama and two comic
Tanjore's last visit to the venerable dramas, which are to be represented at
priest while on the bed of death; it was the theatre della Scala. A prize of 60
chosen by the Rajah himself: one or two sequins will be given to the author of
of the Rajah's ministers are represented the best heroic drama, and one 40 se-
as accompanying him, with three boys, quins to each of those whose comic dra.
in the foreground, belonging to the mas shall be crowned.
school which Schwartz superintended. The Corridor, leading to the Library
for many years.

and the Museum of the Vatican, will be A periodical work, published by M. the finest in the world. From the preStorch, and entitled, Russia under Alex. sent entrance to the Museum, to the ander I. furnishes the following particu. place where the iron gate used to stand, lars :-In the German provinces of the the statues, busts, and basso-relievos. Russian empire there are at present six

found in the different sture-rooms of the printing establishments, three of which Vatican, are now placing. The tablers are in the government of Livonia, one on which the busts are fixed are composin Courland, and two in Esthonia. These ed of antique pieces of frieze and enta. are, 1. The printing house of the uni- blatures, and they rest upon pillars and versity of Dorpat, established in 1789 fragments of columns which once embei. by M. Genzius, who, in 1802, had the lished the editices of ancient Rome. By title of printer to the university. Ever means of this arrangement the Gallery since its establishment, a political ga- will become of some utility to architeczette has been printed there.-2. The ture, that important branch of the aits, printing house of the crown and city at unfortunately too much neglected in the Riga, established as early as 1522. It museums of sovereigns and of the cu. has always enjoyed the privilege of rious. From the place where the iron printing all the church and school-books gate stood, to that where you descend to for that city : It may be considered as the lodges, persons are employed in enthe mother of all the foreign printing. crusting the walls of the gallery with inhouses in Russia. Since the year 1785 numerable inscriptions of the Pagans and it has belonged to Mr J. D. K. Muller. of the early Christians. The Chevalier -3. The same city contains another Canova places the works of Art, and printing-house, belonging to M. Hacker, Cajetan Marini classes the inscriptions, established in 1777.-4. The pri iting. The wall which formerly separated the house of the government of Mittau, lodges and the corridor is no longer in where there was probably one so far existence; the space which it occupied back as 1584. It is only of late years is transforming into a handsome vesti. that it has become flourishing under the bule, which will be ornamented with direction of M. Steffenhagen, who has columns and other relics of antiquity.-conferred signal benefit on his country Thus the whole length of one part of by circulating in it many excellent Ger- the lodges is added to that of the corriman and Lithuanian works.-5. The dor, which increases it nearly 225 feet. printing-office of the town and gymna- It will afford a view truly magnificent sium of Reval, founded while the coun- and worthy of Rome. Io the present try belonged to Sweden. Its proprietor vestibule of the Museum are seen seveis' M. Minuth, who publishes the only ral epitaphs on the Cornelian family, and newspaper that appears at Reval. the celebrated sarcophagus of Scipio Bar6. Gressel's printing-office, established batus. Accordingly, throughout an exin the same town in 1802.-All these tent of' 1 200 feet there will be a series of houses, especially that of Mittau, are authentic monuments, both of art and furnished with a great quantity of types. science, of more than twelve centuries,

The new King of Holland has under. commencing with the first Punic war. taken the presidency of the Society of This Gallery, the largest in the world, Arts and Sciences of Haerlem, and in will lead to the Library and the Museum future its title is to be the “ Royal Son of the Vatican, or, to speak more corciety of Haerlem.”

rectly, that superb Gallery will form The government of the kingdom of an integral part of an unrivalled whole, exclusively dedicated to the arts and ed to a young man, who, though desciences.

prived by nature of the use of his hands, At the distribution of prizes recently, has nevertheless produced drawings admade by the Academy of Fine Arts of mirable for their execution. the city of Bruges, a medal was adjudge




« Whilst Pity, robed in sympathetic hue, On the Death of

“ To thee, meek, parted shade, for evek

bound, Dr Glover, A. P. H. M. R. P. S. E. “ Fix'd here, shall pay the sacred tribute

due, The Scene of these Stanzas is on the side

“ And ever point to yon lamented ground!!! of the CALTON Hill, where Pity is

JOHN M. Rocuk. figured standing in

bending posture,

September 20th, 1806. pointing towards the BURYING GROUND. TIME:--The Evening.

WINTER. WHAT form is that, at evening's twilight hour,

NOW summer is gone, and winter return.. Which, heck’ning to'ards thy rude and

ing, shapeless bier,

The air so late pure, now is clouded and

chill, Calls forth the muse from love's seducing

On each fading tree the warblers sit mourbower, To shed the soft, the sadly-pleasing tear ?


And cold is the streamlet that winds round 'Tis Pity! Glover ! wedded to thy shade }

the hill. In sorrow shrouded with thy fun'ral pall,

No more the gay woods with verdure That points to yonder spot, where thou art

adorned, laid,

No more the green upland, with joy we Her child, her friend, her kindred, and her

survey, all!!

Sweet summer departed, by every tongue “ To thee, she says, no living busts I'll

mourned, raise :

And winter approaching sad, sad thoughts " No glowing statues shall adorn thy convey. shrine;

No more with romantic thoughts fir'd, No cumbrous pomp of monumental praise,

alas! we But Pity's softest incerce shall be thine!! To yonder high hill near sweet Amond re

pair, " For thee, the village virgins all shall

To view the ruffled, the wonderful sea, grieve!

And gaze with delight on the landscape so “ With Spring's first flowers shall strew

fair. the tear-moist sod! " And little loves shall never fail, at eve,

No more the gay lily appears at day's « To haunt the dearest grave they ever

dawn, trod!!!

Expanding its blossoms to catch the sun's

ray; « Remembrance too shall ne'er desert the Stern winter stalks proudly across the wide

scene, “ (Thy cherished form unblotted from her And summer flies conquer'd by ruthless

decay. “ Bet mark the spot, where thy wept These changes are man truly pictured I grave


seen, a And Whisper to thy gentle spirit- In his spring, like the birds, he is heedlessly

ween, rest!!!

gay, " Nor shall the parcial muse withhold her Till hoary old age, and disease sharp and care;

keen, “ Her's, be the task to hail thy spirit too : Tell him, like summer, he must soon fade * Her's to record thy humble'praises there, away.

D. B. “ Nor e'er to bid thy shade' a last adieu !!


breast ;)

Historical Affairs. .


“ Peace, however, still continued upon Revious to the commencement of hos- the Continent. The German Empire had

tilities, Declaration, or Manifesto, in which the the midst of this peace, nevertheless, the violent and perfidious conduct of France to French troops invaded the electorate of the whole Princes of Europe is represented Hanover; a country which had no concern in an able and convincing manner.

The in the war betwixt France and England, fatal course of policy hitherto followed by while the ports of Germany were shut ahis Majesty must therefore be regretted. gainst the British Aag; and the better to The opportunity which occurred last year, effect her object, France took possession of the most favourable perhaps that may ever

Cuxhaven, and the territory of a free state, offer, for compelling the common enemy to

which was still more a stranger to the war accede to honourable terms, was neglected, than Hanover. and Prussia supinely suffered Bonaparte to

“ In the midst of this peace also, the dictate the ruinous peace of Presburg. Had same troops, a few months after, violated his Majesty acted at that critical period the German territory in such a manner as with one half of the energy now displayed,

to wound the honour of the nation still he would not now have to contend for the deeper. The Germans have never avenged existence of his monarchy.

the death of the Duke D'Enghien; but the

remembrance of that event will never be PRUSSIAN MANIFESTO.

extinguished among them. “AS his Majesty the King of Prussia has “ The treaty of Luneville guaranteed the taken up arms for the defence of his people, independence of the Italian Republic. In he thinks it necessary to lay before them, spite of the most positive promises, did Naand all Europe, the circumstances which poleon place the Iron Crown of Italy !

pon have imposed this duty on his Majesty: his own head. Genoa was incorporated

“ The politics of France have been with France; Lucca was very near sharing the scourge of humanity during the last the same fate. Only a few months before fifteen years. Those men who, in rapid had the Emperor, on a solemn occasion succession, have been at the head of affairs -an occasion which imposed very impor. in that country, have only sought the tant duties upon him-declared before his means of their dominion in war, and the people and before all Europe, that he wishguarantee of their existence in the wretch- ed not to extend the limits of his territory. edness of the people, may be viewed with. Besides, France was bound by a treaty out astonishment. But the introduction of with Russia, to put the King of Sardinia in a regular Government, to which the same possession of indemnities in Italy. Instead necessity could not be imputed, gave new of fulfilling that obligation, she made herlife to the hopes of the friends of peace.- self mistress of every object which could Napoleon, invested with the supreme pow

have been serviceable towards that indemer, victorious, surrounded by weaker States, nification. friendly disposed Governments, or con- “ Portugal wished to maintain her neuquered or exhausted rivals, had it in his trality, but Portugal was compelled to purpower to perform a better part. For the chase by gold the deceitful security of a greatness of France, nothing more remained

few moments. for him to do; for her happiness, every

“ The Porte, who had not forgotten thing was in his power.

the invasion of Syria in Egypt, was the “ It is painful to be compelled to say, only power remaining in Europe which had that French politics still remained the sanie. not been subjected to the arbitrary proceedAn insatiable ambition was still the ruling ings of France. passion of France. She made use of arms

is But to these acts of violence, a system and of treaties with the same view. The of abuse and injury remained still to be adpeace of Amiens was scarcely concluded, ded. A Journal, which proclaimed itself before the signal for the first acts of vio. the voice of Government, was chosen as a lence followed. Holland and Switzerland, chronicle of the attacks incessantly made two independent states, were compelled upon every crowned head. to accept a constitution which converted « Prussia could be no stranger to any of them into French provinces. The renewal these general acts of oppression.

Many of of war was the consequence.

them were nearly connected with her subNov. 1806.



stantial interests; especially as the wisdom France from augmenting her troops in of that system, which considers the states of Hanover, he had promised to suffer ne atEurope as members of the same family, tack to be made on that territory. The calls

upon each of them for the defence of Russians and Swedes were preparing for all; and that the unbounded aggrandize- an attack upon the French. From this ment of one state exposed the rest to dan- ' period, the whole burthen of the contract ger, was sufficiently manifest to experience. between France and Prussia weighed up.

“ Still it is most essentially necessary to on the latter only, without producing to represent in what manner the conduct of her the least advantage; and, by a singuFrance was calculated to operate in its ini. lar concatenation of circumstances, it seemmediate relation to Prussia.

ed that Prussia, who only wished to remain “ It were superfluous to enumerate all impartial and neutral, could no longer purthe good offices rendered to Napoleon by

sue her former system, except to the prePrussia. Prussia was the first Power that judice of the allied powers. Every advan. acknowledged him. No promises, no me. tage which resulted from this situation of naces, had been able to shake the King's affairs was on the side of France; and the neutrality. Every thing that the duty of a King was daily threatened with a collision, good neighbou could prescribe was most not less formidable to him, than decisively amply afforded during a period of six years. favourable to the plans of Napoleon. Prussia esteemed a valiant nation, which “ Who could have thought, that the very alone had learned, on its part, to respect

inoment when the King had given to the Prussia both in war and peace; and she

French Government the strongest proof of did justice to the genius of its chief. But his determination, and a singular ex

example the remembrance of these times is no longer of the faithful fulfilment of engagements in. retained by Napoleon.

to which he had once entered, should be “ Prussia had permitted the territory of chosen by Napoleon to do the King the Hanover to be invaded. In this she had most sensible injury? Who does not rememcountenanced an act of injustice ; therefore ber the violation of the territory of Anwas it her first view to remedy it. She of- spach, which took place on the 3d of Octofered herself for it instead of England, un- ber in the last year, notwithstanding the der the condition that the latter should remonstrance of the Provincial Administra. cede it. It must, however, at least, be re-. tion, and of his Majesty's Minister? collected, that thus a boundary was pre- “ This contest between that moderation scribed to France, which she should not which pardons every thing--that integrity pass. Napoleon solemnly pledged himself which remains true to its engagements to not to compromise the neutrality of the the last, on the one part; and the abuse of Northern States; to exercise no violence power, the insolence inspired by deceitful towards any of them; and, in particular, fortune, and the habit of only reckoning not to increase the number of troops in on this fortune, on the other, continued se. the Electorate of Hanover.

veral years. The King declared to the “ Scarcely had he agreed to these stipu. French Government, that he considered all lations, than he broke them. Every one his connections with it as dissolved. He is acquainted with the violent manner in placed his armies on a footing suitable to which Sir George Rumbold was seized ; circumstances-He was now fully convinevery one knows that the Hanse Towns ced, that no pledge of security remained were laid under contribution, under the for the neighbours of France, but a peace appellation of loans, not by any means, for established upon firm principles, and guatheir interests, but exactly in the same ranteed by all the powers in common. manner as if France had been at war with

“ His Majesty offered the allies to be them. For the first of thesu injuries, his the mediators in negociations for such a Majesty contented himself with accepting peace, and to support them with all his an inadequate satisfaction. Of the second force. It is sufficient to know the condihe took no cognizance, being prevented by tions then proposed to be convinced of the the apprehensions and representations en moderation which, at all times, has goverthe part of the Hanse Towns. His Majes- ned the politics of his Majesty in their ty, on his part, did not scruple to make whole extent. Prussia, at this moment, lis. any sacrifice, as the preservation of peace tened not to the voice of revenge; she passed was the dearest wish of his heart.

over the events of the late war, however “ The patience and sufferance of every violent they might have been, since they other Court were exhausted sooner than had been sanctioned by existing treaties that of his Majesty.War again broke out She required nothing but the punctual fulon the Continent—the situation of the filment of those treaties; but this she reKing, with respect to his duty, was more quired without limitation. Count Haugdifficult than ever. In order to prevent witz repaired to Vienna, where the French


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