« ZurückWeiter »
a Sovereign made greater sacrifices to cessant care and solicitude for the wel. peace. He pushed his condescension to the fare of the interior of our Empire, equal. sast limit thật honour would allow. Every
ly with its foreign relations, it has ever thing which was directed against him per been our wish to establish them upon sonally he passed over in silence. The o.
an immoveable basis, and to defend the pinions of the ignorant, and the reflections of the slanderous, he despised, animated
State by such alliances as the situation with the constant hope that he would be
of our country may require. able to conduct his people, without injury,
“ With this view, we have thought to that period which must sooner or later proper, from the commencement of our arrive, when greatness shall find its reign, to remove every cause of misunbounds; and ambition, which obstinately derstanding, and, by a friendly conduct, refuses to acknowledge any limits, shall at to unite with those powers whose wise length o’erleay itself.
and moderate principles were consistent The motives which induce his Majesty with their independence and the general to take up arms are not to satisfy his resent.
tranquillity: the Most High blessed our ments, to increase his power, or to render
wishes and endeavours, and at that pea nation uneasy which he shall always es
riod bestowed upon Europe a general teem, as long as it confines itself to its just and natural interests; but to avert from his
peace. , kingdom the fate which was preparing for
“ However, it did not consist with it ; to preserve to the people of Frederick
his inscrutable Providence to prolong their independence and their glory: to res
the continuance of this order of things : cue unfortunate Germany from the yoke War broke out again. by which it is oppressed, and to bring a “ But as our situation did not per. bout a safe and honourable peace. The mit us to take any immediate part in the day on which he shall effect this will be
war, we never ceased to remain faithful the proudest of his life. The events of the
to our allies; and to continue to wish war which is now beginning are in the dis
and labour for peace and tranquillity, posal of the Supreme Wisdom. His Majes consistently with the common welfare ty leaves it to others to indulge in premature exultation and gratuitous insult, as he
by every friendly interference in our has for a long time allowed them the mi power. serable satisfaction arising from unjust in
“ But, notwithstanding this interfevectives. He leads to an honourable com rence, the daily increase of the French bat an army worthy of its former glory. power, the situation of our allies, threatHe reigns over a people of whom he may ned by its aggrandisement and unbound. be proud; and while he is ready to shed ed ambition, compelled us to take an his blood for them, he knows what he may active part in this war.
We took up expect from their energy and affection.
arms, but we did not cease to wish for Princes, the honour of the German name, who can confide in his gratitude and ho
peace ; and we also deciared, in our unour, and who, fighting by his side, are not
kase of September 1,1805, that the object dubious of victory, have joined their ban
of our arming was to preserve the saners with his; and a Sovereign, who adorns
cred inviolability of treaties, and to rewith his yirtues one of the first thrones
store the general tranquillity. The in the world, is penetrated with the justice
misfortunes which attended the arms of of his cause. Every where his arms are our allies operated against the realiza. blessed by the voice of his people ; and e tion of our views ; however, the princiven where they are silent from fear, their ples upon which they were grounded reimpatience is the greater. With so many mained unchanged. At the commence. motives to be conscious of her strength,
ment of the present year, the French Prussia may well be permitted continually to confide in her high destiny.
Government manifested an inclination
approximating to peace : We accordingHead Quarters, Erfurt, Oct. 9. 1806.
Jy issued orders to enter into discussions
with them immediately. RUSSIAN MANIFESTO.
“ The restoration of a peace, consis.
tent with the dignity and security of our “We, Alexander the First, by God's empire, the advantage of our ailies, and grace, Emperor and Autocrat of all the the general tranquillity of Europe, were Russias, declare and make known to laid down as the fundamental basis of all our faithful subjects, that, in our in- those discussions. But, to our regret,
the conditions of peace agreed to with vation of our allies, and the dignity of France, by M. D’Oubril, were neither our Empire. consistent with the dignity of our Em " Given at St Petersburgh, August pire, nor with the security of our allies. 20. and in the sixth year of our We refused to ratify those conditions.
Government. “ But, at the same time, to afford a
“ ANDRE BUDBERG." proof of the immutability of our principles, which, under various circumstan
BRITISH DECLARATION. ces, had been ever directed to the same end, we at that time made known the THE negociation in which his Majesconditions on which we were disposed ty has been engaged with France hav. to renew our negotiations with the ing terminated unsuccessfully, his MajesFrench Government.
ty thinks proper to make this public “ The bases proposed by us are so declaration to his subjects, and to Eumoderate, that they cannot be rejected, rope, of the circumstances which have without an open menace of the gene
led to an issue which his Majesty deeply ral safety; and they are so consistent regrets. He has no object nearer to his with the advantage of every power con.
wishes than the conclusion of a secure cerned, that in case of their being ac. and permanent peace. He laments the cepted, a general peace must not only
continuance of a war affecting the happifullow, but be confirmed to Europe u. ness of so many nations, and which, even pon the most permanent footing.
amidst all the successes that attend his “ Thus must peace, or the continu. arms, is so burdensome io his faithful ance of the war, be the consequence of and affectionate people. But he is conthese measures. We wish for peace; fident that there can arise on this occabut if no lasting peace can be obtained, sion no other sentiment, either in his grounded upon mutual advantage, then own dominions, or in any part of Eu. it will be necessary, for the honour of rope, than that of an increased convicthe Russian name, the character of our tion, that the restoration of general tranengagements, and the general deliver- gillity is retarded only by the injustice ance of Europe, to proceed to extre
and ambition of the enemy. mities, which, on these considerations, The French Government; unsatisfied cannot but appear to us as absolutely with its immense acquisitions on the indispensible.
Continent, still openly perseveres in a “ We are convinced that the provi- system destructive of the independence dence of the Most High, who is the of every other power. War is pursued, defender of truth, will assert with his not for security, but for conquest; and strong arm the justice of our cause. negociations for peace appear to be en
“ We are convinced that each of our tered into for no other object than that faithful subjects, animated with the love of deluding the neighbouring powers of their Country, impelled by a sense of into a state of false security, while honour, and surrounded by examples France is herself preparing, arranging, of patriotic zeal, will speedily unite and executing her unremitted projects their powerful efforts with our own, as of encroachment and aggression. soon as the safety of Russia, the voice Her conduct, in the recent discus. of glory, and our command, shall call sions, has afforded but too many proofs upon them to co-operate for the public of this disposition.
The negociation originated in an of. “ In this firm reliance upon the help fer made by the French Government of of God, and the zeal of our faithful sub- treating for peace on the basis of actual jects, we have thought it necessary to possession, which was stated 10 admit inform you beforelsand of our views; of mutual compensation ; and a distinct and, in so doing, to afford you a new assurance was added, that his Majesty's proof, that, in all our undertakings, we German dominions, which had been atneither seek the extension of our terri. tacked without even the pretence of tory, nor the fieeting glory of victories; any cause of hostility, should be restorbut that it is our wish and endeavour ed. to secure the general safety, the preser. Such a proposal appeared to his MaNov, 1806.
jesty to afford a just foundation for ne in points, still more important, every gociation : It was therefore accepted, principle of good faith with Russia. with this reserve, that the negociation The chief inducement offered to that should be conducted by his Majesty in power, as the price of all the sacrifices concert with his allies.
extorted from her Minister, had been No sooner had this basis been mutu. the preservation of Germany. Yet beally admitted, than it was departed fore the decision of Russia on this trea. from by the enemy, and that, too, in ty could be known, France had already points of so great importance, as to call annihilated the whole frame and constitafor an immediate, declaration on the tion of the German Empire ; had repart of his Majesty, that unless the prin- duced under her own yoke a large prociples proposed by France herself were portion of the states and provinces of adhered to, the communications which Germany; and, not content with this had been opened between the two Go open contempt of obligations so recentvernments must at once be closed. lv contracted, had at the same time in.
This produced new professions of the stigated the Porte to measures directly disposition of France to make consider. subversive of her subsisting engagements able sacrifices for the attainment of with Russia. peace, if the discussions were suffered While such a conduct was pursued to proceed ; at the same time, that a towards his Majesty, towards his allies, difficulty was started on account of the and towards all independent powers, want of full powers in the person en there appeared so little hope of any fa. trusted by his Majesty with this com vourable issue to the negociation, that munication. Steps were thereupon ta his Majesty's Plenipotentiaries demandken by his Majesty for opening a re ed their passports to return to Englan, gular negociation by:Ministers duly ali This demand was at first eluded by thorised, in order to ascertain, in a man. an unusual and unexplained delay, and ner the inost satisfactory and authentic, the French Government afterwards, by whether peace could be obtained on some material concessions, accompanied terms honourable to the King and his with intimations that others of stiil g:ea. allies, and consistent with the general ter consequence might be the result of security of Europe.
further discussions, procured a renewal During these proceedings, a Minis. of the conferences, which were protracter sent by the Emperor of Russia to ted from day to day, till at length it was treat for the same important object, in announced at Paris, that the Einperor concert with his Majesty's Government, of Russia had indignantly rejected the was induced, by the artifices of the e- unauthorised and separate treaty signed nemy, to sign a separate treaty, on by his Minister. terms equally repugnant to the honour In consequence of this important e. and interests of his Imperial Majesty. vent, the strongest assurances were giv.
Unmoved by this unexpected event, en to his Majesty's Minister, that France the King continued to negociate pre wijs now prepared to make sacrifices to cisely on the same principles as before. a great extent, in order, by securing He relied, with a confidence which ex peace with Great Britain, to re-establish perience has amply justified, on the the tranquillity of the world. good faith and-steadiness of an aily, in The object of these assurances ap. concert with whom he had begun to peared, however, to be, that of engag. treat, and whose interests he had main ing his Majesty in a separate regocia. tained throughout with the same firm. tion, to the exclusion of his avies; a ness as his own.
proposal which his Majesty had rejec. The French Government, on ihe con. ted in the outsei, and which he could trary, elated by this advantage, or which still less admit of at a time when the it boasted as equal in importance to the conduct of Russia aad in posed on hiin most decisive victory, departed io erery an increased obrigation rot to serarate conference more and more widey from bis interests from those of so faithful ar its own offers and engagements. Not aily. To these insidious overtures, his only did it take upon itself to change, Majesty still refused to listen ; but he at its own will, the basis of the nego took the most efectual method to avoid ciation with Great Britain, but violated all appearance of delay, and to accele
rate, if possible, the favourable issue of which such a contest must unavoidthe negociation. The confidential inter- ably require, his faithful and affectioncourse which he had constantly main. ate subjects will not forget that all their tained with Russia enabled his Majesty dearest interests are at stake ; that no to specify terms on which peace with sacrifices they can be called upon to that power might be obtained ; and his make can be compared with the cer. Minister was accordingly instructed to tain disgrace and ruin of yielding to the state to France, in addition to his own injurious pretensions of the enemy; that, demands, those of his ally, to reduce with the inviolable maintenance of the them into distinct articles, and even to good faith and public honour of their conclude on those grounds a provisional country, its prosperity, its strength, and treaty, to take effect whenever Russia its independence, are essentially connecshould signify her accession.
ted; and that, in asserting the rights, This form of negociating was, after and upholding the dignity of the British some objection, acceded to by France; empire, they defend the most powerful terms were now offered to his Majesty, bulwark of the liberties of mankind. more nearly approaching than before to London Gazette, Oct. 21. 1806. the original basis of negociation ; but these were still far short of what his WAR ON THE CONTINENT. Majesty had uniformly insisted on, and OUR previous intelligence decided was now more than ever entitled to ex the question of peace or war betwix; pect; and the decisive rejection of the Prussia and France. Hostilities have just demands of Russia, as well as of commenced, and sorry we are to state, the conditions proposed by his Majesty that the Prussian army has experienced in behalf of his other allies, left to his defeats, equally rapid, and we fear Majesty no other course than that of nearly as decisive, as those which the ordering his Minister to terminate the Emperor of Austria suffered in the camdiscussion, and return to England. paign of last year.
The foregoing short and simple ex Of the battles which have taken place, position of facts stands in need of no the Prussian or German accounts, recomment. The first uvertures which ceived by the Hamburgh mails, are ex. led to negociation were made by the e tremely defective and unsatisfactory. nemy, and they were accepted by his On the other hand, the French have Majesty in the sincerest spirit of peace. adopted their old plan of issuing daily Every opening which seemed to afford bulletins from the army, which are sent the most distant prospect of accommo with the utmost speed to Paris and dation has been anxiously embraced, nor Holland for publication. : These comwas the negociation finally broken off positions (which are said to come from while any hope of a favourable issue the pen of an under secretary of the could be entertained. His Majesty's French prime minister, Talleyrand, now demands were uniformly just and rea Prince of Benevento, who accompanies sonable ; directed to no qbjects of per- Bonaparte,) present a most disgusting sonal aggrandizement, but to such only mass, in which the insolence of success
were indispensibly required by the is mixed with l'evity, and with all that honour of his Crown, his engagements coarseness and vulgarity, which so of. to his allies, and a due consideration of ten form the prominent features of the the general interests of Europe.
characters of men raised by fortune It is with heartfelt concern that his from the lowest obscurity. Majesty contemplates the continuance The bulletins received are of consi. of those evils always inseparable from a derable length,
and are 21 in number, state of war ; but it is with his enemies the first dated Bamberg, Oct. 6. and the that this awful responsibility rests; and last Berlin, Oct. 28. the day after Bofor the issue of the contest his Majesty naparte entered that capital. These trusts, with confidence, to the justice of singular publications can never be conhis cause, to the resources and bravery sidered as historical documents of this. of his people ; to the fidelity of his al. most eventful campaign, as all the mi. lies; and, above all, to the protection litary intelligence they contain might and support of the Divine Providence. have been stated in a very small comIn contributing to the great efforts, pass. Bonaparte has devoted them to
quite another purpose than that of give elevating to, and preserving upon the ing a fair and intelligible account of the throne he now occupies. For such is operations of his army, He employs the character, publicly expressed of this them to misrepresent the feelings and singular personage, in all the official sentiments of the Prussian nation, to declarations of Austria, Russia, and Swe. insult the Queen, and to degrade the den last year, and in the late manifesto character of the King; and in doing of the King of Prussia. Whatever may this, he discovers an insolent triumph be the military talents of Bonaparte, he over misfortune, of which only a very is certainly indebted for all his wondervulgar and indelicate mind could be ful success, to the skill, bravery, and guilty.
perseverance of the native Generals of The Prussian nobility and Generals France, and who look to be rewarded are inveighed against with much viru. with honours and principalities, in prolence, in these strange rhapsodies; and portion as they have contributed to his the venerable and much respected Duke elevation as their imperial chief. of Brunswick, is stated to have been in a frenzy, when he advised his Prussian The first intelligence of the com. Majesty to submit no longer to the mencement of hostilities on the 8th of peridious and deceitful schemes of the Oct. was communicated by the Ham. unprincipled tyrant of Europe. The burgh papers.
From these it appears, English nation too, as might be expect that the left wing of the Prussian army ed, come in for their share of abuse. under Prince Hohenlohe had changed Lord Morpeth, who was sent to the its position, leaving a small corps under King of Prussia on a special mission, General Tauenzein at Hoff. This corps is represented as the odious agent of was suddenly attacked on the flank by the Court of London, come over to a strong division of the French, but the purchase the Prussian blood with the Prussian General effected his junction poisoned gold of England. " It is asked with Prince Hohenlohe, without loss. says the bulletin,j what will England On the ioth, the corps of Prince Hogain by all this?-She might have ob- henlohe advanced, for the purpose of tained an honourable peace, and restored attacking Soult's division, but was an. tranquillity to the world. She has act. ticipated by that General, who, with ed otherwise she has provoked the 16,000 men, had penetrated through the Emperor, and has conducted Prussia to Voigtland, in order, by a bold and rapid her ruin.-But the time approaches movement, to turn the Prussians, and when we may declare England in a burn their magazines at Naumburgstate of continental blockade. Is it Prince Louis Ferdinand, with the advanthen with blood that the English hope ced guard, consisting of between five to feed their commerre and re-animate and six thousand men, was posted at their industry?-Great mischiefs may the bridge of Saalfeldt, with directions come upon England: Europe will attri. to defend that pass, while Prince Hohen: bute them to the loss of that honest man lohe made a movement on the road to and minister, who wished to govern by Grafenthal, with a view to take the enegreat and liberal ideas, and whom the my in fank :--For neariy six hours English people will one day deplore Prince Louis resisted Soult's entire co. with tears of blood.”
lumn, and at length repulsed it; when, This is a very extraordinary compli- flushed by his success, and too indiscreet ment to the character of Mr Fox, who valour, he abandoned his position in has been always esteemed an humane as the pursuit of the enemy, and, while well as an enlightened politician. Napo. leading his brave troops, he fell by the leon must suppose the people of Europe fire of the sharp.shooters, who cover. to be very credulous indeed, if he thinks ed the rear of the fugitives. His body he can persuade them to believe, that was penetrated by two bullets.-One any English Minister of great and liberal of his adjutants, with a few followers, ideas would have countenanced the am endeavoured to save it, but failed.bitious policy of a man, whom only the This Prince, who was in the 34th year atrocious deeds of a cruel assassin, and of his age, was son of Prince Augustus the treacherous machinations of an aban. Ferdinand, the brother of Frederick the doned usurper, have been the means of Great. He was beloved by the army.